Encyclopedia: Liu Shan

Liu Shan (Gongsi); Liu Shan (Kung-ssŭ); 劉禪 (公嗣)

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You are viewing the profile of Liu Shan (劉禪), styled Gongsi (公嗣), born in Zhou County, Zhou Prefecture (Presently Zuozhou in Hebei Province). “Liu Bei’s son and the second Emperor of Shu. Destroyed Shu through ineptitude.” Liu Shan was affiliated with the Shu Kingdom and the Wei Kingdom. Return to the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia to learn more or explore our Encyclopedia Directory to browse by kingdom or category.


Liu Shan (Gongsi) 劉禪 (公嗣)

Game Name:
Liu Chan

Lived: AD 207–271


Served: Shu, Wei

Liu Bei’s son and the second Emperor of Shu. Destroyed Shu through ineptitude.

Officer Details

Wade-Giles: Liu Shan (Kung-ssŭ)
Simplified Chinese: 刘禅 (公嗣)
Pronunciation: Liu2 Shan4 (Gong1si4)

Birthplace: Zhou County, Zhou Prefecture
(Presently Zuozhou in Hebei Province)

Other Names: Liu Chan, A-Dou

Name Notes: Also known by his infant name, A-Dou (阿斗). See Liu Shan’s Comprehensive Officer Biography for more information on his name.

Rank and Titles

Prince of Hanzhong; Heir Apparent; Emperor; Piao Qi Jiangjun; Duke of Anle

Family and Relationships

Liu Bei (Father); Empress Gan (Mother); Empress Zhang, Empress Zhang (Wives); Liu Feng (Brother-in-law); Liu Yong, Liu Li (Brothers); Liu Xuan, Liu Yao, Liu Cong, Liu Zan, Liu Chen, Liu Xun, Liu Qu (Sons)

Fact vs. Fiction

Differences Between Fact and Common Fiction

  • Did not recall Zhuge Liang from any northern campaigns.

Literary Appearances

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 34, 41, 42, 54, 61, 73, 80, 81, 8587, 91, 96, 97102, 104, 105, 107, 108, 110119, 120

Search Results

Figurehead Liu Shan
Date: 08/12     Replies: 8
Liu Chan or Liu Zhang ?
Date: 02/12     Replies: 33
Liu Shan, Not the Worst Choice for Successor?
Date: 07/10     Replies: 44
Why Do You Guys Hate Liu Chan?
Date: 12/06     Replies: 47
Sun Hao Vs. Liu Shan: Who Was the Better Ruler?
Date: 04/06     Replies: 46
Liu Shan: Capable or Idiot?
Date: 10/05     Replies: 97
Liu Shan: a Remarkable Person?
Date: 03/05     Replies: 30
Liu Shan Chronology (Revised)
Date: 07/04     Replies: 6
What Do You Hate Liu Shan for the Most?
Date: 07/04     Replies: 84
Zhuge Liang and Liu Chan
Date: 07/04     Replies: 15
Saving Liu Chan, an Act of Heroism, or a Mistake…
Date: 07/04     Replies: 139
Waiting for Liu Shan to Die…
Date: 07/04     Replies: 44
View ≈6 Additional Results?


What’s Up with Liu Shan’s San Guo Zhi Biography?
Date: 02/05     Replies: 5

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February 17, 2023