Encyclopedia: Liu Cong

Liu Cong; Liu Ts‘ung; 劉琮

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You are viewing the profile of Liu Cong (劉琮) born in Gaoping, Shanyang (present day Zoucheng, Shandong). “Inherited Liu Biao’s kingdom upon his death, then surrendered it to Cao Cao.” Liu Cong was affiliated with Liu Biao and the Wei Kingdom. Return to the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia to learn more or explore our Encyclopedia Directory to browse by kingdom or category.


Liu Cong 劉琮

Game Name:
Liu Zong

Lived: Unknown

None Available

Served: Liu Biao, Wei

Inherited Liu Biao’s kingdom upon his death, then surrendered it to Cao Cao.

Officer Details

Wade-Giles: Liu Ts‘ung
Simplified Chinese: 刘琮
Pronunciation: Liu2 Cong2
Cantonese (Yale): Lau Chung
Cantonese (Jyutpin): Lau Cung
Min-Nan: Lauw Cong

Birthplace: Gaoping, Shanyang
(present day Zoucheng, Shandong)

Other Names: Liu Zong

Name Notes: His name is often Romanized as Liu Zong, but this generally considered to be an incorrect rendering.

Rank and Titles

Inspector of Qing Province (青州刺史), Counsellor Remonstrant (諫議大夫), Army Adviser (參同軍事), Governor of Jing Province (荊州牧)

Family and Relationships

Liu Biao (Father); Lady Cai (Mother); Liu Qi (Brother); Cai Mao (Uncle)

Fact vs. Fiction

Differences Between Fact and Common Fiction

  • Was not Lady Cai’s son, but rather was married to one of her nieces.
  • Was not executed by Cao Cao.

Literary Appearances

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 34, 40, 41, 43

Sanguozhi: Wei 1, Wei 6, Shu 2, Shu 5, Wu 9

Zizhi tongjian: 65, 68



Novel and History

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Literature and Language


September 22, 2023