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Sun Qian (Gongyou)  [Sun Ch‘ien; 孫乾] - Romance of the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia

Encyclopedia: Sun Qian

Sun Qian (Gongyou); Sun Ch‘ien (Kung-yu); 孫乾 (公祐)

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You are viewing the profile of Sun Qian (孫乾), styled Gongyou (公祐), born in Beihai. “Served Liu Bei. From Beihai. At death ranked General Who Upholds Loyalty.” Sun Qian was affiliated with Tao Qian and the Shu Kingdom. Return to the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia to learn more or explore our Encyclopedia Directory to browse by kingdom or category.


Sun Qian (Gongyou) 孫乾 (公祐)

Lived: Unlisted


Served: Tao Qian, Shu

Served Liu Bei. From Beihai. At death ranked General Who Upholds Loyalty.

Officer Details

Wade-Giles: Sun Ch‘ien (Kung-yu)
Simplified Chinese: 孙干 (公佑)
Pronunciation: Sun1 Qian2 (Gong1you4)

Birthplace: Beihai

Rank and Titles

Aide; Gentleman Attendant; General Who Upholds Loyalty

Literary Appearances

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 12, 14, 16, 18, 19, 21, 22, 24, 2628, 31, 3436, 3942, 49, 51, 54, 55, 57, 65

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Historic (Confirmed)

Sun Qian, styled Gongyou, hailed from Beihai. When Liu Bei took command of Xuzhou Sun Qian was recommended to him by Zheng Xuan, and was appointed an aide, and followed Liu Bei across the land. When Liu Bei left Cao Cao he sent Sun Qian to establish relations with Yuan Shao, and before entering Jingzhou Sun Qian was dispatched with Mi Zhu to meet Liu Biao—and both missions went smoothly.

While in Jingzhou Liu Biao wrote Yuan Shang to express how troubled he became over his separation with Yuan Tan while discussing with Liu Bei and Sun Qian. This shows how highly he regarded Sun Qian’s view. When Liu Bei took authority in Yizhou Sun Qian was promoted from Gentleman Attendant to General Who Upholds Loyalty, the same rank as Jian Yong. Some time later he passed away. (1)

(1): Primary source: Sanguozhi translation by Lady Wu.



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April 10, 2023