Officer Names (CH/EN): Women Officers

Three Kingdoms Officer Names: Women Category

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Women Category: officer names from the Three Kingdoms officer name English–Chinese reference tool. Cross-reference given (xìng), personal (míng) and style (zì), given (xìng) and personal (míng) names in Pinyin, Wade-Giles, and traditional Chinese (both in Hanzi and decimal-encoded form for non-Unicode websites and forums).

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Name (family, given), style, Wade-Giles, tones, traditional and simplified Chinese.

Officer Name
(Wade-Giles)
Traditional,
Simplified
Traditional Chinese,
Simplified Chinese
鮑三娘
Pao Sanniang 鲍三娘
Guan Suo’s wife. Both beautiful and skilled in combat. Fictional.
蔡琰 (文姬)
Ts‘ai Yen (Wên-chi) 蔡琰 (文姬)
Captured by the Xiongnu, but bought back by Cao Cao. Some of her poems survive.

Notes: Better known as the poetess Cai Wenji. An alternate style, Zhaoji (昭姬), is used in Lie Nu Hou Zhuan, while Wenji (文姬) is most commonly used (including in the Hou Han shu).

曹淑
Ts‘ao Shu 曹淑
Cao Rui’s daughter and fourth child. Died in infancy.
常紀
Ch‘ang Chi 常纪
Lost husband in 192, father killed in 195. Admired for her fine bearing in such times.
大喬
Ta Ch‘iao 大乔
Elder of Wu’s Qiao Sisters. Sister to Xiao Qiao. Married to Sun Ce.

Notes: Da (大), in this context, translates to ‘Big’, thus ‘Elder’. Rather than refer to her as the ‘Older Qiao’, the name Da Qiao has become a popular alternative. Da Qiao and Xiao Qiao were names first used by Koei in Dynasty Warriors 3 when the characters were introduced. Note that Da4 and Xiao3 can still be used in this context in the modern-day family, and usually as the surname.

貂嬋
Tiaoch‘an [Sable Cicada] 貂婵
Wang Yun’s adopted daughter. Helped to kill Dong Zhuo. Fictional.

Notes: Also known as Sable Cicada.

董白
Tung Pai 董白
Granddaughter of Dong Zhuo. Made a Lord even before she came of age.
卞皇后
Empress Pien 卞皇后
Wife of Cao Cao and mother of Cao Pi. Made empress dowager when Cao Pi became emperor.

Notes: Called ‘Bian Shi’ in Koei’s Romance of the Three Kingdoms XI.

曹節皇后
Empress Ts‘ao Chieh 曹节皇后
Emperor Xian’s empress after death of Empress Fu, opposed Cao Pi becoming Emperor.

Notes: Also known as Empress Cao, Empress Xianmu (獻穆皇后) and Duchess Shanyang.

伏壽皇后
Empress Fu Shou 伏寿皇后
Wife of Emperor Xian. From Langya. Daughter of Fu Wan. Executed by Cao Cao.

Notes: Commonly referenced simply as ‘Empress Fu’.

甘皇后
Empress Kan 甘皇后
Concubine and later Empress of Liu Bei. She was a native of Pei.
郭皇后
Empress Kuo (Nü-wang) 郭皇后
One of Cao Pi’s wives, said to have spread doubts about Cao Rui’s birth.

Notes: Guo Shi in Romance of the Three Kingdoms XI.

何皇后
Empress Ho 何皇后
Emperor Shao’s mother. He Jin’s half-sister. Died of grief or through suicide.
穆皇后
Empress Mu 穆皇后
Consort and later Empress of Liu Bei. From Chenliu. Wu Yi’s sister.

Notes: Empress Mu (穆皇后) is her traditional name. Informally, you will find her referenced as Empress Wu (吳皇后).

張皇后
Empress Chang 张皇后
Daughter of Zhang Qi. Empress to Cao Fang. Ordered executed by Sima Shi.
張皇后
Empress Chang 張皇后
Sister to Lady Zhang, second wife of Liu Shan.
張皇后[星彩]
Empress Chang [Hsingts‘ai] 张皇后[星彩]
Zhang Fei’s daughter. Empress Zhang married to Liu Shan. Zhang Xingcai in Koei games.

Notes: ‘Empress Zhang’ or ‘Lady Zhang’ in the novel and other historic sources, she has been given a fictional personality by Koei under the name ‘Zhang Xingcai’ or simply ‘Xing Cai’. Both names refer to the same person, but the story given her in Koei games is fictional. I’ve recorded this as the English translation presents itself (so, Huanghou Zhang (empress Zhang) and Xing1cai3 as her given name)

甄皇后[甄姫]
Empress Chên [Chên Chi] 甄皇后[甄姫]
Formerly Yuan Xi’s wife. Later married to Cao Pi. Became Empress.

Notes: Empress Zhen is frequently called Zhen Ji, as she is named by Koei. Referenced elsewhere as Zhen Luo (甄洛) or Empress Wenzhao (文昭皇后). I’ve recorded this as Huang2hou4 Zhen1 (Empress Zhen), with Ji1 as her given name. To say her name as Koei suggests, use Zhen (surname) and Ji1 (given name) together.

関夫人[銀屏]
Lady Kuan [Yinp‘ing] 関夫人[银屏]
Daughter of Guan Yu. Sun Quan wanted to arrange a marriage between her and Sun Deng.

Notes: Guan Yinping is a fictional name given to her by Koei.

卑彌呼
Name is Japanese N/A
Queen Himiko was the female ruler of pre-Japan’s Yamatai region. Contacted Wei in AD 238.

Notes: Sometime also called Pimiku or Pimiko. Precise pronunciation of her name is unknown as the kanji of her name were written prior to mid-20th century kanji reforms. Himiko may be a Chinese corruption of himemiko (princess priestess or lady shaman), which translates to ‘Sun Child’.

花鬘
Hua Man 花鬘
Hua Man is the fictional daughter of Meng Huo, as found in Koei games.
黃月英
Huang Yüehying 黄月英
Zhuge Liang’s wife. Huang Chengyan’s daughter. Was very smart, but not beautiful.
鮑夫人
Lady Pao 鲍夫人
Mother of Bao Chu. She lived more than 100 years.
步夫人[步練師]
Lady Pu [Pu Lienshih] 步夫人[步练师]
Lian Shi in Dynasty Warriors 7. Made Empress upon her death, was noted for not being jealous.

Notes: Lian Shi (步夫人) in Dynasty Warriors 7. Also Bu Lianshi (步練師).

丁夫人
Lady Ting 丁夫人
Cao Cao’s first wife, she blamed him for Cao Ang’s death and they divorced.
董夫人
Lady Tung 董夫人
Arrested and executed due to her father’s plots against Cao Cao despite being pregnant.
杜夫人
Lady Tu 杜夫人
Married to Qin Yilu. Guan Yu wished to marry her but Cao Cao took her instead.

Notes: Du Shi in Romance of the Three Kingdoms XI.

李夫人
Lady Li 李夫人
Killed herself when her husband Ma Miao surrendered to Wei.

Notes: Appears as ‘Li Shi’ in Romance of the Three Kingdoms XI.

劉夫人
Lady Liu 刘夫人
Yuan Shao’s wife. Mother of Yuan Shang.
糜夫人
Lady Mi 糜夫人
Consort of Liu Bei. Mi Zhu’s sister. Took her own life so Zhao Yun could save Liu Shan.
潘夫人
Lady P‘an 潘夫人
Wife of Sun Quan, the Lord of Wu. Was a native of Juzhang in Kuaiji.
孫妃[孫尚香]
Lady Sun [Sun Shanghsiang] 孙妃[孙尚香]
Sun Quan’s sister. Married to Liu Bei by Sun Quan, but later returned to Wu.

Notes: Sun Shangxiang is Lady Sun’s name in most Koei Games. ‘Sun Ren’ (孫仁) in the seventh chapter of Romance of the Three Kingdoms (learn more; not a duplicate mention of Sun Lang). Also appears as Sun Li at times. Both Sun Ren and Sun Li are incorrect and have no bearing on her true name, which is unknown.

孫夫人
Lady Sun 孙夫人
Daughter of Sun Ce. Wife of Lu Xun. Her marriage bonded the Lu and Sun families.

Notes: Sun Shi in Koei’s Romance of the Three Kingdoms.

唐姫夫人
Lady T‘ang Chi 唐姫夫人
Favorite concubine of Liu Bian, danced for him as he died. Daughter of Tang Mao.

Notes: ‘Lady Tang’ in various translations of the novel.

王夫人
Lady Wang 王夫人
Second only to Madam Bu, Sun Luban slandered her to death.

Notes: Lady Wang of Langya. Not to be confused with Lady Wang of Nanyang.

王夫人
Lady Wang 王夫人
Wife of Sun Quan, the Lord of Wu. Mother of Sun Xiu. Was a native of Nanyang.

Notes: Lady Wang of Nanyang. Not to be confused with Lady Wang of Langya.

王夫人
Lady Wang 王夫人
Mother of Liu Xie (Emperor Xian). Concubine to Emperor Ling. Poisoned by Empress He.
夫人吳
Lady Wu 夫人吴
Mother of Sun Quan and Sun Ce. Wife to Sun Jian. Endorsed marriage of lady Sun.
西施夫人
Lady Hsi Shih 西施夫人
Spring and Autumn Period. One of the Four Beauties of Ancient China. Lived in Zhuji, capital of Yue.
夏侯令女
Hsiahou Lingnü 夏侯夏侯
Married to Cao Wenshu, a relative of Cao Shuang, mutilated herself rather then marry again.
夫人徐
Lady Hsü 夫人徐
Wife of Sun Quan, the Lord of Wu. Was a native of Fuchun in Wu Commandary.
楊夫人
Lady Yang 杨夫人
Admired Wang Yi so convinced Ma Chao to trust Zhao Ang. Ang’s revolt led to her death.

Notes: Yang Shi in Romance of the Three Kingdoms XI.

祝融妃
Lady Chujung 祝融妃
Wife of King Meng Huo. Said to be descended from the Goddess of Fire.

Notes: Zhu4rong2 is her name, but Fei1 means literally “imperial concubine”

鄒氏
Lady Tsou 邹氏
Former wife of Zhang Ji. Caught Cao Cao’s fancy while staying with Zhang Xiu.

Notes: Appears as ‘Lady Zhou’ in Koei games, and in the Brewitt-Taylor translation. Lady Zou’s name is strange in meaning. Zou1 is a surname as expected, but Shi4 is a clan or maiden name.

陸鬱生
Lu Yüshêng 陆郁生
Daughter of Lu Ji of Wu.
馬雲騄
Ma Yünlu 马云騄
Fictional character from Fan Sanguo Yanyi. Ma Teng’s daughter. Married to Zhao Yun.

Notes: Sometimes appears incorrectly as Ma Yunli.

女媧
Nüwa (Nu Wa) 女娲
Chinese goddess. Created mankind from the yellow earth and repaired the Wall of Heaven.
孫鲁班 (大虎)
Sun Lupan (Ta-hu) 孙鲁班 (大虎)
Lover of Sun Jun. Caused deaths of Lady Wang, Princess Zhu and Sun He.

Notes: Also known as Princess Quan. Dahu means ‘Big Tiger’.

王元姬
Wang Yüanchi 王元姬
Empress dowager during Jin Dynasty. Wife of Sima Zhao and mother of Sima Yan.

Notes: Formerly Empress Wenming (文明皇后; “civil and understanding empress”)

吳國太
Wu Kuot‘ai [Lady Wu] 吴国太
Fictional sister to Lady Wu, wife to Sun Jian. Mother figure to Sun Quan and Lady Sun after Lady Wu’s death.

Notes: Either Lady Wu or ‘Lady Wu’s sister’ (chapter 7) in Romance of the Three Kingdoms. You can read more about Wu Guotai’s novel appearances.

夏侯氏
Lady Hsiahou 夏侯氏
Wife to Zhang Fei. Xiahou Yuan’s niece and Xiahou Ba’s cousin.
小喬
Hsiao Ch‘iao 小乔
Younger of Wu’s Qiao Sisters. Sister to Da Qiao. Married to Zhou Yu.

Notes: Xiao (小), in this context, translates to ‘Little’, thus ‘Younger’. Rather than refer to her as the ‘Younger Qiao’, the name Xiao Qiao has become a popular alternative. Da Qiao and Xiao Qiao were names first used by KOEI in Dynasty Warriors 3 when the characters were introduced. Note that Da4 and Xiao3 can still be used in this context in the modern-day family, and usually as the surname.

辛憲英
Hsin Hsienying 辛宪英
Advised her brother Chang to go to Cao Shuang’s camp, saving his life. Advised Xin Pi and others.
雲英
Yün Ying 云英
Concubine of Dong Cheng. Her interactions with Qin Qingtong got Cheng killed.
趙娥(親)
Chao O (Chao Och‘in) 赵娥(亲)
Pang Yu’s mother. Killed Li Shou to avenge her father, Zhao Jun’an, then turned herself in.

Notes: Zhao E 趙娥 usually appears by the name Zhao Eqin 趙娥親. Appears as Pang Eqin 龐娥(親) in Romance of the Three Kingdoms XI.

趙嫗
Chao Yü 赵妪
Trieu Au, female warrior of the Nanyue tribe. Rebelled against Wu. Defeated by Lu Yin.

Notes: Known to the Vietnamese as Trieu Thi Trinh (Triệu Thị Trinh) or Trieu Au (Triệu Ẩu; Lady Trieu). I have pronounced the Chinese Zhao Yu, but dont know how to pronounce the Viet.

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March 7, 2014