Encyclopedia: Cuan Xi

Cuan Xi; Ts‘uan Hsi; 爨習

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You are viewing the profile of Cuan Xi (爨習) born in Jianning. “A resident of Nanzhong. He later surrendered to Zhuge Liang, and his clan became powerful.” Cuan Xi was affiliated with Nanman and the Shu Kingdom. Return to the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia to learn more or explore our Encyclopedia Directory to browse by kingdom or category.


Cuan Xi 爨習

Lived: Unlisted

None Available

Served: Nanman, Shu

A resident of Nanzhong. He later surrendered to Zhuge Liang, and his clan became powerful.

Officer Details

Wade-Giles: Ts‘uan Hsi
Simplified Chinese: 爨习

Birthplace: Jianning

Rank and Titles

Military Counselor

Literary Appearances

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 91


Historic (Confirmed)

Cuan Xi was a resident of Jianning and apparently Yong Kai’s uncle. Yong Kai had him administer the town of Jianling. At some point, Cuan Xi submitted to Zhuge Liang. Zhuge Liang, in turn, granted him political titles. The Cuan Youyan bei, a stone tablet tracing the genealogy of the Cuan clan, claims that Cuan Xi allied with Zhuge Liang prior to the murder of Yong Kai. However, this is unlikely.

The Cuan family of the region received preferential treatment by Chinese states, which continued even after Wei and Jin succeeded Shu-Han to power in the Southwest. Long after Cuan Xi, they played an important role in the administration of Jianning. (Herman 265)

Works Cited:

Herman, John. “The Kingdoms of Nanzhong China’s Southwest Border Region Prior to the Eighth Century.” T’oung Pao 95.4 (2009): 241–86. Print.



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April 10, 2023