Encyclopedia: Zhang He

Zhang He (Junyi); Chang Ho (Chün-i); 張郃 (儁乂)

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You are viewing the profile of Zhang He (張郃), styled Junyi (儁乂), born in Mao county, Hejian commandery (Presently Ren Qiu in He Bei Province). “Originally under Yuan Shao, defected to Wei. Died battling Zhuge Liang.” Zhang He was affiliated with the Han Fu Dynasty, Yuan Shao and the Wei Kingdom. Return to the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia to learn more or explore our Encyclopedia Directory to browse by kingdom or category.


Zhang He (Junyi) 張郃 (儁乂)

Lived: AD ?–231


Served: Han Fu, Yuan Shao, Wei

Originally under Yuan Shao, defected to Wei. Died battling Zhuge Liang.

Officer Details

Wade-Giles: Chang Ho (Chün-i)
Simplified Chinese: 张郃 (儁乂)
Pronunciation: Zhang1 He2 (Jun4yi4Pronunciation
Min-Nan: Thio Kap (Cun-gi)

Birthplace: Mao county, Hejian commandery
(Presently Ren Qiu in He Bei Province)

Other Names: Zhang Yue

Name Notes: Apparently, Zhang He is misspelled ‘Zhang Yue’ in Romance of the Three Kingdoms XI.

Rank and Titles

Major; Colonel; General of the Gentleman of the Household; Lieutenant General, Marquis of a Chief Commune; General Who Pacifies Tribes; General Who Agitates Bandits; General of the Left, Marquis of a Chief District; Marquis of Feng Mo; General of the Cavalry and Chariots Who Conquers the West; Marquis Zhuang (posthumous)

Groups and Associations

Five Generals of Wei ƒ

Family and Relationships

Zhang Xiong (Son)

Fact vs. Fiction

Differences Between Fact and Common Fiction

  • After his defeat by Zhang Fei in the novel, Cao Hong’s reaction suggests that Zhang He was humiliated. Historically, because he captured two commanderies in the same campaign, Zhang He was promoted after his defeat at the hands of Zhang Fei. Cao Hong was not involved.
  • In the novel, Sima Yi comes up with the plan to surround Ma Su. In history, it was Zhang He’s idea.
  • In the novel, Zhang He suggests that he pursue Wei Yan, which Sima Yi argues against. Historically, Sima Yi suggested that Zhang He pursue Zhuge Liang’s army, and Zhang He argued against it. Wei Yan was not involved.

Literary Appearances

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 22, 30, 31, 4042, 48, 50, 56, 58, 67, 6971, 81, 86, 9499, 101

Search Results

Why Did Sima Yi Succeed Cao Zhen Instead of Zhang He?
Date: 05/18     Replies: 8
Zhang He Equal of Zhang Liao and Xu Haung?
Date: 07/09     Replies: 22
Zhang He
Date: 04/08     Replies: 20
Zhang He: Underrated by Yuan Shao?
Date: 01/08     Replies: 18
Kongming’s 4th Campaign: Wang Ping; Zhang He and Sima Yi
Date: 01/07     Replies: 13
Zhang He…
Date: 06/02     Replies: 35



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September 22, 2023