Comprehensive Officer Biography
Translated & Authored by
Place of Birth: Zhending, Changshan Prefecture (Presently Zhengding in Hebei Province)
Lifespan: AD 168 – 229 (61 Years)
Titles: Central Army Guard, General Who Controls the Army, Lord of Shunping
Zhao Yun was an attendant in the service of Gongsun Zan, a warlord of the later Han. Under Gongsun Zan, Zhao Yun fought against Yuan Shao and received merit for his victories.
After Gongsun Zan died, Zhao Yun went over to serve Liu Bei. In the twelfth year of Rebuilt Tranquility (AD 207), Zilong protected Liu Bei’s son Liu Shan, while riding through thousands of troops at Chang Ban Po. For this act he was appointed Garrison Commander by Liu Bei.
In the nineteenth year of Rebuilt Tranquility (AD 219), when Liu Bei assumed the role of King of Hanzhong, Zhao Yun was honored as a Tiger General.
Under Emperor Liu Shan, Zilong was appointed Central Army Guard, General Who Conquers the South, and General Who Guards the East and titled Lord of Yongchang Precinct.
In AD 227, when Zhuge Liang began his Northern Campaigns, Zilong received orders to hold a position against Wei’s army. Because of a lack of troops, Zhao Yun suffered defeat and was demoted to General Who Controls the Army.
(1) From SGZ. During Liu Bei’s rule, only Fa Zheng was given a posthumous title. Zhao Yun was not titled until much later in AD 261. <return>
(2) Zhao Tong succeeded his father and was appointed General of Tiger Swiftness. Zhao Guang was appointed General of the Standard and followed Jiang Wei in later expeditions. <return>
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Major Sources: Zhongguo Lishizhu Professor T.Chen (1965 Peking)