Encyclopedia: Liu Shan

Liu Shan (Gongsi); Liu Shan (Kung-ssŭ); 劉禪 (公嗣)

You are here: [ Home –> Three Kingdoms History –> Encyclopedia –> Liu Shan ]

Welcome to the Romance of the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia
You are viewing the profile of Liu Shan (劉禪), styled Gongsi (公嗣), born in Zhuo county, Zhuo commandery. “His reign of forty years gradually destroyed Shu through ineptitude.” Liu Shan was affiliated with the Shu Kingdom, the Wei Kingdom and the Jin Dynasty. Return to the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia to learn more or explore our Encyclopedia Directory to browse by kingdom or category.


Liu Shan (Gongsi) 劉禪 (公嗣)

Game Name:
Liu Chan

Lived: AD 207–271


Served: Shu, Wei, Jin

His reign of forty years gradually destroyed Shu through ineptitude.

Officer Details

Wade-Giles: Liu Shan (Kung-ssŭ)
Simplified Chinese: 刘禅 (公嗣)
Pronunciation: Liu2 Shan4 (Gong1si4)

Birthplace: Zhuo county, Zhuo commandery

Other Names: A-dou (阿斗) [child name], Liu Shengzhi (劉升之) [possible name]

Name Notes: Also known by his infant name, A-dou (阿斗). See Liu Shan’s Comprehensive Officer Biography for more information on his name. Liu Ch‘an in Brewitt-Taylor translation.

Rank and Titles

Prince of Hanzhong; Heir Apparent; Emperor; Piao Qi Jiangjun; Duke of Anle

Family and Relationships

Liu Bei (Father); Empress Gan (Mother); Empress Zhang (Wives); Liu Feng (Brother-in-law); Liu Yong, Liu Li (Brothers); Liu Xuan, Liu Yao, Liu Cong, Liu Zan, Liu Chen, Liu Xun, Liu Qian (Sons)

Fact vs. Fiction

Differences Between Fact and Common Fiction

  • Did not recall Zhuge Liang from any northern campaigns.

Literary Appearances

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 34, 41, 42, 54, 61, 73, 80, 81, 8587, 91, 96, 97102, 104, 105, 107, 108, 110119, 120

Sanguozhi: Shu 3, Shu 11

Search Results

Figurehead Liu Shan
Date: 08/12     Replies: 8
Liu Chan or Liu Zhang ?
Date: 02/12     Replies: 33
Liu Shan, Not the Worst Choice for Successor?
Date: 07/10     Replies: 44
Why Do You Guys Hate Liu Chan?
Date: 12/06     Replies: 47
Sun Hao Vs. Liu Shan: Who Was the Better Ruler?
Date: 04/06     Replies: 46
Liu Shan: Capable or Idiot?
Date: 10/05     Replies: 97
Liu Shan: a Remarkable Person?
Date: 03/05     Replies: 30
Liu Shan Chronology (Revised)
Date: 07/04     Replies: 6
What Do You Hate Liu Shan for the Most?
Date: 07/04     Replies: 84
Zhuge Liang and Liu Chan
Date: 07/04     Replies: 15
Saving Liu Chan, an Act of Heroism, or a Mistake…
Date: 07/04     Replies: 139
Waiting for Liu Shan to Die…
Date: 07/04     Replies: 44
View ≈6 Additional Results?


What’s Up with Liu Shan’s San Guo Zhi Biography?
Date: 02/05     Replies: 5

Premium External Linkage

First class external must-reads. Enjoy!



Novel and History

Officers and Kingdoms

Literature and Language


September 22, 2023