Three Kingdoms History: Reign Years

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Han, Wei, Shu, Wu, and Jin Reign Years

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Reign years were introduced into Chinese culture by Emperor Liu Che of the Han. Instead of using only numbers, they then used names to refer to a ruling period of an Emperor. The reign year would change if the Emperor died or abdicated, or when other events affected the nation.

The ruling years made it easier to refer to a period of time, without having knowledge of the actual calendar. This list shows the year according to the Western Calendar, followed by the reign title in pinyin, English, and finally hanzi.

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Reign Year Reference Table

Each entry in the table starts with the year (AD), and a listing with reign title and year for each kingdom (i/a).

Year   Han (漢) Wei (魏) Shu (蜀) Wu (吳) Jin (晉)
168Jian Ning 1    
169Jian Ning 2    
170Jian Ning 3    
171Jian Ning 4    
172Jia Ping 1    
173Jia Ping 2    
174Jia Ping 3    
175Jia Ping 4    
176Jia Ping 5    
177Jia Ping 6    
178Guang He 1    
179Guang He 2    
180Guang He 3    
181Guang He 4    
182Guang He 5    
183Guang He 6    
184Zhong Ping 1    
185Zhong Ping 2    
186Zhong Ping 3    
187Zhong Ping 4    
188Zhong Ping 5    
189Guang Xi 1    
189Zhao Ning 1    
189Yong Han 1    
189Zhong Ping 6    
190Chu Ping 1    
191Chu Ping 2    
192Chu Ping 3    
193Chu Ping 4    
194Xing Ping 1    
195Xing Ping 2    
196Jian An 1    
197Jian An 2    
198Jian An 3    
199Jian An 4    
200Jian An 5    
201Jian An 6    
202Jian An 7    
203Jian An 8    
204Jian An 9    
205Jian An 10    
206Jian An 11    
207Jian An 12    
208Jian An 13    
209Jian An 14    
210Jian An 15    
211Jian An 16    
212Jian An 17    
213Jian An 18    
214Jian An 19    
215Jian An 20    
216Jian An 21    
217Jian An 22    
218Jian An 23    
219Jian An 24    
220Yan Kang 1Huang Chu 1   
221 Huang Chu 2Zhang Wu 1  
222 Huang Chu 3Zhang Wu 2Huang Wu 1 
223 Huang Chu 4Jian Xing 1Huang Wu 2 
224 Huang Chu 5Jian Xing 2Huang Wu 3 
225 Huang Chu 6Jian Xing 3Huang Wu 4 
226 Huang Chu 7Jian Xing 4Huang Wu 5 
227 Tai He 1Jian Xing 5Huang Wu 6 
228 Tai He 2Jian Xing 6Huang Wu 7 
229 Tai He 3Jian Xing 7Huang Long 1 
230 Tai He 4Jian Xing 8Huang Long 2 
231 Tai He 5Jian Xing 9Huang Long 3 
232 Tai He 6Jian Xing 10Jia He 1 
233 Qing Long 1Jian Xing 11Jia He 2 
234 Qing Long 2Jian Xing 12Jia He 3 
235 Qing Long 3Jian Xing 13Jia He 4 
236 Qing Long 4Jian Xing 14Jia He 5 
237 Jing Chu 1Jian Xing 15Jia He 6 
238 Jing Chu 2Yan Xi 1Chi Wu 1 
239 Jing Chu 3Yan Xi 2Chi Wu 2 
240 Zheng Shi 1Yan Xi 3Chi Wu 3 
241 Zheng Shi 2Yan Xi 4Chi Wu 4 
242 Zheng Shi 3Yan Xi 5Chi Wu 5 
243 Zheng Shi 4Yan Xi 6Chi Wu 6 
244 Zheng Shi 5Yan Xi 7Chi Wu 7 
245 Zheng Shi 6Yan Xi 8Chi Wu 8 
246 Zheng Shi 7Yan Xi 9Chi Wu 9 
247 Zheng Shi 8Yan Xi 10Chi Wu 10 
248 Zheng Shi 9Yan Xi 11Chi Wu 11 
249 Jia Ping 1Yan Xi 12Chi Wu 12 
250 Jia Ping 2Yan Xi 13Chi Wu 13 
251 Jia Ping 3Yan Xi 14Tai Yuan 1 
252 Jia Ping 4Yan Xi 15Shen Feng 1 
252 Jia Ping 4Yan Xi 15Jian Xing 1 
253 Jia Ping 5Yan Xi 16Jian Xing 2 
254 Zheng Yuan 1Yan Xi 17Wu Feng 1 
255 Zheng Yuan 2Yan Xi 18Wu Feng 2 
256 Gan Lu 1Yan Xi 19Tai Ping 1 
257 Gan Lu 2Yan Xi 20Tai Ping 2 
258 Gan Lu 3Jing Yao 1Yong An 1 
259 Gan Lu 4Jing Yao 2Yong An 2 
260 Jing Yuan 1Jing Yao 3Yong An 3 
261 Jing Yuan 2Jing Yao 4Yong An 4 
262 Jing Yuan 3Jing Yao 5Yong An 5 
263 Jing Yuan 4Jing Yao 6Yong An 6 
264 Xian Xi 1 Yuan Xing 1 
265 Xian Xi 2 Gan Lu 1Tai Shi 1
266   Bao Ding 1Tai Shi 2
267   Bao Ding 2Tai Shi 3
268   Bao Ding 3Tai Shi 4
269   Jiang Heng 1Tai Shi 5
270   Jiang Heng 2Tai Shi 6
271   Jiang Heng 3Tai Shi 7
272   Feng Huang 1Tai Shi 8
273   Feng Huang 2Tai Shi 9
274   Feng Huang 3Tai Shi 10
275   Tian Ce 1Xian Ning 1
276   Tian Xi 1Xian Ning 2
277   Tian Ji 1Xian Ning 3
278   Tian Ji 2Xian Ning 4
279   Tian Ji 3Xian Ning 5
280   Tian Ji 4Tai Kang 1
281    Tai Kang 2
282    Tai Kang 3
283    Tai Kang 4
284    Tai Kang 5
285    Tai Kang 6
286    Tai Kang 7
287    Tai Kang 8
288    Tai Kang 9
289    Tai Kang 10
290    Tai Xi 1
291    Yong Ping 1
291    Yuan Kang 1
292    Yuan Kang 2
293    Yuan Kang 3
294    Yuan Kang 4
295    Yuan Kang 5
296    Yuan Kang 6
297    Yuan Kang 7
298    Yuan Kang 8
299    Yuan Kang 9
300    Yong Kang 1
301    Yong Ning 1
302    Tai An 1
303    Tai an 2
304    Yong An 1
304    Jian Wu 1
304    Yong An 1
304    Yong Xing 1
305    Yong Xing 2
306    Guang Xi 1
307    Yong Jia 1
308    Yong Jia 2
309    Yong Jia 3
310    Yong Jia 4
311    Yong Jia 5
312    Yong Jia 6
313    Jian Xing 1
314    Jian Xing 2
315    Jian Xing 3
316    Jian Xing 4

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Han Reign Years

Year (A.D.) - Reign Title (Pinyin) - Reign Title (English) - Reign Title (Hanzi)

169 - First Year of Jian Ning - Established Calm - (建宁)
170 - Second Year of Jian Ning - Established Calm - (建宁)
171 - Third Year of Jian Ning - Established Calm - (建宁)
172 - Fourth Year of Jian Ning - Established Calm - (建宁)
173 - Fifth Year of Jian Ning - Established Calm - (建宁)
174 - Sixth Year of Jian Ning - Established Calm - (建宁)
175 - Seventh Year of Jian Ning - Established Calm - (建宁)
176 - Eight Year of Jian Ning - Established Calm - (建宁)
177 - Ninth Year of Jian Ning - Established Calm - (建宁)
178 - First Year of Guang He - Radiant Harmony - (光和)
179 - Second Year of Guang He - Radiant Harmony - (光和)
180 - Third Year of Guang He - Radiant Harmony - (光和)
181 - Fourth Year of Guang He - Radiant Harmony - (光和)
182 - Fifth Year of Guang He - Radiant Harmony - (光和)
183 - Sixth Year of Guang He - Radiant Harmony - (光和)
184 - First Year of Zhong Ping - Central Stability - (中平)
185 - Second Year of Zhong Ping - Central Stability - (中平)
186 - Third Year of Zhong Ping - Central Stability - (中平)
187 - Fourth Year of Zhong Ping - Central Stability - (中平)
188 - Fifth Year of Zhong Ping - Central Stability - (中平)
189 - Sixth Year of Zhong Ping - Central Stability - (中平)
190 - First Year of Chu Ping - Beginning Peace - (初平)
191 - Second Year of Chu Ping - Beginning Peace - (初平)
192 - Third Year of Chu Ping - Beginning Peace - (初平)
193 - Fourth Year of Chu Ping - Beginning Peace - (初平)
194 - First Year of Xin Ping - Prosperous Tranquility - (忻平)
195 - Second Year of Xin Ping - Prosperous Tranquility - (忻平)
196 - First Year of Jian An - Rebuilt Tranquility - (建安)
197 - Second Year of Jian An - Rebuilt Tranquility - (建安)
198 - Third Year of Jian An - Rebuilt Tranquility - (建安)
199 - Fourth Year of Jian An - Rebuilt Tranquility - (建安)
200 - Fifth Year of Jian An - Rebuilt Tranquility - (建安)
201 - Sixth Year of Jian An - Rebuilt Tranquility - (建安)
202 - Seventh Year of Jian An - Rebuilt Tranquility - (建安)
203 - Eight Year of Jian An - Rebuilt Tranquility - (建安)
204 - Ninth Year of Jian An - Rebuilt Tranquility - (建安)
205 - Tenth Year of Jian An - Rebuilt Tranquility - (建安)
206 - Eleventh Year of Jian An - Rebuilt Tranquility - (建安)
207 - Twelfth Year of Jian An - Rebuilt Tranquility - (建安)
208 - Thirteenth Year of Jian An - Rebuilt Tranquility - (建安)
209 - Fourteenth Year of Jian An - Rebuilt Tranquility - (建安)
210 - Fifteenth Year of Jian An - Rebuilt Tranquility - (建安)
211 - Sixteenth Year of Jian An - Rebuilt Tranquility - (建安)
212 - Seventeenth Year of Jian An - Rebuilt Tranquility - (建安)
213 - Eighteenth Year of Jian An - Rebuilt Tranquility - (建安)
214 - Nineteenth Year of Jian An - Rebuilt Tranquility - (建安)
215 - Twentieth Year of Jian An - Rebuilt Tranquility - (建安)
216 - Twenty-first Year of Jian An - Rebuilt Tranquility - (建安)
217 - Twenty-second Year of Jian An - Rebuilt Tranquility - (建安)
218 - Twenty-third Year of Jian An - Rebuilt Tranquility - (建安)
219 - Twenty-fourth Year of Jian An - Rebuilt Tranquility - (建安)
220 - Twenty-fifth Year of Jian An - Rebuilt Tranquility - (建安)
/ First Year of Huang Chu - Yellow Rise - (黄出)

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Quick Kingdom Reference Reign Years

Sorted by kingdom. Reign Title (Pinyin/Chinese); Reign Title Duration.

Han Dynasty
Jian Wu (建武) 25-56
Zhong Yuan (中元) 56-58
Yong Ping (永平) 58-76
Jiang Chu (建初) 76-84
Yuan He (元和) 84-87
Zhang He (章和) 87-89
Yong Yuan (永元) 89-105
Yuan Xing (元興) 105-106
Yan Ping (延平) 106-107
Yong Chu (永初) 107-114
Yuan Chu (元初) 114-20
Yong Ning (永寧) 120-121
Jian Guang (建光) 121-122
Yan Guang (延光) 122-126
Yong Jian (永建) 126-132
Yang Jia (陽嘉) 132-136
Yong He (永和) 136-142
Han An (漢安) 142-144
Jian Kang (建康) 144-145
Yong Jia (永嘉) 145-146
Ben Chu (本初) 146-147
Jian He (建和) 147-150
He Ping (和平) 150-151
Yuan Jia (元嘉) 151-153
Yong Xing (永興) 153-155
Yong Shou (永壽) 155-158
Yan Xi (延熹) 158-167
Yong Kang (永康) 167-168
Jian Ning (建寧) 168-172
Jia Ping (熹平) 172-178
Guang He (光和) 178-184
Zhong Ping (中平) 184-190
Chu Ping (初平) 190-194
Xin Ping (忻平) 194-196
Jian An (建安) 196-220
Yan Kang (延康) 220-220
Wei Kingdom
Huang Chu (黃初) 220-227
Tai He (太和) 227-233
Qing Long (青龍) 233-237
Jing Chu (景初) 237-240
Zheng Shi (正始) 240-249
Jia Ping (嘉平) 249-254
Zheng Yuan (正元) 254-256
Gan Lu (甘露) 256-260
Jing Yuan (景元) 260-264
Xian Xi (咸熙) 264-265
Shu Kingdom
Zhang Wu (章武) 221-223
Jian Xing (建興) 223-238
Yan Xi (延熙) 238-258
Jing Yao (景耀) 258-263
Wu Kingdom
Huang Wu (黃武) 222-229
Huang Long (黃龍) 229-232
Jia He (嘉禾) 232-238
Chi Wu (赤烏) 238-251
Tai Yuan (太元) 251-252
Shen Feng (神鳳) 252-252
Jian Xing (建興) 252-254
Wu Feng (五鳳) 254-256
Tai Ping (太平) 256-258
Yong An (永安) 258-264
Yuan Xing (元興) 264-265
Gan Lu (甘露) 265-266
Bao Ding (寶鼎) 266-269
Jian Heng (建衡) 269-272
Feng Huang (鳳凰) 272-275
Tian Ce (天冊) 275-276
Tian Xi (天璽) 276-277
Tian Ji (天紀) 277-280
Jin Dynasty
Tai Shi (泰始) 265-275
Xian Ning (咸寧) 275-280
Tai Kang (太康) 280-290
Tai Xi (太熙) 290-291
Yong Ping (永平) 291
Yuan Kang (永康) 291-300
Yong Ning (永寧) 301-302
Tai An (太安) 302-304
Yong An (永安) 304
Jian Wu (建武) 304
Yong An (永安) 304
Yong Xing (永興) 304-306
Guang Xi (光熙) 306-307
Yong Jia (永嘉) 307-313
Jian Xing (建興) 313-316

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March 7, 2014