Biography (SGYY): Lei Tong

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Lei Tong
(AD ???–218)

Sanguo yanyi Officer Biography
Author Notes in Blue
Authored by Mike Holmes

Lei Tong

Lei Tong was a general who served under Liu Yan and Liu Zhang.

In AD 213 , Liu Bei was invited to Yi by Liu Zhang to hold off Zhang Lu (1).

1: Zhang Lu and Liu Zhang were mortal enemies, Liu having killed Zhang’s mother and younger brother. In 211, Cao Cao defeated Ma Chao, opening up the west. Zhang Lu decided to take Yi in order to stand against Cao Cao. Liu Zhang, having no experience in war, asked Liu Bei to help.

Liu Bei soon turned against Liu Zhang and attacked Yi. In response, Liu Zhang sent Zhang Ren, Liu Gui, Ling Bao and Deng Xian to hold off Liu Bei.

After Deng Xian had been killed by Liu Bei’s army, Liu Zhang sent Wu Yi to help. Wu Yi requested that Wu Lan and Lei Tong go with him. Liu Zhang agreed and so Lei Tong went with Wu Yi and his friend Wu Lan.

When Wu Yi, Wu Lan and Lei Tong got to the city of Luoxian, which Zhang Ren was holding, Ling Bao advised diverting a nearby river in order to drown Liu Bei’s army. Wu Yi accepted this advice and ordered Wu Lan and Lei Tong to help him by stationing troops nearby.

Liu Bei found out about this plan and ordered his two generals Wei Yan and Huang Zhong to patrol vigilantly.

Ling Bao prepared to cut the channel, but was attacked by Wei Yan. Ling Bao was easily captured. Lei Tong saw this and alerted Wu Lan. However, their support force was smashed by Huang Zhong. They fled in defeat. Ling Bao was executed by Liu Bei.

Some time later Liu Bei’s adviser Pang Tong was shot by arrows and was killed in an ambush set by Zhang Ren. Wei Yan had been leading the rear guard and tried to escape to Luoxian. Lei Tong led an army with Wu Lan and nearly captured Wei Yan, but they were once again driven off by Huang Zhong. However, they regrouped and took Liu Bei’s camp. Liu Bei fled to Fu Pass.

Eventually, Liu Bei’s other adviser Zhuge Liang arrived from Jing with Zhang Fei and Zhao Yun. Wei Yan and Huang Zhong were attacking Zhang Ren, but had been stopped by Lei Tong and Wu Lan, as part of Zhang Ren’s plan.

When the two Jing generals had been halted by Lei Tong and Wu Lan, Zhang Ren charged straight for Liu Bei. Liu Bei was driven off again.

Lei Tong, Wu Lan, Huang Zhong and Wei Yan kept on skirmishing for several days. Finally, Liu Bei sent Zhang Fei to help. The two were surrounded and decided to surrender. Liu Bei heartily accepted their surrender.

Eventually, Liu Bei executed Zhang Ren and forced Liu Zhang to surrender. Lei Tong was one of the many generals who were promoted. He was ordered to help Zhang Fei defend Baxi.

In AD 218 , Cao Cao sent Cao Hong and Zhang He to attack Yi. Cao Hong sent Zhang He to attack Baxi, where Zhang Fei was stationed. Lei Tong was the garrison commander with Zhang Fei at the time.

Zhang He had thirty thousand troops with him. Zhang Fei was apprised of the situation and ordered Lei Tong to ambush Zhang He with five thousand crack troops while he fought Zhang He head on.

That day Zhang He fought twenty bouts with Zhang Fei. Lei Tong attacked Zhang He from behind and forced him to retreat. Zhang He fled to Dangqu Hill. The next day, Lei Tong tried to attack the hill, but was driven back. Zhang Fei got drunk every day for fifty days, whilst the siege continued.

Liu Bei sent Wei Yan to assist. Wei Yan was transporting Chengdu wine with his relief force (2).

2: Zhuge Liang realised that Zhang Fei’s drinking was a ploy and so ordered Wei Yan to send good wine.

Zhang Fei used the wine to attract Zhang He. He, thinking that Fei’s drunkenness would be the death of him, ambushed Zhang Fei and thrust him through. However, it was a figure of straw!

The real Zhang Fei then attacked and dealt Zhang He a crushing blow. Zhang He then retreated to his base, only to find that Lei Tong and Wei Yan had seized them. Zhang He retreated to Wakou Pass, where he regrouped.

Zhang He decided to flee the next time Fei attacked and ambush him. The next day, Lei Tong dueled with Zhang He. After a brief clash, He retreated.

Lei Tong pursued, only to fall into an ambush. Zhang He then turned around and stabbed Lei Tong, killing him.

Copyright © 2004 Mike Holmes
Based on the novel, Romance of the Three Kingdoms, attributed to Luo Guanzhong