Encyclopedia: Sima Yi

Sima Yi (Zhongda); Ssŭma I (Chung-ta); 司馬懿 (仲達)

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You are viewing the profile of Sima Yi (司馬懿), styled Zhongda (仲達), born in Wen County, Henei Prefecture (Presently Wen County in He Nan Province). “A skilled advisor of the Wei kingdom. His efforts laid the foundation of Jin.” Sima Yi was affiliated with the Wei Kingdom and the Jin Dynasty. Return to the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia to learn more or explore our Encyclopedia Directory to browse by kingdom or category.


Sima Yi (Zhongda) 司馬懿 (仲達)

Lived: AD 179–251


Served: Wei, Jin

A skilled advisor of the Wei kingdom. His efforts laid the foundation of Jin.

Officer Details

Wade-Giles: Ssŭma I (Chung-ta)
Simplified Chinese: 司马懿 (仲达)
Pronunciation: Si1ma3 Yi4 (Zhong4da2Pronunciation
Min-Nan: Suma I (Tiong-tat)

Birthplace: Wen County, Henei Prefecture
(Presently Wen County in He Nan Province)

Rank and Titles

Senior Clerk for Literary Scholarship, Master of Records to the Office of the Chancellor, Major to the Army of the Chancellor, Master of Writing, Grand General Who Comforts the Army, General of the Agile Cavalry, Grand General of the Agile Cavalry, Marshal of Jing and Yu, Grand General, Grand Commandant, Palace Attendant, Director of Military Affairs, Intendant of the Affairs of the Masters of Writing, Grand Tutor

Family and Relationships

Sima Jun (Grandfather); Sima Fang (Father); Sima Lang (Older Brother); Sima Fu, Sima Kui, Sima Xun, Sima Jin, Sima Tong, Sima Min (Younger Brothers); Sima Shi, Sima Zhao, Sima Zhou (Sons)

Fact vs. Fiction

Differences Between Fact and Common Fiction

  • Was not nearly burned to death in Shangfang Gorge.

Literary Appearances

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 39, 69, 73, 75, 77, 78, 80, 85, 86, 91, 94107, 108, 109, 119

Zizhi tongjian: 65, 67, 68

Popular Quotation

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: Chapter 106
Sima Yi said, “There are five possible operations in war: if you can fight, fight; if you cannot fight, defend; if you cannot defend, flee; if you cannot flee, surrender; if you cannot surrender, die! And a hostage would be meaningless.”

Search Results

Why Did Sima Yi Succeed Cao Zhen Instead of Zhang He?
Date: 05/18     Replies: 8
Translation of the Book of Jin (Sima Yi)
Date: 08/14     Replies: 9
Ranks of Sima Yi
Date: 11/12     Replies: 13
Who is Best Strategist? Sima Yi, Lu Xun, or Zhuge Liang?
Date: 08/10     Replies: 123
Why Do People Accuse Sima Yi of Being a Traitor?
Date: 10/08     Replies: 50
Sima Yi Suggests, Cao Declines.
Date: 08/08     Replies: 8
Who Was Best: Zhuge Liang, Lu Xun, or Sima Yi?
Date: 11/07     Replies: 90
Had Sima Yi Stormed into the Empty Fort…
Date: 10/07     Replies: 41
Pang Tong or Sima Yi
Date: 07/07     Replies: 20
Prime Minister Zhuge Liang, Sima Yi or Lu Xun?
Date: 02/07     Replies: 119
Kongming’s 4th Campaign: Wang Ping; Zhang He and Sima Yi
Date: 01/07     Replies: 13
Guo Jia Vs. Sima Yi
Date: 10/06     Replies: 109
View ≈13 Additional Results?


Rough Translation of Sima Yi’s Biography in JS001
Date: 06/15     Replies: 9
Sima Yi Biography (ZZTJ Compilation)
Date: 02/13     Replies: 16

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February 17, 2023