Encyclopedia: He Yi

He Yi; Ho I; 何儀

You are here: [ Home –> Three Kingdoms History –> Encyclopedia –> He Yi ]

Welcome to the Romance of the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia
You are viewing the profile of He Yi (何儀). “Yellow Scarves commander. Captured Runan after the Yellow Scarves rebellion.” He Yi was affiliated with Yellow Scarves and Yuan Shu. Return to the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia to learn more or explore our Encyclopedia Directory to browse by kingdom or category.


He Yi 何儀

Lived: Unknown

None Available

Served: Yellow Scarves, Yuan Shu

Yellow Scarves commander. Captured Runan after the Yellow Scarves rebellion.

Officer Details

Wade-Giles: Ho I
Simplified Chinese: 何仪
Pronunciation: He2 Yi2
Cantonese (Yale): Ho Yi
Cantonese (Jyutpin): Ho Ji
Min-Nan: Ho Gi

Birthplace: Unknown

Rank and Titles

Yellow Scarves Commander

Family and Relationships

Liu Bi, Huang Shao, He Man (Associates)

Fact vs. Fiction

Differences Between Fact and Common Fiction

  • He Yi’s division of Yellow Scarves formerly aided Yuan Shu and Sun Jian. [SGZ: 1] Defeated by Cao Cao, they again intended to surrender to Yuan Shu. [ZZTJ: 62]. No mention of them having served as vassals.
  • He Yi was never captured by Xu Chu. In AD 196 his force was defeated by Cao Cao and he surrendered. It is not mentioned what became of him after this.
  • Was not executed by Cao Cao in AD 195. [ZZTJ: 62]

Literary Appearances

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 12

Sanguozhi: Wei 1

Zizhi tongjian: 62


Historic (Confirmed)

He Yi was a Yellow Scarves commander from Yu province. Earlier in his career his band of Yellow Scarves aided Yuan Shu and also operated in association with Sun Jian (a subordinate of Yuan Shu). In AD 196, apart from Yuan Shu, He Yi operated withh Huang Shao and He Man, also the Runan and Yingzhuan commanderies in Yu province. In February AD 196 Cao Cao led a punitive expedition against them. They were defeated and Huang Shao and He Man were both executed. He Yi surrendered with what remained of his force (1). (2)

(1): It is unclear what happened to He Yi at this point, though it is most likely he was received into Cao Cao’s forces. If executed, it would probably have been described as such.

(2): Zizhi tongjian: 62, translation by de Crespigny, Rafe, To Establish Peace I. SGZ: Wei 1, biography of Cao Cao, translation by Adrian Loder.

In the novel, Romance of the Three Kingdoms, describing a fictional event, He Yi flees but is captured by the unknown commander Xu Chu. Dian Wei catches up with them and they have a confrontation. It is through this confrontation that Xu Chu is introduced to Cao Cao. Upon receiving He Yi, Cao Cao orders his execution along with Huang Shao. (3)

(3): In the novel these events take place in AD 195.



Novel and History

Officers and Kingdoms

Literature and Language


April 10, 2023