Encyclopedia: Liu Biao

Liu Biao (Jingsheng); Liu Piao (Ching-shêng); 劉表 (景升)

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You are viewing the profile of Liu Biao (劉表), styled Jingsheng (景升), born in Shan Yang, Gao Ping. “Inspector of Jing province under the Han. Opposed the Sun family militarily.” Liu Biao was affiliated with and the Han Dynasty. Return to the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia to learn more or explore our Encyclopedia Directory to browse by kingdom or category.


Liu Biao (Jingsheng) 劉表 (景升)

Lived: AD 142–208


Served: Han, Liu Biao

Inspector of Jing province under the Han. Opposed the Sun family militarily.

Officer Details

Wade-Giles: Liu Piao (Ching-shêng)
Simplified Chinese: 刘表 (景升)
Pronunciation: Liu2 Biao3 (Jing3sheng1Pronunciation
Min-Nan: Lauw Piauw (Keng-seng)

Birthplace: Shan Yang, Gao Ping

Rank and Titles

Bei Jun Zhong Hou; Inspector of Jing Province; General Who Suppressed the South; Governor of Jing Province; Marquis of Cheng Wu;

Family and Relationships

Liu Qi, Liu Cong, Liu Xiu (Sons); Liu Pan, Liu Hu (Nephews); Lady Cai (Wife); Cai Mao, Wang Kai (In-Law); Diluma [Dilu Horse] ƒ (Horse); Wang Bi (Descendant)

Literary Appearances

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 68, 1519, 2123, 28, 29, 3136, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43, 44, 5054, 56, 57, 61, 62, 68, 93, 120

Sanguozhi: Shu 11

Search Results

Cai Mao, Zhuge Liang, and Liu Biao’s Genealogy
Date: 07/16     Replies: 6
The Conservative Liu Biao.
Date: 10/09     Replies: 8
Oddities. How Come Sun Ce Never Attacked Liu Biao?
Date: 08/07     Replies: 59
How Strong Were Liu Biao, Liu Zhang, and Zhang Lu?
Date: 07/07     Replies: 26
Liu Biao: Brilliant General?
Date: 05/07     Replies: 57
On the Crest of Victory Liu Biao Does What?
Date: 04/07     Replies: 61
Liu Biao And Jing
Date: 12/05     Replies: 30
Sun Quan and Zhang Zhao VS Liu Biao and His Officers
Date: 03/03     Replies: 8
Liu Biao
Date: 03/03     Replies: 16
If Liu Biao Did Not Die
Date: 12/02     Replies: 17
Liu Biao, Expansionist, or Pacifist?
Date: 12/02     Replies: 24
Liu Biao
Date: 09/02     Replies: 16
The Legimate Heir of Liu Biao..
Date: 07/02     Replies: 42

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Historic (Confirmed)

Liu Biao was born in AD 142. He was tall, smart, and handsome. In AD 190, Dong Zhuo appointed Liu Biao to be Inspector of Jing province. Thanks to the advice of Kuai Yue and Kuai Liang, Liu Biao established his authority in Jing. The following year, Sun Jian attacked Liu Biao, but was struck by an arrow and died. For several years afterward, Liu Biao consolidated his power within the region.

Liu Biao turned Jing province into a haven for scholars and philosophers. He allowed Song Zhong to establish an academy for teaching the classics. From all over the land, a multitude of men of learning came to study in Liu Biao’s territory. Militarily, Liu Biao and his ally Zhang Xiu (mostly the latter) occasionally clashed with Cao Cao. When Cao Cao and Yuan Shao were at war, Liu Biao made no major move to help either side. After Cao Cao decisively trounced the Yuan family in the Northeast and other opponents, he loosed his forces on Jing. Meanwhile, Liu Biao’s vassal Huang Zu suffered defeat at the hands of the Sun family of the Southeast. At this critical and inopportune time, Liu Biao died of natural causes. His successor surrendered to Cao Cao.



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September 22, 2023