Encyclopedia: Zuo Ci

Zuo Ci (Yuanfang); Tso Tz‘ŭ (Yüan-fang); 左慈 (元放)

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You are viewing the profile of Zuo Ci (左慈), styled Yuanfang (元放), born in Lujiang. “Taoist named ‘Master Black Horn’. Trained in the occult at Emei Mountain.” Zuo Ci was affiliated with and the Wei Kingdom. Return to the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia to learn more or explore our Encyclopedia Directory to browse by kingdom or category.


Zuo Ci (Yuanfang) 左慈 (元放)

Lived: AD ?–306


Served: Wei

Taoist named ‘Master Black Horn’. Trained in the occult at Emei Mountain.

Officer Details

Wade-Giles: Tso Tz‘ŭ (Yüan-fang)
Simplified Chinese: 左慈 (元放)
Pronunciation: Zuo3 Ci2 (Yuan2fang4Pronunciation
Cantonese (Yale): Jo Chi (Yun-fong)
Cantonese (Jyutpin): Zo Ci (Jyun-fong)

Birthplace: Lujiang

Other Names: Zuo Ce, Master Black Horn

Name Notes: Rafe de Crespigny calls him Zuo Ce.

Family and Relationships

Feng Heng (Teacher)

Fact vs. Fiction

Differences Between Fact and Common Fiction

  • Not executed by Cao Cao. Never predicted Cao’s death, he historically served Cao Cao till his retirement.

Literary Appearances

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 68, 69

Sanguozhi: Wei 1, Wei 29

Hou Han shu: 82

Jin Shu: 95

Search Results

Zuo Ci
Date: 09/07     Replies: 26
Zuo Ci and Yu Ji
Date: 06/06     Replies: 14


Zuo Ci’s Hou Han Shu Biography
Date: 03/05     Replies: 31



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Literature and Language


April 10, 2023