Encyclopedia: Cai He

Cai He; Ts‘ai Ho; 蔡和

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You are viewing the profile of Cai He (蔡和) born in Nan. “Cai Mao’s brother. Surrendered to Wu before Chibi, but executed by Zhou Yu.” Cai He is a fictional character. Cai He was affiliated with Liu Biao, the Wei Kingdom and the Wu Kingdom. Return to the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia to learn more or explore our Encyclopedia Directory to browse by kingdom or category.


Cai He 蔡和


Lived: AD ?–208

None Available

Served: Liu Biao, Wei, Wu

Cai Mao’s brother. Surrendered to Wu before Chibi, but executed by Zhou Yu.

Officer Details

Wade-Giles: Ts‘ai Ho
Simplified Chinese: 蔡和
Pronunciation: Cai4 He2
Cantonese (Yale): Choi Wo
Cantonese (Jyutpin): Coi Wo
Min-Nan: Coa Hoo

Birthplace: Nan

Family and Relationships

Cai Feng (Father); Cai Mao, Cai Zhong, Cai Xun (Brothers); Lady Cai (Sister); Liu Cong (Nephew)

Fact vs. Fiction

Differences Between Fact and Common Fiction

  • Was never at Chibi or killed, like the rest of the Cai’s he simply vanished from the records when Jing fell.

Literary Appearances

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 34, 46, 47, 49


Sanguo Yanyi

Used by Cai Mao to guard the east gate in case Liu Bei slipped through his plot. Later, after Cai Mao was executed by Cao Cao, Cai He was sent with Cai Zhong as pretend defectors to spy on Wu but Zhou Yu and his officers saw through the ploy. Cai He was fed information that Huang Gai, Kan Zhe and Gan Ning which to defect and when the attack started, Cai He was sacrificed to the flag.



Novel and History

Officers and Kingdoms

Literature and Language


April 10, 2023