Encyclopedia: Cai Mao

Cai Mao (Degui); Ts‘ai Mao (Tê-kuei); 蔡瑁 (德珪)

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You are viewing the profile of Cai Mao (蔡瑁), styled Degui (德珪), born in Nan. “Assisted Liu Biao in taking control of Jingzhou, prevented Liu Qi from visiting father.” Cai Mao was affiliated with Liu Biao and the Wei Kingdom. Return to the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia to learn more or explore our Encyclopedia Directory to browse by kingdom or category.


Cai Mao (Degui) 蔡瑁 (德珪)

Lived: AD ?–208


Served: Liu Biao, Wei

Assisted Liu Biao in taking control of Jingzhou, prevented Liu Qi from visiting father.

Officer Details

Wade-Giles: Ts‘ai Mao (Tê-kuei)
Simplified Chinese: 蔡瑁 (德圭)
Pronunciation: Cai4 Mao4 (De2gui1Pronunciation
Min-Nan: Coa Bouw (Tek-kui)

Birthplace: Nan

Family and Relationships

Cai Feng (Father); Cai He, Cai Zhong, Cai Xun (Brothers); Lady Cai (Sister); Liu Cong (Nephew); Liu Biao (In Law)

Fact vs. Fiction

Differences Between Fact and Common Fiction

  • Was more a civil official than a naval commander.
  • Did not put Liu Cong into power against Liu Biao’s wishes.
  • Did not try to kill Liu Bei.
  • There is little evidence that he was executed by Cao Cao.

Literary Appearances

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 6, 7, 31, 34, 35, 3941, 45

Sanguozhi: Wei 6, Shu 2

Hou Han shu: 74, 75

Zizhi tongjian: 65

Search Results

Cai Mao, Zhuge Liang, and Liu Biao’s Genealogy
Date: 07/16     Replies: 6
Cai Mao
Date: 06/02     Replies: 19



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April 10, 2023