Encyclopedia: Pang Tong

Pang Tong (Shiyuan); P‘ang T‘ung (Shih-yüan); 龐統 (士元)

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You are viewing the profile of Pang Tong (龐統), styled Shiyuan (士元), born in Xiangyang. “Friend of Sima Hui’s and Shu’s “Fledgling Phoenix.” Killed by an arrow at Luocheng.” Pang Tong was affiliated with and the Shu Kingdom. Return to the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia to learn more or explore our Encyclopedia Directory to browse by kingdom or category.


Pang Tong (Shiyuan) 龐統 (士元)

Lived: AD 179–213


Served: Shu

Friend of Sima Hui’s and Shu’s “Fledgling Phoenix.” Killed by an arrow at Luocheng.

Officer Details

Wade-Giles: P‘ang T‘ung (Shih-yüan)
Simplified Chinese: 庞统 (士元)
Pronunciation: Pang2 Tong3 (Shi4yuan2Pronunciation
Cantonese (Yale): Pong Tung (Si-yun)
Cantonese (Jyutpin): Pong Tung (Si-jyun)
Min-Nan: Bang Thong (Su-goan)

Birthplace: Xiangyang

Other Names: Young Phoenix, Fledgling Phoenix, Feng Chu

Name Notes: Nicknamed Feng Chu 鳳雛 “Fledgling Phoenix” or “Young Phoenix” by his uncle, Pang Degong.

Rank and Titles

“Young Phoenix” (Nickname); Attendant Official: Attendant Official; General of the Gentleman of the Household Masters of the Army: General of the Gentleman of the Household Masters of the Army

Family and Relationships

Pang Degong (Uncle); Pang Lin (Brother); Pang Huan (Cousin); Pang Hong (Son)

Fact vs. Fiction

Differences Between Fact and Common Fiction

  • Pang Tong did not historically falsely defect to Cao Cao‘s forces, invent the ‘chaining of the ships’ idea that weakened Cao Cao’s navy at the battle of Chibi or come up with the idea to burn Cao Cao’s armada.
  • Pang Tong governed Leiyang poorly because he was bad at administrative duty. He did not remedy the problem, as the novel implies, after failing in his job.
  • Pang Tong did not historically advise Liu Bei to assassinate Liu Zhang, or incite Wei Yan to kill Liu Zhang at a banquet.
  • Pang Tong did not die in Zhang Ren’s ambush. He was historically killed by a stray arrow laying siege to Luo city.

Literary Appearances

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 35, 36, 47, 48, 57, 6062, 63, 65

Sanguozhi: Shu 7

Search Results

Views About Pang Tong
Date: 04/12     Replies: 34
If Pang Tong Was Still Alive
Date: 07/11     Replies: 14
Pang Tong or Guo Jia?
Date: 07/09     Replies: 25
Pang Tong, Genius of the Time, or Just Overrated a Lot?
Date: 12/07     Replies: 27
Pang Tong’s Smarts.
Date: 09/07     Replies: 12
Pang Tong or Sima Yi
Date: 07/07     Replies: 20
Pang Tong’s Death
Date: 04/06     Replies: 16
Sun Quan and Pang Tong
Date: 12/05     Replies: 11
Pang Tong or Zhuge Liang?
Date: 01/04     Replies: 34
What if Liu Bei WAS on That White Horse Instead of Pang Tong
Date: 08/03     Replies: 21
Pang Tong’s 4th Plan??
Date: 02/03     Replies: 31
Had Pang Tong Survived Would the Outcome Had Changed
Date: 01/03     Replies: 105
Pang Tong
Date: 08/02     Replies: 23


Pang Tong & King Mulu Sanguo Yanyi Biographies
Date: 01/06     Replies: 7

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Pang Tong was an advisor to Liu Bei during the Late-Han period. He was friends with Sima Hui and Zhuge Liang, and was nicknamed ’Young Phoenix.’ At first, Pang Tong was appointed as an Attendant Official and ordered to assist the prefect of Leiyang. When he proved to be a terrible administrator, however, Pang Tong was given rank as Master of the Army, and given authority over military administration, discipline and strategy.

Pang Tong’s most famous deed was recommending to Liu Bei three plans to seize Yizhou, a province belonging to Liu Zhang. Pang Tong advised Liu Bei to either: A.) Launch a surprise attack on the city, B.) Invite Yang Huai and Gao Pei, the defenders of Boshui Pass, to come see Liu Bei leave for Jing and then to arrest and kill these two (and thus gain control over their armies) or c. ) Go back to Jing and decide to seize the Riverlands (Yizhou) some other time. Of these, Pang Tong thought the first one the best and the third one the worst, but Liu Bei decided to adopt the second scheme. After Liu Bei had absorbed the forces of Yang Huai and Gao Pei, he went on to besiege the city of Luo. Unfortunately, though, Pang Tong was killed by a straw arrow during this siege, at only the age of 36. Pang Tong’s son, Pang Hong, would later become the governor of Fu.



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February 17, 2023