Biography (COB): Pan Zhang (Wengui)

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Pan Zhang (Wengui)Pan Zhang (Wengui)

Comprehensive Officer Biography
Translated & Authored by

Place of Birth: Fagan County, Dong Commandery (Presently Puyang in Henan Province)
Lifespan: AD 171 – 234 (63 Years) (1)
Titles: Auxiliary General, Grand Administrator, General of the Right

In his youth Pan Zhang was a notorious alcoholic who was known for his unconventional and erratic behavior (2). He joined Sun Quan’s army and set off to battle against the Yue nation. His many great achievements in battle earned him the rank of Deputy Auxiliary Corps Commanding Officer.

Later on in his career, Pan Zhang took charge of public security matters. He became famous for whipping out all robbery and theft, and took up the post of Grand Administrator of Xi’an.

At the battle of He Fei (合肥), Pan Zhang bravely withstood Cao Cao’s army and was appointed Auxiliary General by Sun Quan. During the attack on Jing Zhou, Pan Zhang’s subordinates captured General Guan Yu’s troops, which led to the pacification of Jing by Wu.

In retaliation, the First Ruler of Shu launched an offense against Wu at Yi Ling, Pan Zhang joined Lu Xun and together they repelled the attack of Shu. At that time, Wengui was promoted to General Who Pacifies the North and Prefect of Xiang Yang. When Sun Quan took the throne as Emperor of Wu, Pan Zhang was elevated to the rank of General of the Right.

During his career, Pan Zhang insisted on strict enforcement of orders and prohibitions. General Pan usually only needed a few thousand troops to defeat ten thousand enemy troops (3).

Wengui loved luxury and entertainment. He was often impeached by Inspectors for his excessive expenditure; however Sun Quan never punished him in light of his great achievements in battle.

(1) According to SGYY, Pan Zhang was killed at Yi Ling by Guan Xing. However that accord of his death is completely fictional, as SGZ Wu states the promotions of Pan Zhang to General of the Right to be after Sun Quan’s ascension in AD 229 It is my guess that Luo Guanzhong wanted a fitting revenge for the death of Guan Yu, which was concluded when his second son Guan Xing slew Pan Zhang. <return>

(2) Whenever creditors came to Pan Zhang’s house for money, he would assure them that one day he would be wealthy and pay back all his loans. <return>

(3) A memorial to Pan Zhang states: Pan Zhang was a rough, fierce man, whose orders were always respected. He loved to play a fine part, and even when the soldiers under his command were no more than a few thousand he would always act as if he had ten thousand. <return>

Copyright © 2002 – 2003
A Kongming’s Archives Exclusive Production
Major Sources: Zhongguo Lishizhu – Professor T.Chen (1965 Peking)
annotations from Wu Jianxiang dachen nianbiao and Wu Li
Generals of the South – Rafe de Crespigny