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Three Kingdoms Officer Names: Officers P-W

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Officers P–W: officer names from the Three Kingdoms officer name English–Chinese reference tool. Cross-reference given (xìng), personal (míng) and style (zì), given (xìng) and personal (míng) names in Pinyin, Wade-Giles, and traditional Chinese (both in Hanzi and decimal-encoded form for non-Unicode websites and forums).

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Name (family, given), style, Wade-Giles, tones, traditional and simplified Chinese.

Officer Name
Traditional Chinese,
Simplified Chinese
P‘an Fêng 潘凤
Officer of Han Fu. Wielded a giant axe and fought with Hua Xiong, but was killed.
潘濬 (承明)
P‘an Chün (Ch‘êng-ming) 潘浚 (承明)
Began his career under Liu Biao then Liu Bei. After Guan Yu’s death, served in Wu.
P‘an Lin 潘临
Scourge of the area, kept evading capture until Lu Xun led an army against him.
P‘an Miao 番苗
Killed Dan Meng following his brother’s death.
P‘an Hsin 番歆
Snubbed Dan Meng’s father-in-law at a banquet and was put to death.
潘勗 (元茂)
P‘an Hsü (Yüan-mao) 潘勖 (元茂)
Wrote up the the proclamation that made Cao Cao Duke of Wei.
P‘an Yin 潘隐
Warned He Jin of Jian Shou’s plot and then of the Emperor’s death.
潘璋 (文珪)
P‘an Chang 潘璋 (文珪)
Served Wu. Led the forces which captured Guan Yu and his son, Guan Ping.
龐德 (令明)
P‘ang Tê (Ling-ming) 庞德 (令明)
Served Ma Chao, Zhang Lu, then Cao Cao. Fought against Guan Yu at Fancheng.
庞德公 (山民)
P‘ang Têkung (Shan-min) 庞德公 (山民)
A famed scholar. Uncle of Pang Tong.

Notes: Sima Hui called him Pang Gong as a nickname and therefore his name is sometimes mistranslated as such.

龐宏 (巨師)
P‘ang Hung (Chü-shih) 庞宏 (巨师)
Son of Pang Tong. Joined Wei with Huang Quan after the Shu army’s defeat by Wu.
龐渙 (世文)
P‘ang Huan (Shih-wên) 庞涣 (世文)
Son of Pang Degong.
P‘ang Hui 庞会
Pang De’s son. Had Guan Yu’s clan exterminated after Shu’s surrender.
P‘ang Chüan 庞涓
General of the state of Wei in the Warring States Period.
P‘ang Lin 庞林
Surrendered to Wei with Huang Quan, where Lin was reunited with his wife.
P‘ang Jou 庞柔
Cousin of Pang De, his service to Shu cast doubts on Pang De’s loyalty.
P‘ang Shu 庞舒
Sheltered Lü Bu and his family in Chang’an. Executed by Li Jue and Guo Si.
龐統 (士元)
P‘ang T‘ung (Shih-yüan) 庞统 (士元)
Friend of Sima Hui’s and Shu’s “Fledgling Phoenix.” Killed by an arrow at Luocheng.
P‘ang Hsi 庞羲
A friend of Liu Yan. Collected his grandchildren and brought them to Shu.
龐淯 (子異)
P‘ang Yü (Tzŭ-i) 庞淯 (子异)
Fillial man, helped avenge grandfather and tried to avenge master.
P‘ang Yüeh 庞乐
With Li Yi, turned against Zhao Wei and killed him.
P‘ei Hui (Wên-chi) 裴徽
Talented scholar and friends with many great men. Settled rivalry between Xun Can and Fu Gu.
裴茂 (巨光)
P‘ei Mao (Chü-kuang) 裴茂 (巨光)
Sent by Xian to give Cao Cao the Golden Seal. Took part in Li Jue’s death.
裴潛 (文行)
P‘ei Ch‘ien (Wên-hsing) 裴潜 (文行)
Refused service with Liu Biao, he dealt with the Shanyu without an army.
裴松之 (世期)
P‘ei Sungchih (Shih-ch‘i) 裴松之 (世期)
Annotated Chen Shou’s Sanguozhi with numerous and extensive footnotes.
裴秀 (季彥)
P‘ei Hsiu (Chi-yen) 裴秀 (季彦)
Expert cartographer, close adviser to Sima Zhao and Sima Yan.
裴玄 (彥黃)
P‘ei Hsüan (Yen-huang) 裴玄 (彦黄)
Evaluated by Bu Zhi. A leader scholar, he worked on texts along with Yang Jun.
P‘ei Yüanshao 裴元绍
Former Yellow Scarve killed by Zhao Yun during an attempt to steal his horse.
P‘êng Hu 彭虎
Raised ten thousand men under his control, fled on sight of Wu forces.
P‘êng T‘o 彭脱
Defeated by Huangfu Song and Zhu Jun.
彭羕 (永年)
P‘êng Yang (Yung-nien) 彭羕 (永年)
Friend of Meng Da, plotted revolt against Liu Bei. Repented but still executed.
P‘ufulu 普富卢
Wuhuan Chieftain in Dai. Surrendered to Cao Cao, rebelled, and was pacified by Cao Zhang.
P‘uching 普净
Monk. Warned Guan Yu of Bian Xi’s plot. Later helped Guan Yu’s spirit to find peace.

Notes: Pujing 普淨, a religious name, translates to Universal Purity. In the Brewitt-Taylor translation Pujing appears as Pu Jing and his name is translated as Transverse Peace. Other translations are possible.

濮陽興 (子元)
P‘uyang Hsing (Tzŭ-yüan) 濮阳兴 (子元)
Supported Sun Hao after Sun Xiu died, helping to elevate him to Emperor.
Ch‘i Chou 齐周
A clerical officer, joined in the revolt against Gongsun Zan under Liu He.
Ch‘ien Po 钱博
Local chieftain who surrendered to Lü Dai.
Ch‘ien Hung 牵弘
Served Wei. District Governor of Jincheng before helping Deng Ai’s invasion of Shu.
Ch‘ien T‘ung 钱铜
Led forces against Sun Ce but was defeated.
牽招 (子經)
Ch‘ien Chao (Tzŭ-ching) 牵招 (子经)
Persuaded the Wuhuan to side with Cao Cao over the Yuan’s. Mourned Yuan Shang.
Ch’iang-tuan 强端
A member of the Di at Yinping who executed Wu Lan and sent his head to Wei.
喬瑁 (元偉)
Ch‘iao Mao (Yüan-wei) 乔瑁 (元伟)
Forged decree against Dong Zhuo. Was killed by his enemy Liu Dai.
Ch‘iao Jui 桥蕤
Officer of Yuan Shu. Fought with Cao Cao’s forces, but was killed by Xiahou Dun.
橋玄 (公祖)
Ch‘iao Hsüan (Kung-tsu) 桥玄 (公祖)
Recognised Cao Cao’s talent and predicted Han would collapse. Noble offical.

Notes: ‘State Patriarch Qiao’ in the Brewitt-Taylor translation. ‘State Elder Qiao’ in the Moss Roberts translation.

譙周 (允南)
Ch‘iao Chou (Yün-nan) 谯周 (允南)
Historian and teacher, advised Liu Shan to surrender. Opposed Jiang Wei and Huang Hao.
Ch‘imu K‘ai 綦母闓
Scholar in Liu Biao’s court. Produced the “Later Edition” with Song Zhong.

Notes: ‘Lord Qimu’ is referenced in SGZ: Wei 8 with a similar background to Qimu Kai. It is likely that ‘Lord Qimu’ and Qimu Kai are the same person.

Ch‘in Lang 秦狼
Raised men in revolt but was defeated and captured by Jiang Qin.
秦朗 (元明)
Ch‘in Lang (Yüan-ming) 秦朗 (元明)
Adopted son of Cao Cao. Led troops to pacify the Xianbei in 233. Close to Cao Rui.
秦宓 (子質)
Ch‘in Mi (Tzŭ-ch‘ih) 秦宓 (子质)
Rebuked Jian Yong for his arrogance, thrown in jail for opposing the invasion of Wu.
Ch‘in Ch‘i 秦祺
Served Wei under Xiahou Dun. In novel, killed by Guan Yu leaving Cao Cao.
Ch‘in Ch‘ingt‘ung 秦庆童
Servant of Dong Cheng. Punished for talking with Yun Ying. Betrayed him to Cao Cao.

Notes: Mistranslated as ‘Quin Quington’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor edition. Another calls him ‘Qui Lici’.

秦召 (伯南)
Ch‘in Shao (Po-nan) 秦召 (伯南)
Saved Cao Cao’s life at the cost of his own, his son was adopted by Cao Cao.
秦松 (文表)
Ch‘in Sung (Wên-piao) 秦松 (文表)
Served Sun Ce as an advisor, but died young. Usually appeared around Zhang Zhao.
秦頡 (初起)
Ch‘in Hsieh (Ch‘u-ch‘i) 秦颉 (初起)
Killed Zhang Mancheng and Han Zhong before being killed in a mutiny.

Notes: Also known as Qin Jie.

Ch‘in I 秦谊
Swordsman, helped kill Dong Zhuo, dressing up as a guard to do so.
Ch‘in Ilu 秦宜禄
Sent to ask for reinforcements, his wife was taken by Cao Cao. Killed by Zhang Fei.
Ch‘iu Pên 丘本
Advisor to Deng Ai, calms him down and advises to try and surprise Zhuge Zhan.
Ch‘iu Chien 丘建
Commander of Zhong Hui, helped warn Wei forces of Zhong Hui’s revolt.
Ch‘iulichü 丘力居
Raided the Han. Defeated by Gongsun Zan but counter attack wiped out 60% of Zan’s army.
Ch‘ü Kung 瞿恭
Bandit who was defeated and killed by Li Tong.
Ch‘ü Mu 渠穆
Killed He Jin and cut off his head.
Ch‘ü Yen 麹演
Part of leading clan of Xiping, he helped kill Han Sui. Refused to accept Zou Qi.
Ch‘ü I 麴义
Defeated Han Fu, Yufuluo and destroyed Gongsun Zan. Became arrogant and was executed.
全琮 (子璜)
Ch‘üan Ts‘ung (Tzŭ-huang) 全琮 (子璜)
Son of Quan Rou and son-in-law of Sun Quan. Served Wu as general and advisor.

Notes: His name is frequently written ‘Quan Zong’, but this is incorrect.

Ch‘üan Tuan 全端
Defended Shouchun during Zhuge Dan’s rebellion, but surrendered to Wei.
Ch‘üan Chi 全纪
Brother-in-law of Sun Liang. Ordered to kill Sun Chen by Sun Liang, but was executed.
Ch‘üan Ching 全静
Son of Quan Cong who defected to Wei.
Ch‘üan Jou 全柔
Man of local family. Managed to bring in grain during famine.
Ch‘üan Shang 全尚
Father of Quan Ji. Was killed after his wife revealed his son’s plot against Sun Chen.
Ch‘üan I 全懌
Quan Cong’s son. Sent to aid Zhuge Dan’s rebellion, but surrendered to Wei.
Ch‘üan I 全祎
Conspired with Geng Ji and Wei Huang to abduct the Han Emperor.
Ch‘üan I 全懌
Quan Xu’s (perhaps Quan Duan’s) son. Quan Zong’s grandson. Quan Yi’s nephew.
Ch‘üeh Chien 却俭
Liu Yan’s predecessor, his attempt to raise levies caused revolts. Favorite of Emperor Ling.
Ch‘üeh Hsüan 阙宣
With Tao Qian’s support, declared himself Son of Heaven but was later killed by Qian.
Ch‘üehchi 阙机
Xianbei leader. Persuaded by Yan Rou to set up trade relations with Cao Cao.
Jao Chu 饶助
Hired to help bring the people of Lujiang over to Wu.
Jaolung Tsung 扰龙宗
Delivering a report, he forgot to take off his sword and was killed by Dong Zhuo.
Red Hare [Ch‘iht‘uma] 赤兔[赤兔马]
Lü Bu’s famed horse. “Among men, Lü Bu; among horses, Red Hare.” Novel: Later given to Guan Yu by Cao Cao.
Jen Fu 任福
Wei general who defeated the rebel Cai Fang.
Jên Fan 任籓
Was involved in petitioning for Cao Cao to be made Duke.
任恺 (元褒)
Jên K‘ai (Yüan-pao) 任恺 (元褒)
Minister of both Wei and Jin. He was said to be careful and hardworking with official business, and was widely praised. However his career was hindered by conflict with Jia Chong.
Jên K‘uei 任夔
Advised attacking Cao Hong early but the plan resulted in Kui’s death.
Jên Lan 任览
Friend of Wei Feng, forewarned by Zheng Mao of Wei Feng’s ambitions.
Jên Ch‘i 任岐
Raised troops against Liu Yan but was defeated and killed.
任峻 (伯達)
Jên Chün (Po-ta) 任峻 (伯达)
Looked after military stores with Mao Jie.
Jung Ko 荣邰
Held hostage by Guo Si.
Juan Chi 阮籍
One of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove. He was also one of the compilers of the Wei shu.
Juan Hsien 阮咸
One of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove, criticized for chasing after his slave lover.
阮咸 (仲容)
Juan Hsien (Chung-jung) 阮咸 (仲容)
One of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove and nephew of Ruan Ji.
阮瑀 (元瑜)
Juan Yü (Yüan-yü) 阮瑀 (元瑜)
One of the Seven Jian’an Masters, studied under Cai Yong.
芮良 (文鸾)
Jui Liang (Wên-luan) 芮良 (文鸾)
Officer under Sun Ce who participated in the Jiangdong campaigns. Died in the late 190’s.
芮玄 (文表)
Jui Hsüan (Wên-piao) 芮玄 (文表)
Succeeded his brother’s position and was made Marquis of Liyang.
芮祉 (宣嗣)
Jui Chih (Hsüan-ssŭ) 芮祉 (宣嗣)
An officer of Sun Jian and Sun Ce. A man from Danyang.
Shamohan 沙末汗
After his father’s death, the Han court under Cao Cao confirmed him as a king.
Shan Ching 单经
Sent to aid Tao Qian against Cao Cao but defeated at Pingyuan.
Shan T‘ao 山涛
One of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove. He was the only Sage involved in politics.
Shan Yang 单飏
Asked by Qiao Xuan for interpretation of an omen, and predicted Cao Pi’s ascension to the throne.
Shang Shêng 商升
Opposed Sun Ce and defeated Han Yan. Wanted to surrender to He Qi but was murdered by his vassals.
Shang Yao 商曜
Rebelled and took Daling but was killed by the forces of Xu Huang and Xiahou Yuan.
邵悌 (元伯)
Shao T‘i (Yüan-po) 邵悌 (元伯)
Advisor of Sima Zhao’s. Warned Sima Zhao about trusting Zhong Hui.
射堅 (文固)
Shê Chien 射坚 (文固)
Of good repute, sacked during time of famine, went to Yi from Chang’an.
射援 (文雄)
Shê Yüan (Wên-hsiung) 射援 (文雄)
Of good reputation, Huangfu Song admired his talents. Memorialised Liu Bei be King of Hanzhong.
Shên Ch‘êng 沈成
Bandit who was defeated and killed by Li Tong.

Notes: Shen 沈 can also be translated as Chen, but this translation is not used in surnames. That said, you will still find him under the name Chen Cheng.

申耽 (義舉)
Shên Tan (I-chü) 申耽 (义举)
Brother of Shen Yi. Governor of Shangyong. Surrendered from Wei to Shu to Wei.
Shên Mi 沈弥
Took part in revolt against Liu Zhang but was defeated and fled to Jing.
審配 (正南)
Shên P‘ei (Chêng-nan) 审配 (正南)
Served Yuan Shao with loyalty. After Shao’s death, sided with his youngest son, Shang.
Shên Jung 审荣
Nephew of Shen Pei. Betrayed Jizhou after the family of his friend, Xin Pi, was executed.
Shên I 申仪
Brother of Shen Dan. Friend of Meng Da. Surrendered from Wei to Shu then again to Wei.
Shên Ying 沈莹
General of the Left under Sun Hao who was slain during Jin’s conquest of Wu.

Notes: Also Shen Rong or Shen Zong in the online Brewitt-Taylor edition.

沈友 (子正)
Shên Yu (Tzŭ-ch‘êng) 沈友 (子正)
Compiled commentary on art of war, alienated from Sun Quan who later killed him.
Shên Chung 审忠
In 179 or 180, he denounced the eunuchs of the court.
Shêng Tao 盛道
Joined a failed revolt vs. Liu Zhang. His wife sacrificed herself to save him from execution
Shêng Man 盛曼
Served Wu. Made war with Wei following the subjugation of Shu in 264.

Notes: Sometimes he also appears as Cheng Man.

盛憲 (孝章)
Shêng Hsien (Hsiao-chang) 盛宪 (孝章)
Helped in resistance to Sun Ce, had quite a reputation. Killed by Sun Quan.
Shênshêng [Prince Shênshêng of Chin] 申生
Spring and Autumn Period. Half-brother to Chong’er, eldest son of Duke Xian of Jin.

Notes: ‘Shen Sheng’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation. ‘Er Shensheng’ in the Moss Roberts translation.

申屠蟠 (子龍)
Shênt‘u P‘an (Tzŭ-lung) 申屠蟠 (子龙)
Refused appointment and when Dong Zhuo tried to hire him, laughed at the idea.
石苞 (仲容)
Shih Pao (Chung-jung) 石苞 (仲容)
Sold weapons to make a living, became a leading general of Jin and a popular offical.
Shih Ho 史郃
Surrendered to Wei alongside Huang Quan.
史渙 (公劉)
Shih Huan (Kungliu) 史涣 (公刘)
General of Xu Huang, captured messenger which gave them vital information.
Shih Huang 史璜
His death caused conflict as the Han ordered Shi Xie to defeat Liu Biao’s replacements.
时苗 (德胄)
Shih Miao (Techou) 时苗 (德胄)
Eccentric minister, held a variety of civil posts and was respected for his talent.
Shih Shuo 施朔
Imperial Guard under Sun Xiu who reported Sun Chen’s rebellion.
石韜 (廣元)
Shih T‘ao (Kuang-yüan) 石韬 (广元)
Old friend of Zhuge Liang. Joined Cao Cao with Xu Shu and worked on agriculture.

Notes: ‘Shi Guangyuan’ in Romance of the Three Kingdoms (his style name is used).

士燮 (威彥)
Shih Hsieh (Wei-yen) 士燮 (威彦)
Grand Administrator of Jiaozhi. Paid regular tribute to Sun Quan.
Shih Tsuan 师纂
Joined Deng Ai’s attack on the Riverlands. Was made Imperial Protector of Yizhou.
司馬防 (建公)
Ssŭma Fang (Chienkung) 司马防 (建公)
Sima Yi’s father. An honest hermit who had a sense of public duty.
司馬孚 (叔達)
Ssŭma Fu (Shu-ta) 司马孚 (叔达)
Served Wei loyally to the end, weeping over Cao Mao’s corpse and refusing Jin princedom.
司馬光 (君實)
Ssŭma Kuang (Chün-shih) 司马光 (君实)
Authored the Warring States to Song Dynasty historical text, Zizhi tongjian.

Notes: Also known as Sushui Xiansheng (涑水先生). Alternative style name (or hao 號) Yusou (taken late in his life). Posthumously given the honorary title (Shi or 謚) Wenzheng (文正), thus Sima Wenzhenggong (司馬文正公).

司馬徽 (德操)
Ssŭma Hui (Tê-ts‘ao) 司马徽 (德操)
Named ‘Water Mirror’ by Pang Degong. Former teacher of Zhuge Liang and Pang Tong.
司馬進 (惠達)
Ssŭma Chin (Hui-ta) 司马进 (惠达)
6th son of Sima Fang, he would hold a minor court office under Wei. His son, Ti, would be enfeoffed as a King when Sima Yan took the throne.
司馬儁 (元異)
Ssŭma Chün (Yüan-i) 司马儁 (元异)
Grandfather of Sima Yi. Governor of Yingchuan.

Notes: ‘Sima Juan’ in the Moss Roberts translation and online Brewitt-Taylor translations. ‘Sima Jun’ in Rafe de Crespigny’s works.

司馬馗 (季達)
Ssŭma K‘uei (Chi-ta) 司马馗 (季达)
4th Son of Sima Fang, he would be a Chancellor of Lu and later awarded a marquisate.
司馬朗 (伯達)
Ssŭma Lang (Po-ta) 司马朗 (伯达)
Humane offical, his governing was popular with the people.
Ssŭma Ling 司马陵
Son of Sima Tong, he was enfeoffed as a King when Sima Yan became Emperor.
Ssŭma Lou 司马楼
Helped Cao Cao onto a horse after he had fallen while fleeing from Lü Bu.
司馬敏 (幼達)
Ssŭma Min (Yu-ta) 司马敏 (幼达)
Youngest son of Sima Fang, he died young and left no heirs.
Ssŭma Ch‘üan 司马权
Son of Sima Kui, he was enfeoffed as a King upon Sima Yan becoming Emperor.
司馬師 (子元)
Ssŭma Shih (Tzŭ-yüan) 司马师 (子元)
Sima Yi’s son. Instrumental in the rise of Jin.
Ssŭma Sui 司马遂
Son of Sima Xun, he was enfeoffed as a King when Sima Yan became Emperor.
Ssŭma T‘i 司马悌
Son of Sima Jin, he was enfeoffed as a King when Sima Yan became Emperor.
司馬同 (雅達)
Ssŭma T‘ung (Ya-ta) 司马同 (雅达)
7th son of Sima Fang, he served on the staff of the Director of Retainers and was enfeoffed.
司馬望 (子初)
Ssŭma Wang (Tzŭ-ch‘u) 司马望 (子初)
Fought Shu with Deng Ai, ambushed and killed Xiahou Ba.
司馬恂 (顯達)
Ssŭma Hsün (Hsien-ta) 司马恂 (显达)
Son of Sima Fang, was a mid-ranking civil officer under Wei.
司馬炎 (安世)
Ssŭma Yen (An-shih) 司马炎 (安世)
Installed as the first Emperor of the Jin Dynasty.

Notes: Known formally as Emperor Wu of Jin.

司馬懿 (仲達)
Ssŭma I (Chung-ta) 司马懿 (仲达)
A skilled advisor of the Wei kingdom. His efforts laid the foundation of Jin.
司馬攸 (大猷)
Ssŭma Yu (Ta-yu) 司马攸 (大猷)
Second son of Sima Zhao. Known as a kind and warm-natured man.
司馬昭 (子上)
Ssŭma Chao (Tzŭ-shang) 司马昭 (子上)
Son of Sima Yi. Father of Sima Yan. Controlled the Wei army after his brother, Shi’s, death.
司馬芝 (子華)
Ssŭma Chih (Tzŭ-hua) 司马芝 (子华)
Wei civil officer who served three generations of the Cao family.
司馬伷 (子將)
Ssŭma Chou (Tzŭ-chiang) 司马伷 (子将)
Led the force to which Sun Hao offered his seal and surrendered.
Sung Kuo 宋果
Proposed to Yang Feng that they should betray Li Jue. Overheard and killed by Li Jue.

Notes: Also called Song Ye.

Sung Chien 宋建
Rebelled against the Han for over thirty years until he was defeated by Xiahou Yuan.
Sung Chieh 宋阶
Served Wei. Friend of Cui Yan who died young.
Song Ch’i 宋奇
Husband of Cao Cao’s second cousin. He was executed and caused the removal from office of all those related to him.
Sung Ch‘ien 宋谦
Served Wu. In the novel, is killed by Li Dian at Hefei, but historically fights at Yiling.
Sung Jên 宋仁
Song Ren and his brother, Song Yong, join Liu Bei in Capcom’s Destiny of an Emperor.
Sung Hsien 宋宪
Served Lü Bu, but joined Cao Cao after Hou Cheng was punished. Killed by Yan Liang.
Song Yang 宋扬
A rebel alongside Han Sui, Bian Zhang and Beigong Yu.
Sung Yung 宋勇
Song Yong and his brother, Song Ren, join Liu Bei in Capcom’s Destiny of an Emperor.
Sung Chung [Tsung] (Chung-tzŭ) 宋忠
Scholar under Liu Biao with Qimu Kai. Sent by Liu Cong to surrender to Cao Cao.

Notes: Song Zhong’s name may have been written Song Zong 宋宗.

Su Fei 苏飞
Convinced Gan Ning to leave Huang Zu and join Sun Quan.
Su Ch‘in 苏秦
Su Qin was an influential political strategist during the Warring States Period.
蘇軾[蘇東坡] (子瞻)
Su Shih [Su Tungp‘o] (Tzŭ-chan) 苏轼[苏东坡] (子瞻)
Song Dynasty writer, poet, artist, calligrapher, pharmacologist and statesman.

Notes: Su Shi (蘇軾), styled Zizhan (子瞻), went by the pseudonym Dongpo Jushi (東坡居士; “The Scholar in Retirement at Eastern Slope”), and is often referenced as Su Dongpo (蘇東坡).

Su Shuang 苏双
Horse trader from Zhongshan with Zhang Shiping. Supplied Liu Bei’s first armed force.
Su Yung 苏顒
Vanguard commander of Guo Huai (who served Cao Zhen). Killed by Zhao Zilong.
Su Yu 苏由
Defended Ji when Yuan Shang went to help his brother against Cao Cao.
Su Yüeh 苏越
Hired to build a new palace for Cao Cao, tree he picks bleeds.
蘇則 (文師)
Su Tsê (Wên-shih) 苏则 (文师)
Considered Wei’s best frontier General, fiercely honest. Died after argument with Cao Pi.

Notes: Called Sun Tse in Chronicles of the Three Kingdoms.

眭固 (白兔)
Sui Ku (Poi-t‘u) 眭固 (白兔)
Killed Yang Chou who had killed Zhang Yang. Turned to Yuan Shao but killed in battle.

Notes: You will also find him referenced as Gui Gu and Kui Gu. In Moss Roberts’ translation he isn’t mentioned by name. ‘Kui Gu’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation. Koei, until recently, referenced him as Gui Gu. Bo 白 in his style is frequently translated as Bai, thus Baitu. Sidenote: his style, Botu (白兔) literally translates to ‘White Rabbit’.

Sui Yüanchin 眭元进
Part of the defenders of Yuan Shao’s supply camp, captured and executed.

Notes: Gui Yuanjin in some versions of the novel.

Suli 素利
Xianbei chieftain who offered trade with Wei. Later attacked by Kebineng.
孫霸 (子威)
Sun Pa (Tzŭ-wei) 孙霸 (子威)
He fought bitterly with his once close brother, Sun He, for succession. Forced into suicide.
孫賁 (伯陽)
Sun Pên (Po-yang) 孙贲 (伯阳)
Inherited Sun Jian’s troops and served Yuan Shu, then Sun Ce. Died of illness after Chibi.
孫策 (伯符)
Sun Ts‘ê (Po-fu) 孙策 (伯符)
Sun Jian’s oldest son. Built the foundation of the Wu kingdom.
孫綝 (子通)
Sun Ch‘ên (Tzŭ-t‘ung) 孙綝 (子通)
Executed a number of Wu officials and abused his authority, deposed Sun Liang.

Notes: Sometimes ‘綝’ is incorrectly translated as lin2, thus ‘Sun Lin’.

孫登 (子高)
Sun Têng (Tzŭ-kao) 孙登 (子高)
Set to be Quan’s successor, but died young. Kind and sought out goodness.
Sun Fêng 孙奉
Sun Hao saw him as a threat and made up crimes against him in order to execute him.
孫府 (國儀)
Sun Fu (Kuo-i) 孙府 (国仪)
Second son of Sun Qiang. Imprisoned after trying to surrender to Cao Cao.
Sun Kao 孙高
Old general of Sun Yi, avenged the death of his master.
Sun Kao 孙皓
Contemplated a coup against Sun Quan but decided against.

Notes: Called Sun Hao in SGZ. Not to be confused with Sun Hao, Emperor of Wu.

孫皓 (元宗)
Sun Hao (Yüan-tsung) 孙皓 (元宗)
Last Emperor of Wu. Destroyed the country through tyranical rule and wasteful projects.

Notes: Called “Peng Zu” by Sun Quan after his birth.

孫和 (子孝)
Sun Ho (Tzŭ-hsiao) 孙和 (子孝)
Heir to Sun Quan but quarrelled with his brother Sun Ba. Dismissed by his father.
孫河 (伯海)
Sun Ho (Po-hai) 孙河 (伯海)
Investigated Sun Yi’s death but was assassinated. Adopted into Yu clan by Sun Jian.

Notes: Sun He was adopted into the Yu clan by Sun Jian to continue the Yu family lineage, which would have continued only through women. The novel reverses this role and has him being adopted into the Sun clan from the Yu clan. Sun Hu in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation. Yu Hu in the Moss Roberts translation.

Sun Hung 孙弘
Worked against Sun He’s supporters by forged decrees, plotted against Zhuge Ke.
孫奐 (季明)
Sun Huan (Chi-ming) 孙奂 (季明)
Captured three Wei generals at Shiyang. Encouraged scholarship in his lands.
孫桓 (叔武)
Sun Huan (Shu-wu) 孙桓 (叔武)
Part of invasion of Jing. Trapped at Yiling, he holds out until Lu Xun achieves victory.
Sun Chi 孙冀
Officer of Wu. Took over Lu Kang’s position when Kang was removed from office.
孫堅 (文台)
Sun Chien (Wên-t‘-ai) 孙坚 (文台)
Father of Sun Ce, Sun Quan, and the kingdom of Wu.
孫皎 (叔朗)
Sun Chiao (Shu-lang) 孙皎 (叔朗)
Held off Cao Cao’s forces at Ruxukou. A generous and honourable man.
孫靜 (幼台)
Sun Ching (Yu-t‘-ai) 孙静 (幼台)
Raised up the troops that would be Jian’s personal guard. Helped defeat Wang Lang.

Notes: Mistakenly referred to as ‘Sun Kuang’ in chapter 39 of the online Brewitt-Taylor translation.

孫峻 (子遠)
Sun Chün (Tzŭ-yüan) 孙峻 (子远)
Joined Teng Yin in assassinating Zhuge Ke, later controlled the court.
孫匡 (季佐)
Sun K‘uang (Chi-tso) 孙匡 (季佐)
Married daughter of Cao Ren, died at twenty without having held office.
孫朗 (早安)
Sun Lang (Tsao-an) 孙朗 (早安)
The fifth son of Sun Jian. Led a command at Dongkou but accidentally burned his own camp.

Notes: Also known as Sun Ren (孫仁). Had his surname changed to Ding (丁) by Sun Quan while imprisoned after he ignored Lü Fan’s orders defending against Cao Xiu.

孫禮 (德達)
Sun Li (Tê-ta) 孙礼 (德达)
Fought against Shu under Sima Yi and Cao Zhen. Became an Excellency.
孫諒 (士文)
Sun Liang (Shih-wên) 孙谅 (士文)
孫亮 (子明)
Sun Liang (Tzŭ-ming) 孙亮 (子明)
Became Emperor, but was dethroned by Sun Chen after failed attempt to remove Chen.
孫鲁班 (大虎)
Sun Lupan (Ta-hu) 孙鲁班 (大虎)
Lover of Sun Jun. Caused deaths of Lady Wang, Princess Zhu and Sun He.

Notes: Also known as Princess Quan. Dahu means ‘Big Tiger’.

孫乾 (公祐)
Sun Ch‘ien (Kung-yu) 孙乾 (公祐)
Served Liu Bei. From Beihai. At death ranked General Who Upholds Loyalty.
孫羌 (聖臺)
Sun Ch‘iang (Shêng-t‘ai) 孙羌 (圣臺)
The twin brother of Sun Jian. Father of Sun Ben and Sun Fu.
孫權 (仲謀)
Sun Ch‘üan (Chung-mou) 孙权 (仲谋)
Sun Jian’s second son. Sun Ce’s brother. Long-lived first Emperor of Wu.
Sun Shao 孙绍
Sun Ce’s posthumous son. Died young, some criticize Quan’s treatment of Shao.
孫邵 (長緒)
Sun Shao (Ch‘ang-hsü) 孙邵 (长绪)
Became Prime Minister of Wu in AD 222. Formerly served Kong Rong, then Liu Yao.
孫韶 (公禮)
Sun Shao (Kung-li) 孙韶 (公礼)
Disobeyed Xu Sheng to fool opposing Wei forces. Maintained strong defense against Wei.

Notes: Sun Shao, before being adopted by Sun Ce, was known as Yu Shao (俞韶). Mistranslated as ‘Sun Hu’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor edition.

Sun Shu 孙述
A general during the late Wu period.
Sun Wan 孙上雨下單
Son of Sun Xiu, and intended heir. Puyang Xiang and Zhang Bu enthroned Sun Hao.

Notes: The character ‘Wan1’ in Sun Wan’s did not exist in Unicode for quite some time, but it is now listed. ’&#168128’ is the character, but odds are you can’t see it. 上雨下單, the name we are currently using, is simply an explanation of the character, which has has 雨 on the top and 單 on the bottom. 上 and 下 mean up and down respectively.

Sun Hsin 孙歆
In command of navy, lured out by Du Yu. Met the attack of Zhou Zhi but was killed.
Sun Hsiu 孙秀
Surrendered to Jin and served as Cavalry General. Wept at the fall of Wu.
孫休 (子烈)
Sun Hsiu (Tzŭ-lieh) 孙休 (子烈)
Overthrew Sun Chen but neglected state affairs. Wish for heirship ignored.
Sun I 孙异
Was sent to aid Jiang Wei during the fall of Shu but was too late.

Notes: Mistranslated as ‘Sun Yin’ in the online novel.

孫翊 (叔弼)
Sun I (Shu-pi) 孙翊 (叔弼)
Once a rival to Sun Quan. Assassinated by Bian Hong and others at a banquet.
孫瑜 (仲異)
Sun Yü (Chung-i) 孙瑜 (仲异)
Served Wu. Sun Jing’s second son and cousin to Sun Quan.
Sun Chên 孙震
Served Wu during Jin’s invasion. Was captured by Jin forces and executed.
Sun Chung 孙仲
Fought with Zhu Jun and Liu Bei at Wan, but was killed by Liu Bei.
Sup‘uyen 苏僕延
Served the Wuhuan with Tadun. Aided Yuan Shang. Executed by Gongsun Kang.

Notes: Known as 速仆丸 (Supuwan) in SGZ Wei 1.

T‘atun 蹋顿
A Wuhuan chief. Slain in battle with Zhang Liao’s troops.

Notes: Mistranslated as ‘Mao Dun’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation.

太史慈 (子義)
T‘aishih Tz‘ŭ (Tzŭ-i) 太史慈 (子义)
Served Liu Yao, then Wu. Helped save Kong Rong from the Yellow Scarves.
太史享 (元復)
T‘aishih Hsiang (Yüan-fu) 太史享 (元复)
Held various posts in Wu. In novel, looked after by Quan after Ci’s death.

Notes: Also known as Heng in the novel.

檀敷 (文友)
T‘an Fu (Wên-yu) 檀敷 (文友)
One of the Eight Paragons of Jiangxia. From Shanyang.
T‘an Hsiung 谭雄
General of Sun Huan. Fights at Yiling, wounds Zhang Bao’s horse.
唐彬 (儒宗)
T‘ang Pin (Ju-tsung) 唐彬 (儒宗)
General of Jin who participated in the conquest of Wu. Described as fast as an elk.
T‘ang Chou 唐周
Follower of Zhang Jue. Betrayed his plans to the Han, and got Ma Yuanyi beheaded.
T‘ang Tzŭ 唐咨
Served Wu then surrendered to Wei. Collected ships for Zhong Hui.
T‘anshihhuai 檀石槐
Tanshihuai led the Xianbei in raiding Han China. Defeated Han forces in AD 177.
陶璜 (世英)
T‘ao Huang (Shih-ying) 陶璜 (世英)
Fought against rebels and Jin when serving Wu, a popular governor of Jiaozhi for 30 years.
T‘ao Chün 陶浚
A general of Wu. During Jin’s invasion, sent to meet the invading Jin forces.
陶謙 (恭祖)
T‘ao Ch‘ien (Kung-tsu) 陶谦 (恭祖)
Inspector of Xuzhou. Fought violently with Cao Cao. Died of illness.
T‘ao Shêng 陶升
Bandit leader, he rescued the family of many officials when he took Ye. Yuan Shao rewarded him for it.
陶丘洪 (子林)
T‘aoch‘iu Hung (Tzŭ-lin) 陶丘洪 (子林)
Praised Liu Dai and Liu Yao. Almost joined a plot to kidnap Emperor Ling.
T‘êng Tan 滕耽
A gentlemen of the same province as Liu Yao, had a fine reputation in Wu.
滕脩 (顯先)
T‘êng Hsiu (Hsien-hsien) 滕脩 (显先)
Late era General of Wu who governed Guangzhou. He later became Minister of Works.
滕胤 (承嗣)
T‘êng Yin (Ch‘êng-ssŭ) 滕胤 (承嗣)
Minister of Wu. Argued to Sun Jun that Zhuge Ke should be put to death.
T‘êng Chou 滕胄
Served Liu Yao and then the Sun family. Skilled at literary composition
田疇 (子泰)
T‘ien Ch‘ou (Tzŭ-t‘-ai) 田畴 (子泰)
Acted as guide against Wuhuan for Wei, refused reward as he felt he had failed Liu Yu.
T‘ien Fên 田芬
Accompanied Emperor Xian during his flight away from Li Jue, killed in battle.
田豐 (元皓)
T‘ien Fêng (Yüan-hao) 田丰 (元皓)
Served Yuan Shao, who ignored his advice. Killed himself after being slandered by Feng Ji.
T‘ien K‘ai 田楷
Appointed Lieutenant Governor of Qingzhou by Gongsun Zan. Fought against Cao Cao.
T‘ien Shao 田韶
Viewed Gongsun Du contemptuously. Killed by Du along with some other local gentry.
T‘ien Hsü 田续
Slew Deng Ai and his son in revenge for Deng Ai nearly executing him.
T‘ien I 田仪
Went to attend to Dong Zhuo’s corpse. Executed by Lü Bu.

Notes: Also called Tian Jing.

T‘ien Yin 田银
Rose in revolt with Su Bao but was defeated by Jia Xin.
田豫 (國讓)
T‘ien Yü (Kuo-jang) 田豫 (国让)
General of Wei under Cao Rui. Dispatched to Xiangyang to counter Wu’s invasion.

Notes: Also referred to erroneously as Tian Du.

T‘ien Chang 田章
Officer of Zhong Hui in Wei’s later days.
T‘ung Chih 僮芝
Local warlord, claimed area after Liu Yao’s death. Fell sick and Sun Fu seized his land.
T‘u An 土安
Defeats Shu army 15 times but it is all a ploy to make Nanman careless.
Wan Ch‘ien 万潜
Accompanied Bao Xin when he welcomed Cao Cao into Yan. Urged Cao Cao to become Duke of Wei.
Wan Yü 万彧
Advised Puyang Xing to make Sun Hao Emperor after Sun Xiu’s death.

Notes: Also called Wanyu Su

Wan Chêng 万政
Fictional lieutenant under Guo Huai in AD 228. Defeated and spared by Zhao Yun.
Wang Pi 王必
In charge of Imperial Guard, warned Cao Xiu of Geng Ji’s revolt but died from his wounds.
Wang Pi 王祕
Local warlord who defeated He Luan of Zhangye.
Wang Pi 王弼
A noted, if eccentric, philosopher central in the school of mystics.
王粲 (仲宣)
Wang Ts‘an (Chung-hsüan) 王粲 (仲宣)
One of the great literary figures of the time. Urged Liu Cong to surrender to Wei.
王昶 (文舒)
Wang Ch‘ang (Wên-shu) 王昶 (文舒)
Compiled treatises on government and military matters. Leading general against Wu.
Wang Ch‘ang 王昌
Member of Li Jue’s Tiger Army. Wouldn’t arrest Huangfu Li for ethical reasons.

Notes: ‘Wang Chan’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation.

Wang Ch‘êng 王承
Local officer near Chang’an, he feared Ma Teng was plotting against him so attacked and drove Ma Teng away.
Wang Ch‘en 王晨
One of the few members of the Wang family to escape Li Jue’s wrath.
Wang Tang 王当
Served under Zhang Yan.
Wang Tu 王度
Defected to the Yellow Turbans, beaten by Cheng Yu.
Wang Tun 王惇
Minister of Wu who was executed by Sun Chen.

Notes: Appears as Wang Chun in both the Moss Roberts and online Brewitt-Taylor translations of the novel.

Wang Fang 王方
Opened the gates of Chang’an, later fought Ma Teng and was killed by a young Ma Chao.
Wang Fen 王芬
Rebelled in an attempt to depose Emperor Ling. Committed suicide out of fear after being threatened with imperial troops.
Wang Fu 王甫
Accused Prince Li of treason after receiving no bribe. Accused Empress Song of witchcraft.
王甫 (國山)
Wang Fu (Kuo-shan) 王甫 (国山)
Warned Guan Yu about Lü Meng, Pang Jun and an ambush but was ignored.
王服[王子服] (子由)
Wang Fu [Wang Tzŭfu] (Tzu-yu) 王服[王子服] (子由)
Part of the ‘Jade Girdle’ plot to kill Cao Cao. Courtier of Dong Cheng. Executed by Cao.

Notes: Wang Fu appears as Wang Zifu (王子服) in the novel, SGZ Shu, and other sources. This appears to be an error. Rafe de Crespigny wrote the following in To Establish Peace I: “The main text of SGZ 32 gives the personal name of Wang Fu as, but Xiandi qijuzhu, quoted by PC, and the parallel texts HHS 9, 381, and HHS 72/62, 2343, all omit the character zi. It is presumably dittography from the name of Wu Zilan immediately preceding.”

Wang Kung 王肱
Grand Administrator of Dong commandery. He was unable to resist the Black Mountain Bandits.
王觀 (偉臺)
Wang Kuan (Wei-t‘-ai) 王观 (伟台)
Came up with a plan to trick Jiang Wei but it failed, died valiantly.
Wang Han 王含
Defender of Yuecheng, surrendered on the loss of Hanzhong.
王渾 (玄沖)
Wang Hun (Hsüan-ch‘ung) 王浑 (玄冲)
Warned that Sun Hao’s army was formidable and that they should wait a year.
王基 (伯興)
Wang Chi (Po-hsing) 王基 (伯兴)
Fought against Wu and Guanqiu Jian, fighting in three duels and advising to win hearts.
王經 (彥偉)
Wang Ching (Yen-wei) 王经 (彦伟)
Struggled against Jiang Wei. Supported Cao Mao when Mao tried to remove Sima Zhao.
王浚 (彭祖)
Wang Chün (P‘êng-tsu) 王浚 (彭祖)
A successful general under Sima Yan, he fought during the War of Eight Princes but was killed by Shi Le.
王濬 (士治)
Wang Chün (Shih-chih) 王浚 (士治)
Commander of the force that conqured Wu.
王俊 (子文)
Wang Chün (Tzu-wen) 王俊 (子文)
Advised Liu Biao to ally with Cao Cao rather than Yuan Shao. Died in his 64th year at Wuling.
Wang K‘ang 王伉
Defended Yongchang against Yong Kai’s attack, credited success to Lu Kai.
王匡 (公節)
Wang K‘uang (Kung-chieh) 王匡 (公节)
Took heavy losses against Dong Zhuo. Despised material things but could be violent.
王朗 (景興)
Wang Lang (Ying-hsing) 王朗 (景兴)
Originally the prefect of Huiji, he later joined Wei. Debated with Zhuge Liang.

Notes: Originally called Wang Yan

Wang Lei 王累
Minister of Liu Zhang. Strongly advised Zhang to not allow Liu Bei into Yi.
王連 (文儀)
Wang Lien (Wên-i) 王连 (文仪)
Shu governor who did well economically. He warned Zhuge Liang of the risk of malaria.
王烈 (彥方)
Wang Lieh (Yen-fang) 王烈 (彦方)
A famed man from Taiyuan who refused service and reformed others.
王淩 (彥云)
Wang Ling (Yen-yün) 王凌 (彦云)
Plotted against Sima Yi but plan was leaked and he was forced into suicide.
Wang Mai 王买
Officer of Zhong Hui during the conquest of Shu.
王莽 (巨君)
Wang Mang (Chü-chün) 王莽 (巨君)
Minister of the Western Han. Userped the throne from Ruzi. Killed in a rebellion.
Wang Mên 王门
A military commander, he was forced into withdrawing after Tian Yu shamed him.
王謀 (元泰)
Wang Mou (Yuan-t’ai) 王谋 (元泰)
Governor of Bajun under Liu Zhang. Held various post in Shu.
王平 (子均)
Wang P‘ing (Tzŭ-chün) 王平 (子均)
Served Wei but later surrendered to Shu. Served in the northern campaigns.

Notes: Also known as He Ping (何平).

Wang Ch‘i 王颀
Served Han as Commandant of the Exemplary Cavalry. Killed by Li Jue and Guo Si’s troops.
王頎 (孔碩)
Wang Ch‘i (K‘ung-shih) 王颀 (孔硕)
Served Wei. District Governor of Tianshui before helping Deng Ai’s invasion of Shu.

Notes: Shi 碩 in Kongshi can also be translated as Shuo.

王戎 (濬沖)
Wang Jung (Chün-ch‘ung) 王戎 (浚冲)
A child prodigy, one of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove, noted for his meanness.
Wang Jui (T‘ung-yao) 王睿
Governor of Jingzhou. Tried to have Cao Yin killed, but was killed first by Sun Jian.
Wang Shan 王山
Served Shu. Wang Lian’s son.
王沈 (處道)
Wang Shên (Ch‘u-tao) 王沈 (处道)
Compiled Wei-shu, the offical history of Wei. Betrayed Cao Mao’s revolt to Sima Zhao.

Notes: 沈 can also be pronounced Chen, and his name is sometimes translated as such.

王士 (義強)
Wang Shih (I-ch’iang) 王士 (义強)
Second cousin of Wang Fu. Died in the Nanman campaign.
王雙 (子全)
Wang Shuang (Tzŭ-ch‘üan) 王双 (子全)
Served Cao Rui. Defeated Zhang Ni, and was later killed by Wei Yan.
王嗣 (承宗)
Wang Ssu (Ch’engtsung) 王嗣 (承宗)
Died several months after being struck by an arrow during one of Jiang Wei’s northern expeditions. Had a strong relationship with the Qiang and Hu tribes.
王肅 (子雍)
Wang Su (Tzŭ-yung) 王肃 (子雍)
The son of Wang Lang. Aided the Sima’s in creating Jin. Father of Sima Zhao’s wife.
Wang T‘ao 王韬
Civil officer, advised Sima Zhao to pray to the fountain so he could feed the troops.
Wang T’u 王图
Petitioned Cao Cao to become Duke.
Wang Wei 王威
Served Liu Biao and Liu Cong loyally. Died protecting Cong from Cao Cao.
王祥 (休徵)
Wang Hsiang (Hsiu-chêng) 王祥 (休徵)
Convinced Sima Zhao to name Sima Yan heir, along with Jia Chong, Pei Xiu and others.
王修 (叔治)
Wang Hsiu (Shu-chih) 王修 (叔治)
Served Yuan Tan loyally. Joined Cao Cao after Yuan Tan’s death in AD 205.
Wang Hsüan 王选
Urged Cao Cao to become Duke of Wei.
Wang Hsün 王训
Wang Ping’s son and heir.
Wang Yen 王琰
Captured Gao Gan and was well rewarded. Served as an administrator in many places.
Wang Yeh 王业
Taken into Cao Mao’s confidence but betrayed it to Sima Zhao.
Wang I 王邑
Sent to present Cao Cao with gifts following Emperor Xian’s marriage with Cao Cao’s daughters.
Wang You 王祐
Son of Wang Fu who was of a similar character to his father.
Wang Yüanchi 王元姬
Empress dowager during Jin Dynasty. Wife of Sima Zhao and mother of Sima Yan.

Notes: Formerly Empress Wenming (文明皇后; “civil and understanding empress”)

王允 (子師)
Wang Yün (Tzŭ-shih) 王允 (子师)
Diaochan’s father. Orchestrated the plot which resulted in Dong Zhuo’s death.
Wang Chao 汪昭
Fictional officer under Yuan Tan. Killed after only a few bouts by Xu Huang.
Wang Chao 王照
Mountain bandit who surrendered to Wei.
Wang Chung 王忠
Failed against Liu Bei. Once forced to eat human flesh, Cao Pi made a joke of it.
魏諷 (子京)
Wei Fêng (Tzŭ-ching) 魏讽 (子京)
Thought of as a brilliant talent, he plotted a coup but it was betrayed and he was killed.
Wei Ku (Chung-chien) 魏种
Worked with Gao Gan against Cao Cao but was out-manoeuvred and destroyed.
衛瓘 (伯玉)
Wei Kuan (Po-yü) 卫瓘 (伯玉)
Sent to keep an eye on Zhong Hui and Deng Ai, he played a part in the death of both.
Wei Hung 卫弘
Of a wealthy family, he gave his property to Cao Cao to raise troops to restore the Han.
Wei Huang (Tê-wei) 韦晃
Han loyalist. Participated in a coup with Geng Ji and Jin Yi. Captured by Xiahou Dun.
衛覬 (伯儒)
Wei Chi (Po-ju) 卫觊 (伯儒)
A scholarly man. Advised settling the likes of Han Sui, against excess, proposed legal reforms.
Wei K‘ai 卫凯
Rebelled with Hou Yin but Cao Ren defeated and executed them.
Wei Miao 魏邈
Helped Sun Xiu against Sun Chen, warning the Wu ruler of the danger he was in.
Wei Wên 卫温
Voyaged for Wu to find and conquer foreign lands with Zhuge Zhi. Failed and was executed.
Wei Hsü 魏续
At first an officer of Lü Bu, he later joined Cao Cao. Killed by Yan Liang.
魏延 (文長)
Wei Yen (Wên-ch‘ang) 魏延 (文长)
Talented commander. Killed Han Xuan and surrendered his territory to Liu Bei.
Wei Yüeh 魏越
General of Lü Bu who took part in repeated attacks that ultimately led to Zhang Yan’s defeat.
Wei Chao (Hung-ssŭ) 韦昭
Historian who completed the last fifty-five juan of the Wu shu (Wu History).

Notes: Some places have him as Wei Yao to find the taboo of having same name as Sima Zhao.

衛臻 (公振)
Wei Chên (Kung-chên) 卫臻 (公振)
Served as messenger between Xian and Cao Cao, reminded Cao Pi of the Han’s achievements.

Notes: Called Wei Chen in ZZTJ.

Wei Tzŭ (Tzŭ-hsü) 卫兹
Constantly refused appointment till he met Cao Cao. Gave away property to help raise troops.
衛? (文經)
Wei ? (Wen-ching) 卫? (文经)
Noted by Chen Shou that no name, achievements or place of origin were available.
Weitzŭ (Viscount of Wei) 微子
Shang Dynasty. Related to the corrupt Zhou Xin, quit in disgust and went into exile.
Wên Ch‘ou 文丑
A fierce general in service under Yuan Shao. Killed in battle with Cao Cao.
Wên Hu 文虎
Son of Wen Qin and brother of Wen Yang. Followed his brother everywhere.
溫恢 (曼基)
Wên Hui (Man-chi) 温恢 (曼基)
Warned that the Wu front was secure but that Cao Ren might have problems against Guan Yu.
文聘 (仲業)
Wên P‘ing (Chung-yeh) 文聘 (仲业)
After Liu Cong’s surrender he secluded himself in shame. Later served Cao Cao

Notes: ‘Wen Pin’ in some books and nearly all games. Wen Ping is the correct Romanization.

文欽 (仲若)
Wên Ch‘in (Chung-jo) 文钦 (仲若)
Lieutenant Governor of Yang. Rebelled against Sima Shi with Guanqiu Jian.
Wen Sheng 温生
Made Marquis Within the Passes following his father Wen Hui’s death. The line was extinguished after his own early death.
Wên Yang 文鸯
Wen Qin’s son. Fought Sima Shi’s army. Later pledged loyalty to Zhuge Dan.

Notes: Originally named Wen Chu (文俶).

Wu Ankuo 武安国
Served Kong Rong. Wielded an iron mace. Maimed by Lü Bu after fighting ten bouts.
Wu Pa 吴霸
A commander-in-chief for the Yellow Scarves. Defeated and captured by Li Tong.
吳班 (元雄)
Wu Pan (Yüan-hsiung) 吴班 (元雄)
Vanguard at Yiling, led naval forces. Later senior general, helps defeat Sima Yi.

Notes: Also called Hu Ban in some versions of the novel.

吾粲 (孔休)
Wu Ts‘an (K‘ung-hsiu) 吾粲 (孔休)
Was promoted into office by Sun He. Helped to pacify the Shanyue.
吳敦 (黯奴)
Wu Tun (An-nu) 吴敦 (黯奴)
Bandit leader who would serve under Zang Ba for Lü Bu and Wei.

Notes: Annu, or Black Slave, was his nickname rather then his style.

Wu Kang 吴纲
Adviser to Zhuge Dan. Took Dan’s son to Wu to ensure Wu support.
Wu Kuot‘ai [Lady Wu] 吴国太
Fictional sister to Lady Wu, wife to Sun Jian. Mother figure to Sun Quan and Lady Sun after Lady Wu’s death.

Notes: Either Lady Wu or ‘Lady Wu’s sister’ (chapter 7) in Romance of the Three Kingdoms. You can read more about Wu Guotai’s novel appearances.

Wu Ching 吴景
Lady Wu’s younger brother. Served Sun Jian, then Yuan Shu, then Sun Ce.
吳巨 (元大)
Wu Chü (Yüan-ta) 吴巨 (元大)
Made Prefect of Cangwu through Liu Biao’s backing. Old friend of Liu Bei. Killed by Bu Zhi.
Wu Lan 吴兰
Served Liu Yan and Zhang then Liu Bei. Killed in battle with Cao Zhang.
五梁 (德山)
Wu Liang (Tê-shan) 五梁 (德山)
Commended for classical learning and moral integrity.
吳碩 (子蘭)
Wu Shih (Tzŭlan) 吴硕 (子兰)
Part of the ‘Jade Girdle’ plot to kill Cao Cao. Friend of Dong Cheng and Wang Zifu. Executed by Cao.

Notes: In SGZ: Shu 2 a man by the name of Wu Zilan 吳子蘭 is described as one of the conspirators. It is likely that this is Wu Shi, and that Zilan was his style.

Wu 吴押狱
Looked after the jailed Hua Tuo and was given his black bag so he could become a doctor.

Notes: Also called Wu the Gaoler

Wu Wu 吴五
Local leader on the upper Min River, destroyed by He Qi.
Wu Yen 伍延
General of the Flying Cavalry, fled when his position was untenable. Du Yu executed him.
吾彥 (士則)
Wu Yen (Shih-tsê) 吾彦 (士则)
Held out in his city of Jianping until Sun Hao surrendered.

Notes: Wu Yang in the translation.

吳懿 (子遠)
Wu I (Tzŭ-yüan) 吴懿 (子远)
Younger sister married Liu Bei, a general of some renown.

Notes: Wu Yi4 (懿) or Yi1 (壹) are both proper.

吳質 (季重)
Wu Chih (Chi-chung) 吴质 (季重)
Helped Cao Pi become heir, used his wits to avoid disaster in the silk hamper affair.
Wu Tzŭ 吴资
Defeated by Cao Cao at the start of 195.
Wu-ch’en-ti 无臣氐
One of the Wuhuan from Daijun and Shanggu who revolted. Defeated by Cao Zhang.
Wulu 五鹿
Name means Five Deer.



Novel and History

Officers and Kingdoms

Literature and Language


March 7, 2014