Encyclopedia: Zhang Zhongjing

Zhang Zhongjing; Chang Chungching; 張仲景

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Zhang Zhongjing 張仲景

Lived: AD 150–219

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Served: Miscellaneous

Also known as Zhang Ji. Famous physician from the Eastern Han Dynasty.

Officer Details

Wade-Giles: Chang Chungching
Simplified Chinese: 张仲景
Pronunciation: Zhang1 Zhong4jing3
Min-Nan: Thio Tiongkeng

Other Names: Zhang Ji

Name Notes: Also commonly known as Zhang Ji (張機).

Literary Appearances

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 60


Internet (Trusted)

Zhang Zhongjing, commonly known as Zhang Ji (張機), was a famous physician from the Eastern Han Dynasty. He lived in modern day Nanyang, located in Henan Province. In his time many people were infected with febrile disease, as was his own family. He learned medicine by studying from Zhang Bozu, a fellow townsman, from other carefully-studied medicinal texts, and by accumulating prescriptions from around China.

He knowledge was compiled into two books, the Shanghan Zabing Lun (AD 220, “Treatise on Febrile and Miscellaneous Diseases”), a discourse on how to treat epidemic fever-inducing infectious diseases common to his era, and another, the highly influential doctrine Jingui yaolue (“Synoptic Essentials from the Golden Cabinet”), a compendium of his clinical experiences. He established many new principles in medicine and chronicled medical knowledge through the Han Dynasty, thus making a great contribution to the development of Traditional Chinese Medicine.



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April 10, 2023