Encyclopedia: Xiahou Dun

Xiahou Dun (Yuanrang); Hsiahou Tun (Yüan-jang); 夏侯惇 (元讓)

You are here: [ Home –> Three Kingdoms History –> Encyclopedia –> Xiahou Dun ]

Welcome to the Romance of the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia
You are viewing the profile of Xiahou Dun (夏侯惇), styled Yuanrang (元讓), born in Qiao County in Pei Prefecture. “One of Cao Cao’s original officers, with civil and military talent. Lost an eye in battle.” Xiahou Dun was affiliated with and the Wei Kingdom. Return to the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia to learn more or explore our Encyclopedia Directory to browse by kingdom or category.


Xiahou Dun (Yuanrang) 夏侯惇 (元讓)

Lived: AD ?–220


Served: Wei

One of Cao Cao’s original officers, with civil and military talent. Lost an eye in battle.

Officer Details

Wade-Giles: Hsiahou Tun (Yüan-jang)
Simplified Chinese: 夏侯惇 (元让)
Pronunciation: Xia4hou2 Dun1 (Yuan2rang4Pronunciation
Cantonese (Yale): Hahau Deun (Yun-yeung)
Cantonese (Jyutpin): Haahau Deon (Jyun-joeng)
Min-Nan: Heehouw Tun (Goan-jiang)

Birthplace: Qiao County in Pei Prefecture

Rank and Titles

General Who Displays Firmness; Zhechong Xiaowei, Governor of Dong Prefecture; Governor of Chenliu; Governor of Jiyin; Jianwu Jiangjun; Duke of Gao An Xiang; Governor of He’nan; Fubo Jiangjun; General of the Van (AD 219); ‘Great General’; ‘Loyal Duke’ (posthumous)

Family and Relationships

Xiahou Yuan (Brother); Xiahou Chong, Xiahou Mao (Sons)

Fact vs. Fiction

Differences Between Fact and Common Fiction

  • Xiahou Dun did not kill Cao Xing for shooting out his eye, nor did he consume it.

Literary Appearances

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 5, 6, 1012, 14, 1619, 2328, 30, 31, 33, 3943, 48, 50, 66, 67, 6972, 78, 79, 91

Popular Quotation

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: Chapter 18
“Essence of my father, blood of my mother, I cannot throw this away!”

Search Results

Xiahou Dun: Incompetent or Competent?
Date: 03/13     Replies: 66
A Question About Xiahou Dun
Date: 07/07     Replies: 14
How Did Xiahou Dun Die?
Date: 11/05     Replies: 21
Xiahou Dun’s Eye: Could He Have Fought After Losing It?
Date: 01/05     Replies: 39
Xiahou Dun’s Eye: Did He Really Eat It?
Date: 04/03     Replies: 83
Who Do You Like Better: Xiahou Dun or Xiahou Yuan?
Date: 04/03     Replies: 82

Premium External Linkage

First class external must-reads. Enjoy!


Collaborative Works

Xiahou Dun, styled Yuanrang, was a descendent of Xiahou Ying, a famous general who served Liu Bang, and was both a talented commander and civil official. He was a fugitive when he joined Cao Cao with his brother, Xiahou Yuan. He fought alongside them at the battles of Si Shui Gate, and Hu Lao gate, in order to overthrow the tyrant Dong Zhuo. After the fall of Dong Zhuo, Lü Bu fled to Liu Bei, and eventually stole Xia Pi castle from him.

When Cao Cao was requested to help, Xiahou Dun went with him. There, as leader of the van, Xiahou Dun was charging the enemy lines, when Cao Xing shot him in the eye with an arrow. Miraculously not killed, Xiahou Dun is quoted as having said, “Blood of my father, essence of my mother, I cannot throw this away!” He then ate his eye off of the arrow, and charged Cao Xing, killing him with a spear wound to the face.

Forced to retreat due to injury, Xiahou Dun was afterwards known as “Blind Xiahou”. The nickname angered him when he heard it, as well as his reflection. He earned several honours, and was Regent Marshal under Cao Cao. He died approximately one year after his lord perished in AD 220.



Novel and History

Officers and Kingdoms

Literature and Language


February 17, 2023