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Three Kingdoms Officer Names: Officers W

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Officers W: officer names from the Three Kingdoms officer name English–Chinese reference tool. Cross-reference given (xìng), personal (míng) and style (zì), given (xìng) and personal (míng) names in Pinyin, Wade-Giles, and traditional Chinese (both in Hanzi and decimal-encoded form for non-Unicode websites and forums).

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Name (family, given), style, Wade-Giles, tones, traditional and simplified Chinese.

Officer Name
Traditional Chinese,
Simplified Chinese
Wan Ch‘ien 万潜
Accompanied Bao Xin when he welcomed Cao Cao into Yan. Urged Cao Cao to become Duke of Wei.
Wan Yü 万彧
Advised Puyang Xing to make Sun Hao Emperor after Sun Xiu’s death.

Notes: Also called Wanyu Su

Wan Chêng 万政
Fictional lieutenant under Guo Huai in AD 228. Defeated and spared by Zhao Yun.
Wang Pi 王必
In charge of Imperial Guard, warned Cao Xiu of Geng Ji’s revolt but died from his wounds.
Wang Pi 王祕
Local warlord who defeated He Luan of Zhangye.
Wang Pi 王弼
A noted, if eccentric, philosopher central in the school of mystics.
王粲 (仲宣)
Wang Ts‘an (Chung-hsüan) 王粲 (仲宣)
One of the great literary figures of the time. Urged Liu Cong to surrender to Wei.
王昶 (文舒)
Wang Ch‘ang (Wên-shu) 王昶 (文舒)
Compiled treatises on government and military matters. Leading general against Wu.
Wang Ch‘ang 王昌
Member of Li Jue’s Tiger Army. Wouldn’t arrest Huangfu Li for ethical reasons.

Notes: ‘Wang Chan’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation.

Wang Ch‘êng 王承
Local officer near Chang’an, he feared Ma Teng was plotting against him so attacked and drove Ma Teng away.
Wang Ch‘en 王晨
One of the few members of the Wang family to escape Li Jue’s wrath.
Wang Tang 王当
Served under Zhang Yan.
Wang Tu 王度
Defected to the Yellow Turbans, beaten by Cheng Yu.
Wang Tun 王惇
Minister of Wu who was executed by Sun Chen.

Notes: Appears as Wang Chun in both the Moss Roberts and online Brewitt-Taylor translations of the novel.

Wang Fang 王方
Opened the gates of Chang’an, later fought Ma Teng and was killed by a young Ma Chao.
Wang Fen 王芬
Rebelled in an attempt to depose Emperor Ling. Committed suicide out of fear after being threatened with imperial troops.
Wang Fu 王甫
Accused Prince Li of treason after receiving no bribe. Accused Empress Song of witchcraft.
王甫 (國山)
Wang Fu (Kuo-shan) 王甫 (国山)
Warned Guan Yu about Lü Meng, Pang Jun and an ambush but was ignored.
王服[王子服] (子由)
Wang Fu [Wang Tzŭfu] (Tzu-yu) 王服[王子服] (子由)
Part of the ‘Jade Girdle’ plot to kill Cao Cao. Courtier of Dong Cheng. Executed by Cao.

Notes: Wang Fu appears as Wang Zifu (王子服) in the novel, SGZ Shu, and other sources. This appears to be an error. Rafe de Crespigny wrote the following in To Establish Peace I: “The main text of SGZ 32 gives the personal name of Wang Fu as, but Xiandi qijuzhu, quoted by PC, and the parallel texts HHS 9, 381, and HHS 72/62, 2343, all omit the character zi. It is presumably dittography from the name of Wu Zilan immediately preceding.”

Wang Kung 王肱
Grand Administrator of Dong commandery. He was unable to resist the Black Mountain Bandits.
王觀 (偉臺)
Wang Kuan (Wei-t‘-ai) 王观 (伟台)
Came up with a plan to trick Jiang Wei but it failed, died valiantly.
Wang Han 王含
Defender of Yuecheng, surrendered on the loss of Hanzhong.
王渾 (玄沖)
Wang Hun (Hsüan-ch‘ung) 王浑 (玄冲)
Warned that Sun Hao’s army was formidable and that they should wait a year.
王基 (伯興)
Wang Chi (Po-hsing) 王基 (伯兴)
Fought against Wu and Guanqiu Jian, fighting in three duels and advising to win hearts.
王經 (彥偉)
Wang Ching (Yen-wei) 王经 (彦伟)
Struggled against Jiang Wei. Supported Cao Mao when Mao tried to remove Sima Zhao.
王浚 (彭祖)
Wang Chün (P‘êng-tsu) 王浚 (彭祖)
A successful general under Sima Yan, he fought during the War of Eight Princes but was killed by Shi Le.
王濬 (士治)
Wang Chün (Shih-chih) 王浚 (士治)
Commander of the force that conqured Wu.
王俊 (子文)
Wang Chün (Tzu-wen) 王俊 (子文)
Advised Liu Biao to ally with Cao Cao rather than Yuan Shao. Died in his 64th year at Wuling.
Wang K‘ang 王伉
Defended Yongchang against Yong Kai’s attack, credited success to Lu Kai.
王匡 (公節)
Wang K‘uang (Kung-chieh) 王匡 (公节)
Took heavy losses against Dong Zhuo. Despised material things but could be violent.
王朗 (景興)
Wang Lang (Ying-hsing) 王朗 (景兴)
Originally the prefect of Huiji, he later joined Wei. Debated with Zhuge Liang.

Notes: Originally called Wang Yan

Wang Lei 王累
Minister of Liu Zhang. Strongly advised Zhang to not allow Liu Bei into Yi.
王連 (文儀)
Wang Lien (Wên-i) 王连 (文仪)
Shu governor who did well economically. He warned Zhuge Liang of the risk of malaria.
王烈 (彥方)
Wang Lieh (Yen-fang) 王烈 (彦方)
A famed man from Taiyuan who refused service and reformed others.
王淩 (彥云)
Wang Ling (Yen-yün) 王凌 (彦云)
Plotted against Sima Yi but plan was leaked and he was forced into suicide.
Wang Mai 王买
Officer of Zhong Hui during the conquest of Shu.
王莽 (巨君)
Wang Mang (Chü-chün) 王莽 (巨君)
Minister of the Western Han. Userped the throne from Ruzi. Killed in a rebellion.
Wang Mên 王门
A military commander, he was forced into withdrawing after Tian Yu shamed him.
王謀 (元泰)
Wang Mou (Yuan-t’ai) 王谋 (元泰)
Governor of Bajun under Liu Zhang. Held various post in Shu.
王平 (子均)
Wang P‘ing (Tzŭ-chün) 王平 (子均)
Served Wei but later surrendered to Shu. Served in the northern campaigns.

Notes: Also known as He Ping (何平).

Wang Ch‘i 王颀
Served Han as Commandant of the Exemplary Cavalry. Killed by Li Jue and Guo Si’s troops.
王頎 (孔碩)
Wang Ch‘i (K‘ung-shih) 王颀 (孔硕)
Served Wei. District Governor of Tianshui before helping Deng Ai’s invasion of Shu.

Notes: Shi 碩 in Kongshi can also be translated as Shuo.

王戎 (濬沖)
Wang Jung (Chün-ch‘ung) 王戎 (浚冲)
A child prodigy, one of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove, noted for his meanness.
Wang Jui (T‘ung-yao) 王睿
Governor of Jingzhou. Tried to have Cao Yin killed, but was killed first by Sun Jian.
Wang Shan 王山
Served Shu. Wang Lian’s son.
王沈 (處道)
Wang Shên (Ch‘u-tao) 王沈 (处道)
Compiled Wei-shu, the offical history of Wei. Betrayed Cao Mao’s revolt to Sima Zhao.

Notes: 沈 can also be pronounced Chen, and his name is sometimes translated as such.

王士 (義強)
Wang Shih (I-ch’iang) 王士 (义強)
Second cousin of Wang Fu. Died in the Nanman campaign.
王雙 (子全)
Wang Shuang (Tzŭ-ch‘üan) 王双 (子全)
Served Cao Rui. Defeated Zhang Ni, and was later killed by Wei Yan.
王嗣 (承宗)
Wang Ssu (Ch’engtsung) 王嗣 (承宗)
Died several months after being struck by an arrow during one of Jiang Wei’s northern expeditions. Had a strong relationship with the Qiang and Hu tribes.
王肅 (子雍)
Wang Su (Tzŭ-yung) 王肃 (子雍)
The son of Wang Lang. Aided the Sima’s in creating Jin. Father of Sima Zhao’s wife.
Wang T‘ao 王韬
Civil officer, advised Sima Zhao to pray to the fountain so he could feed the troops.
Wang T’u 王图
Petitioned Cao Cao to become Duke.
Wang Wei 王威
Served Liu Biao and Liu Cong loyally. Died protecting Cong from Cao Cao.
王祥 (休徵)
Wang Hsiang (Hsiu-chêng) 王祥 (休徵)
Convinced Sima Zhao to name Sima Yan heir, along with Jia Chong, Pei Xiu and others.
王修 (叔治)
Wang Hsiu (Shu-chih) 王修 (叔治)
Served Yuan Tan loyally. Joined Cao Cao after Yuan Tan’s death in AD 205.
Wang Hsüan 王选
Urged Cao Cao to become Duke of Wei.
Wang Hsün 王训
Wang Ping’s son and heir.
Wang Yen 王琰
Captured Gao Gan and was well rewarded. Served as an administrator in many places.
Wang Yeh 王业
Taken into Cao Mao’s confidence but betrayed it to Sima Zhao.
Wang I 王邑
Sent to present Cao Cao with gifts following Emperor Xian’s marriage with Cao Cao’s daughters.
Wang You 王祐
Son of Wang Fu who was of a similar character to his father.
Wang Yüanchi 王元姬
Empress dowager during Jin Dynasty. Wife of Sima Zhao and mother of Sima Yan.

Notes: Formerly Empress Wenming (文明皇后; “civil and understanding empress”)

王允 (子師)
Wang Yün (Tzŭ-shih) 王允 (子师)
Diaochan’s father. Orchestrated the plot which resulted in Dong Zhuo’s death.
Wang Chao 汪昭
Fictional officer under Yuan Tan. Killed after only a few bouts by Xu Huang.
Wang Chao 王照
Mountain bandit who surrendered to Wei.
Wang Chung 王忠
Failed against Liu Bei. Once forced to eat human flesh, Cao Pi made a joke of it.
魏諷 (子京)
Wei Fêng (Tzŭ-ching) 魏讽 (子京)
Thought of as a brilliant talent, he plotted a coup but it was betrayed and he was killed.
Wei Ku (Chung-chien) 魏种
Worked with Gao Gan against Cao Cao but was out-manoeuvred and destroyed.
衛瓘 (伯玉)
Wei Kuan (Po-yü) 卫瓘 (伯玉)
Sent to keep an eye on Zhong Hui and Deng Ai, he played a part in the death of both.
Wei Hung 卫弘
Of a wealthy family, he gave his property to Cao Cao to raise troops to restore the Han.
Wei Huang (Tê-wei) 韦晃
Han loyalist. Participated in a coup with Geng Ji and Jin Yi. Captured by Xiahou Dun.
衛覬 (伯儒)
Wei Chi (Po-ju) 卫觊 (伯儒)
A scholarly man. Advised settling the likes of Han Sui, against excess, proposed legal reforms.
Wei K‘ai 卫凯
Rebelled with Hou Yin but Cao Ren defeated and executed them.
Wei Miao 魏邈
Helped Sun Xiu against Sun Chen, warning the Wu ruler of the danger he was in.
Wei Wên 卫温
Voyaged for Wu to find and conquer foreign lands with Zhuge Zhi. Failed and was executed.
Wei Hsü 魏续
At first an officer of Lü Bu, he later joined Cao Cao. Killed by Yan Liang.
魏延 (文長)
Wei Yen (Wên-ch‘ang) 魏延 (文长)
Talented commander. Killed Han Xuan and surrendered his territory to Liu Bei.
Wei Yüeh 魏越
General of Lü Bu who took part in repeated attacks that ultimately led to Zhang Yan’s defeat.
Wei Chao (Hung-ssŭ) 韦昭
Historian who completed the last fifty-five juan of the Wu shu (Wu History).

Notes: Some places have him as Wei Yao to find the taboo of having same name as Sima Zhao.

衛臻 (公振)
Wei Chên (Kung-chên) 卫臻 (公振)
Served as messenger between Xian and Cao Cao, reminded Cao Pi of the Han’s achievements.

Notes: Called Wei Chen in ZZTJ.

Wei Tzŭ (Tzŭ-hsü) 卫兹
Constantly refused appointment till he met Cao Cao. Gave away property to help raise troops.
衛? (文經)
Wei ? (Wen-ching) 卫? (文经)
Noted by Chen Shou that no name, achievements or place of origin were available.
Weitzŭ (Viscount of Wei) 微子
Shang Dynasty. Related to the corrupt Zhou Xin, quit in disgust and went into exile.
Wên Ch‘ou 文丑
A fierce general in service under Yuan Shao. Killed in battle with Cao Cao.
Wên Hu 文虎
Son of Wen Qin and brother of Wen Yang. Followed his brother everywhere.
溫恢 (曼基)
Wên Hui (Man-chi) 温恢 (曼基)
Warned that the Wu front was secure but that Cao Ren might have problems against Guan Yu.
文聘 (仲業)
Wên P‘ing (Chung-yeh) 文聘 (仲业)
After Liu Cong’s surrender he secluded himself in shame. Later served Cao Cao

Notes: ‘Wen Pin’ in some books and nearly all games. Wen Ping is the correct Romanization.

文欽 (仲若)
Wên Ch‘in (Chung-jo) 文钦 (仲若)
Lieutenant Governor of Yang. Rebelled against Sima Shi with Guanqiu Jian.
Wen Sheng 温生
Made Marquis Within the Passes following his father Wen Hui’s death. The line was extinguished after his own early death.
Wên Yang 文鸯
Wen Qin’s son. Fought Sima Shi’s army. Later pledged loyalty to Zhuge Dan.

Notes: Originally named Wen Chu (文俶).

Wu Ankuo 武安国
Served Kong Rong. Wielded an iron mace. Maimed by Lü Bu after fighting ten bouts.
Wu Pa 吴霸
A commander-in-chief for the Yellow Scarves. Defeated and captured by Li Tong.
吳班 (元雄)
Wu Pan (Yüan-hsiung) 吴班 (元雄)
Vanguard at Yiling, led naval forces. Later senior general, helps defeat Sima Yi.

Notes: Also called Hu Ban in some versions of the novel.

吾粲 (孔休)
Wu Ts‘an (K‘ung-hsiu) 吾粲 (孔休)
Was promoted into office by Sun He. Helped to pacify the Shanyue.
吳敦 (黯奴)
Wu Tun (An-nu) 吴敦 (黯奴)
Bandit leader who would serve under Zang Ba for Lü Bu and Wei.

Notes: Annu, or Black Slave, was his nickname rather then his style.

Wu Kang 吴纲
Adviser to Zhuge Dan. Took Dan’s son to Wu to ensure Wu support.
Wu Kuot‘ai [Lady Wu] 吴国太
Fictional sister to Lady Wu, wife to Sun Jian. Mother figure to Sun Quan and Lady Sun after Lady Wu’s death.

Notes: Either Lady Wu or ‘Lady Wu’s sister’ (chapter 7) in Romance of the Three Kingdoms. You can read more about Wu Guotai’s novel appearances.

Wu Ching 吴景
Lady Wu’s younger brother. Served Sun Jian, then Yuan Shu, then Sun Ce.
吳巨 (元大)
Wu Chü (Yüan-ta) 吴巨 (元大)
Made Prefect of Cangwu through Liu Biao’s backing. Old friend of Liu Bei. Killed by Bu Zhi.
Wu Lan 吴兰
Served Liu Yan and Zhang then Liu Bei. Killed in battle with Cao Zhang.
五梁 (德山)
Wu Liang (Tê-shan) 五梁 (德山)
Commended for classical learning and moral integrity.
吳碩 (子蘭)
Wu Shih (Tzŭlan) 吴硕 (子兰)
Part of the ‘Jade Girdle’ plot to kill Cao Cao. Friend of Dong Cheng and Wang Zifu. Executed by Cao.

Notes: In SGZ: Shu 2 a man by the name of Wu Zilan 吳子蘭 is described as one of the conspirators. It is likely that this is Wu Shi, and that Zilan was his style.

Wu 吴押狱
Looked after the jailed Hua Tuo and was given his black bag so he could become a doctor.

Notes: Also called Wu the Gaoler

Wu Wu 吴五
Local leader on the upper Min River, destroyed by He Qi.
Wu Yen 伍延
General of the Flying Cavalry, fled when his position was untenable. Du Yu executed him.
吾彥 (士則)
Wu Yen (Shih-tsê) 吾彦 (士则)
Held out in his city of Jianping until Sun Hao surrendered.

Notes: Wu Yang in the translation.

吳懿 (子遠)
Wu I (Tzŭ-yüan) 吴懿 (子远)
Younger sister married Liu Bei, a general of some renown.

Notes: Wu Yi4 (懿) or Yi1 (壹) are both proper.

吳質 (季重)
Wu Chih (Chi-chung) 吴质 (季重)
Helped Cao Pi become heir, used his wits to avoid disaster in the silk hamper affair.
Wu Tzŭ 吴资
Defeated by Cao Cao at the start of 195.
Wu-ch’en-ti 无臣氐
One of the Wuhuan from Daijun and Shanggu who revolted. Defeated by Cao Zhang.
Wulu 五鹿
Name means Five Deer.



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March 7, 2014