Officer Names (CH/EN): Wu Officers

Three Kingdoms Officer Names: Wu Kingdom

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Wu Kingdom: officer names from the Three Kingdoms officer name English–Chinese reference tool. Cross-reference given (xìng), personal (míng) and style (zì), given (xìng) and personal (míng) names in Pinyin, Wade-Giles, and traditional Chinese (both in Hanzi and decimal-encoded form for non-Unicode websites and forums).

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Name (family, given), style, Wade-Giles, tones, traditional and simplified Chinese.

Officer Name
Traditional Chinese,
Simplified Chinese
Pien Hung 边鸿
Part of Sun Yi’s escort, he assassinated his master after dusk. Executed by his co-conspirators.
邴良 (文鸞)
Ping Liang (Wên-luan) 邴良 (文鸾)
Son of Bing Zhi, he served under Sun Ce.
邴玄 (文表)
Ping Hsüan (Wên-piao) 邴玄 (文表)
Succeeded Bing Liang in his post. His daughter married Sun Deng. Mourned by Sun Quan.
邴祉 (宣嗣)
Ping Chih (Hsüan-ssŭ) 邴祉 (宣嗣)
An Administrator under Sun Jian who died in the early 190s
Pu Ch‘an (Chung-ssŭ) 步阐
Served Wu. Bu Zhi’s son. Surrendered his city to Jin. Killed by Lu Kang.
Pu Chi 步玑
Son of Bu Xie, sent by Bu Chan to Luoyang when the Bu family revolted.
卜靜 (玄風)
Pu Ching (Hsüan-fêng) 卜靜 (玄风)
Widely admired, he became a magistrate of Kuaiji under Sun Quan.
Pu Hsieh 步协
Son of Bu Zhi, became General who Consoles the Army.
Pu Hsüan 步璇
Youngest son of Bu Zhi, he took part in Bu Chan’s defection to Jin.
步騭 (子山)
Pu Chih (Tzŭ-shan) 步骘 (子山)
Served Sun Quan. Accurately predicted Guan Yu’s invasion of Jing.
Ts‘ai Kung 蔡貢
Attacked Bu Chan of Xiling, traitor to Wu, who turned from the country in 272.
Ts‘ai Ho 蔡和
Cai Mao’s brother. Surrendered to Wu before Chibi, but executed by Zhou Yu.
Ts‘ai Lin 蔡林
Officer of Zhuge Ke, he defected to Wei with his entire company at Xincheng.
Ts‘ai I 蔡遗
Filed complaints against the uncultured Lü Meng. Later recommended by Meng for a job.
Ts‘ai Chung 蔡中
Cai Mao’s cousin. Surrendered to Wu before Chibi, but was killed by Gan Ning.
Ts‘ao Puhsing 曹不兴
Such a good painter, his pictures seemed to come alive.
Ts‘ên Hun 岑昏
Eunuch and favourite of Sun Hao, he was killed and eaten by palace officials.
Ch‘ên Pao 陈宝
General; sent to get Sun Ce’s family and bring them to Wu.
陳表 (文奧)
Ch‘ên Piao (Wên-ao) 陈表 (文奥)
Chen Wu’s son. Advised Sun Deng with Zhuge Ke, Zhang Xiu, and Gu Tan.
陳端 (子正)
Ch‘ên Tuan (Tzŭ-chêng) 陈端 (子正)
Advisor to Sun Ce, along with fellow countrymen Zhang Hong and Qin Song.
Ch‘ên Fêng 陈凤
Captured by Xie Jing and Li Yi, he surrendered to Wu.
Ch‘ên Ch‘in 陈勤
Abused his power, insulted Ling Tong and Ling Cao at banquet, later killed.
Ch‘ên Jung 陈融
Served Wu and compiled Precepts.
Ch‘ên T‘ao 陈桃
Was said to have seen Yu Fan meeting with sages and immortals in his dreams.
陳武 (子烈)
Ch‘ên Wu (Tzŭ-lieh) 陈武 (子烈)
Served Sun Ce as Commandant. Surrounded at Hefei and fought to his death.
程秉 (德樞)
Ch‘êng Ping (Tê-shu) 程秉 (德枢)
Advisor to Sun Quan. Sent as diplomat, with Zhang Fei’s head, to Liu Bei at Yiling.

Notes: ‘Cheng Deshu’ in chapter 43 of Romance of the Three Kingdoms despite being Cheng Bing elsewhere.

程普 (德謀)
Ch‘êng P‘u (Tê-mou) 程普 (德谋)
Served three generations of the Sun family. From Tuyin in Youbeiping.

Notes: Incorrectly referred to as ‘Chen Pu’ once in some Brewitt-Taylor translations.

Ch‘unyü Tan 淳于丹
Sent by Lu Xun to test Liu Bei’s encampments. Is defeated and wounded.
Ch‘unyü Shih 淳于式
Complained to Sun Quan that Lu Xun was unnecessarily disrupting the people. Later was praised for Lu Xun as an excellent officer.
Ts‘ui Yü 崔禹
Went to Sun Huan’s aid instead of Zhu Ran but was captured and executed.
Ta Ch‘iao 大乔
Elder of Wu’s Qiao Sisters. Sister to Xiao Qiao. Married to Sun Ce.

Notes: Da (大), in this context, translates to ‘Big’, thus ‘Elder’. Rather than refer to her as the ‘Older Qiao’, the name Da Qiao has become a popular alternative. Da Qiao and Xiao Qiao were names first used by Koei in Dynasty Warriors 3 when the characters were introduced. Note that Da4 and Xiao3 can still be used in this context in the modern-day family, and usually as the surname.

Tai Yüan 戴员
Killed Sun Yi, Bian Hong and Sun He before he was assassinated.
Têng Tang 邓当
Fought against the Shanyu under Sun Ce. Tried to persuade a young Lü Meng to stay home.
Têng Hsüanchih 邓玄之
Used by Lü Meng to persuade the Governor of Lingling to surrender the city.
Ting Fan 丁蕃
Under He Qi’s command, reluctant to accept a humble post so He Qi killed him.
丁奉 (承淵)
Ting Fêng (Ch‘êng-yüan) 丁奉 (承渊)
Famous Wu officer, assassinated Sun Chen with Zhang Bu. Defeated Wei at Dongxing.
Ting Fêng 丁封
Served Sun Xiu under Ding Feng with Sun Yi. Dispatched to aid Zhuge Zhan.

Notes: Mistranslated as ‘Ding Fung’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation.

丁覽 (孝連)
Ting Lan (Hsiao-lien) 丁览 (孝连)
An orphan, he was an honourable and generous man but died before he could rise further.
Ting Hsü 丁諝
Head of convict soldiers, he was befriended by Gu Shao. Would rise through the ranks.
董襲 (元代)
Tung Hsi (Yüan-tai) 董袭 (元代)
Historically killed two generals, drowned with his ship, refusing pleas to leave it.
Fan Chiang 范强
Assassinated Zhang Fei with Zhang Da and then fled to Wu.
馮熙 (子柔)
Fêng Hsi (Tzŭ-jou) 冯熙 (子柔)
Used as a historian by Sun Quan and as a diplomat to both Shu and Wei.
Fêng Tsê 冯则
A cavalry trooper, he pursued and personally cut down Huang Zu.
傅士仁 (君義)
Fu Shihjên (Chün-i) 傅士仁 (君义)
Persuaded by Lü Meng to betray Guan Yu. Killed by Guan Xing after trying to return to Shu.

Notes: Just known as Shi Ren in ZZTJ and Generals of the South.

Fu Ying 傅婴
General of Sun Yi, avenged his master’s murder by killing Gui Lan.
Kan Huai 甘瑰
Exiled from Wu some time after his father’s death for causing trouble.
甘寧 (興霸)
Kan Ning (Hsing-pa) 甘宁 (兴霸)
Known to be brave and strong. Served Huang Zu, then Wu. Died of illness.
Kan Shu 甘述
Gained rank in the Secretariat despite his brother’s exile.
Kao Ch‘êng 高承
Local officer, sent by Sun Ce with tribute gifts to the Han court.
Ko Hsüan 葛玄
One of the founders of modern Daoism. Survived drowning apparently thanks to his advanced breathing methods.
Kung-sun Yang 公孙阳
Wu general who was captured during Wei’s invasion via Ruxukou.

Notes: Called Gongsun Yan by Professor Rafe.

顧譚 (子默)
Ku T‘an (Tzŭ-mo) 顾谭 (子默)
Advised Sun Deng with Zhuge Ke, Zhang Xiu, and Chen Biao. Exiled as a supporter of Sun He.
顧雍 (元嘆)
Ku Yung (Yüan-t‘-an) 顾雍 (元叹)
Studied under Cai Yong. Convinced to join Wu by Zhang Hong. Became Prime Minister.
Kuo Ma 郭马
Originally an officer of Wu, Guo Ma revolted in Nanhai. Eventually defeated by Tao Huang.
韓當 (義公)
Han Tang (I-kung) 韩当 (义公)
Veteran general in service to the Sun family. Served three generations.
Ho Ching 贺景
Served Wu. Son of He Qi. Strict but kind. Died young.
賀齊 (公苗)
Ho Ch‘i (Kung-miao) 贺齐 (公苗)
Served Wu, first under Sun Ce. Became governor of Xuzhou. Father of He Da.
Ho Shao (Hsin-po) 贺邵
Urged Sun Hao to change his ways. Executed when Sun Hao didn’t believe He Shao had a stroke.
Ho Chih 何植
Grandson of He Qi. Son of He Da. Sun Hao’s Minister of the Interior.
Hu Ch‘ung 胡冲
Persuaded Sun Hao not to commit suicide but to surrender to Jin instead.

Notes: Also appears sometimes as Hu Zhong.

胡綜 (偉則)
Hu Tsung (Wei-tse) 胡綜 (偉則)
Joined Sun Ce as a refugee, noted scholar for his liteary achievements.
華覈 (永先)
Hua Ho (Yung-hsien) 华覈 (永先)
Told Sun Hao not to attack but to gain the love of the people. Left court bemoaning Wu’s fate.

Notes: Incorrectly translated in the Brewitt-Taylor edition as Hua Jiao.

華歆 (子魚)
Hua Hsin (Tzŭ-yü) 华歆 (子鱼)
Head of “The Dragon”, a group of three scholars. Promoted Emperor Xian’s abdication.
桓階 (伯緒)
Huan Chieh (Po-hsü) 桓阶 (伯绪)
Negotiated the return of Sun Jian’s body. Involved with Xian’s abdication.

Notes: ‘Huan Jie’ 桓階 in novel chapters 7 and 8; ‘Huan Ji’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor edition chapters 7 and 8. ‘Huan Jie’ (桓楷) in chapters 79 and 80. We recognize them as the same person; see ‘Fact vs. Fiction’ for more information.

黃蓋 (公覆)
Huang Kai (Kung-fu) 黄盖 (公覆)
Veteran general in Wu. Came up with the “Bitter Meat Plan” for Chibi.
Chia Hua 贾华
Officer of Wu. Guarded Sun Quan at the battle of Hefei.
蔣欽 (公奕)
Chiang Ch‘in (Kung-i) 蒋钦 (公奕)
Led the volunteer forces that joined Sun Ce in the battle of Qu’e.
Chiao I 焦彝
Advisor of Zhuge Dan, slipped over the walls and surrendered to Wei.
闞澤 (德潤)
K‘an Tsê (Tê-jun) 闞泽 (德润)
Delivered Huang Gai’s false letter of defection to Cao Cao.
Lady Pu [Pu Lienshih] 步夫人[步练师]
Lian Shi in Dynasty Warriors 7. Made Empress upon her death, was noted for not being jealous.

Notes: Lian Shi (步夫人) in Dynasty Warriors 7. Also Bu Lianshi (步練師).

Lady P‘an 潘夫人
Wife of Sun Quan, the Lord of Wu. Was a native of Juzhang in Kuaiji.
Lady Sun [Sun Shanghsiang] 孙妃[孙尚香]
Sun Quan’s sister. Married to Liu Bei by Sun Quan, but later returned to Wu.

Notes: Sun Shangxiang is Lady Sun’s name in most Koei Games. ‘Sun Ren’ (孫仁) in the seventh chapter of Romance of the Three Kingdoms (learn more; not a duplicate mention of Sun Lang). Also appears as Sun Li at times. Both Sun Ren and Sun Li are incorrect and have no bearing on her true name, which is unknown.

Lady Sun 孙夫人
Daughter of Sun Ce. Wife of Lu Xun. Her marriage bonded the Lu and Sun families.

Notes: Sun Shi in Koei’s Romance of the Three Kingdoms.

Lady Wang 王夫人
Second only to Madam Bu, Sun Luban slandered her to death.

Notes: Lady Wang of Langya. Not to be confused with Lady Wang of Nanyang.

Lady Wang 王夫人
Wife of Sun Quan, the Lord of Wu. Mother of Sun Xiu. Was a native of Nanyang.

Notes: Lady Wang of Nanyang. Not to be confused with Lady Wang of Langya.

Lady Wu 夫人吴
Mother of Sun Quan and Sun Ce. Wife to Sun Jian. Endorsed marriage of lady Sun.
Lady Hsü 夫人徐
Wife of Sun Quan, the Lord of Wu. Was a native of Fuchun in Wu Commandary.
Li Shu 李术
Killed Wei’s Yan Xiang but then rebelled again against Quan and was executed.
Li Su (Wei-kung) 李肃
An excellent judge of talents, he would later be held in high honour by the people.
Li I 李异
General of Sun Huan. Slain by Guan Xing in the novel.
梁寓 (孔儒)
Liang Yü (K‘ung-ju) 梁寓 (孔儒)
Sent to spy on Wei court and ask for permission to attack Guan Yu.
Ling Ts‘ao 凌操
Served Wu. Was killed in one of Gan Ning’s arrow attacks fighting Huang Zu.
凌統 (公績)
Ling T‘ung (Kung-chi) 凌统 (公绩)
Served Wu. Resented Gan Ning for killing his father, Ling Cao, but later forgave him.
Liu A 刘阿
Defeated by Liu Bei at Yi Ling. Later defeated by Zhang He.
Liu Ch‘an 刘阐
Described as affectionate and generous with other people.
Liu Ch‘êng 刘丞
Guarded the gates of the palace. Executed by Sun Chen for taking part in Sun Liang’s plot.
劉基 (敬輿)
Liu Chi (Ching-yü) 刘基 (敬舆)
Favoured in court by Sun Quan. Stopped a drunken Quan from executing Yu Fan.
Liu Lüeh 留略
General under Zhuge Ke, defended against Wei.
Liu Ning 刘宁
Participated in Liu Bei’s attack on Wu, but was defeated and surrendered.
Liu P‘ing 留平
Officer of Wu. Was executed by Sun Hao for objecting to his cruelty.
Liu Shao 刘邵
Sent with Mi Fang to take Qichun and took Jin Zong captive.
留贊 (正明)
Liu Tsan (Chêng-ming) 留赞 (正明)
Father of Liu Lue. Marched to meet Wei’s invasion on Zhuge Ke’s orders.
劉璋 (季玉)
Liu Chang (Chi-yü) 刘璋 (季玉)
Son of Liu Yan. Governed Ba-shu before Liu Bei took his kingdom out from under his feet.
樓玄 (承先)
Lou Hsüan (Ch‘êng-hsien) 楼玄 (承先)
Executed for rebuking Sun Hao about his tyranny.
Lü Pa 吕霸
Son of Lü Meng, was given hereditary nobility.
呂岱 (定公)
Lü Tai (Ting-kung) 吕岱 (定公)
General of Wu. Executed the last vestiges of the Shi clan in Jiao province.
呂範 (子衡)
Lü Fan (Tzŭ-hêng) 吕范 (子衡)
Was an aide to Yuan Shu, but left for Sun Ce. Suggested Lady Sun’s marriage.
陸績 (公紀)
Lu Chi (Kung-chi) 陆绩 (公纪)
During his youth, he was said to have stolen an orange from Yuan Shu to give to his mother.
陸景 (士仁)
Lu Ching (Shih-jên) 陆景 (士仁)
The second son of Lu Kang and Wu Grand Admiral. Died in battle with Jin forces.
呂據 (世議)
Lü Chü (Shih-i) 吕据 (世议)
Second son of Lü Fan and an officer of Wu. Killed by Sun Chen.
陸凱 (敬風)
Lu K‘ai (Ching-fêng) 陆凯 (敬风)
Together with Wan Yu, shared the responsibility of Prime Minister under Sun Hao.

Notes: Listed incorrectly as ‘Lu Kuai’ in some Brewitt-Taylor translations.

陸抗 (幼節)
Lu K‘ang (Yu-chieh) 陆抗 (幼节)
Lu Xun’s second son. Known to be as capable a commander as his father.
呂蒙 (子明)
Lü Mêng (Tzŭ-ming) 吕蒙 (子明)
Served Wu. Originally a skilled warrior, turned out to be a scholar as well.

Notes: The Lü surname is pronounced Lü2 because of the preceeding Meng, which is 3rd tone, the same rule applies when pronouncing the style name because Zi3 is also third tone.

Lu Shu 鲁淑
The son of Lu Su. Praised as a capable military commander.
魯肅 (子敬)
Lu Su (Tzŭ-ching) 鲁肃 (子敬)
Brilliant and insightful Wu commander. Was ambassador to Shu.

Notes: When saying Lu Su’s surname and style name together the surname should be pronounced Lu2 instead of Lu3 because of the tone preceeding it.

陸遜 (伯言)
Lu Hsün (Po-yen) 陆逊 (伯言)
Famous and brilliant Wu commander that defeated Liu Bei at Yiling.

Notes: Originally named Lu Yi (陸議).

陸雲 (士龍)
Lu Yün (Shih-lung) 陆云 (士龙)
Son of Lu Kang. Served Wu and later Jin. Executed during the War of the Eight Princes.
Lu Yüshêng 陆郁生
Daughter of Lu Ji of Wu.
駱統 (公緒)
Lo T‘ung (Kung-hsü) 骆统 (公绪)
Vassal of Sun Quan, famed for being a poor yet honourable man, loyal to his step mother.
Ma Chung 马忠
Captured Guan Yu and Guan Ping. Executed to satiate Liu Bei in the novel.
Mei Ch‘êng 梅成
Bandit lord with Chen Lan, he feigned surrender to Yu Jin and revolted again.
Mei Fu 梅敷
His defection left a hole in the local area that turned into no man’s land.
孟宗 (恭武)
Mêng Tsung (Kung-wu) 孟宗 (恭武)
One of the 24 paragons of filial piety, almost executed for leaving post to attend funeral.

Notes: Originally named Meng Ren (孟仁).

麋芳 (子方)
Mi Fang (Tzŭ-fang) 麋芳 (子方)
Mi Zhu’s brother. Served all three kingdoms. Surrendered to Wu after threat of punishment from Guan Yu.
潘濬 (承明)
P‘an Chün (Ch‘êng-ming) 潘浚 (承明)
Began his career under Liu Biao then Liu Bei. After Guan Yu’s death, served in Wu.
潘璋 (文珪)
P‘an Chang 潘璋 (文珪)
Served Wu. Led the forces which captured Guan Yu and his son, Guan Ping.
裴玄 (彥黃)
P‘ei Hsüan (Yen-huang) 裴玄 (彦黄)
Evaluated by Bu Zhi. A leader scholar, he worked on texts along with Yang Jun.
濮陽興 (子元)
P‘uyang Hsing (Tzŭ-yüan) 濮阳兴 (子元)
Supported Sun Hao after Sun Xiu died, helping to elevate him to Emperor.
Ch‘ien Po 钱博
Local chieftain who surrendered to Lü Dai.
橋玄 (公祖)
Ch‘iao Hsüan (Kung-tsu) 桥玄 (公祖)
Recognised Cao Cao’s talent and predicted Han would collapse. Noble offical.

Notes: ‘State Patriarch Qiao’ in the Brewitt-Taylor translation. ‘State Elder Qiao’ in the Moss Roberts translation.

秦松 (文表)
Ch‘in Sung (Wên-piao) 秦松 (文表)
Served Sun Ce as an advisor, but died young. Usually appeared around Zhang Zhao.
全琮 (子璜)
Ch‘üan Ts‘ung (Tzŭ-huang) 全琮 (子璜)
Son of Quan Rou and son-in-law of Sun Quan. Served Wu as general and advisor.

Notes: His name is frequently written ‘Quan Zong’, but this is incorrect.

Ch‘üan Tuan 全端
Defended Shouchun during Zhuge Dan’s rebellion, but surrendered to Wei.
Ch‘üan Chi 全纪
Brother-in-law of Sun Liang. Ordered to kill Sun Chen by Sun Liang, but was executed.
Ch‘üan Ching 全静
Son of Quan Cong who defected to Wei.
Ch‘üan Jou 全柔
Man of local family. Managed to bring in grain during famine.
Ch‘üan Shang 全尚
Father of Quan Ji. Was killed after his wife revealed his son’s plot against Sun Chen.
Ch‘üan I 全懌
Quan Cong’s son. Sent to aid Zhuge Dan’s rebellion, but surrendered to Wei.
Ch‘üan I 全懌
Quan Xu’s (perhaps Quan Duan’s) son. Quan Zong’s grandson. Quan Yi’s nephew.
Jao Chu 饶助
Hired to help bring the people of Lujiang over to Wu.
芮良 (文鸾)
Jui Liang (Wên-luan) 芮良 (文鸾)
Officer under Sun Ce who participated in the Jiangdong campaigns. Died in the late 190’s.
芮玄 (文表)
Jui Hsüan (Wên-piao) 芮玄 (文表)
Succeeded his brother’s position and was made Marquis of Liyang.
芮祉 (宣嗣)
Jui Chih (Hsüan-ssŭ) 芮祉 (宣嗣)
An officer of Sun Jian and Sun Ce. A man from Danyang.
Shên Ying 沈莹
General of the Left under Sun Hao who was slain during Jin’s conquest of Wu.

Notes: Also Shen Rong or Shen Zong in the online Brewitt-Taylor edition.

沈友 (子正)
Shên Yu (Tzŭ-ch‘êng) 沈友 (子正)
Compiled commentary on art of war, alienated from Sun Quan who later killed him.
Shêng Man 盛曼
Served Wu. Made war with Wei following the subjugation of Shu in 264.

Notes: Sometimes he also appears as Cheng Man.

Shih Shuo 施朔
Imperial Guard under Sun Xiu who reported Sun Chen’s rebellion.
Sung Ch‘ien 宋谦
Served Wu. In the novel, is killed by Li Dian at Hefei, but historically fights at Yiling.
Su Fei 苏飞
Convinced Gan Ning to leave Huang Zu and join Sun Quan.
孫霸 (子威)
Sun Pa (Tzŭ-wei) 孙霸 (子威)
He fought bitterly with his once close brother, Sun He, for succession. Forced into suicide.
孫賁 (伯陽)
Sun Pên (Po-yang) 孙贲 (伯阳)
Inherited Sun Jian’s troops and served Yuan Shu, then Sun Ce. Died of illness after Chibi.
孫策 (伯符)
Sun Ts‘ê (Po-fu) 孙策 (伯符)
Sun Jian’s oldest son. Built the foundation of the Wu kingdom.
孫綝 (子通)
Sun Ch‘ên (Tzŭ-t‘ung) 孙綝 (子通)
Executed a number of Wu officials and abused his authority, deposed Sun Liang.

Notes: Sometimes ‘綝’ is incorrectly translated as lin2, thus ‘Sun Lin’.

孫登 (子高)
Sun Têng (Tzŭ-kao) 孙登 (子高)
Set to be Quan’s successor, but died young. Kind and sought out goodness.
Sun Fêng 孙奉
Sun Hao saw him as a threat and made up crimes against him in order to execute him.
孫府 (國儀)
Sun Fu (Kuo-i) 孙府 (国仪)
Second son of Sun Qiang. Imprisoned after trying to surrender to Cao Cao.
Sun Kao 孙高
Old general of Sun Yi, avenged the death of his master.
Sun Kao 孙皓
Contemplated a coup against Sun Quan but decided against.

Notes: Called Sun Hao in SGZ. Not to be confused with Sun Hao, Emperor of Wu.

孫皓 (元宗)
Sun Hao (Yüan-tsung) 孙皓 (元宗)
Last Emperor of Wu. Destroyed the country through tyranical rule and wasteful projects.

Notes: Called “Peng Zu” by Sun Quan after his birth.

孫和 (子孝)
Sun Ho (Tzŭ-hsiao) 孙和 (子孝)
Heir to Sun Quan but quarrelled with his brother Sun Ba. Dismissed by his father.
孫河 (伯海)
Sun Ho (Po-hai) 孙河 (伯海)
Investigated Sun Yi’s death but was assassinated. Adopted into Yu clan by Sun Jian.

Notes: Sun He was adopted into the Yu clan by Sun Jian to continue the Yu family lineage, which would have continued only through women. The novel reverses this role and has him being adopted into the Sun clan from the Yu clan. Sun Hu in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation. Yu Hu in the Moss Roberts translation.

Sun Hung 孙弘
Worked against Sun He’s supporters by forged decrees, plotted against Zhuge Ke.
孫奐 (季明)
Sun Huan (Chi-ming) 孙奂 (季明)
Captured three Wei generals at Shiyang. Encouraged scholarship in his lands.
孫桓 (叔武)
Sun Huan (Shu-wu) 孙桓 (叔武)
Part of invasion of Jing. Trapped at Yiling, he holds out until Lu Xun achieves victory.
Sun Chi 孙冀
Officer of Wu. Took over Lu Kang’s position when Kang was removed from office.
孫堅 (文台)
Sun Chien (Wên-t‘-ai) 孙坚 (文台)
Father of Sun Ce, Sun Quan, and the kingdom of Wu.
孫皎 (叔朗)
Sun Chiao (Shu-lang) 孙皎 (叔朗)
Held off Cao Cao’s forces at Ruxukou. A generous and honourable man.
孫靜 (幼台)
Sun Ching (Yu-t‘-ai) 孙静 (幼台)
Raised up the troops that would be Jian’s personal guard. Helped defeat Wang Lang.

Notes: Mistakenly referred to as ‘Sun Kuang’ in chapter 39 of the online Brewitt-Taylor translation.

孫峻 (子遠)
Sun Chün (Tzŭ-yüan) 孙峻 (子远)
Joined Teng Yin in assassinating Zhuge Ke, later controlled the court.
孫匡 (季佐)
Sun K‘uang (Chi-tso) 孙匡 (季佐)
Married daughter of Cao Ren, died at twenty without having held office.
孫朗 (早安)
Sun Lang (Tsao-an) 孙朗 (早安)
The fifth son of Sun Jian. Led a command at Dongkou but accidentally burned his own camp.

Notes: Also known as Sun Ren (孫仁). Had his surname changed to Ding (丁) by Sun Quan while imprisoned after he ignored Lü Fan’s orders defending against Cao Xiu.

孫亮 (子明)
Sun Liang (Tzŭ-ming) 孙亮 (子明)
Became Emperor, but was dethroned by Sun Chen after failed attempt to remove Chen.
孫鲁班 (大虎)
Sun Lupan (Ta-hu) 孙鲁班 (大虎)
Lover of Sun Jun. Caused deaths of Lady Wang, Princess Zhu and Sun He.

Notes: Also known as Princess Quan. Dahu means ‘Big Tiger’.

孫羌 (聖臺)
Sun Ch‘iang (Shêng-t‘ai) 孙羌 (圣臺)
The twin brother of Sun Jian. Father of Sun Ben and Sun Fu.
孫權 (仲謀)
Sun Ch‘üan (Chung-mou) 孙权 (仲谋)
Sun Jian’s second son. Sun Ce’s brother. Long-lived first Emperor of Wu.
Sun Shao 孙绍
Sun Ce’s posthumous son. Died young, some criticize Quan’s treatment of Shao.
孫邵 (長緒)
Sun Shao (Ch‘ang-hsü) 孙邵 (长绪)
Became Prime Minister of Wu in AD 222. Formerly served Kong Rong, then Liu Yao.
孫韶 (公禮)
Sun Shao (Kung-li) 孙韶 (公礼)
Disobeyed Xu Sheng to fool opposing Wei forces. Maintained strong defense against Wei.

Notes: Sun Shao, before being adopted by Sun Ce, was known as Yu Shao (俞韶). Mistranslated as ‘Sun Hu’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor edition.

Sun Shu 孙述
A general during the late Wu period.
Sun Wan 孙上雨下單
Son of Sun Xiu, and intended heir. Puyang Xiang and Zhang Bu enthroned Sun Hao.

Notes: The character ‘Wan1’ in Sun Wan’s did not exist in Unicode for quite some time, but it is now listed. ’&#168128’ is the character, but odds are you can’t see it. 上雨下單, the name we are currently using, is simply an explanation of the character, which has has 雨 on the top and 單 on the bottom. 上 and 下 mean up and down respectively.

Sun Hsin 孙歆
In command of navy, lured out by Du Yu. Met the attack of Zhou Zhi but was killed.
Sun Hsiu 孙秀
Surrendered to Jin and served as Cavalry General. Wept at the fall of Wu.
孫休 (子烈)
Sun Hsiu (Tzŭ-lieh) 孙休 (子烈)
Overthrew Sun Chen but neglected state affairs. Wish for heirship ignored.
Sun I 孙异
Was sent to aid Jiang Wei during the fall of Shu but was too late.

Notes: Mistranslated as ‘Sun Yin’ in the online novel.

孫翊 (叔弼)
Sun I (Shu-pi) 孙翊 (叔弼)
Once a rival to Sun Quan. Assassinated by Bian Hong and others at a banquet.
孫瑜 (仲異)
Sun Yü (Chung-i) 孙瑜 (仲异)
Served Wu. Sun Jing’s second son and cousin to Sun Quan.
Sun Chên 孙震
Served Wu during Jin’s invasion. Was captured by Jin forces and executed.
太史慈 (子義)
T‘aishih Tz‘ŭ (Tzŭ-i) 太史慈 (子义)
Served Liu Yao, then Wu. Helped save Kong Rong from the Yellow Scarves.
太史享 (元復)
T‘aishih Hsiang (Yüan-fu) 太史享 (元复)
Held various posts in Wu. In novel, looked after by Quan after Ci’s death.

Notes: Also known as Heng in the novel.

T‘an Hsiung 谭雄
General of Sun Huan. Fights at Yiling, wounds Zhang Bao’s horse.
T‘ang Tzŭ 唐咨
Served Wu then surrendered to Wei. Collected ships for Zhong Hui.
陶璜 (世英)
T‘ao Huang (Shih-ying) 陶璜 (世英)
Fought against rebels and Jin when serving Wu, a popular governor of Jiaozhi for 30 years.
T‘ao Chün 陶浚
A general of Wu. During Jin’s invasion, sent to meet the invading Jin forces.
T‘êng Tan 滕耽
A gentlemen of the same province as Liu Yao, had a fine reputation in Wu.
滕脩 (顯先)
T‘êng Hsiu (Hsien-hsien) 滕脩 (显先)
Late era General of Wu who governed Guangzhou. He later became Minister of Works.
滕胤 (承嗣)
T‘êng Yin (Ch‘êng-ssŭ) 滕胤 (承嗣)
Minister of Wu. Argued to Sun Jun that Zhuge Ke should be put to death.
T‘êng Chou 滕胄
Served Liu Yao and then the Sun family. Skilled at literary composition
Wan Yü 万彧
Advised Puyang Xing to make Sun Hao Emperor after Sun Xiu’s death.

Notes: Also called Wanyu Su

Wang Tun 王惇
Minister of Wu who was executed by Sun Chen.

Notes: Appears as Wang Chun in both the Moss Roberts and online Brewitt-Taylor translations of the novel.

Wei Miao 魏邈
Helped Sun Xiu against Sun Chen, warning the Wu ruler of the danger he was in.
Wei Wên 卫温
Voyaged for Wu to find and conquer foreign lands with Zhuge Zhi. Failed and was executed.
Wei Chao (Hung-ssŭ) 韦昭
Historian who completed the last fifty-five juan of the Wu shu (Wu History).

Notes: Some places have him as Wei Yao to find the taboo of having same name as Sima Zhao.

吾粲 (孔休)
Wu Ts‘an (K‘ung-hsiu) 吾粲 (孔休)
Was promoted into office by Sun He. Helped to pacify the Shanyue.
Wu Kuot‘ai [Lady Wu] 吴国太
Fictional sister to Lady Wu, wife to Sun Jian. Mother figure to Sun Quan and Lady Sun after Lady Wu’s death.

Notes: Either Lady Wu or ‘Lady Wu’s sister’ (chapter 7) in Romance of the Three Kingdoms. You can read more about Wu Guotai’s novel appearances.

Wu Ching 吴景
Lady Wu’s younger brother. Served Sun Jian, then Yuan Shu, then Sun Ce.
Wu Yen 伍延
General of the Flying Cavalry, fled when his position was untenable. Du Yu executed him.
吾彥 (士則)
Wu Yen (Shih-tsê) 吾彦 (士则)
Held out in his city of Jianping until Sun Hao surrendered.

Notes: Wu Yang in the translation.

Hsienyü Tan 鲜于丹
A military officer in Wu. Served under Lu Xun during Yiling.
Hsiao Ch‘iao 小乔
Younger of Wu’s Qiao Sisters. Sister to Da Qiao. Married to Zhou Yu.

Notes: Xiao (小), in this context, translates to ‘Little’, thus ‘Younger’. Rather than refer to her as the ‘Younger Qiao’, the name Xiao Qiao has become a popular alternative. Da Qiao and Xiao Qiao were names first used by KOEI in Dynasty Warriors 3 when the characters were introduced. Note that Da4 and Xiao3 can still be used in this context in the modern-day family, and usually as the surname.

Hsieh Ching 谢旌
Duels Zhang Bao for 40 bouts before retreating. Described as brave, killed by Zhang Bao.
Hsiu Tsê 修则
A general under Sun Hao. Fought Jin in Jiaozhou but was killed in battle.
Hsü Kung 许贡
Prefect of Wu Territory. Executed by Sun Ce for having relations with Cao Cao.
Hsü K‘un 徐琨
Fought under Sun Jian and Sun Ce, replaced as Administrator as he was seen as a threat.
徐盛 (文嚮)
Hsü Shêng (Wên-hsiang) 徐盛 (文向)
Served in Chibi and Wu’s invasions into Wei. Tricked Cao Pi with a fake wall.
Hsü I 徐逸
An officer of Sun Ce. Participated in battle against Chen Yu.
Hsü Chên 徐真
Close friend of Sun Jian, married Jian’s younger sister.
Hsüeh Hsü 薛珝
An envoy to Shu, warned Sun Xiu that Shu was doomed. Led armies against Jin.
薛瑩 (道言)
Hsüeh Ying (Tao-yen) 薛莹 (道言)
One of the collaborative authors behind the Wu shu (Wu History).
薛綜 (敬文)
Hsüeh Tsung (Ching-wên) 薛综 (敬文)
Took part in conquering Vietnam, skilled in debate and composition.

Notes: Misrepresented as ‘Xue Yong’ in chapter 38 of the online Brewitt-Taylor novel translation.

嚴畯 (曼才)
Yen Chün (Man-ts‘ai) 严畯 (曼才)
Refused appointment as Lu Su’s successor. He was unable to ride a horse.
Yin Fan 隐蕃
A false defector to Wu, charmed many people but revolt failed, died bravely.
Yung K‘ai 雍闓
Along with Gao Ding and Zhu Bao, rebelled in Southern Yizhou.
虞翻 (仲翔)
Yü Fan (Chung-hsiang) 虞翻 (仲翔)
Advisor to Wang Lang. Surrendered to Sun Ce. Convinced Mi Fang, Fu Shiren to defect to Wu.
Yü Ch‘üan 于诠
Served as commander in Wu during Sun Liang’s reign. Helped support Zhuge Dan.
Yü Ssŭ 虞汜
Son of Yu Fan.
Yüan Hsiung 袁雄
Lü Meng, having committed murder, gave himself up to Xiong who told Sun Ce about Meng.
Yüan Yao 袁燿
Son of Yuan Shu. Fled south to Liu Xun, later to Sun Ce.
Chang Pu 张布
With Puyang Xing, enthroned Sun Hao over Wen. Executed Sun Chen with Ding Feng.
張承 (仲嗣)
Chang Ch‘êng (Chung-ssŭ) 张承 (仲嗣)
Friend of Zhuge Jin among others. Sent with Sun Shao to Guangling to capture Huaiyang.
Chang Ta 张达
Officer of Zhang Fei, he was beaten harshly so murdered Zhang Fei then fled to Wu.
張紘 (子綱)
Chang Hung (Tzŭ-kang) 张紘 (子纲)
Minister who served Wu. Suggested changing the capital to Sun Quan.
Chang Liang 张梁
Advised Sun Quan to move the capital to Jianye. He served Sun Jiao, Sun Huan, Zhang Huan and Lu Xun.

Notes: He has the same name as Zhang Liang of the Yellow Turbans.

Chang Mi 张弥
Envoy to Gongsun Yuan, an idea Zhang Zhao protested against, executed by Yuan.
Chang T‘i (Chü-hsien) 张悌
Wu’s last Prime Minister. Refused surrender to Jin and marched out to die on the battlefield.
Chang Wên (Hui-shu) 张温
Was an admired man of moral quality, sacked for recommending an overzealous friend.
Chang Hsiang 张象
Wu Leader of the Van who surrendered to Jin.
張休 (叔嗣)
Chang Hsiu (Shu-ssŭ) 张休 (叔嗣)
Advised Sun Deng with Zhuge Ke, Gu Tan, and Chen Biao. Lost faction struggle.
Chang Hsüan 张玄
Zhang Hong’s son. Administrator of Nan and a member of Sun Quan’s Secretariat.
Chang Yüeh 张约
Officer who served in Zhuge Ke’s personal police force. Killed by Sun Jun.
張昭 (子布)
Chang Chao (Tzŭ-pu) 张昭 (子布)
Served Wu. Highly trusted internal administrator.

Notes: Sometimes written Zhang Zao.

Chao Tzŭ (Tê-tu) 赵姿
A man of wide learning, he was sent to offer thanks for Quan being made king, using it as an occasion to praise Wu.
Chungli Fei 钟离斐
Officer of Wu. Known for his bold military tactics.
周處 (子隱)
Chou Ch‘u (Tzŭ-yin) 周处 (子隐)
A notorious youth who reformed himself. A popular offical, he died heroically against the Qiang.
周魴 (子魚)
Chou Fang (Tzŭ-yü) 周鲂 (子鱼)
Trapped Cao Xiu, allowing the Wu army to score a great victory.
Chou Ku 周谷
Allowed Sun Quan to use public money. When Quan became ruler, didn’t give Gu office.
Chou Chün 周峻
A nephew of Zhou Yu. Was a trusted and capable subordinate of Lu Xun. Captured Shiyang from Wei by causing its citizens to panic.
Chou P‘ing 周平
Went to aid Xia Xun but was disconcerted by his death and slain by Guan Xing.
Chou Shan 周善
Took part in the kidnap plot against Liu Shan and Lady Sun but was killed by Zhang Fei.
周泰 (幼平)
Chou T‘ai (Yu-p‘ing) 周泰 (幼平)
Wu officer who Saved Sun Quan’s life, and was loved dearly in return.
Chou Hsün 周循
The eldest son of Zhou Yu. Said to have inherited his father’s ability, but died at age 17.
Chou Yin 周胤
The second son of Zhou Yu. Exiled for misdeeds, later pardoned.
周瑜 (公瑾)
Chou Yü (Kung-chin) 周瑜 (公瑾)
Skilled war commander of Wu. Commanded Wu forces at the Battle of Chibi.
Chou Chao 周昭
One of the officals that worked on the Wu shu.
Chu Ên 朱恩
Officer who served in Zhuge Ke’s personal police force.
朱桓 (休穆)
Chu Huan (Hsiu-mu) 朱桓 (休穆)
Possibly a little mad, murdered the servants of Quan Yi. Destroyed Cao Ren at Ruxu.
Chu Chi 朱纪
Zhu Zhi’s third son. Married to a daughter of Sun Ce.
朱績 (公绪)
Chu Chi (Kung-hsü) 朱绩 (公绪)
The son of Zhu Ran. He defended Jiangling from the Wei general Wang Chang and was known for his courage and bravery. Sometimes called Shi Ji (施績)
朱據 (子據)
Chu Chü (Tzŭ-chü) 朱据 (子据)
Wu Scholar. Demoted after supporting Sun He. Tricked into committing suicide.
朱然 (義封)
Chu Jan (I-fêng) 朱然 (义封)
Served Wu. Was the son of Zhu Zhi’s sister. Studied together with Sun Quan.
朱異 (季文)
Chu I (Chi-wên) 朱异 (季文)
A general of Wu and the son of Zhu Huan. Executed by Sun Chen for numerous defeats.
Chu Ying 朱应
Went to Funan, in SE Asia, as an envoy. Wrote the Funan yiwu zhi, a record of what he saw.
朱治 (君理)
Chu Chih (Chün-li) 朱治 (君理)
Served through three generations of the Sun family. Magistrate in Wu County.
諸葛瑾 (子瑜)
Chuko Chin (Tzŭ-yü) 诸葛瑾 (子瑜)
Zhuge Liang’s older brother in service to Wu. Highly trusted by Sun Quan.
Chuko Ching (Chung-ssŭ) 诸葛靚
Sent to Wu as a hostage, he became a prominent commander under Sun Hao.
諸葛恪 (元遜)
Chuko K‘o (Yüan-hsün) 诸葛恪 (元逊)
Served Wu as Imperial Guardian. Son of Zhuge Jin. Murdered by Sun Jun.
Chuko P‘an 诸葛攀
The son of Zhuge Qiao. After Zhuge Ke’s death, was restored as Zhuge Jin’s heir.
諸葛融 (叔長)
Chuko Jung (Shu-ch‘ang) 诸葛融 (叔长)
Not a good scholar but charitable and skilled in art. Killed himself when Zhuge Ke fell.
Chuko Sung 诸葛竦
The second son of Zhuge Ke.
諸葛靚 (仲思)
Chuko Ching (Chung-ssu) 诸葛靓 (仲思)
Discusses plans of defence but on seeing Jin army, runs away weeping.
Chuko Chih 诸葛直
Voyaged for Wu to find and conquer foreign lands with Wei Wen. Failed and was executed.
Tsu Lang 祖郎
Chieftain of Danyang. Defeated Sun Ce but later joined his army.
祖茂 (大榮)
Tsu Mao (Ta-jung) 祖茂 (大荣)
One of Sun Jian’s first four commanders. Tricked Hua Xiong in order to save Sun Jian’s life.
Tso Hsien 左咸
Reminds Sun Quan of how well Cao Cao treated Guan Yu, to no avail.
Tso I 左奕
Participated in the attack on Bu Chan under Lu Kang’s command.



Novel and History

Officers and Kingdoms

Literature and Language


March 7, 2014