Encyclopedia: Shi Huan

Shi Huan (Gongliu); Shih Huan (Kung-liu); 史渙 (公劉)

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You are viewing the profile of Shi Huan (史渙), styled Gongliu (公劉), born in Pei. “General of Xu Huang, captured messenger which gave them vital information.” Shi Huan was affiliated with and the Wei Kingdom. Return to the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia to learn more or explore our Encyclopedia Directory to browse by kingdom or category.


Shi Huan (Gongliu) 史渙 (公劉)

Lived: AD ?–209


Served: Wei

General of Xu Huang, captured messenger which gave them vital information.

Officer Details

Wade-Giles: Shih Huan (Kung-liu)
Simplified Chinese: 史涣 (公刘)
Pronunciation: Shi3 Huan4 (Gong1liu2)
Cantonese (Yale): Si Wun (Gung-lau)
Cantonese (Jyutpin): Si Wun (Gung-lau)

Birthplace: Pei

Family and Relationships

Shi Jing (Son)

Fact vs. Fiction

Differences Between Fact and Common Fiction

  • Historically, he was not killed in a duel by Yuan Shang.

Literary Appearances

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 30, 31, 32

Sanguozhi: Wei 1, Wei 8-10, Wei 17

Zizhi tongjian: 63

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Historic (Confirmed)

Shi Huan, styled Gongliu, was one of Cao Cao’s earlier followers. In AD 199 he defeated Sui Gu, killed him, and took command of his soldiers. In AD 200 he joined with Xu Huang to destroy a supply convoy of Yuan Shao’s. He was given the trusted police office in the military and was enfeoffed. (1)

(1): de Crespigny, Rafe; Bibliographical History of the Three Kingdoms



Novel and History

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Literature and Language


April 10, 2023