Encyclopedia: Kong Rong

Kong Rong (Wenju); K‘ung Jung (Wên-chü); 孔融 (文舉)

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You are viewing the profile of Kong Rong (孔融), styled Wenju (文舉), born in Lu. “A famed scholar who did not always get on with his lords. One of the Seven Masters.” Kong Rong was affiliated with the Han Dynasty and the Wei Kingdom. Return to the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia to learn more or explore our Encyclopedia Directory to browse by kingdom or category.


Kong Rong (Wenju) 孔融 (文舉)

Lived: AD 153–208


Served: Han, Kong Rong, Wei

A famed scholar who did not always get on with his lords. One of the Seven Masters.

Officer Details

Wade-Giles: K‘ung Jung (Wên-chü)
Simplified Chinese: 孔融 (文举)
Pronunciation: Kong3 Rong2 (Wen2ju3)
Cantonese (Yale): Hung Yung (Man-geui)
Cantonese (Jyutpin): Hung Jung (Man-geoi)
Min-Nan: Khong Yong (Bun-ki)

Birthplace: Lu

Rank and Titles

Chancellor of Beihai; Inspector of Qing; Court Architect; Grand Palace Grandee

Family and Relationships

Confucius, Kong Shang (Ancestors); Kong Zhou (Father); Kong Bao (Brother); Kong (Son); Lady Kong (Daughter)

Literary Appearances

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 5, 11, 15, 2023, 40


Internet (Trusted)

Younger brother to Kong Bao, at the age of sixteen Wenju hid Zhang Jian, an acquaintance of his brother, who was fleeing the country and attempted to take the blame when the government discovered this act but Kong Bao took the blame and was executed. Later, as chancellor of Bei Hai, he persuaded Liu Bei to take Xu by insulting Yuan Shu’s credentials.

Kong Rong was unable to use men properly, vague of thought and inefficient of actions but he did re-establish schools and provision for proper burial. Kong Rong was defeated by Yellow Turbans and fled to Duchang but lost the city to a night assault by Yuan Tan. Appointed as Court Architect by Cao Cao, Kong Rong recommended Mi Heng to Cao Cao and opposed Cao Cao’s plans to falsely charge Yang Biao for treason.

Favoured by Xian and well known for his ability, Kong Rong would make fun of Cao Cao, say discourteous things and be insubordinate, infuriating Cao Cao even more when he opposed Cao Cao being enoffed within a thousand li of the capital. Chi Lu was encouraged by Cao Cao to build a case against Kong Rong with Lu Cai sending in a memorial accusing Kong Rong of treason so Cao Cao had Kong Rong and his family executed.



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April 10, 2023