Officer Names (CH/EN): Other Officers

Three Kingdoms Officer Names: Other Officers Category

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Other Officers Category: officer names from the Three Kingdoms officer name English–Chinese reference tool. Cross-reference given (xìng), personal (míng) and style (zì), given (xìng) and personal (míng) names in Pinyin, Wade-Giles, and traditional Chinese (both in Hanzi and decimal-encoded form for non-Unicode websites and forums).

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Name (family, given), style, Wade-Giles, tones, traditional and simplified Chinese.

Officer Name
Traditional Chinese,
Simplified Chinese
Akuei 阿贵
In 213, joined with ally Qianwan and Ma Chao. Defeated and killed by Xiahou Yuan.
Ahuinan 阿会喃
Served and executed by Meng Huo. Marshal of the Third Cave. Captured by Zhang Yi.

Notes: Some translations depict his name as Ahui Nan.

巴祇 (敬祖)
Pa Chih (Ching-tsu) 巴只 (敬祖)
An Inspector of Xu who held command against the Yellow Turbans, and reported on the excellent conduct of Zhao Yu.
鮑出 (文才)
Pao Ch‘u (Wên-ts‘ai) 鲍出 (文才)
Saved his mother and sister-in-law from bandits. Invited to office for his actions, but he refused.
Pao Hung 鲍鸿/洪
A colonel in the northern army who would later be reported embezzling local funds.
Pao Lung 鲍隆
Served Zhao Fan. Fell two tigers with a few arrows. Executed by Zhao Yun.
Pao T’ao 鲍韬
Younger brother of Bao Xin who accompanied him against Dong Zhuo. Died in battle.
Pao Chung 鲍忠
Served Bao Xin, his brother. Died in battle with Hua Xiong.
Pei Yen 卑衍
Served Gongsun Yuan. Defeated by Sima Yi. In novel, fell in a duel against Xiahou Ba.
Pei Yü 贝羽
A county magistrate in Nan. Independent in AD 190, later submitted to Liu Biao.
Peikung Poyü 北宮伯玉
Lead mutiny of troops then Qiang revolt. Huangfu Song and Zhang Wen failed to put him down.
Pi Lan 毕岚
One of the 12 Regular Attendants who was known for his engineering achievements.
Pi Yü 毕瑜
Sent with seal to Liu Yu who rejected the appointment and may have executed Bi Yu.
邊讓 (文禮)
Pien Jang (Wên-li) 边让 (文礼)
Governor of Jiujiang. Killed by Xiahou Dun reinforcing Tao Qian against Cao Cao.
Pien Yüan 卞远
Father of Empress Bian. Posthumously enfeoffed as marquis.
Pien Chang 边章
Forced into leading the Qiang’s in revolt against the Han alongside Han Sui.

Notes: Originally named Bian Yuan (元).

Po Po 白波
A leader of the Black Mountain Bandits who hailed from the Bobo valley.

Notes: While 白 is translated as ‘Bo’ in this case, and in the name of the valley from which Bo Bo hailed, 白 is most commonly translated as Bai. As such you may read of a Bai Bo who came from Baibo valley.

Po Ts‘ai 波才
Defeated Zhu Jun then lost to the combined armies of Zhu Jun, Huangfu Song and Cao Cao.
Po Jao 白绕
Black Mountain Bandit leader. Plundered Wan but was defeated by Cao Cao.
Poku 伯固
King of a tribe as a minor in 130, he survived to give tribute to Gongsun Du in 190.

Notes: Known to Korean history as Paekko.

Poch‘üeh [White Sparrow] 白雀
Part of the Black Mountain Bandits in 185.
Pu Ssŭ 卜巳
Local leader, captured and killed by Fu Xie.

Notes: Also named Bu Yi

Putukên 步度根
A Lord of the Xianbei. Allied with Wei, then allied and got killed by Kebineng.
Ts‘ai Ku 蔡谷
Warned his cousin Cai Yong that fleeing Dong Zhuo would fail due to Yong’s fame.
蔡邕 (伯喈)
Ts‘ai Yung (Po-chieh) 蔡邕 (伯喈)
Advised Emperor Ling’s court. Hated the eunuchs. Died honoring Dong Zhuo.

Notes: In some Wade-Giles translations of the novel Cai Yong is incorrectly listed as Ch’ai Yung.

Ts‘ao Hung 曹宏
Friend of Tao Qian, he killed many innocent people and disturbed the province.
曹節 (元偉)
Ts‘ao Chieh (Yuan-wei) 曹节 (元伟)
The Chief of the Ten Regular Attendants under Emperors Huan and Ling of Han.
曹全 (景完)
Ts‘ao Ch‘üan (Ching-yüan) 曹全 (景完)
Helped defeat the Turbans, a generous offical who was much admired.
曹騰 (季興)
Ts‘ao T‘êng (Chi-hsing) 曹腾 (季兴)
Adopted Cao Song (formerly Xiahou), father of Cao Cao, into the Cao family. Eunuch.
Ts‘ao Hsing 曹性
Slain by Xiahou Dun in battle, who lost an eye to the archery of this man.
Ts‘ao Yin 曹寅
Prefect of Wuling. Forged a decree to Sun Jian calling for Wang Rui’s execution.
Ts‘ên Pi 岑璧
Tried to taunt Yuan Shang into a duel but got Lü Kuang instead and was soon killed.
岑桎 (公孝)
Ts‘ên Chih (Kung-hsiao) 岑桎 (公孝)
One of the Eight Paragons of Jiangxia. From Nanyang.
Ch‘ang Chi 常纪
Lost husband in 192, father killed in 195. Admired for her fine bearing in such times.
常洽 (茂尼)
Ch‘ang Hsia (Mao-ni) 常洽 (茂尼)
Claimed that Li Jue would not harm Zhao Wen. Killed during Emperor Xian’s flight.

Notes: Also called Chang Qia.

Ch‘ên Pao 陈宝
Tried to ravage and kill Lady Lu Rong.
陳寶 (盛先)
Ch‘ên Pao (Shêng-hsien) 陈宝 (盛先)
Celebrated throughout the west, honest and maintained strict conduct.

Notes: Also known as Chen Shi (陳實).

Ch‘ên Ts‘ê 陈策
Bandit defeated in 200 by Cao Cao, thanks to Liu Ye’s advice.
Ch‘ên Ch‘ao 陈超
Rose in revolt against Liu Yan with Ren Qi.
陳耽 (漢公)
Ch‘ên Tan 陈耽 (汉公)
Loyal Minister that, due to slander by the eunuchs, was arrested and died in jail.
Ch‘ên Tuan 陈端
One of the seven heroes who gave their lives so Zhao Qian could escape Turbans.
Ch‘ên Fan 陈蕃
Served Emperor Ling of Han as Imperial Guardian. Died opposing the eunuchs.
Ch‘ên Kung 陈恭
Friend of Li Tong, helped him kill Zhou Zhi. Killed by his in-law Chen He.
Ch‘ên Ho 陈郃
Killed Chen Gong, the husband of his sister but was defeated by Li Tong.
Ch‘ên Hêng 陈横
Van leader with Xue Li under Liu Yao. Shot by Jiang Qin when ambushed by Sun Ce.
Ch‘ên Chiu 陈就
Chief Controller, led Huang Zu’s navy but was killed by Lü Meng.
Ch‘ên Mao 陈茂
Member of a powerful local family, slandered the family of Han Ji. Assassinated by Han Ji.
Ch‘ên P‘u 陈仆
Leader of barbarians in the south, conquered by He Qi in 208.
Ch‘ên Jung 陈容
Embarrassed Yuan Shao by rebuking him over Zang Hong’s revolt and was executed.
Ch‘ên Shêng 陈生
Rode out aid the exhausted Zhang Hu but was shot in the face by Sun Jian.

Notes: Also known as Chen Zuo.

陳寔 (仲躬)
Ch‘ên Shih (Chung-kung) 陈寔 (仲躬)
A government official who was well-liked by many. Admired throughout the Empire.
Ch‘ên Sun 陈孙
Began pillaging the people of Jiangxia. Zhang Fei killed him in one blow.
陳調 (元化)
Ch‘ên T‘iao (Yüan-hua) 陈调 (元化)
Local strongman, tried to avenge his master but was wounded and died in battle.
Ch‘ên Wei 陈炜
Served Han as High Minister. Advisor to Li Ying. Mocked in jest by young Kong Rong.
陳溫 (元悌)
Ch‘ên Wên (Yüan-t‘i) 陈温 (元悌)
Inspector of Yangzhou, he helped Cao Hong raise troops and died of illness.
陳翔 (仲麟)
Ch‘ên Hsiang (Chung-lin) 陈翔 (仲麟)
One of the Eight Paragons of Jiangxia. From Runan.
Ch‘ên Mu 陈牧
An officer of Yan Baihu. Defeated by Lü Fan.
Ch‘ên Ying 陈应
Officer of Zhao Fan. Fought with Zhao Yun, but was later executed by him.

Notes: In Destiny of an Emperor 2 his name is incorrectly mistranslated as Chen Shu.

Ch‘ên Yüan 陈元
Officer of Yang Hu, advised against drinking wine sent by Lu Kang.
Ch‘êng K‘uang 程旷
One of the Ten Regular Attendants. Killed by Yuan Shao and Cao Cao.
Ch‘êng Lien 成廉
General noted for his courage under Lü Bu. In novel, killed by Yue Jin.
Ch‘êng I 成宜
One of Han Sui’s Eight Knights. Attacked Chang’an with Ma Chao. Killed by Xiahou Yuan.
Ch‘êng Yüanchih 程远志
Served Yellow Scarves as a chieftain. Killed by Guan Yu.
Ch‘ung Fu (Ying-po) 种拂
Served Han as Minister of Ritual. Killed by Li Jue and Guo Si’s troops.
Ch‘ung Chi 种辑
Served Han as Changshui Commandant. Friend of Dong Cheng. Executed by Cao Cao.
Ch‘ung Shao (Shên-fu) 种邵
Han Court Counsellor. Helped Ma Teng and Han Sui. Killed by Li Jue and Guo Si.
淳于瓊 (仲簡)
Ch‘unyü Ch‘iung (Chungchien) 淳于琼 (仲简)
Served Yuan Shao. Mutilated by Cao Cao after failing Yuan Shao at Guandu.
Ts‘ui Chün 崔钧
Joined alliance despite his father serving Dong Zhuo. Had reputation as fighting man.
崔烈 (威考)
Ts‘ui Lieh (Wei-k’ao) 崔烈 (威考)
Commandant of the Capital Gates. Cui Yi’s brother. Killed by Li Jue and Guo Si’s troops.

Notes: Referenced incorrectly as ‘Sui Yi’ in Brewitt-Taylor’s translation and other sources.

Ts‘ui I 崔毅
Served Han under Emperor Ling. Cui Lie’s brother.

Notes: Referenced incorrectly as ‘Sui Lie’ in Brewitt-Taylor’s translation and other sources.

Ts‘ui Yung 崔勇
Served Guo Si. Killed by Xu Huang after taunting Yang Feng.
崔均 (元平)
Ts‘ui Chün (Yüanp‘ing) 崔均 (元平)
Accompanied his father, wanted to avenge him but died of illness.
崔鈞 (州平)
Ts‘ui Chün (Choup‘ing) 崔钧 (州平)
One of Zhuge Liang’s close childhood friends. Friend of Xu Shu as well. From Boling.
Tailaitungchu 带来洞主
Younger brother of Zhurong. Participated in the battle against Zhuge Liang.

Notes: Sometimes appears as Chief or King. ‘King Dai Lai’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation.

Tan Mêng 儋萌
Executed a quarrelling officer, Pan Xin but was killed in battle with Pan Miao.
Têng Chi 邓济
In 197, he and his garrison at Nanyang were defeated by Cao Cao.
Têng Lung 邓龙
Attempted to attack Zhou Yu at Chaisang, Deng Long was defeated and captured.
Têng Mao 邓茂
Served Yellow Scarves under Cheng Yuanzhi. Killed by Zhang Fei.
Têng P‘in 邓聘
Accompanied Emperor Xian during his flight but was killed.
Têng Shêng 邓升
Officer of Gao Gan. Left to guard Shangdang as Gan went to seek aid.
鄧禹 (仲華)
Têng Yü (Chung-hua) 邓禹 (仲华)
Han Dynasty general and statesman. Major contributor to Emperor Guangwu’s effort to reestablish the Han.

Notes: Mistranslated as ‘Zheng Yu’ in chapter 43 of the online Brewitt-Taylor translation and the Moss Roberts translation.

Têng Yüan 邓渊
Detained by Guo Si when sent by Emperor Xian as envoy and later killed.
Têng Tzŭhsiao 邓子孝
In 196, fled with Xu Jing to Jiao. In 208, met Wang Lang in Jing and gave him news.
Tiaoch‘an [Sable Cicada] 貂婵
Wang Yun’s adopted daughter. Helped to kill Dong Zhuo. Fictional.

Notes: Also known as Sable Cicada.

丁宮 (元雄)
Ting Kung (Yüan-hsiung) 丁宫 (元雄)
Recommended Shi Yi to the court, held high posts for the Han.
Ting Kuan 丁管
Served Han as Imperial Secretary. Opposed Dong Zhuo’s change of Emperors.
丁原 (建陽)
Ting Yüan (Chien-yang) 丁原 (建阳)
An excellent horseman and archer, assassinated by Lü Bu on Dong Zhuo’s orders.
Ting (Tzŭ-su) (子嗣)
A local officer, one of the Seven Heroes who shielded Zhao Qian after losing to Turbans.
Tiwu Chün 第五儁
In 188, was ordered to raise a regiment to help He Xun defeat Liang rebels.
Tung Pai 董白
Granddaughter of Dong Zhuo. Made a Lord even before she came of age.
Tung Ch‘ung 董重
Served Han as General of the Flying Cavalry. Lady Dong’s brother.

Notes: Is also known as Dong Zhong in the ZZTJ.

董扶 (茂安)
Tung Fu (Mou-an) 董扶 (茂安)
Famed teacher and debater, he advised Liu Yan to go to Yi.

Notes: Professor Rafe has style name as Mao’an.

Tung Huang 董璜
Privy Counsellor under Dong Zhuo. Dong Zhuo’s nephew. Killed by Huangfu Song.
董旻 (叔穎)
Tung Min (Shu-yin) 董旻 (叔颖)
Served Dong Zhuo as Lord of Hu. Dong Zhuo’s brother. Killed by Huangfu Song.
Tung T‘ai 董台
A local gentleman, unsuccessfully sought the hand of the widow Han Jiang. His clients had her kidnapped.
Tung Yüeh 董越
Sent to guard Mianchi against the Coalition. Killed by Niu Fu on advice of soothsayer.
董卓 (仲穎)
Tung Cho (Chung-ying) 董卓 (仲颖)
Siezed control of Luoyang and the Han government before being killed by Lü Bu.
Tungt‘una 董荼那
Fought against Zhao Yun and Wei Yan. Captured by Zhang Ni.

Notes: Appears as Dong Tu Na or Dong Tu Ne in Koei games.

Tou Wu 窦武
Served Emperor Ling of Han as Regent-Marshal. Died opposing the eunuchs.
Tou-mao 窦茂
King of Di who assisted Zhang Lu against Cao Cao.
Tu Ch‘ang 杜长
Sent to assist Gongsun Zan against Yuan Shao but was defeated.
Tuan Kuei (Tzŭ-yin) 段圭
One of the Ten Regular Attendants. Killed by Min Gong searching for Emperor Ling.
Tuan Hsü 段训
Sent to reward Liu Yu and Gongsun Zan, instead was forced to execute Liu Yu.

Notes: Also called Yin Xun (殷訓)

Oho Shaoko 饿何烧戈
Sent with Chen Tai, he was tricked and fell into a pit. Committed suicide.
Emperor Kuangwu [Liu Hsiu] 光武皇帝[刘秀]
Emperor Guangwu restored the Han Dynasty in AD 25, making him the first Emperor of the Later Han.

Notes: Shizu (世祖) was his Temple Name. His style name is Wenshu (Wên-shu) (文叔).

Emperor Huan [Liu Chih] 桓帝[刘志]
Emperor Huan of the Han. Destroyed the Liang family, but empowered the eunuchs.

Notes: In Chinese the name of the emperor comes before the use of the word emperor hence Huan (the name) Di (emperor).

Emperor Ling [Liu Hung] 灵帝[刘宏]
Emperor Ling of Han (AD 156–189). Ruled through the Yellow Turban Rebellion.

Notes: In Chinese the name of the emperor comes before the use of the word emperor hence Ling (the name) Di (emperor).

Emperor Shao [Liu Pien] 少帝[刘辩]
Emperor Shao of Han (AD 189). Deposed and poisoned by Dong Zhuo.

Notes: ‘Emperor Bian’ at times in the Brewitt-Taylor translation.

獻帝[劉協] (伯和)
Emperor Hsien [Liu Hsieh] (Po-ho) 献帝[刘协] (伯和)
Son of Emperor Ling. Reigned AD 189–220. Forced to abdicate by Cao Pi.

Notes: Called by the name ‘Prince of Chenliu’ frequently in novel translations. In Chinese the name of the emperor comes before the use of the word emperor hence Xian (the name) Di (emperor). In this case, Emperor Xian also has a style name attached to his normal name, therefore if you were addressing him as emperor you would say Xian Di, if you knew his name and were close you may use Liu Xie, or if you wanted his style name you’d call him Liu Bohe.

Empress Ts‘ao Chieh 曹节皇后
Emperor Xian’s empress after death of Empress Fu, opposed Cao Pi becoming Emperor.

Notes: Also known as Empress Cao, Empress Xianmu (獻穆皇后) and Duchess Shanyang.

Empress Fu Shou 伏寿皇后
Wife of Emperor Xian. From Langya. Daughter of Fu Wan. Executed by Cao Cao.

Notes: Commonly referenced simply as ‘Empress Fu’.

Empress Ho 何皇后
Emperor Shao’s mother. He Jin’s half-sister. Died of grief or through suicide.
法真 (高卿)
Fa Chên (Kao-ch‘ing) 法真 (高卿)
A distinguished scholar but refused all office. A quiet man with few desires.
Fan A 樊阿
Expert at Acupuncture, studied under Hua Tuo around AD 200.
Fan Ch‘ou 樊稠
Controlled the Han court alongside Li Jue and Guo Si. A brave general, killed by Li Jue.
Fan Fang 范方
Sent with cavalry to help Liu Dai but Liu later turned to Yuan Shao and Fan went home.
范康 (仲真)
Fan K‘ang (Chung-chên) 范康 (仲真)
One of the Eight Paragons of Jiangxia. From Bohai.
樊陵 (德雲)
Fan Ling (Tê-yün) 樊陵 (德云)
Appointed by the eunuchs after He Jin’s death but was executed by Yuan Shao.
樊敏 (升達)
Fan Min (Shêng-ta) 樊敏 (升达)
An expert at Chunqiu, he would become an elder statesmen under Liu Zhang.
Fan Nêng 樊能
Served Liu Yao. Died after Sun Ce shouted at him in battle.
范滂 (孟博)
Fan P‘ang (Mêng-po) 范滂 (孟博)
One of the Eight Paragons of Jiangxia. From Runan.
范曾 (子閔)
Fan Tsêng (Tzŭ-min) 范曾 (子闵)
Serving under He Jin, he defeated Turbans in Nanyang.
Fang Yüeh 方悦
A famous officer from Henei, he served Wang Kuang. Killed by Lü Bu.
Fei (Po-jên) (伯仁)
Invited west by his cousin in 200, looked after Fei Yi.
Fei Ch‘angfang 费长房
A local guard who met an exiled immortal. Had a dragon staff and did many feats of magic.
Fêng Tan (Shao-chou) 冯紞
Close to Sima Yan and part of Jia Chong’s clique. Opposed Yang Hu’s proposal to attack Wu.
Fêng Fang 冯方
Father of Yuan Shu’s wife, a Han offical willing to slander those that excluded him.
封衡 (君達)
Fêng Hêng (Chün-ta) 封衡 (君达)
Taoist Sage. Teacher of Zuo Ci. Taught him magics and path to longevity.
逢紀 (元圖)
Fêng Chi (Yüan-t‘u) 逢纪 (元图)
Vassal of Yuan Shao. Supported Yuan Shang as Shao’s successor.

Notes: ‘Peng Ji’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation. ‘Pang Ji’ in the ZZTJ.

Fêng Hsü 封胥
One of the Ten Regular Attendants. An agent of Zhang Jue of the Yellow Scarves.
Fu Tê 伏德
Brother of Empress Fu, carried her into a boat when they attempted to escape Li Jue.
Fu Chin 扶禁
Besieged Huo Jun at Jiameng for a year but was defeated in surprise attack.
Fu Ch‘ien (Tzŭ-shên) 服虔
A noted scholar, one of his works circulating for several hundred years. Backed Tao Qian’s petition.
Fu Wan 伏完
Married a Princess, took a lesser position in Cao Cao’s court.
傅燮 (南容)
Fu Hsieh (Nan-jung) 傅燮 (南容)
Loyal minister who fought against the Turbans with Zhu Jun.
Fulohan 扶罗韩
Passed over for succession so set up his own state. Assassinated by rival Kebineng.
Kan Chi 干吉
A Taoist priest. In the novel, sent to execution by Sun Ce and said to have cursed him to death.

Notes: Gan Ji frequently referenced as ‘Yu Ji’, especially in games. Historically, ‘Gan Ji’ (干吉) is correct, and it is thought Luo Guanzhong may have confused the character for his family name and thus entered him as ‘Yu Ji’ (于吉). Notice the similarity between Gan ‘干’ and Yu ‘于’. Our recording features both “Gan4 Ji2” and “Yu2 Ji2.”

高岱 (孔文)
Kao Tai (K‘ung-wên) 高岱 (孔文)
Took his lord to Xu Zhao for protection. Later executed by Sun Ce for contempt.
Kao Fan 高蕃
Sent by Yuan Shang to block the Yellow River but he was defeated by Li Dian.
高幹 (元才)
Kao Kan (Yüan-ts‘ai) 高干 (元才)
Nephew of Yuan Shao. Defeated Li Dian and Yue Jin at Huguan Pass.

Notes: Gan written as 干 in HHS.

Kao P‘ei 高沛
Officer of Liu Zhang. Executed after an attempt to assassinate Liu Bei.
Kao Shêng 高升
Yellow Scarf officer. Fought with Liu Bei at Quyang, but was slain by Zhang Fei.
Kao Shêng 高胜
Raised up large bandit force but, despite advantage of numbers, lost to Li Yan.
Kao Shun 高顺
Defeated Xiahou Dun. Caught and executed by Cao Cao at Xiapi.
Kao Wang 高望
An officer of medicines, he was close to Prince Liu Bian. Killed in the massacre.
Kao Ya 高雅
In 193, he was defeated by Yu Jin at Dongping.
Kao Yen 高焉
Gongsun Zan alleged that Yuan Shao executed Yan as Shao was greedy for Yan’s property.
Kao I (K‘uan-fang) 高颐
Served Liu Zhang in civil roles and died in office.
Kao Chên 高朕
Arranged the reconstruction of a ceremonial hall in honour of the sage Duke of Zhou.
Kêng Pao 耿苞
Suggested Yuan Shao take up the Imperial Title, called insane and was executed.
Kung Ching 龚景
Imperial Protector of Qingzhou. Attacked by the Yellow Scarves. Supported by Liu Bei.
公孫度 (升濟)
Kungsun Tu (Shêng-chi) 公孙度 (升济)
Established an independent government in Liaodong, expanding against several tribes.
Kungsun Fan 公孙范
Cousin of Gongsun Zan. Given the seal to the Prefecture of Bohai by Yuan Shao.
Kungsun Huang 公孙晃
Sent as hostage to Wei, warned of the likelihood of war. Executed when war did happen.
Kungsun K‘ang 公孙康
Executed the Yuan sons, extended power in Korea and restored communication with Japan.
Kungsun Hsü 公孙续
Sent to get help from Zhang Yan and succeeded, later killed by the Xiongnu.
Kungsun Yüeh 公孙越
Assassinated by Yuan Shao after a diplomatic mission. Served as envoy to Yuan Shu.
公孫瓚 (伯珪)
Kungsun Tsan (Po-ku) 公孙瓒 (伯珪)
Magistrate of Beiping. Fought Yuan Shao. Committed suicide with his family.
Kuan Ting 关定
Father of Guan Ping, housed Guan Yu while Sun Qian went to Yuan Shao.
Kuan Ku 观鹄
Commanded the religious bandit group which, after he died, passed to Guo Shi and Zhou Chao.
Kuan Hai 管亥
Former member of the Yellow Scarves. Besiged Beihai and was killed by Guan Yu.
關靖 (士起)
Kuan Ching (Shih-ch‘i) 关靖 (士起)
Adviser to Gongsun Zan. Died fighting Yuan Shao’s army at Beiping.
管寧 (幼安)
Kuan Ning (Yu-an) 管宁 (幼安)
Former friend of Hua Xin. Tail of “The Dragon”, a group of scholars. Became a hermit.
Kuan Ning 关宁
Brother of Guan Ping. Was a student when Guan Yu came to the farm.

Notes: ‘Guan Neng’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation.

Kuan T‘ung 管统
Asked by Yuan Tan to provide aid on advice of Wang Xiu. Pardoned by Cao Cao in AD 205.
Kuo Shêng 郭胜
Warned close friend He Jin about Jian Shi’s plot. Killed by Yuan Shao and Cao Cao.

Notes: In the notes section of To Esablish Peace he is referenced with two names from different sources: 1) HHJ25 as Guo Mai; 2) Jiuzhou chunqiu as Lang Sheng.

Kuo Shih 郭石
With Zhou Chao, Ravaged Lingling, Guiyang, and Changsha until destroyed by Sun Jian.
Kuo Ssŭ (To) 郭汜
Served Dong Zhuo. Later took control of the imperial court with Li Jue.

Notes: Guo Si is sometimes called Guo Duo, a name that is listed as an alternate personal name in a few different sources.

郭圖 (公則)
Kuo T‘u (Kung-tsê) 郭图 (公则)
Vassal of Yuan Shao. Supported Yuan Tan as Shao’s successor.
Kuo Yüan 郭援
Yuan Shang general. Zhong Yao’s sister’s son. Slain by Pang De at Pingyang.
韓馥 (文節)
Han Fu (Wên-chieh) 韩馥 (文节)
Surrendered to Yuan Shao but was abused. Fled to Zhang Miao and later committed suicide.
韓嵩 (德高)
Han Sung (Tê-kao) 韩嵩 (德高)
A tactician of Liu Biao, he served as one of Biao’s ministers.
韩荀 (莒子)
Han Hsün (Chü-tzŭ) 韓荀 (莒子)
Cavalry officer at Wuchao, beheaded by Cao Cao.

Notes: ‘Han Juzi’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation.

Han Chung 韩忠
A member of the Yellow Scarves. Fought with Zhu Jun and Liu Bei at Wan, but was killed.
Hao Mêng 郝萌
Served under Lü Bu. Helped fight Cao Cao at Puyang.
何進 (遂高)
Ho Chin (Sui-kao) 何进 (遂高)
Grand Administrator in the Han courts, but was assassinated by the eunuchs.
Ho Miao 何苗
Empress He’s older half-brother. Later killed by Wu Kuang.

Notes: Was born Zhu Miao.

Ho Hsi (Mêng-sun) 何熙
Noted for height, died of sickness after successfully fighting tribes.
何颙 (伯求)
Ho Yong (Po-ch‘iu) 何顒 (伯求)
Recognised Cao Cao and Xun Yu as men who could deal with the troubles.

Notes: Known name is He Yu (何禺) in SGYY.

何楨 (元幹)
Ho Chên (Yüan-kan) 何桢 (元幹)
Father of Empress He, became General of Chariots and Cavalry.
Name is Japanese N/A
Queen Himiko was the female ruler of pre-Japan’s Yamatai region. Contacted Wei in AD 238.

Notes: Sometime also called Pimiku or Pimiko. Precise pronunciation of her name is unknown as the kanji of her name were written prior to mid-20th century kanji reforms. Himiko may be a Chinese corruption of himemiko (princess priestess or lady shaman), which translates to ‘Sun Child’.

Hou Lan 侯览
One of the Ten Regular Attendants. Tried to make off with Emperor Shao.
Hu Ch‘ê–êrh 胡赤儿
Advisor to Niu Fu. He betrayed him and sided with Lü Bu, who executed him.

Notes: Hu Che’er is frequently confused with Hu Juer of Zhang Xiu, but they are, indeed, separate people. Hu Che’er’s name is sometimes typed with or without an apostrophe (Che’er or Cheer), and at times with a hypen instead (Che-er). To complicate matters further, sometimes his name is mistranslated as ‘Chi’er’, with all the according grammatical variations.

Hu Hua 胡华
Father of Hu Ban. Retired officer of the court under Emperor Huan. Met Guan Yu.
Hu Chüêrh 胡车儿
Served Zhang Xiu. Stole Dian Wei’s weapons as part of Jia Xu’s plan to defeat Cao Cao.

Notes: Ju1 is the former pronunciation of 車, which is now pronounced Che1. We hold true to the standard set by Moss Roberts and others, using the old pronunciation for an old historical figure. Besides, it helps to alleviate confusion between him and Hu Che’er of Niu Fu.

Hu Miao 胡邈
Privy counselor to Emperor Xian. Tried to calm an angry Huangfu Li to protect him.
Hu Shou 壶寿
Governor of Jizhou. Formed an alliance with Poison Yu. Defeated and executed by Yuan Shao.
胡軫 (文才)
Hu Chên (Wên-ts‘ai) 胡轸 (文才)
He led 5,000 men against Sun Jian but was killed by Cheng Pu after a few bouts.
華佗 (元化)
Hua T‘o (Yüan-hua) 华佗 (元化)
A famous doctor from the Three Kingdoms period. Killed trying to avoid treating Cao Cao.
Hua Hsiung 华雄
Brave general in service to Dong Zhuo. Died in battle with Sun Jian.

Notes: Usually Hua is pronounced Hua2, but in the case of a Surname, is pronounced Hua4, hence Hua4 in the audio file.

Huan Shao 桓邵
Belittled Cao Cao, fled south when Cao Cao became powerful. Shi Xie sent him back and Cao Cao executed Shao.
Huang Ch‘êngyen 黄承彦
Father of Zhuge Liang’s wife. A prominent scholar of the Later Han Dynasty.

Notes: Incorrectly referenced as Huang Chenyan (承 [Cheng2] as ‘Chen’) in many sites, biographies, and in some Brewitt-Taylor translations.

Huang Shê 黄射
Defeated at Shaxian, then lost at Xiakou, friend of Mi Heng. Fate unsure.
Huang Tsu 黄祖
Served under Liu Biao. Later killed by Gan Ning at Xiakou.
Huangfu Li 皇甫郦
Served Emperor Xian. Charged with making peace between Li Jue and Guo Si.
皇甫嵩 (義真)
Huangfu Sung (I-chên) 皇甫嵩 (义真)
Imperial Commander under Han. Fought heavily against the Yellow Turban Rebellion.
胡母班 (季皮)
Humu Pan (Chi-p‘i) 胡母班 (季皮)
Sent by Dong Zhuo to pursuade Yuan Shao to lay down his arms. Executed by Wang Kuang.

Notes: Hou Han shu records his style as Jiyou. SGZ: Yuan Shao.

Huo Tu 霍笃
Had a few hundred followers, he died young and his brother inherited his troops.
Huo Hu 火虎
Huo Hu, self-proclaimed master of powders, joins Liu Bei in Capcom’s Destiny of an Emperor.

Notes: Huo Hu 火虎 literally translates as Fire Tiger. As such, it was probably intended to be a title rather than a name. Furthermore, Huo 火 is not a proper surname. In Japanese, Huo Hu is pronounced Kako. Discussion. Also, Huo is actually pronounced Huo3 in Chinese, but because Hu3 is after it, it changes Huo3 to Huo2.

Huo Nu 霍奴
Killed the Inspector of Youzhou and Governor of Zhuojun. Defeated and executed by Cao Cao.
Chi P‘ing 吉平
Court physician from Luoyang. Forced to commit suicide by Cao Cao.

Notes: Also referenced by the name Chi T’ai in the Brewitt-Taylor translation. Called Ji Ben in SGZ and ZZTJ.

Chi Shao 嵇绍
Son of Ji Kang. Nominated to office after his father’s death by Shan Tao.

Notes: Sometimes translated incorrectly as Xi Shao.

Chien Shuo 蹇硕
One of the Ten Regular Attendants. Killed by fellow eunuch Guo Sheng.

Notes: The character 碩 can also be translated as Shi and in some academic sources this is considered to be the standard translation (e.g. anything by Rafe de Crespigny). We are using Jian Shuo because that is the most commonly used Romanization.

Chiang Kung 江宫
Bandit who was defeated and killed by Li Tong.
Chiang Shih 蒋石
Local leader, sent Han Sui’s head to Cao Cao. May have killed Han Sui.
Chiang Ich‘ü 蒋义渠
Officer of Yuan Shao. Comforted Yuan Shao after his defeat at Guandu.
Chiao Chiao (Chiao Chêngch‘iang) 焦矫(焦征羌)
Head of a powerful family in Runan. Treated Bu Zhi poorly when he came for aid.

Notes: Jiao Jiao, as Magistrate of Zhengqiang, also became known as Jiao Zhengqiang (as such you may see him referenced by this name). The name Qiao has also been associated with him and we are attempting to source it.

Chinhuansanchieh 金环三结
An officer of Meng Huo, he died fighting the Shu army during their attack.

Notes: ‘Jinhua Sanjie’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation.

Chü Ku 沮鹄
Maintained Handan. Defeated by Zhang Liao and shot while fleeing.

Notes: Appears in some Koei games, and a few other sources, as Ju Hu.

Chü Kuang 鞠光
Rebelled against Wei in Xiping, but was killed by his own followers.
Chü Shou 沮授
Urged caution when attacking Cao Cao but was ignored and demoted.
King Ch‘êlichi 彻里吉大王
Fictional. King of Western Qiang. Ally of Cao Rui.

Notes: Frequently written ‘King Cheli Ji’.

King Tossŭ 思朵大王
Officer of Meng Huo. Said to be the wisest man in all of Nanman.
King K‘opinêng 轲比能大王
Unifier of the Xianbei tribe. Fought often with Wei until he was assassinated.

Notes: You may also see him as Kebinang, Ke Binang, Kebe Neng, Kebe Nang, etc.

King Mêng Huo 孟獲大王
Ruled Nanman after Shamoke’s death. Captured and released seven times by Kongming.

Notes: In pronunciation, Meng is his surname, Huo his given name. Da means “big/large” and Wang means King, for your information, Wang2 is only one word for King, Emperors have different titles, usually Huang2 Di4.

King Mulu 木鹿大王
A Nanman chieftan. Initially drove back Zhuge Liang’s armies with his magic.
King Wut‘uku 兀突骨大王
Ruled the cave dwelling Wuguo Kingdom in south China. Twelve spans tall.
K‘ung Shang 孔尚
Great-great-grandfather of Kong Rong, who served Wei.
孔昱 (世元)
K‘ung Yü (Shih-yüan) 孔昱 (世元)
One of the Eight Paragons of Jiangxia. Scholar who took a moral line on when to serve.

Notes: Also known as Kong Yi (Yi4 翊). Styled Shiyuan or Yuanshi (Yuan4shi4 元世).

K‘ung Chou (Chi-chiang) 孔宙
Father of Kong Rong and Kong Bao. Steele was set up on his death.
孔伷 (公緒)
K‘ung Chou (Kung-hsü) 孔伷 (公绪)
Known for his eloquent way of speaking. He joined alliance against Dong Zhuo.

Notes: Sometimes you can find his name incorrectly translated as Kong You2.

蒯良 (子柔)
K‘uai Liang (Tzŭ-jou) 蒯良 (子柔)
Adviser of Liu Biao. Came up with the plan that resulted in Sun Jian’s death.
Lü Yu 吕由
Officer of Tao Qian. Defeated by Cao Ren when Cao Cao attacked Xuzhou.
Lady Pao 鲍夫人
Mother of Bao Chu. She lived more than 100 years.
Lady Tung 董夫人
Arrested and executed due to her father’s plots against Cao Cao despite being pregnant.
Lady Liu 刘夫人
Yuan Shao’s wife. Mother of Yuan Shang.
Lady T‘ang Chi 唐姫夫人
Favorite concubine of Liu Bian, danced for him as he died. Daughter of Tang Mao.

Notes: ‘Lady Tang’ in various translations of the novel.

Lady Wang 王夫人
Mother of Liu Xie (Emperor Xian). Concubine to Emperor Ling. Poisoned by Empress He.
Lady Yang 杨夫人
Admired Wang Yi so convinced Ma Chao to trust Zhao Ang. Ang’s revolt led to her death.

Notes: Yang Shi in Romance of the Three Kingdoms XI.

Lady Chujung 祝融妃
Wife of King Meng Huo. Said to be descended from the Goddess of Fire.

Notes: Zhu4rong2 is her name, but Fei1 means literally “imperial concubine”

Lady Tsou 邹氏
Former wife of Zhang Ji. Caught Cao Cao’s fancy while staying with Zhang Xiu.

Notes: Appears as ‘Lady Zhou’ in Koei games, and in the Brewitt-Taylor translation. Lady Zou’s name is strange in meaning. Zou1 is a surname as expected, but Shi4 is a clan or maiden name.

Lang Chih 郎稚
Rose up in revolt in 211 but was defeated by He Qi.
Li Ch‘êng 栗成
Overthrown by Heishan bandits led by Yu Du and killed.
Li Fêng 李封
Served Lü Bu. Killed by Xu Chu after neglecting his post in Yanzhou.

Notes: ‘Li Fang’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation.

Li Ku 李固
Sent by Emperor Xian to give Li Jue rank as Grand Marshal.
李傕 (稚然)
Li Chüeh (Chih-jan) 李傕 (稚然)
Served Dong Zhuo. Later took control of the imperial court with Guo Si.
Li Lê 李乐
Bandit who helped Xian escape Li Jue’s grasp, found the boat used to cross the river.
Li Li 李利
Performed badly against Ma Teng so slandered his commander Fan Chou.
Li Mêng 李蒙
Helped Li Jue take Chang’an but was later executed by Ma Teng.
Li Min 李旻
Captured alive by Xu Rong after Sun Jian’s defeat and boiled to death.
李權 (伯豫)
Li Ch‘üan (Po-yü) 李权 (伯豫)
Influential man in Shu, executed by Liu Yan on a pretext.
Li Ju 李儒
Served Dong Zhuo as an advisor. Died with his lord’s ambitions.
Li Shêng 李升
Killed by Ma Xing’s revolt in one of their first acts.

Notes: Also called Yi Pou.

李肅 (偉恭)
Li Su (Wei-kung) 李肃 (伟恭)
Using Red Hare and other gifts he persuaded Lü Bu to kill Ding Yuan and join Dong Zhuo.
Li Wênhou 李文侯
Part of Beigong Boyu’s rebellion. Killed by Han Sui, who took command of his troops.
Li Hsien 李暹
Nephew of Li Jue. Helped Li Jue smuggle out the Emperor. Killed by Xu Chu.
Li I 李意
Immortal who warned Liu Bei what would happen should he attack Wu.

Notes: Known as Li Yi in the novel.

Li Ying 李膺
Governor of Henan. Visited and impressed by a young Kong Rong.
Li Ying 李应
Opposed Li Jue’s wish to execute his former superior Zhao Wen and won.
Li Itzŭ 李移子
Oath brother of Gongsun Zan, disreputable cloth seller.
Li Yung 李永
An attentive man, he was murdered by Dian Wei on order of a rival.
Li Chên 李祯
An acquittance of Li Jue, he reassured the general about the courtiers being armed.
Liang Poning 梁伯宁
A Yellow Scarves leader in Yingchuan. Defeated and killed by Fu Xie in AD 184
Liang Lung 粱龙
Led a rebellion in Jiaozhi. Was defeated and killed by Zhu Jun.

Notes: Long may not have been his given name. It might have been his nickname: “Dragon Liang”

Liang Shao 粱绍
Had arguments with Yuan Shao and held hostage by Li Jue. Held eunuch rank yet was a man.

Notes: Dr. Rafe de Crespigny notes his personal name as either 邵 or 紹

Liang Shuang 梁双
In 210, as a local rebel he stormed Xi city but later made peace with the authorities.
Liang Hsing 梁兴
One of Han Sui’s Eight Knights. Killed by Ma Chao in an attempt to protect Sui.
Liang Yen 梁衍
Advised Huangfu Song to raise troops against Dong Zhuo.
Liu Pao 刘豹
United many Hun tribes so Deng Ai suggest stirring up trouble. Father of Liu Yuan.
劉表 (景升)
Liu Piao (Ching-shêng) 刘表 (景升)
Inspector of Jing province under the Han. Opposed the Sun family militarily.
Liu Ch‘ung 刘宠
During the Yellow Scarves rebellion he created his own kingdom. Killed by Yuan Shu.
劉岱 (公山)
Liu Tai (Kung-shan) 刘岱 (公山)
Governor of Yan. Attacked the Qingzhou Yellow Scarves, but was killed.
Liu Tan 刘诞
Son of Liu Yan, executed alongside Liu Fan after a failed coup against Li Jue.
Liu Têjan 刘德然
A student of Lu Zhi’s, related to Liu Bei whose own studies were paid for by Deran’s father.
Liu Fan 刘范
Han Left Imperial Corps Commander. Helped Ma Teng. Killed by Li Jue and Guo Si.
Liu Kuei 刘璝
Sent to hold Luocheng, he advised visiting a local sage. Cut down by Zhang Yi.

Notes: Sometimes appears in games as Liu Kui.

Liu Ho 刘何
General, captured by Cao Ren.
Liu Ho 刘和
Ordered to escape capital and seek help for Xian. Captured by Yuan’s, later sent against Zan.
劉弘 (于高)
Liu Hung (Yü-kao) 刘弘 (于高)
Occupied high post but was sacked so Dong Zhuo could have his job.
Liu Hu 刘虎
Sent to aid Huang Zu while he was being attacked by Sun Ce.
Liu Chün 刘俊
Attacked Mianzhu while Liu Bei welcomed Ma Chao. Killed by Zhao Yun.
Liu Chün 刘隽
A county magistrate in Wuwei. Killed by Qu Sheng during the Liang Rebellion.
Liu K‘ungtz‘ŭ 刘孔慈
Skilled at speaking quickly. He and Wang Zifa were favorites of Kong Rong.
Liu K‘uan (Wên-yao) 刘宽
A kind man, once fell into drunken sleep during court meeting. Warned about the Turbans,
Liu Liang 刘良
Predicted Lady Zhen would have a great future.
劉梁 (曼山)
Liu Liang (Man-shan) 刘梁 (曼山)
Confucian Scholar. Wrote books advocating the elimination of court factionalism.
刘伶 (伯倫)
Liu Ling (Po-lun) 刘伶 (伯伦)
One of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove.
Liu Mao 刘瑁
A favourite of Liu Yan, illness incapacitated when Zhang took control.
Liu P‘ing 刘平
Either noted Liu Bei’s talent or tried to kill Liu Bei, depends what source.

Notes: Also known as Liu Ziping.

Liu Shih 刘石
Defeated by Yuan Shao.
劉陶 (子奇)
Liu T‘ao (Tzŭ-ch‘i) 刘陶 (子奇)
Accused the eunuchs of bringing down the Han and was murdered.
Liu Wangchih 刘望之
Gave honest criticism that wasn’t received well, asked to go home.
Liu Wei 刘卫
Killed by local Yellow Turban forces.
Liu Hsieh 刘偕
Failed to get supplies from local tribe so advised a quick attack on them.
Liu Hsün 刘循
Raised a force against Yuan Tan at Tayin.
劉焉 (君郎)
Liu Yen (Chün-lang) 刘焉 (君郎)
Liu Zhang’s father. Magistrate in the Yi territory after fighting Yellow Scarves.
劉繇 (正禮)
Liu Yao (Chêng-li) 刘繇 (正礼)
Imperial Inspector of Yangzhou. Liu Dai’s brother. Defeated by Sun Ce, then died of illness.

Notes: Referenced incorrectly as ‘Liu Yong’ in many Koei games, along with a few other video games. Historical sources, and nearly all novel translations, use ‘Liu Yao’ instead.

Liu I 刘翊
Sent to trick Xun Yu into giving Lü Bu supplies but Xun Yu saw through the lie.
劉翊 (子相)
Liu I (Tzŭ-hsiang) 刘翊 (子相)
Saved several hundred people from famine during the Yellow Scarves Rebellion.
劉虞 (伯安)
Liu Yü (Po-an) 刘虞 (伯安)
Governor of Youzhou during the Later Han. Quelled Zhang Ju’s rebellion.
劉淵 (元海)
Liu Yüan (Yüan-hai) 刘渊 (元海)
Grandson of the Xiongnu chief Yufuluo. Founded the Han-Zhao dynasty.
Liu Yün 贇贇
King of Ji’nan. Killed by Yellow Turbans in 207.
Liu Chêng 刘正
Left Beihai for Liaodong, gathering followers. Later returned to Beihai with Taishi Ci.
Liu Chêng 刘政
Administrator of Youbeiping. Killed in the rebellion of Zhang Chun and Zhang Ju.
Liu Tzŭhui 刘子惠
Advised Han Fu to wait and see what the other lords did before joining in.
Liu Tzŭching 刘子敬
Liu Yuanqi’s brother
Liu Chou 刘胄
Led revolt against Shu but was defeated by Ma Zhong.
K‘ou 侯寇
Father of Liu Feng, who Liu Bei adopted as his heir. His family held a county fief in Changsha.
Lou Fa 娄发
Rebelled against Liu Zhang but was defeated and fled to Jing.
Lü Poshê 吕伯奢
Friend of Cao Song. Killed by the fleeing Cao Cao.
Lü Ch‘ang 吕常
Father of Lü Yi (Jiyang). He served Liu Yan and followed him into Yizhou.
陸康 (季寧)
Lu K‘ang 陆康 (季宁)
Criticised Emperor Ling and the eunuchs, held out for two years despite facing Sun Ce.
Lu K‘uei 鲁馗
Served Han as Court Steward. Killed by Li Jue and Guo Si’s troops.
Lü Weihuang 吕威璜
Officer of Yuan Shao. Guarded Wuchao as a lieutenant of Chunyu Qiong.
盧植 (子幹)
Lu Chih (Tzŭ-kan) 卢植 (子干)
Imperial Corps Commander in service of Han. Was Liu Bei’s teacher and friend.
Lun Chih 伦直
He was beheaded for criticizing Gongsun Yuan’s plan to revolt.
駱俊 (孝遠)
Lo Chün (Hsiao-yüan) 骆俊 (孝远)
Many children were named after him. Killed by Yuan Shu’s agents over supplies.
馬隆 (孝興)
Ma Lung (Hsiao-hsing) 马隆 (孝兴)
Fought the Xianbei and defeated the rebel Tufa Shujineng.
馬日磾 (翁叔)
Ma Miti (Wêng-shu) 马日磾 (翁叔)
Sent as envoy to stop the war between Yuan Shao and Gongsun Zan.
Ma P‘u 马普
A scholar of history, he fled south during the civil war. Sun Yu lavished him with gifts.
Ma Ch‘in 马秦
Bandit leader with Gao Sheng, killed by Li Yan.
Ma Wan 马玩
Served under Han Sui. Tried to protect Han Sui from Ma Chao, but failed.
Ma Yü 马宇
Han Privy Counsellor. Helped Ma Teng and Han Sui. Killed by Li Jue and Guo Si.
馬援 (文淵)
Ma Yüan (Wên-yüan) 马援 (文渊)
General of the Han who campaigned against the Vietnamese. Ma Teng was descended from him.
Ma Yüani 马元义
Follower of Zhang Jue and the Yellow Scarves. Torn asunder by chariots for treason.
Mangyach‘ang 忙牙长
Second in command to the Nanman’s armies. Killed by Ma Dai.
Mao Kan 毛甘
Leader of a group of Chinese renegades, conquered by He Qi in 208.
Mei P‘ing 梅平
Forced to return home due to illness, Hua Tuo warned him he had only five days to live.
The Dugu clan of Tang trace their ancestry through this man.
Mêng Tai 孟岱
Warned Yuan Shao that Shen Pei planned to rebel but Shen Pei was too loyal.
Mêng Yao 孟曜
Helped Du Kui create music fit for the Imperial Court. Music which Du Kui’s moral objections meant it never got used.
Mêng I 孟溢
Sent to aid Gongsun Zan in the failed camapign against Zhang Ju and Zhang Chun.
Mêng Yu 孟优
Meng Huo’s brother. Captured by Zhuge Liang.
彌衡 (正平)
Mi Hêng (Chêng-p‘ing) 弥衡 (正平)
Reputable scholar. Infuriated Cao Cao’s officers with his audacious ways.

Notes: Called Ni Heng in the ZZTJ.

繆裴 (文雅)
Miao P‘ei (Wên-ya) 缪裴 (文雅)
Widely read in the classics, refused all offers of employment.
Miao Ssŭ 苗祀
In charge of the residence of Empress Fu. Killed during the fighting in Hongnong.
Michia 弥加
Allied with Tanshihuai, Wei and Kebineng. Established trading links with Wei.
Michia 弥加
Xianbei chieftain who offered trade with Wei.
閔純 (伯典)
Min Ch‘un (Po-tien) 闵纯 (伯典)
Opposed surrendering to Yuan Shao and was executed.

Notes: Guan Chun (關純) in Romance of the Three Kingdoms. These characters are from the original text, so Guan Chun is the proper novel translation.

Min Kung 闵贡
Han commander in the Henan district. Killed eunuch Duan Gui. Helped Emperor Shao.
Mo Ssŭ 莫嗣
Disapproved of the outlandish fashions among men and women’s clothing
Mu Shun 穆顺
General of Governor Zhang Yang. Killed by Lü Bu in a duel.
Mu Shun 穆顺
Plotted to save Emperor Xian with Empress Fu and Fu Wan. Executed by Cao Cao.
Niu Fu 牛辅
Fought against Lü Bu and Li Su, after Dong Zhuo’s death. Killed by Hu Che’er.

Notes: In Koei’s Dynasty Warriors 2-4 his name was presented as ‘Niou Fu’.

P‘an Fêng 潘凤
Officer of Han Fu. Wielded a giant axe and fought with Hua Xiong, but was killed.
P‘an Lin 潘临
Scourge of the area, kept evading capture until Lu Xun led an army against him.
P‘an Miao 番苗
Killed Dan Meng following his brother’s death.
P‘an Hsin 番歆
Snubbed Dan Meng’s father-in-law at a banquet and was put to death.
P‘an Yin 潘隐
Warned He Jin of Jian Shou’s plot and then of the Emperor’s death.
庞德公 (山民)
P‘ang Têkung (Shan-min) 庞德公 (山民)
A famed scholar. Uncle of Pang Tong.

Notes: Sima Hui called him Pang Gong as a nickname and therefore his name is sometimes mistranslated as such.

龐渙 (世文)
P‘ang Huan (Shih-wên) 庞涣 (世文)
Son of Pang Degong.
P‘ang Shu 庞舒
Sheltered Lü Bu and his family in Chang’an. Executed by Li Jue and Guo Si.
P‘ang Yüeh 庞乐
With Li Yi, turned against Zhao Wei and killed him.
裴秀 (季彥)
P‘ei Hsiu (Chi-yen) 裴秀 (季彦)
Expert cartographer, close adviser to Sima Zhao and Sima Yan.
P‘ei Yüanshao 裴元绍
Former Yellow Scarve killed by Zhao Yun during an attempt to steal his horse.
P‘êng Hu 彭虎
Raised ten thousand men under his control, fled on sight of Wu forces.
P‘êng T‘o 彭脱
Defeated by Huangfu Song and Zhu Jun.
P‘uching 普净
Monk. Warned Guan Yu of Bian Xi’s plot. Later helped Guan Yu’s spirit to find peace.

Notes: Pujing 普淨, a religious name, translates to Universal Purity. In the Brewitt-Taylor translation Pujing appears as Pu Jing and his name is translated as Transverse Peace. Other translations are possible.

Ch‘i Chou 齐周
A clerical officer, joined in the revolt against Gongsun Zan under Liu He.
Ch‘ien T‘ung 钱铜
Led forces against Sun Ce but was defeated.
Ch’iang-tuan 强端
A member of the Di at Yinping who executed Wu Lan and sent his head to Wei.
喬瑁 (元偉)
Ch‘iao Mao (Yüan-wei) 乔瑁 (元伟)
Forged decree against Dong Zhuo. Was killed by his enemy Liu Dai.
Ch‘imu K‘ai 綦母闓
Scholar in Liu Biao’s court. Produced the “Later Edition” with Song Zhong.

Notes: ‘Lord Qimu’ is referenced in SGZ: Wei 8 with a similar background to Qimu Kai. It is likely that ‘Lord Qimu’ and Qimu Kai are the same person.

Ch‘in Lang 秦狼
Raised men in revolt but was defeated and captured by Jiang Qin.
Ch‘in Ch‘ingt‘ung 秦庆童
Servant of Dong Cheng. Punished for talking with Yun Ying. Betrayed him to Cao Cao.

Notes: Mistranslated as ‘Quin Quington’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor edition. Another calls him ‘Qui Lici’.

秦頡 (初起)
Ch‘in Hsieh (Ch‘u-ch‘i) 秦颉 (初起)
Killed Zhang Mancheng and Han Zhong before being killed in a mutiny.

Notes: Also known as Qin Jie.

Ch‘in I 秦谊
Swordsman, helped kill Dong Zhuo, dressing up as a guard to do so.
Ch‘ü Kung 瞿恭
Bandit who was defeated and killed by Li Tong.
Ch‘ü Mu 渠穆
Killed He Jin and cut off his head.
Ch‘ü I 麴义
Defeated Han Fu, Yufuluo and destroyed Gongsun Zan. Became arrogant and was executed.
Ch‘üan I 全祎
Conspired with Geng Ji and Wei Huang to abduct the Han Emperor.
Ch‘üeh Chien 却俭
Liu Yan’s predecessor, his attempt to raise levies caused revolts. Favorite of Emperor Ling.
Ch‘üeh Hsüan 阙宣
With Tao Qian’s support, declared himself Son of Heaven but was later killed by Qian.
Ch‘üehchi 阙机
Xianbei leader. Persuaded by Yan Rou to set up trade relations with Cao Cao.
Jaolung Tsung 扰龙宗
Delivering a report, he forgot to take off his sword and was killed by Dong Zhuo.
Jên Ch‘i 任岐
Raised troops against Liu Yan but was defeated and killed.
Juan Hsien 阮咸
One of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove, criticized for chasing after his slave lover.
阮咸 (仲容)
Juan Hsien (Chung-jung) 阮咸 (仲容)
One of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove and nephew of Ruan Ji.
Shamohan 沙末汗
After his father’s death, the Han court under Cao Cao confirmed him as a king.
Shan Ching 单经
Sent to aid Tao Qian against Cao Cao but defeated at Pingyuan.
Shan Yang 单飏
Asked by Qiao Xuan for interpretation of an omen, and predicted Cao Pi’s ascension to the throne.
Shang Shêng 商升
Opposed Sun Ce and defeated Han Yan. Wanted to surrender to He Qi but was murdered by his vassals.
Shang Yao 商曜
Rebelled and took Daling but was killed by the forces of Xu Huang and Xiahou Yuan.
Shên Ch‘êng 沈成
Bandit who was defeated and killed by Li Tong.

Notes: Shen 沈 can also be translated as Chen, but this translation is not used in surnames. That said, you will still find him under the name Chen Cheng.

Shên Mi 沈弥
Took part in revolt against Liu Zhang but was defeated and fled to Jing.
審配 (正南)
Shên P‘ei (Chêng-nan) 审配 (正南)
Served Yuan Shao with loyalty. After Shao’s death, sided with his youngest son, Shang.
Shên Chung 审忠
In 179 or 180, he denounced the eunuchs of the court.
Shêng Tao 盛道
Joined a failed revolt vs. Liu Zhang. His wife sacrificed herself to save him from execution
盛憲 (孝章)
Shêng Hsien (Hsiao-chang) 盛宪 (孝章)
Helped in resistance to Sun Ce, had quite a reputation. Killed by Sun Quan.
申屠蟠 (子龍)
Shênt‘u P‘an (Tzŭ-lung) 申屠蟠 (子龙)
Refused appointment and when Dong Zhuo tried to hire him, laughed at the idea.
Shih Huang 史璜
His death caused conflict as the Han ordered Shi Xie to defeat Liu Biao’s replacements.
士燮 (威彥)
Shih Hsieh (Wei-yen) 士燮 (威彦)
Grand Administrator of Jiaozhi. Paid regular tribute to Sun Quan.
司馬徽 (德操)
Ssŭma Hui (Tê-ts‘ao) 司马徽 (德操)
Named ‘Water Mirror’ by Pang Degong. Former teacher of Zhuge Liang and Pang Tong.
司馬儁 (元異)
Ssŭma Chün (Yüan-i) 司马儁 (元异)
Grandfather of Sima Yi. Governor of Yingchuan.

Notes: ‘Sima Juan’ in the Moss Roberts translation and online Brewitt-Taylor translations. ‘Sima Jun’ in Rafe de Crespigny’s works.

司馬伷 (子將)
Ssŭma Chou (Tzŭ-chiang) 司马伷 (子将)
Led the force to which Sun Hao offered his seal and surrendered.
Sung Kuo 宋果
Proposed to Yang Feng that they should betray Li Jue. Overheard and killed by Li Jue.

Notes: Also called Song Ye.

Sung Chien 宋建
Rebelled against the Han for over thirty years until he was defeated by Xiahou Yuan.
Song Ch’i 宋奇
Husband of Cao Cao’s second cousin. He was executed and caused the removal from office of all those related to him.
Sung Jên 宋仁
Song Ren and his brother, Song Yong, join Liu Bei in Capcom’s Destiny of an Emperor.
Song Yang 宋扬
A rebel alongside Han Sui, Bian Zhang and Beigong Yu.
Sung Yung 宋勇
Song Yong and his brother, Song Ren, join Liu Bei in Capcom’s Destiny of an Emperor.
Sung Chung [Tsung] (Chung-tzŭ) 宋忠
Scholar under Liu Biao with Qimu Kai. Sent by Liu Cong to surrender to Cao Cao.

Notes: Song Zhong’s name may have been written Song Zong 宋宗.

Su Shuang 苏双
Horse trader from Zhongshan with Zhang Shiping. Supplied Liu Bei’s first armed force.
眭固 (白兔)
Sui Ku (Poi-t‘u) 眭固 (白兔)
Killed Yang Chou who had killed Zhang Yang. Turned to Yuan Shao but killed in battle.

Notes: You will also find him referenced as Gui Gu and Kui Gu. In Moss Roberts’ translation he isn’t mentioned by name. ‘Kui Gu’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation. Koei, until recently, referenced him as Gui Gu. Bo 白 in his style is frequently translated as Bai, thus Baitu. Sidenote: his style, Botu (白兔) literally translates to ‘White Rabbit’.

Sui Yüanchin 眭元进
Part of the defenders of Yuan Shao’s supply camp, captured and executed.

Notes: Gui Yuanjin in some versions of the novel.

Suli 素利
Xianbei chieftain who offered trade with Wei. Later attacked by Kebineng.
Sun Chung 孙仲
Fought with Zhu Jun and Liu Bei at Wan, but was killed by Liu Bei.
檀敷 (文友)
T‘an Fu (Wên-yu) 檀敷 (文友)
One of the Eight Paragons of Jiangxia. From Shanyang.
唐彬 (儒宗)
T‘ang Pin (Ju-tsung) 唐彬 (儒宗)
General of Jin who participated in the conquest of Wu. Described as fast as an elk.
T‘ang Chou 唐周
Follower of Zhang Jue. Betrayed his plans to the Han, and got Ma Yuanyi beheaded.
T‘anshihhuai 檀石槐
Tanshihuai led the Xianbei in raiding Han China. Defeated Han forces in AD 177.
陶謙 (恭祖)
T‘ao Ch‘ien (Kung-tsu) 陶谦 (恭祖)
Inspector of Xuzhou. Fought violently with Cao Cao. Died of illness.
T‘ao Shêng 陶升
Bandit leader, he rescued the family of many officials when he took Ye. Yuan Shao rewarded him for it.
陶丘洪 (子林)
T‘aoch‘iu Hung (Tzŭ-lin) 陶丘洪 (子林)
Praised Liu Dai and Liu Yao. Almost joined a plot to kidnap Emperor Ling.
T‘ien Fên 田芬
Accompanied Emperor Xian during his flight away from Li Jue, killed in battle.
田豐 (元皓)
T‘ien Fêng (Yüan-hao) 田丰 (元皓)
Served Yuan Shao, who ignored his advice. Killed himself after being slandered by Feng Ji.
T‘ien K‘ai 田楷
Appointed Lieutenant Governor of Qingzhou by Gongsun Zan. Fought against Cao Cao.
T‘ien Shao 田韶
Viewed Gongsun Du contemptuously. Killed by Du along with some other local gentry.
T‘ien I 田仪
Went to attend to Dong Zhuo’s corpse. Executed by Lü Bu.

Notes: Also called Tian Jing.

T‘ien Yin 田银
Rose in revolt with Su Bao but was defeated by Jia Xin.
T‘ung Chih 僮芝
Local warlord, claimed area after Liu Yao’s death. Fell sick and Sun Fu seized his land.
T‘u An 土安
Defeats Shu army 15 times but it is all a ploy to make Nanman careless.
Wang Pi 王祕
Local warlord who defeated He Luan of Zhangye.
Wang Ch‘ang 王昌
Member of Li Jue’s Tiger Army. Wouldn’t arrest Huangfu Li for ethical reasons.

Notes: ‘Wang Chan’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation.

Wang Ch‘êng 王承
Local officer near Chang’an, he feared Ma Teng was plotting against him so attacked and drove Ma Teng away.
Wang Ch‘en 王晨
One of the few members of the Wang family to escape Li Jue’s wrath.
Wang Tang 王当
Served under Zhang Yan.
Wang Tu 王度
Defected to the Yellow Turbans, beaten by Cheng Yu.
Wang Fang 王方
Opened the gates of Chang’an, later fought Ma Teng and was killed by a young Ma Chao.
Wang Fen 王芬
Rebelled in an attempt to depose Emperor Ling. Committed suicide out of fear after being threatened with imperial troops.
Wang Fu 王甫
Accused Prince Li of treason after receiving no bribe. Accused Empress Song of witchcraft.
王服[王子服] (子由)
Wang Fu [Wang Tzŭfu] (Tzu-yu) 王服[王子服] (子由)
Part of the ‘Jade Girdle’ plot to kill Cao Cao. Courtier of Dong Cheng. Executed by Cao.

Notes: Wang Fu appears as Wang Zifu (王子服) in the novel, SGZ Shu, and other sources. This appears to be an error. Rafe de Crespigny wrote the following in To Establish Peace I: “The main text of SGZ 32 gives the personal name of Wang Fu as, but Xiandi qijuzhu, quoted by PC, and the parallel texts HHS 9, 381, and HHS 72/62, 2343, all omit the character zi. It is presumably dittography from the name of Wu Zilan immediately preceding.”

Wang Kung 王肱
Grand Administrator of Dong commandery. He was unable to resist the Black Mountain Bandits.
王浚 (彭祖)
Wang Chün (P‘êng-tsu) 王浚 (彭祖)
A successful general under Sima Yan, he fought during the War of Eight Princes but was killed by Shi Le.
王濬 (士治)
Wang Chün (Shih-chih) 王浚 (士治)
Commander of the force that conqured Wu.
王俊 (子文)
Wang Chün (Tzu-wen) 王俊 (子文)
Advised Liu Biao to ally with Cao Cao rather than Yuan Shao. Died in his 64th year at Wuling.
王匡 (公節)
Wang K‘uang (Kung-chieh) 王匡 (公节)
Took heavy losses against Dong Zhuo. Despised material things but could be violent.
Wang Lei 王累
Minister of Liu Zhang. Strongly advised Zhang to not allow Liu Bei into Yi.
王烈 (彥方)
Wang Lieh (Yen-fang) 王烈 (彦方)
A famed man from Taiyuan who refused service and reformed others.
Wang Mai 王买
Officer of Zhong Hui during the conquest of Shu.
Wang Mên 王门
A military commander, he was forced into withdrawing after Tian Yu shamed him.
Wang Ch‘i 王颀
Served Han as Commandant of the Exemplary Cavalry. Killed by Li Jue and Guo Si’s troops.
王戎 (濬沖)
Wang Jung (Chün-ch‘ung) 王戎 (浚冲)
A child prodigy, one of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove, noted for his meanness.
Wang Jui (T‘ung-yao) 王睿
Governor of Jingzhou. Tried to have Cao Yin killed, but was killed first by Sun Jian.
Wang Wei 王威
Served Liu Biao and Liu Cong loyally. Died protecting Cong from Cao Cao.
Wang Yeh 王业
Taken into Cao Mao’s confidence but betrayed it to Sima Zhao.
Wang I 王邑
Sent to present Cao Cao with gifts following Emperor Xian’s marriage with Cao Cao’s daughters.
Wang Yüanchi 王元姬
Empress dowager during Jin Dynasty. Wife of Sima Zhao and mother of Sima Yan.

Notes: Formerly Empress Wenming (文明皇后; “civil and understanding empress”)

王允 (子師)
Wang Yün (Tzŭ-shih) 王允 (子师)
Diaochan’s father. Orchestrated the plot which resulted in Dong Zhuo’s death.
Wang Chao 汪昭
Fictional officer under Yuan Tan. Killed after only a few bouts by Xu Huang.
Wei Hung 卫弘
Of a wealthy family, he gave his property to Cao Cao to raise troops to restore the Han.
Wei Yüeh 魏越
General of Lü Bu who took part in repeated attacks that ultimately led to Zhang Yan’s defeat.
Wên Ch‘ou 文丑
A fierce general in service under Yuan Shao. Killed in battle with Cao Cao.
Wu Ankuo 武安国
Served Kong Rong. Wielded an iron mace. Maimed by Lü Bu after fighting ten bouts.
Wu Pa 吴霸
A commander-in-chief for the Yellow Scarves. Defeated and captured by Li Tong.
Wu Kang 吴纲
Adviser to Zhuge Dan. Took Dan’s son to Wu to ensure Wu support.
吳巨 (元大)
Wu Chü (Yüan-ta) 吴巨 (元大)
Made Prefect of Cangwu through Liu Biao’s backing. Old friend of Liu Bei. Killed by Bu Zhi.
吳碩 (子蘭)
Wu Shih (Tzŭlan) 吴硕 (子兰)
Part of the ‘Jade Girdle’ plot to kill Cao Cao. Friend of Dong Cheng and Wang Zifu. Executed by Cao.

Notes: In SGZ: Shu 2 a man by the name of Wu Zilan 吳子蘭 is described as one of the conspirators. It is likely that this is Wu Shi, and that Zilan was his style.

Wu Wu 吴五
Local leader on the upper Min River, destroyed by He Qi.
Wu Tzŭ 吴资
Defeated by Cao Cao at the start of 195.
Wulu 五鹿
Name means Five Deer.
Hsi Chien 郤俭
A famed doctor from Yangcheng.
Hsi Ni 奚泥
Defeats Shu army 15 times but it is all a ploy to make Nanman careless.
Hsia Yün 夏晖
One of the Ten Regular Attendants, greatly favoured by Dowager Dong and Emperor Ling.

Notes: You may also see him referenced as Xia Hui (‘暉’ can be ‘Hui1’). In this case, we have sided with the Moss Roberts and Brewitt-Taylor translations.

Hsiahou Chün 夏侯骏
Jin officer. Appointed to do battle with the Qiang tribes.
襄楷 (公矩)
Hsiang K‘ai (Kung-chih) 襄楷 (公矩)
Widely read, he used portents against the eunuchs and for the reformers. Predicted the eunuchs’ destruction.
辛評 (仲治)
Hsin P‘ing (Chung-chih) 辛评 (仲治)
An officer of Han Fu, he later served the Yuan’s loyally when Fu fled.
Hsing Taojung 邢道荣
A hardy commander of Liu Du. Killed by Zhao Yun.

Notes: ‘Xing Darong’ in the online version of the novel.

Hsü Ch‘ang 许昌
Raised revolt against the Han but was put down by Zang Min and Sun Jian.
Hsü Jung 徐荣
Defeated Cao Cao and Sun Jian in battle, but never able to press it home.
許劭 (子將)
Hsü Shao (Tzŭ-chiang) 许劭 (子将)
A specialist of personalities living in Runan. Praised Cao Cao. Later served Liu Yao.

Notes: Appears in Destiny of an Emperor by the name of Xu Shou. If you say this person’s surname followed by style name it would become “Xu2 Zi3jiang1” because of the third tone after the Xu3.

Yang Feng 杨凤
Appointed by Emperor Ling to lead the various bandit forces.
Hsü Chao [Shao] 许昭[韶]
Son of Xu Chang. Killed by Sun Jian along with his father.

Notes: Xu Hao in the online novel version. Xu Zhao’s name is a bit of a mystery. Xu Chang (probably Xu Zhao’s) staged a rebellion in Kuaiji (or Xu Zhao did) and Xu Zhao was either leader (HHS 102), sole son by the name of Xu Shao, associated leader by the name of Xu Shao (SGZ Wu 1), or two sons named Zhao and Shao. In any case, Xu Zhao 昭 seems most likely as Shao 韶 may have been used in Sanguozhi to avoid a taboo on Sima Zhao’s name.

Hsüeh Lan 薛兰
Defeated and killed Li Qian but was defeated and executed himself by Cao Cao a year later.
Hsüeh Li 薛礼
Served Liu Yao with Zhang Ying. Killed by his former ally Ze Rong.
荀諶 (友若)
Hsün Ch‘ên (Yu-jo) 荀谌 (友若)
Younger brother of Xun Yu. Advised Han Fu on administration. Later served Yuan Shao.

Notes: Xun Chen’s name is misrepresented in numerous sources, including: Pinyin Brewitt-Taylor chapter 7 as Xun Chang, chapters 22 and 26 as Xun Shen; Moss Roberts chapter 7 as Xun Chan, chapters 22 and 26 as Xun Shen; Zizhi Tongjian as Xun Shen. And in hoards of sites and games. You will see these mistakes wherever you see the 諶 character.

荀爽 (慈明)
Hsün Shuang (Tz‘ŭ-ming) 荀爽 (慈明)
Fast tracked by Dong Zhuo, he calmed Zhuo down when Yang Biao angered him.

Notes: Also known as Xun Xu.

Yatan 雅丹
Fictional. Prime Minister to King Cheliji of the Western Qiang.

Notes: Frequently written ‘Ya Dan’.

Yen Paihu [White Tiger Yen] 严白虎
Fought with Sun Ce, but was defeated. Killed by Dong Xi.

Notes: ‘白虎’ translates to ‘White Tiger’, thus his alleged Chinese name of Yan Baihu actually reads ‘White Tiger of Yan’, as he appears in several English books. Yan Baihu was recorded in history by his nickname. His real name, if he actually had one, is unknown.

Yen Kang 严纲
Officer of Gongsun Zan. Led Zan’s army at Jieqiao, but was killed by Qu Yi.

Notes: Mistranslated as ‘Yan Guang’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation.

Yen Liang 颜良
A fierce general in service under Yuan Shao. Beheaded by Guan Yu.
Yen Yü 严舆
Killed by an enraged Sun Ce after suggesting that Sun Ce join Yan Baihu.

Notes: Also said to be Yan Xing in Dynasty Tactics 2.

Yen Chêng 严政
Officer of Zhang Bao. Killed Bao when defeat was inevitable.
Yang Ang 杨昂
Fought under Ma Chao and aided Zhang Wei in building strong defences against Cao Cao.
Yang Po 杨柏
Jealous of Ma Chao, prevented marriage alliance between Zhang Lu and Ma Chao.
Yang Ch‘ou 杨丑
Killed his former lord Zhang Yang, for Cao Cao, but in turn was killed by Sui Gu.
Yang Fêng 杨锋
Man chieftain. Ally of Meng Huo, who later betrayed to help Zhuge Liang.

Notes: Referenced incorrectly as ‘Yang Fang’ in Brewitt-Taylor’s translation and other sources.

羊祜 (叔子)
Yang Hu (Shu-tzŭ) 羊祜 (叔子)
A talented Jin officer. Held Xiang Yang. Formed a friendship with Lu Kang of Wu.
Yang Huai 杨怀
Officer of Liu Zhang. Executed after an attempt to assassinate Liu Bei.
Yang Chi 杨济
Champion General under Jin. Controlled the field armies during the invasion of Wu.
Yang Mi 杨密
Imperial Corps Commander. Persuaded Guo Si not to kill Yang Biao.
Yang P’u 杨仆
King of Di at Wudu.
Yang Ch‘i 杨琦
Advised through Li Jue and Guo Si’s abuse, recommended Jia Xu. Plotted against Li Jue.
Yang Ch‘iu 杨秋
Sent by Han Sui to Cao Cao as an envoy of peace. Surrendered when under siege.
Yang Jên 杨任
Fought well against Cao Cao’s forces at Yangping, lured out and killed in battle.

Notes: He is called Yan Ren in the online version of the novel and possibly in other sources.

Yang Sung 杨松
Vassal of Zhang Lu. Known to be greedy, he betrayed Zhang Lu.
Yang I 杨稷
Grand Administrator of Jiaozhi in Jin Dynasty.
Yang Chao (Hsiu-ch‘u) 杨肇
Sent to rescue Bu Chan, suffered horrendous defeat, retreat was a disaster. Sacked.
Yin K‘ai 尹楷
Mantained supplies for Yuan Shang. Killed by Xu Chu in the novel.
Yin K‘uei 殷馗
An expert in astrology, he predicted a Perfect Man would rise, later thought to mean Cao Cao.

Notes: ‘Yin Ku’ in chapter 32 of the online Brewitt-Taylor translation; likely a typo as he is Yin Kui elsewhere.

Yü Tu 于毒
A leader of the Black Mountain Bandits, he was defeated by Cao Cao then later by Yuan Shao.

Notes: Commonly displayed as Yu Du. His name, a title, is properly displayed as Poison Yu.

Yü Mi 于麋
An officer of Liu Yao. Defeated in a duel with Sun Ce and died.
袁逢 (周陽)
Yüan Fêng (Chou-yang) 袁逢 (周阳)
Father of Yuan Shu and possibly Yuan Shao. Minister of Agriculture in service to Han.
袁閎 (夏輔)
Yüan Hung (Hsia-fu) 袁闳 (夏辅)
Rebuked his relatives for prospering when the Han was in disorder, the Turbans respected him.
Yüan Hui 袁徽
Refused appointment from Cao Cao but praised Shi Xie and Xu Jing.
Yüan Chi 袁基
A member of the Yuan family, he was executed due to Yuan Shao’s revolt.
Yüan P‘ang 袁滂
Father of Yuan Huan, who served Wei.
袁尚 (顯甫)
Yüan Shang (Hsien-fu) 袁尚 (显甫)
A handsome man, won his father’s favor but lost to Cao Cao. Executed by Gongsun Kang.
袁紹 (本初)
Yüan Shao (Pên-ch‘u) 袁绍 (本初)
Childhood friend, and later enemy of, Cao Cao. Defeated at Guandu.
袁譚 (顯思)
Yüan T‘an (Hsien-ssŭ) 袁谭 (显思)
A famed general but a poor governor, fought against Shang for the succession.
Yüan Wei (Tz‘ŭ-yang) 袁隗
A famed minister, aided He Jin’s avengers. Killed by a vengeful Dong Zhuo.
袁熙 (顯奕)
Yüan Hsi (Hsien-i) 袁熙 (显奕)
Eventually took in Shang, driven out by revolt. Executed by Gongsun Kang.
袁遺 (伯業)
Yüan I (Po-yeh) 袁遗 (伯业)
Admired by Zhang Chao and Cao Cao. Defeated by Yuan Shu and killed by his own men.
袁忠 (正輔)
Yüan Chung (Chêng-fu) 袁忠 (正辅)
Fled his post during the civil war. Alleged to have been murdered on Cao Cao’s orders,
Yüeh Sung 乐松
A possible eunuch, he warned against Zhang Jue and defend his critic Yang Ci.
Yüehchi 越吉
Fictional. Marshal under King Cheliji of the Western Qiang. Killed by Guan Xing.

Notes: Frequently written ‘Yue Ji’.

Yüfulo 於夫罗
Chief of the Southern Xiongnu. Aided Yuan Shu and Zhang Yang.
Yün Ying 云英
Concubine of Dong Cheng. Her interactions with Qin Qingtong got Cheng killed.
臧洪 (子源)
Tsang Hung (Tzŭ-yüan) 臧洪 (子源)
A loyal man, he was much admired and was the one that proclaimed the oath of the alliance.
Tsang Min 臧旻
Governor of Kuaiji. Recommended Sun Jian to the court after Jian quelled Xu Chang’s rebellion.
Tsê Jung 笮融
Buddhist, fought against Sun Ce, had a record of betrayal and murder.

Notes: Also referred to as Zhai Rong in Generals of the South. As well as To Establish Peace.

Chang Pao 张苞
Turned on Li Jue and launched a surprise attack, he failed to get a fire going.
Chang Pao 张宝
Yellow Scarves leader and Zhang Jue’s brother. Self-titled ‘Lord of Earth’.

Notes: Zhang Ba in the online version of the novel.

Chang Po 张伯
Leader in the Yingchuan region, defeated and killed by Fu Xie.
張超 (子並)
Chang Ch‘ao (Tzŭ-ping) 张超 (子并)
A man of great literary ability, he assisted Zhu Jun against the Turbans.
Chang Ch‘ao 张超
Was a member of the anti-Dong Zhuo coalition, held out for months against Cao Cao.
Chang Ch‘êng 张晟[白骑]
Bandit leader, famed for his white horse. He was driven out by Du Ji and killed by Ma Teng.

Notes: Zhang Cheng’s nickname, Baiqi, translates to White Rider.

Chang Ch‘ih 张赤
A bandit based in Taoshan, he was defeated by Li Tong.
Chang Ch‘un 张纯
Passed over for promotion, he led the Wuhuan in revolt. After initial success, Liu Yu turned up and Chun was betrayed.
張綱 (文紀)
Chang Kang (Wên-chi) 张纲 (文纪)
Great-grandfather of Zhang Yi (Bogong), who served Shu.
張浩 (叔明)
Chang Hao (Shu-ming) 张浩 (叔明)
Great-great-grandfather of Zhang Yi (Bogong), who served Shu.
Chang Hêng 张横
One of Han Sui’s Eight Knights.

Notes: For some reason poor Zhang Heng is listed incorrectly in several sources. Some Chinese versions of the novel have him as ‘長橫’ (‘長’ chang2 instead of ‘張’ zhang1). As if that isn’t enough, some Brewitt-Taylor translations list him as Zhang Han—no idea why.

Chang Hu [Tiger Chang] 张虎
Marched out with Huang Zu to oppose Sun Jian. Killed by Han Dang after 30 bouts.

Notes: ‘Zhang Hui’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation.

張華 (茂先)
Chang Hua (Mao-hsien) 张华 (茂先)
Played Go with Sima Yan, approved invasion of Wu. Talented poet, became Prime Minister.
Chang Chi 张济
Junior partner under Li Jue, attacks Liu Biao in bid for supplies but dies due to arrow.
Chang Chü 张举
Led revolt against the Han, he ravaged the northeast and declared himself ruler.
Chang Chüeh or Chiao 张角
Founder of the Yellow Scarves. Self-titled ‘Lord of Heaven’.

Notes: Written ‘Zhang Jiao’ (角 can be pronounced as both Jue and Jiao) at times (particularly by Koei) and as Zhang Jao in Destiny of an Emperor. The audio file says “Zhang Zue”, followed by “Jiao3”

Chang Chün 张钧
Blamed the Yellow Turban revolt on the eunuchs. Arrested and flogged on false charges.
Chang Liang 张梁
Yellow Scarves leader and Zhang Jue’s brother. Self-titled ‘Lord of Man’.

Notes: Zhang Lian in the online version of the novel.

Chang Lung 张龙
He and Zhang Bao changed sides, they took part in Guo Si’s secret attack but it failed.
Chang Manch‘êng 张曼成
Local leader, he killed Chu Gong but three months later, was killed by Qin Jie.
張猛 (叔威)
Chang Mêng (Shu-wei) 张猛 (叔威)
Mother told he would die in a certain tower. Killed fellow officer Handan Shang, murdered by avenging troops.
Chang Min 张旻
Sent by Shi Xie to pay tribute to the Han in 208.
Chang Niu-chiao 张牛角
Bandit leader. After his death from a flying dart, command of his force passed to Zhang Yan.

Notes: Niujiao means “ox horn”.

Chang Ch‘i 张岐
Sent by Han Fu and Yuan Shao to get Liu Yu to take up the throne.
Chang Ch‘iao 张乔
Jin general who dealt a heavy defeat to Wu’s troops under Zhang Ti.
Chang Jang 张让
Most influential of the Ten Regular Attendants. Drowned himself to avoid capture.
Chang Jên 张任
Remained loyal to Liu Zhang. Executed by Liu Bei. In novel, Pang Tong died in his ambush.
Chang Shang 张尚
General of Jin who killed Lu Jing.
Chang Shihp‘ing 张世平
Horse trader from Zhongshan with Su Shuang. Supplied Liu Bei’s first armed force.
Chang Su 张肃
Governor of Guanghan, discovered the treachery of his brother Zhang Song and warned Liu Zhang.
Chang Wei 张卫
Zhang Lu’s younger brother. Beheaded after a brilliant battle with Xu Chu.
張溫 (惠恕)
Chang Wên (Po-shên) 张温 (惠恕)
First ever Han Excellency appointed when out of the capital, struggled to deal with Han Sui.
Chang Wu 张武
Began pillaging the people of Jiangxia. Zhao Yun killed him with a spear thrust.
Chang Hsi 张喜
Promoted to high office, he was sent to make peace between Li Jue and Guo Si. Sacked by Cao Cao.
Chang Hsien 张羨
A widely popular magistrate, he revolted against Liu Biao and held him off till Xian died.
Chang Hsiu 张脩
One of the founders of the Five Pecks of Rice sect, he rebelled against the Han twice, killed by Zhang Lu.
Chang Hsüan 张宣
Local leader, killed the defeated Han Xian as Xian fled to Bing.
張玄 (處虛)
Chang Hsüan (Ch‘u-hsü) 张玄 (处虚)
Advised Zhang Wen to use his command of the army to reform the Han government.
Chang Yen 张琰
Bandit, took part in pillaging but was defeated and killed by Ma Teng.
張延 (公威)
Chang Yen (Kung-wei) 张延 (公威)
May have paid for rank, Zhang Yan was slandered by the eunuchs and died in jail.
張楊 (稚叔)
Chang Yang (Chih-shu) 张杨 (稚叔)
A good and generous man, attempted to aid Emperor Xian but wasn’t trusted by other generals.
Chang I 张逸
Local officer, went to join Liu Yu in death, using every curse he knew on Gongsun Zan
Chang Yin 张音
Prepared Emperor Xian’s abdication to Cao Pi.
Chang Ying 张英
Served Liu Yao with Xue Li. Lost in battle to Sun Ce twice. Killed by Chen Wu.
Chang Chang 张璋
Officer under He Jin. Led troops to slaughter the eunuchs after his death.
Chang Chungching 张仲景
Also known as Zhang Ji. Famous physician from the Eastern Han Dynasty.

Notes: Also commonly known as Zhang Ji (張機).

趙苞 (威豪)
Chao Pao (Wei-hao) 赵苞 (威豪)
Zhao Zhong’s cousin. Fought Xianbei even though they had captured his wife and children.
Chao Ts‘ên 赵岑
Occupied River Si Pass for Dong Zhuo. Retreated when Dong Zhuo abandoned Luoyang.
Chao Tu 赵犊
Killed the Inspector of Youzhou and Governor of Zhuojun. Defeated and executed by Cao Cao.
Chao O (Chao Och‘in) 赵娥(亲)
Pang Yu’s mother. Killed Li Shou to avenge her father, Zhao Jun’an, then turned herself in.

Notes: Zhao E 趙娥 usually appears by the name Zhao Eqin 趙娥親. Appears as Pang Eqin 龐娥(親) in Romance of the Three Kingdoms XI.

Chao Kuota 赵国达
Trieu Au’s older brother.

Notes: Known to the Vietnamese as Trieu Quoc Dat (Triệu Quốc Đạt).

Chao Hung 赵弘
Fought with Zhu Jun at Wan, held out for eight months but was killed by Sun Jian.
Chao Yü 赵妪
Trieu Au, female warrior of the Nanyue tribe. Rebelled against Wu. Defeated by Lu Yin.

Notes: Known to the Vietnamese as Trieu Thi Trinh (Triệu Thị Trinh) or Trieu Au (Triệu Ẩu; Lady Trieu). I have pronounced the Chinese Zhao Yu, but dont know how to pronounce the Viet.

Chao Chung 赵忠
Emperor Ling considered him as a mother, slandered Huangfu Song, Lu Qiang and Fu Xie.
Chên I 甄逸
Father of Empress Zhen, but died while she was young. Commandery Governor.
Chêng Sui 郑遂
Student of Li Gu, compiled record of master’s sayings. Killed by Turbans from Qing.
Chou Ang 周昂
Sent to attack Sun Jian, he took the camp and killed Gongsun Yue but was defeated.
周毖 (仲遠)
Chou Pi (Chung-yüan) 周毖 (仲远)
Executed for bad advice, Dong Zhuo later regretted it. Protected Yuan Shao and acted as his agent.
Chou Ch‘ao 周朝
With Guo Shi, ravaged Lingling, Guiyang, and Changsha until destroyed by Sun Jian.
Chou Huan (Wên-ming) 周奂
Part of Wang Yun’s government, killed by Li Jue and Guo Si’s troops.
Chou Ching 周旌
Part of Wang Fen’s plot in 188 to kidnap Emperor Ling. Cao Cao refused to be involved.
周浚 (開林)
Chou Chün (K‘-ai-lin) 周浚 (开林)
Governor of Yang province in Jin. Participated in the conquest of Wu.
Chou Shên 周慎
Badly beaten by Han Sui and Bian Zhang due to his failure to listen to advice.
周昕 (大明)
Chou Hsin (Ta-ming) 周昕 (大明)
Well read, he resigned his position rather then have Yuan Shu to harm his people.
Chou Yü (Jên-ming) 周㬂
Helped his brother against Sun Jian and Yuan Shu, he was later killed by Xu Gong.
Chou Chih 周旨
Fought against Wu. Ambushes and kills Sun Xin then kills Shen Rong in a raid.
Chou Chih 周直
Killed by Li Tong at a meeting whilst drunk. His followers were added to Li Tong’s troops.
周忠 (嘉謀)
Chou Chung (Chia-mou) 周忠 (嘉谋)
Urged Li Jue to call in Zhu Jun, led troops to protect Xian and had some success.
Chu Fu 朱抚
Took in refugees from the north, forced to flee as his officers sparked revolts.
朱皓 (文明)
Chu Hao (Wên-ming) 朱皓 (文明)
Established excellent government. Attacked Yuan Shu, later killed by Zhai Rong.
Chu Han 朱汉
Treated rudely by Han Fu, got revenge by attacking the house and breaking the legs of Han Fu’s son.
朱儁 (公偉)
Chu Chün (Kung-wei) 朱儁 (公伟)
Han minister who fought against the Yellow Scarves with Liu Bei and Sun Jian.
諸葛珪 (子貢)
Chuko Kuei (Tzŭ-kung) 诸葛珪 (子贡)
Zhuge Liang’s father. Descended from Zhuge Feng. Governor’s deputy in Taishan.

Notes: His style is entered in the Sanguozhi as Jungong (君貢) but in Sanguo Yanyi as Zigong (子貢). Jungong is likely correct as it stems from Sanguozhi. We are looking into this.

諸葛頤 (道回)
Chuko I (Tao-hui) 诸葛颐 (道回)
The grandson of Zhuge Dan and son of Zhuge Jing.
Tsung Pao 宗宝
Slain in a few bouts by the Yellow Turban general Guan Hai.
Tsou Tan 邹丹
Killed by the rebelling Yan Rou, 4,000 of his men are killed as well.
Tsou Ching 邹靖
Served as Commandant under Liu Yan. Fought the Yellow Scarves with Liu Bei.

Notes: ‘Zhou Jing’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor Translation.

Tsou T‘a 邹他
Local leader, refused to accept Sun Ce but was defeated and killed.
Tsu Pi 祖弼
Keeper of the Imperial Seal under Emperor Xian. Executed before Xian was deposed.
Tso Ch‘êngtsu 左丞祖
Able in planning, ignored by Kong Rong. Later executed for suggesting Rong seek allies.
Tso Fêng 左丰
Eunuch of Han. Sent to evaluate Lu Zhi. Demanded a bribe, then lied about his merit.

Notes: His name is incorrectly translated as ‘Zhuo Feng’ in some Brewitt-Taylor editions.

Tso Ling 左灵
At Li Jue’s orders, with Jia Xu, restrained Emperor Xian. Slandered Duan Wei.



Novel and History

Officers and Kingdoms

Literature and Language


March 7, 2014