Encyclopedia: Xu Jing

Xu Jing (Wenxiu); Hsü Ching (Wên-hsiu); 許靖 (文休)

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You are viewing the profile of Xu Jing (許靖), styled Wenxiu (文休), born in Runan. “Said to be an able critic. Liu Bei didn’t respect him but Liang always bowed to him.” Xu Jing was affiliated with the Han Dynasty, Dong Zhuo, Kong Zhou, Shi Xie, Liu Zhang and the Shu Kingdom. Return to the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia to learn more or explore our Encyclopedia Directory to browse by kingdom or category.


Xu Jing (Wenxiu) 許靖 (文休)

Lived: AD ?–222

None Available

Served: Han, Dong Zhuo, Kong Zhou, Shi Xie, Liu Zhang, Shu

Said to be an able critic. Liu Bei didn’t respect him but Liang always bowed to him.

Officer Details

Wade-Giles: Hsü Ching (Wên-hsiu)
Simplified Chinese: 许靖 (文休)
Cantonese (Yale): Heui Jing (Man-yau)
Cantonese (Jyutpin): Heoi Zing (Man-jau)
Min-Nan: Khouw Cong (Bun-hiu)

Birthplace: Runan

Rank and Titles

Reporting Officer; Palace Assistant Imperial Clerk; Grand Administrator of Ba; Grand Administrator of Guanghan; Grand Administrator of Shu; Chief Clerk to the General of the Left; Grand Tutor; Excellency over the Masses

Family and Relationships

Xu Shao, Xu Yang (Cousin); Xu Hun, Xu Kun (Nephews); Chen Zhi (Great-nephew)

Literary Appearances

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 65, 73, 77, 80

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Historic (Confirmed)

Xu Jing was praised as a good judge of character and ability in his younger years. He served in the capital but fled during Dong Zhuo’s reign. He traveled south to avoid conflicts and initially settled in Yang province, where he gathered and cared for many refugees. However, when Sun Ce conquered Kuaiji, Xu Jing and his refugees fled to Jiao territory. In 208, he left Jiao to serve as an administrator under Liu Zhang. He joined Liu Bei in 214 and became a trusted civil aide. In 219, he was made Grand Tutor to the King of Han Zhong (Liu Bei). When Liu Bei claimed the imperial title in 221, Xu Jing was named Minister Over the Masses. He died the next year.

Xu Jing was well respected for his contributions to the philosophical discussions of the time and for the love and kindness he showed to refugees. However, his abilities were questioned by Fa Zheng, who believed that Xu Jing had an empty reputation.

- “A Biographical Dictionary of the Later Han and Three Kingdoms” by Rafe de Crespigny



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April 10, 2023