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Three Kingdoms Officer Names: Officers S

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Officers S: officer names from the Three Kingdoms officer name English–Chinese reference tool. Cross-reference given (xìng), personal (míng) and style (zì), given (xìng) and personal (míng) names in Pinyin, Wade-Giles, and traditional Chinese (both in Hanzi and decimal-encoded form for non-Unicode websites and forums).

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Name (family, given), style, Wade-Giles, tones, traditional and simplified Chinese.

Officer Name
Traditional Chinese,
Simplified Chinese
Shamohan 沙末汗
After his father’s death, the Han court under Cao Cao confirmed him as a king.
Shan Ching 单经
Sent to aid Tao Qian against Cao Cao but defeated at Pingyuan.
Shan T‘ao 山涛
One of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove. He was the only Sage involved in politics.
Shan Yang 单飏
Asked by Qiao Xuan for interpretation of an omen, and predicted Cao Pi’s ascension to the throne.
Shang Shêng 商升
Opposed Sun Ce and defeated Han Yan. Wanted to surrender to He Qi but was murdered by his vassals.
Shang Yao 商曜
Rebelled and took Daling but was killed by the forces of Xu Huang and Xiahou Yuan.
邵悌 (元伯)
Shao T‘i (Yüan-po) 邵悌 (元伯)
Advisor of Sima Zhao’s. Warned Sima Zhao about trusting Zhong Hui.
射堅 (文固)
Shê Chien 射坚 (文固)
Of good repute, sacked during time of famine, went to Yi from Chang’an.
射援 (文雄)
Shê Yüan (Wên-hsiung) 射援 (文雄)
Of good reputation, Huangfu Song admired his talents. Memorialised Liu Bei be King of Hanzhong.
Shên Ch‘êng 沈成
Bandit who was defeated and killed by Li Tong.

Notes: Shen 沈 can also be translated as Chen, but this translation is not used in surnames. That said, you will still find him under the name Chen Cheng.

申耽 (義舉)
Shên Tan (I-chü) 申耽 (义举)
Brother of Shen Yi. Governor of Shangyong. Surrendered from Wei to Shu to Wei.
Shên Mi 沈弥
Took part in revolt against Liu Zhang but was defeated and fled to Jing.
審配 (正南)
Shên P‘ei (Chêng-nan) 审配 (正南)
Served Yuan Shao with loyalty. After Shao’s death, sided with his youngest son, Shang.
Shên Jung 审荣
Nephew of Shen Pei. Betrayed Jizhou after the family of his friend, Xin Pi, was executed.
Shên I 申仪
Brother of Shen Dan. Friend of Meng Da. Surrendered from Wei to Shu then again to Wei.
Shên Ying 沈莹
General of the Left under Sun Hao who was slain during Jin’s conquest of Wu.

Notes: Also Shen Rong or Shen Zong in the online Brewitt-Taylor edition.

沈友 (子正)
Shên Yu (Tzŭ-ch‘êng) 沈友 (子正)
Compiled commentary on art of war, alienated from Sun Quan who later killed him.
Shên Chung 审忠
In 179 or 180, he denounced the eunuchs of the court.
Shêng Tao 盛道
Joined a failed revolt vs. Liu Zhang. His wife sacrificed herself to save him from execution
Shêng Man 盛曼
Served Wu. Made war with Wei following the subjugation of Shu in 264.

Notes: Sometimes he also appears as Cheng Man.

盛憲 (孝章)
Shêng Hsien (Hsiao-chang) 盛宪 (孝章)
Helped in resistance to Sun Ce, had quite a reputation. Killed by Sun Quan.
Shênshêng [Prince Shênshêng of Chin] 申生
Spring and Autumn Period. Half-brother to Chong’er, eldest son of Duke Xian of Jin.

Notes: ‘Shen Sheng’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation. ‘Er Shensheng’ in the Moss Roberts translation.

申屠蟠 (子龍)
Shênt‘u P‘an (Tzŭ-lung) 申屠蟠 (子龙)
Refused appointment and when Dong Zhuo tried to hire him, laughed at the idea.
石苞 (仲容)
Shih Pao (Chung-jung) 石苞 (仲容)
Sold weapons to make a living, became a leading general of Jin and a popular offical.
Shih Ho 史郃
Surrendered to Wei alongside Huang Quan.
史渙 (公劉)
Shih Huan (Kungliu) 史涣 (公刘)
General of Xu Huang, captured messenger which gave them vital information.
Shih Huang 史璜
His death caused conflict as the Han ordered Shi Xie to defeat Liu Biao’s replacements.
时苗 (德胄)
Shih Miao (Techou) 时苗 (德胄)
Eccentric minister, held a variety of civil posts and was respected for his talent.
Shih Shuo 施朔
Imperial Guard under Sun Xiu who reported Sun Chen’s rebellion.
石韜 (廣元)
Shih T‘ao (Kuang-yüan) 石韬 (广元)
Old friend of Zhuge Liang. Joined Cao Cao with Xu Shu and worked on agriculture.

Notes: ‘Shi Guangyuan’ in Romance of the Three Kingdoms (his style name is used).

士燮 (威彥)
Shih Hsieh (Wei-yen) 士燮 (威彦)
Grand Administrator of Jiaozhi. Paid regular tribute to Sun Quan.
Shih Tsuan 师纂
Joined Deng Ai’s attack on the Riverlands. Was made Imperial Protector of Yizhou.
司馬防 (建公)
Ssŭma Fang (Chienkung) 司马防 (建公)
Sima Yi’s father. An honest hermit who had a sense of public duty.
司馬孚 (叔達)
Ssŭma Fu (Shu-ta) 司马孚 (叔达)
Served Wei loyally to the end, weeping over Cao Mao’s corpse and refusing Jin princedom.
司馬光 (君實)
Ssŭma Kuang (Chün-shih) 司马光 (君实)
Authored the Warring States to Song Dynasty historical text, Zizhi tongjian.

Notes: Also known as Sushui Xiansheng (涑水先生). Alternative style name (or hao 號) Yusou (taken late in his life). Posthumously given the honorary title (Shi or 謚) Wenzheng (文正), thus Sima Wenzhenggong (司馬文正公).

司馬徽 (德操)
Ssŭma Hui (Tê-ts‘ao) 司马徽 (德操)
Named ‘Water Mirror’ by Pang Degong. Former teacher of Zhuge Liang and Pang Tong.
司馬進 (惠達)
Ssŭma Chin (Hui-ta) 司马进 (惠达)
6th son of Sima Fang, he would hold a minor court office under Wei. His son, Ti, would be enfeoffed as a King when Sima Yan took the throne.
司馬儁 (元異)
Ssŭma Chün (Yüan-i) 司马儁 (元异)
Grandfather of Sima Yi. Governor of Yingchuan.

Notes: ‘Sima Juan’ in the Moss Roberts translation and online Brewitt-Taylor translations. ‘Sima Jun’ in Rafe de Crespigny’s works.

司馬馗 (季達)
Ssŭma K‘uei (Chi-ta) 司马馗 (季达)
4th Son of Sima Fang, he would be a Chancellor of Lu and later awarded a marquisate.
司馬朗 (伯達)
Ssŭma Lang (Po-ta) 司马朗 (伯达)
Humane offical, his governing was popular with the people.
Ssŭma Ling 司马陵
Son of Sima Tong, he was enfeoffed as a King when Sima Yan became Emperor.
Ssŭma Lou 司马楼
Helped Cao Cao onto a horse after he had fallen while fleeing from Lü Bu.
司馬敏 (幼達)
Ssŭma Min (Yu-ta) 司马敏 (幼达)
Youngest son of Sima Fang, he died young and left no heirs.
Ssŭma Ch‘üan 司马权
Son of Sima Kui, he was enfeoffed as a King upon Sima Yan becoming Emperor.
司馬師 (子元)
Ssŭma Shih (Tzŭ-yüan) 司马师 (子元)
Sima Yi’s son. Instrumental in the rise of Jin.
Ssŭma Sui 司马遂
Son of Sima Xun, he was enfeoffed as a King when Sima Yan became Emperor.
Ssŭma T‘i 司马悌
Son of Sima Jin, he was enfeoffed as a King when Sima Yan became Emperor.
司馬同 (雅達)
Ssŭma T‘ung (Ya-ta) 司马同 (雅达)
7th son of Sima Fang, he served on the staff of the Director of Retainers and was enfeoffed.
司馬望 (子初)
Ssŭma Wang (Tzŭ-ch‘u) 司马望 (子初)
Fought Shu with Deng Ai, ambushed and killed Xiahou Ba.
司馬恂 (顯達)
Ssŭma Hsün (Hsien-ta) 司马恂 (显达)
Son of Sima Fang, was a mid-ranking civil officer under Wei.
司馬炎 (安世)
Ssŭma Yen (An-shih) 司马炎 (安世)
Installed as the first Emperor of the Jin Dynasty.

Notes: Known formally as Emperor Wu of Jin.

司馬懿 (仲達)
Ssŭma I (Chung-ta) 司马懿 (仲达)
A skilled advisor of the Wei kingdom. His efforts laid the foundation of Jin.
司馬攸 (大猷)
Ssŭma Yu (Ta-yu) 司马攸 (大猷)
Second son of Sima Zhao. Known as a kind and warm-natured man.
司馬昭 (子上)
Ssŭma Chao (Tzŭ-shang) 司马昭 (子上)
Son of Sima Yi. Father of Sima Yan. Controlled the Wei army after his brother, Shi’s, death.
司馬芝 (子華)
Ssŭma Chih (Tzŭ-hua) 司马芝 (子华)
Wei civil officer who served three generations of the Cao family.
司馬伷 (子將)
Ssŭma Chou (Tzŭ-chiang) 司马伷 (子将)
Led the force to which Sun Hao offered his seal and surrendered.
Sung Kuo 宋果
Proposed to Yang Feng that they should betray Li Jue. Overheard and killed by Li Jue.

Notes: Also called Song Ye.

Sung Chien 宋建
Rebelled against the Han for over thirty years until he was defeated by Xiahou Yuan.
Sung Chieh 宋阶
Served Wei. Friend of Cui Yan who died young.
Song Ch’i 宋奇
Husband of Cao Cao’s second cousin. He was executed and caused the removal from office of all those related to him.
Sung Ch‘ien 宋谦
Served Wu. In the novel, is killed by Li Dian at Hefei, but historically fights at Yiling.
Sung Jên 宋仁
Song Ren and his brother, Song Yong, join Liu Bei in Capcom’s Destiny of an Emperor.
Sung Hsien 宋宪
Served Lü Bu, but joined Cao Cao after Hou Cheng was punished. Killed by Yan Liang.
Song Yang 宋扬
A rebel alongside Han Sui, Bian Zhang and Beigong Yu.
Sung Yung 宋勇
Song Yong and his brother, Song Ren, join Liu Bei in Capcom’s Destiny of an Emperor.
Sung Chung [Tsung] (Chung-tzŭ) 宋忠
Scholar under Liu Biao with Qimu Kai. Sent by Liu Cong to surrender to Cao Cao.

Notes: Song Zhong’s name may have been written Song Zong 宋宗.

Su Fei 苏飞
Convinced Gan Ning to leave Huang Zu and join Sun Quan.
Su Ch‘in 苏秦
Su Qin was an influential political strategist during the Warring States Period.
蘇軾[蘇東坡] (子瞻)
Su Shih [Su Tungp‘o] (Tzŭ-chan) 苏轼[苏东坡] (子瞻)
Song Dynasty writer, poet, artist, calligrapher, pharmacologist and statesman.

Notes: Su Shi (蘇軾), styled Zizhan (子瞻), went by the pseudonym Dongpo Jushi (東坡居士; “The Scholar in Retirement at Eastern Slope”), and is often referenced as Su Dongpo (蘇東坡).

Su Shuang 苏双
Horse trader from Zhongshan with Zhang Shiping. Supplied Liu Bei’s first armed force.
Su Yung 苏顒
Vanguard commander of Guo Huai (who served Cao Zhen). Killed by Zhao Zilong.
Su Yu 苏由
Defended Ji when Yuan Shang went to help his brother against Cao Cao.
Su Yüeh 苏越
Hired to build a new palace for Cao Cao, tree he picks bleeds.
蘇則 (文師)
Su Tsê (Wên-shih) 苏则 (文师)
Considered Wei’s best frontier General, fiercely honest. Died after argument with Cao Pi.

Notes: Called Sun Tse in Chronicles of the Three Kingdoms.

眭固 (白兔)
Sui Ku (Poi-t‘u) 眭固 (白兔)
Killed Yang Chou who had killed Zhang Yang. Turned to Yuan Shao but killed in battle.

Notes: You will also find him referenced as Gui Gu and Kui Gu. In Moss Roberts’ translation he isn’t mentioned by name. ‘Kui Gu’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation. Koei, until recently, referenced him as Gui Gu. Bo 白 in his style is frequently translated as Bai, thus Baitu. Sidenote: his style, Botu (白兔) literally translates to ‘White Rabbit’.

Sui Yüanchin 眭元进
Part of the defenders of Yuan Shao’s supply camp, captured and executed.

Notes: Gui Yuanjin in some versions of the novel.

Suli 素利
Xianbei chieftain who offered trade with Wei. Later attacked by Kebineng.
孫霸 (子威)
Sun Pa (Tzŭ-wei) 孙霸 (子威)
He fought bitterly with his once close brother, Sun He, for succession. Forced into suicide.
孫賁 (伯陽)
Sun Pên (Po-yang) 孙贲 (伯阳)
Inherited Sun Jian’s troops and served Yuan Shu, then Sun Ce. Died of illness after Chibi.
孫策 (伯符)
Sun Ts‘ê (Po-fu) 孙策 (伯符)
Sun Jian’s oldest son. Built the foundation of the Wu kingdom.
孫綝 (子通)
Sun Ch‘ên (Tzŭ-t‘ung) 孙綝 (子通)
Executed a number of Wu officials and abused his authority, deposed Sun Liang.

Notes: Sometimes ‘綝’ is incorrectly translated as lin2, thus ‘Sun Lin’.

孫登 (子高)
Sun Têng (Tzŭ-kao) 孙登 (子高)
Set to be Quan’s successor, but died young. Kind and sought out goodness.
Sun Fêng 孙奉
Sun Hao saw him as a threat and made up crimes against him in order to execute him.
孫府 (國儀)
Sun Fu (Kuo-i) 孙府 (国仪)
Second son of Sun Qiang. Imprisoned after trying to surrender to Cao Cao.
Sun Kao 孙高
Old general of Sun Yi, avenged the death of his master.
Sun Kao 孙皓
Contemplated a coup against Sun Quan but decided against.

Notes: Called Sun Hao in SGZ. Not to be confused with Sun Hao, Emperor of Wu.

孫皓 (元宗)
Sun Hao (Yüan-tsung) 孙皓 (元宗)
Last Emperor of Wu. Destroyed the country through tyranical rule and wasteful projects.

Notes: Called “Peng Zu” by Sun Quan after his birth.

孫和 (子孝)
Sun Ho (Tzŭ-hsiao) 孙和 (子孝)
Heir to Sun Quan but quarrelled with his brother Sun Ba. Dismissed by his father.
孫河 (伯海)
Sun Ho (Po-hai) 孙河 (伯海)
Investigated Sun Yi’s death but was assassinated. Adopted into Yu clan by Sun Jian.

Notes: Sun He was adopted into the Yu clan by Sun Jian to continue the Yu family lineage, which would have continued only through women. The novel reverses this role and has him being adopted into the Sun clan from the Yu clan. Sun Hu in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation. Yu Hu in the Moss Roberts translation.

Sun Hung 孙弘
Worked against Sun He’s supporters by forged decrees, plotted against Zhuge Ke.
孫奐 (季明)
Sun Huan (Chi-ming) 孙奂 (季明)
Captured three Wei generals at Shiyang. Encouraged scholarship in his lands.
孫桓 (叔武)
Sun Huan (Shu-wu) 孙桓 (叔武)
Part of invasion of Jing. Trapped at Yiling, he holds out until Lu Xun achieves victory.
Sun Chi 孙冀
Officer of Wu. Took over Lu Kang’s position when Kang was removed from office.
孫堅 (文台)
Sun Chien (Wên-t‘-ai) 孙坚 (文台)
Father of Sun Ce, Sun Quan, and the kingdom of Wu.
孫皎 (叔朗)
Sun Chiao (Shu-lang) 孙皎 (叔朗)
Held off Cao Cao’s forces at Ruxukou. A generous and honourable man.
孫靜 (幼台)
Sun Ching (Yu-t‘-ai) 孙静 (幼台)
Raised up the troops that would be Jian’s personal guard. Helped defeat Wang Lang.

Notes: Mistakenly referred to as ‘Sun Kuang’ in chapter 39 of the online Brewitt-Taylor translation.

孫峻 (子遠)
Sun Chün (Tzŭ-yüan) 孙峻 (子远)
Joined Teng Yin in assassinating Zhuge Ke, later controlled the court.
孫匡 (季佐)
Sun K‘uang (Chi-tso) 孙匡 (季佐)
Married daughter of Cao Ren, died at twenty without having held office.
孫朗 (早安)
Sun Lang (Tsao-an) 孙朗 (早安)
The fifth son of Sun Jian. Led a command at Dongkou but accidentally burned his own camp.

Notes: Also known as Sun Ren (孫仁). Had his surname changed to Ding (丁) by Sun Quan while imprisoned after he ignored Lü Fan’s orders defending against Cao Xiu.

孫禮 (德達)
Sun Li (Tê-ta) 孙礼 (德达)
Fought against Shu under Sima Yi and Cao Zhen. Became an Excellency.
孫諒 (士文)
Sun Liang (Shih-wên) 孙谅 (士文)
孫亮 (子明)
Sun Liang (Tzŭ-ming) 孙亮 (子明)
Became Emperor, but was dethroned by Sun Chen after failed attempt to remove Chen.
孫鲁班 (大虎)
Sun Lupan (Ta-hu) 孙鲁班 (大虎)
Lover of Sun Jun. Caused deaths of Lady Wang, Princess Zhu and Sun He.

Notes: Also known as Princess Quan. Dahu means ‘Big Tiger’.

孫乾 (公祐)
Sun Ch‘ien (Kung-yu) 孙乾 (公祐)
Served Liu Bei. From Beihai. At death ranked General Who Upholds Loyalty.
孫羌 (聖臺)
Sun Ch‘iang (Shêng-t‘ai) 孙羌 (圣臺)
The twin brother of Sun Jian. Father of Sun Ben and Sun Fu.
孫權 (仲謀)
Sun Ch‘üan (Chung-mou) 孙权 (仲谋)
Sun Jian’s second son. Sun Ce’s brother. Long-lived first Emperor of Wu.
Sun Shao 孙绍
Sun Ce’s posthumous son. Died young, some criticize Quan’s treatment of Shao.
孫邵 (長緒)
Sun Shao (Ch‘ang-hsü) 孙邵 (长绪)
Became Prime Minister of Wu in AD 222. Formerly served Kong Rong, then Liu Yao.
孫韶 (公禮)
Sun Shao (Kung-li) 孙韶 (公礼)
Disobeyed Xu Sheng to fool opposing Wei forces. Maintained strong defense against Wei.

Notes: Sun Shao, before being adopted by Sun Ce, was known as Yu Shao (俞韶). Mistranslated as ‘Sun Hu’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor edition.

Sun Shu 孙述
A general during the late Wu period.
Sun Wan 孙上雨下單
Son of Sun Xiu, and intended heir. Puyang Xiang and Zhang Bu enthroned Sun Hao.

Notes: The character ‘Wan1’ in Sun Wan’s did not exist in Unicode for quite some time, but it is now listed. ’&#168128’ is the character, but odds are you can’t see it. 上雨下單, the name we are currently using, is simply an explanation of the character, which has has 雨 on the top and 單 on the bottom. 上 and 下 mean up and down respectively.

Sun Hsin 孙歆
In command of navy, lured out by Du Yu. Met the attack of Zhou Zhi but was killed.
Sun Hsiu 孙秀
Surrendered to Jin and served as Cavalry General. Wept at the fall of Wu.
孫休 (子烈)
Sun Hsiu (Tzŭ-lieh) 孙休 (子烈)
Overthrew Sun Chen but neglected state affairs. Wish for heirship ignored.
Sun I 孙异
Was sent to aid Jiang Wei during the fall of Shu but was too late.

Notes: Mistranslated as ‘Sun Yin’ in the online novel.

孫翊 (叔弼)
Sun I (Shu-pi) 孙翊 (叔弼)
Once a rival to Sun Quan. Assassinated by Bian Hong and others at a banquet.
孫瑜 (仲異)
Sun Yü (Chung-i) 孙瑜 (仲异)
Served Wu. Sun Jing’s second son and cousin to Sun Quan.
Sun Chên 孙震
Served Wu during Jin’s invasion. Was captured by Jin forces and executed.
Sun Chung 孙仲
Fought with Zhu Jun and Liu Bei at Wan, but was killed by Liu Bei.
Sup‘uyen 苏僕延
Served the Wuhuan with Tadun. Aided Yuan Shang. Executed by Gongsun Kang.

Notes: Known as 速仆丸 (Supuwan) in SGZ Wei 1.



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March 7, 2014