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Three Kingdoms Officer Names: Officers X

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Officers X: officer names from the Three Kingdoms officer name English–Chinese reference tool. Cross-reference given (xìng), personal (míng) and style (zì), given (xìng) and personal (míng) names in Pinyin, Wade-Giles, and traditional Chinese (both in Hanzi and decimal-encoded form for non-Unicode websites and forums).

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Name (family, given), style, Wade-Giles, tones, traditional and simplified Chinese.

Officer Name
Traditional Chinese,
Simplified Chinese
Hsi Chien 郤俭
A famed doctor from Yangcheng.
Hsi Lung 习隆
Son of Xi Zhong.
Hsi Ni 奚泥
Defeats Shu army 15 times but it is all a ploy to make Nanman careless.
習禎 (文祥)
Hsi Chên (Wên-hsiang) 习祯 (文祥)
Skilled in rhetoric, he was comparable to Pang Tong, held civil posts under Liu Bei.
郤正 (令先)
Hsi Chêng (Ling-hsien) 却正 (令先)
Neither loved nor despised by Huang Hao. Advised Liu Shan in exile, left family behind.
Hsi Chihts‘ai 戏志才
Recommended by Xun Yu, Xi Zhicai became a valuable officer to Cao Cao.
Hsi Chung 习忠
Son of Xi Zhen.
Hsi Tsoch‘ih 习凿齿
Authored the Han/Jin historical text, Han Jin chunqiu.
Hsia Yün 夏晖
One of the Ten Regular Attendants, greatly favoured by Dowager Dong and Emperor Ling.

Notes: You may also see him referenced as Xia Hui (‘暉’ can be ‘Hui1’). In this case, we have sided with the Moss Roberts and Brewitt-Taylor translations.

夏侯霸 (仲權)
Hsiahou Pa (Chung-ch‘üan) 夏侯霸 (仲权)
Xiahou Yuan’s son. Originally served Wei, betrayed to Shu. Attacked Didao with Jiang Wei.
Hsiahou Po 夏侯博
In 200, Cao Cao captured him after defeating Liu Bei.
Hsiahou Tê 夏侯德
Dismissed Huang Zhong for seeking battle. Slain by Yan Yan at Tiandang mountain.
夏侯惇 (元讓)
Hsiahou Tun (Yüan-jang) 夏侯惇 (元让)
One of Cao Cao’s original officers, with civil and military talent. Lost an eye in battle.
Hsiahou ên 夏侯恩
Carried Cao Cao’s Blue Blade. Cut down by Zhao Yun at Dangyang as he plundered.
夏侯和 (義權)
Hsiahou Ho (I-ch‘üan) 夏侯和 (义权)
Fourth son of Xiahou Yuan. Fought well against Shu’s Zhuge Liang.
夏侯惠 (稚權)
Hsiahou Hui (Chih-ch‘üan) 夏侯惠 (稚权)
Third son of Xiahou Yuan. Fought alongside his brother He on the front lines.
Hsiahou Chün 夏侯骏
Jin officer. Appointed to do battle with the Qiang tribes.
夏侯楙 (子林)
Hsiahou Mao (Tzŭ-lin) 夏侯楙 (子林)
Friend of Cao Pi, not very good at tactics and enjoyed an easy life. Slandered by family.

Notes: Xiahou Mao’s style name was recorded, historically, as Zilin, but Zixiu (子休) is used in the novel.

Hsiahou Ju (Chün-lin) 夏侯儒
Held variety of posts in northwest and in Jing, later replaced in one by Xiahou Ba.
夏侯尚 (伯仁)
Hsiahou Shang (Po-jên) 夏侯尚 (伯仁)
Captured at Mt. Dingjun, but traded for Chen Shi. Defended against Wu.
Lady Hsiahou 夏侯氏
Wife to Zhang Fei. Xiahou Yuan’s niece and Xiahou Ba’s cousin.
夏侯威 (季權)
Hsiahou Wei (Chi-ch‘üan) 夏侯威 (季权)
Campaigned against both Shu and Gongsun Yuan. Recognised Yang Hu’s talent.
Hsiahou Hsien 夏侯咸
General who assisted Zhong Hui in taking Shu. One of Cao Shuang’s co regents.
夏侯玄 (太初)
Hsiahou Hsüan (T‘-ai-ch‘u) 夏侯玄 (太初)
Served Cao Fang. Killed by Sima Shi for plotting against him with Li Fang and Zhang Qi.
夏侯淵 (妙才)
Hsiahou Yüan (Miao-ts‘ai) 夏侯渊 (妙才)
Xiahou Dun’s brother. Famed for his attacks against the western barbarians.
Hsiang Ch‘ung 向宠
Given control of internal military affairs. Died fighting Hanjia barbarians.
Hsiang Ch‘ung 向充
On hearing about the seals shown by Wei Guan, recalled Qiao Zhou’s prophecy.
Hsiang Yü [Hsiang Chi] 项羽(项籍)
Founder of the state of Chu. Warred with Liu Bang but was defeated.
襄楷 (公矩)
Hsiang K‘ai (Kung-chih) 襄楷 (公矩)
Widely read, he used portents against the eunuchs and for the reformers. Predicted the eunuchs’ destruction.
向朗 (巨達)
Hsiang Lang (Chü-ta) 向朗 (巨达)
Defended rear flank in the northern campaigns. Friend of Ma Su, didn’t report escape attempt.
向條 (文豹)
Hsiang T‘iao (Wên-pao) 向条 (文豹)
Xiang Lang’s son, he was a man of great learning.
Hsiang Hsiu 向秀
One of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove. Accepted appointment after Ji Kang’s death.
Hsienyü Tan 鲜于丹
A military officer in Wu. Served under Lu Xun during Yiling.
Hsienyü Fu 鲜于辅
Revolted against Gongsun Zan to avenge Liu Yu, later serving Wei well in the north.
Hsiao Ch‘iao 小乔
Younger of Wu’s Qiao Sisters. Sister to Da Qiao. Married to Zhou Yu.

Notes: Xiao (小), in this context, translates to ‘Little’, thus ‘Younger’. Rather than refer to her as the ‘Younger Qiao’, the name Xiao Qiao has become a popular alternative. Da Qiao and Xiao Qiao were names first used by KOEI in Dynasty Warriors 3 when the characters were introduced. Note that Da4 and Xiao3 can still be used in this context in the modern-day family, and usually as the surname.

Hsieh Huan 谢奂
When a senior clerical officer, he advised Cao Cao to become Duke.
Hsieh Ching 谢旌
Duels Zhang Bao for 40 bouts before retreating. Described as brave, killed by Zhang Bao.
Hsieh P’iao 解剽
Sent by Cao Cao to attack Zhang Lu, inflicting a large defeat.
辛敞 (泰雍)
Hsin Ch‘ang (T‘-ai-yung) 辛敞 (泰雍)
An follower of Cao Shuang, his sister warned him to stay loyal.
Hsin Chi 辛机
Held rank as Prefect, but his authority was usurped by the rebel Zhang Jin.
辛毗 (佐治)
Hsin P‘i (Tso-chih) 辛毗 (佐治)
Sent as envoy to Cao Cao but instead urged Cao Cao to attack the Yuan’s. Hugged by Cao Pi.
辛評 (仲治)
Hsin P‘ing (Chung-chih) 辛评 (仲治)
An officer of Han Fu, he later served the Yuan’s loyally when Fu fled.
Hsin Hsienying 辛宪英
Advised her brother Chang to go to Cao Shuang’s camp, saving his life. Advised Xin Pi and others.
Hsing Taojung 邢道荣
A hardy commander of Liu Du. Killed by Zhao Yun.

Notes: ‘Xing Darong’ in the online version of the novel.

Hsing Chên 邢贞
Quarrelled with Cheng Yu and later got rebuked by Wu officers when he was envoy.
Hsiu Yün 修允
Hsiu Tsê 修则
Hsiu Tsê 修则
A general under Sun Hao. Fought Jin in Jiaozhou but was killed in battle.
Hsü Ch‘ang 许昌
Raised revolt against the Han but was put down by Zang Min and Sun Jian.
許褚 (仲康)
Hsü Ch‘u (Chung-k‘-ang) 许褚 (仲康)
One of Cao Cao’s trusted guards and a commander. Leader of the Tiger Guard.

Notes: His name is frequently written ‘Xu Zhu’, but this is incorrect. His nickname, 虎痴 (Hu3 Chi1), has been translated as Marquis Tiger, Crazy Tiger, Mad Tiger, and other variations. He also appears once in the Brewitt-Taylor translation by the nickname Tiger Lust.

許慈 (仁篤)
Hsü Tz‘ŭ (Jên-tu) 许慈 (仁笃)
Expert in teachings of Zheng Xuan. Argued with Hu Qian, controlled Liu Shan’s harem.
Hsü Tan 许耽
Officer of Liu Bei in Xuzhou. Opened the gates for Lü Bu when he attacked Zhang Fei.
Hsü Kung 许贡
Prefect of Wu Territory. Executed by Sun Ce for having relations with Cao Cao.
徐晃 (公明)
Hsü Huang (Kung-ming) 徐晃 (公明)
Served Cao Cao. Famous for breaking the siege of Fancheng against Guan Yu.
許靖 (文休)
Hsü Ching (Wên-hsiu) 许靖 (文休)
Said to be an able critic. Liu Bei didn’t respect him but Liang always bowed to him.
Hsü K‘un 徐琨
Fought under Sun Jian and Sun Ce, replaced as Administrator as he was seen as a threat.
徐邈 (景山)
Hsü Miao (Ching-shan) 徐邈 (景山)
Dismissed for drinking privately, a succesful governor noted for fine morality.
徐璆 (孟玉)
Hsü Ch‘iu (Mêng-yü) 徐璆 (孟玉)
A scholarly man of utmost honesty, he refused to serve Yuan Shu and returned the imperial seal.

Notes: Also Xu Jiu. Styled Mengyu (孟玉), Mengben (孟本), or Mengping (孟平). Sometimes found as Xu Liu.

Hsü Jung 徐荣
Defeated Cao Cao and Sun Jian in battle, but never able to press it home.
許劭 (子將)
Hsü Shao (Tzŭ-chiang) 许劭 (子将)
A specialist of personalities living in Runan. Praised Cao Cao. Later served Liu Yao.

Notes: Appears in Destiny of an Emperor by the name of Xu Shou. If you say this person’s surname followed by style name it would become “Xu2 Zi3jiang1” because of the third tone after the Xu3.

徐盛 (文嚮)
Hsü Shêng (Wên-hsiang) 徐盛 (文向)
Served in Chibi and Wu’s invasions into Wei. Tricked Cao Pi with a fake wall.
徐庶 (元直)
Hsü Shu (Yüan-chih) 徐庶 (元直)
One of Sima Hui’s students. Served Liu Bei, then later, through trickery, Cao Cao.

Notes: Also went by the name Shan Fu (單福).

徐宣 (寶堅)
Hsü Hsüan (Pao-chien) 徐宣 (宝坚)
Refused Sun Ce, handled all state affairs for Cao Rui. Held a number of posts.
Hsü I 许仪
Led the attack on Nanzheng, but was defeated by Shu’s Lu Xun. Executed by Zhong Hui.
Hsü I 徐逸
An officer of Sun Ce. Participated in battle against Chen Yu.
Yang Feng 杨凤
Appointed by Emperor Ling to lead the various bandit forces.
徐奕 (季才)
Hsü I (Chi-ts‘ai) 徐奕 (季才)
Slandered by Ding Yi but Huan Jie called him a man of loyalty. Took part against Ma Chao.
許攸 (子遠)
Hsü Yu (Tzŭ-yüan) 许攸 (子远)
Childhood friend of Cao Cao. Betrayed Yuan Shao to Cao, but was killed by Xu Chu.
Hsü Chao [Shao] 许昭[韶]
Son of Xu Chang. Killed by Sun Jian along with his father.

Notes: Xu Hao in the online novel version. Xu Zhao’s name is a bit of a mystery. Xu Chang (probably Xu Zhao’s) staged a rebellion in Kuaiji (or Xu Zhao did) and Xu Zhao was either leader (HHS 102), sole son by the name of Xu Shao, associated leader by the name of Xu Shao (SGZ Wu 1), or two sons named Zhao and Shao. In any case, Xu Zhao 昭 seems most likely as Shao 韶 may have been used in Sanguozhi to avoid a taboo on Sima Zhao’s name.

Hsü Chên 徐真
Close friend of Sun Jian, married Jian’s younger sister.
Hsü Chih 许芝
Minister of Wei. Reccomended Guan Lu to Cao Cao. Later convinced Cao Pi to take the throne.
Hsü Chih 徐质
A general defeated by Jiang Wei, in the novel he defeats Liao Hua and Zhang Yi in duels.

Notes: Called Xu Zi in the Brewitt-Taylor edition of the novel.

Hsü Chih 徐质
Governor of Licheng who was killed by the rebel Cai Fang.
Hsüeh Hung 薛洪
Formally took over on the death of Zhang Yang but had very little power. Surrendered to Cao Cao.
Hsüeh Lan 薛兰
Defeated and killed Li Qian but was defeated and executed himself by Cao Cao a year later.
Hsüeh Li 薛礼
Served Liu Yao with Zhang Ying. Killed by his former ally Ze Rong.
Hsüeh Hsü 薛珝
An envoy to Shu, warned Sun Xiu that Shu was doomed. Led armies against Jin.
薛瑩 (道言)
Hsüeh Ying (Tao-yen) 薛莹 (道言)
One of the collaborative authors behind the Wu shu (Wu History).
薛綜 (敬文)
Hsüeh Tsung (Ching-wên) 薛综 (敬文)
Took part in conquering Vietnam, skilled in debate and composition.

Notes: Misrepresented as ‘Xue Yong’ in chapter 38 of the online Brewitt-Taylor novel translation.

荀諶 (友若)
Hsün Ch‘ên (Yu-jo) 荀谌 (友若)
Younger brother of Xun Yu. Advised Han Fu on administration. Later served Yuan Shao.

Notes: Xun Chen’s name is misrepresented in numerous sources, including: Pinyin Brewitt-Taylor chapter 7 as Xun Chang, chapters 22 and 26 as Xun Shen; Moss Roberts chapter 7 as Xun Chan, chapters 22 and 26 as Xun Shen; Zizhi Tongjian as Xun Shen. And in hoards of sites and games. You will see these mistakes wherever you see the 諶 character.

Hsün Kun 荀绲
Served Yuan Shao then Cao. Son of Xun Shu, father of Xun Yu. One of the ‘Eight Dragons’.
Hsün Chien 荀俭
Son of Xun Shu, uncle to Xun Yu, one of the ‘Eight Dragons’
荀靖 (叔慈)
Hsün Ching (Shu-tz‘ŭ) 荀靖 (叔慈)
Son of Xun Shu, uncle to Xun Yu, one of the ‘Eight Dragons’
Hsün K‘ai 荀恺
Saved Zhong Hui at Nanzheng by shooting Lu Xun. Popular with the Sima’s.
Hsün Shên 荀诜
Son of Xun Shu, uncle to Xun Yu, one of the ‘Eight Dragons’
荀淑 (季和)
Hsün Shu (Chi-ho) 荀淑 (季和)
Grandfather of Xun Yu.
荀爽 (慈明)
Hsün Shuang (Tz‘ŭ-ming) 荀爽 (慈明)
Fast tracked by Dong Zhuo, he calmed Zhuo down when Yang Biao angered him.

Notes: Also known as Xun Xu.

Hsün Su 荀肃
Son of Xun Shu, uncle to Xun Yu, one of the ‘Eight Dragons’
Hsün T‘ao 荀焘
Son of Xun Shu, uncle to Xun Yu, one of the ‘Eight Dragons’
荀勗 (公曾)
Hsün Hsü (Kung-ts‘êng) 荀勗 (公曾)
Child prodigy, warned against Zhong Hui and opposed invasion of Wu. A jealous man.
荀衍 (休若)
Hsün Yen (Hsiu-jo) 荀衍 (休若)
Brother of Xun Yu, he defeated Gao Gan’s surprise attack.
荀顗 (景倩)
Hsün I (Ching-ch‘ien) 荀顗 (景倩)
Was sent by Sima Zhao to fetch Chen Tai after Cao Mao’s death. Senior minister.
荀攸 (公達)
Hsün Yu (Kung-ta) 荀攸 (公达)
Advisor of Cao Cao. Xun Yu’s cousin. Died grieving Cao Cao’s interest in being Duke.

Notes: His name is pronounced differently from Xun Yu’s.

荀彧 (文若)
Hsün Yü (Wên-jo) 荀彧 (文若)
Cousin of Xun You, a very talented advisor under Cao Cao. Commited suicide.

Notes: The reason we have Xun Yu and Xun “You” is because, though the sounds are the same (both Yu), they’re pronounced Yu4 and Yu1, the You idea, I suppose, comes in for foreign readers who cannot see the tones.

Hsün Chuan 荀专
Son of Xun Shu, uncle to Xun Yu, one of the ‘Eight Dragons’



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March 7, 2014