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Officers L: officer names from the Three Kingdoms officer name English–Chinese reference tool. Cross-reference given (xìng), personal (míng) and style (zì), given (xìng) and personal (míng) names in Pinyin, Wade-Giles, and traditional Chinese (both in Hanzi and decimal-encoded form for non-Unicode websites and forums).

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Name (family, given), style, Wade-Giles, tones, traditional and simplified Chinese.

Officer Name
Traditional Chinese,
Simplified Chinese
Lü Yu 吕由
Officer of Tao Qian. Defeated by Cao Ren when Cao Cao attacked Xuzhou.
Lady Pao 鲍夫人
Mother of Bao Chu. She lived more than 100 years.
Lady Pu [Pu Lienshih] 步夫人[步练师]
Lian Shi in Dynasty Warriors 7. Made Empress upon her death, was noted for not being jealous.

Notes: Lian Shi (步夫人) in Dynasty Warriors 7. Also Bu Lianshi (步練師).

Lady Ting 丁夫人
Cao Cao’s first wife, she blamed him for Cao Ang’s death and they divorced.
Lady Tung 董夫人
Arrested and executed due to her father’s plots against Cao Cao despite being pregnant.
Lady Tu 杜夫人
Married to Qin Yilu. Guan Yu wished to marry her but Cao Cao took her instead.

Notes: Du Shi in Romance of the Three Kingdoms XI.

Lady Li 李夫人
Killed herself when her husband Ma Miao surrendered to Wei.

Notes: Appears as ‘Li Shi’ in Romance of the Three Kingdoms XI.

Lady Liu 刘夫人
Yuan Shao’s wife. Mother of Yuan Shang.
Lady Mi 糜夫人
Consort of Liu Bei. Mi Zhu’s sister. Took her own life so Zhao Yun could save Liu Shan.
Lady P‘an 潘夫人
Wife of Sun Quan, the Lord of Wu. Was a native of Juzhang in Kuaiji.
Lady Sun [Sun Shanghsiang] 孙妃[孙尚香]
Sun Quan’s sister. Married to Liu Bei by Sun Quan, but later returned to Wu.

Notes: Sun Shangxiang is Lady Sun’s name in most Koei Games. ‘Sun Ren’ (孫仁) in the seventh chapter of Romance of the Three Kingdoms (learn more; not a duplicate mention of Sun Lang). Also appears as Sun Li at times. Both Sun Ren and Sun Li are incorrect and have no bearing on her true name, which is unknown.

Lady Sun 孙夫人
Daughter of Sun Ce. Wife of Lu Xun. Her marriage bonded the Lu and Sun families.

Notes: Sun Shi in Koei’s Romance of the Three Kingdoms.

Lady T‘ang Chi 唐姫夫人
Favorite concubine of Liu Bian, danced for him as he died. Daughter of Tang Mao.

Notes: ‘Lady Tang’ in various translations of the novel.

Lady Wang 王夫人
Second only to Madam Bu, Sun Luban slandered her to death.

Notes: Lady Wang of Langya. Not to be confused with Lady Wang of Nanyang.

Lady Wang 王夫人
Wife of Sun Quan, the Lord of Wu. Mother of Sun Xiu. Was a native of Nanyang.

Notes: Lady Wang of Nanyang. Not to be confused with Lady Wang of Langya.

Lady Wang 王夫人
Mother of Liu Xie (Emperor Xian). Concubine to Emperor Ling. Poisoned by Empress He.
Lady Wu 夫人吴
Mother of Sun Quan and Sun Ce. Wife to Sun Jian. Endorsed marriage of lady Sun.
Lady Hsi Shih 西施夫人
Spring and Autumn Period. One of the Four Beauties of Ancient China. Lived in Zhuji, capital of Yue.
Hsiahou Lingnü 夏侯夏侯
Married to Cao Wenshu, a relative of Cao Shuang, mutilated herself rather then marry again.
Lady Hsü 夫人徐
Wife of Sun Quan, the Lord of Wu. Was a native of Fuchun in Wu Commandary.
Lady Yang 杨夫人
Admired Wang Yi so convinced Ma Chao to trust Zhao Ang. Ang’s revolt led to her death.

Notes: Yang Shi in Romance of the Three Kingdoms XI.

Lady Chujung 祝融妃
Wife of King Meng Huo. Said to be descended from the Goddess of Fire.

Notes: Zhu4rong2 is her name, but Fei1 means literally “imperial concubine”

Lady Tsou 邹氏
Former wife of Zhang Ji. Caught Cao Cao’s fancy while staying with Zhang Xiu.

Notes: Appears as ‘Lady Zhou’ in Koei games, and in the Brewitt-Taylor translation. Lady Zou’s name is strange in meaning. Zou1 is a surname as expected, but Shi4 is a clan or maiden name.

Lai Kung 赖恭
Driven away by Wu Ju, he later became a senior minister for Liu Bei.
來敏 (敬達)
Lai Min (Ching-ta) 来敏 (敬达)
Tested Fei Yi over a game of Weiqi, educated Liu Shan but may have been slightly crazy.

Notes: Called Liu Min in poisonpie’s novel listing.

Lang Chih 郎稚
Rose up in revolt in 211 but was defeated by He Qi.
Lei Po 雷薄
Serves Yuan Shu, then later leaves to join the Mt. Songshan Bandits with Chen Lan.

Notes: Also known as Lei Pu and possibly the same as Lei Xu.

Lei T‘ung 雷铜
Officer of Liu Zhang and, later, Liu Bei. Killed by Zhang He at Baxi.
Lei Hsü 雷绪
Leader of dissidents, driven away by Xiahou Yuan with his many followers.

Notes: May be Lei Bo.

Lêng Pao 冷苞
Fought Wei Yan and Huang Zhong, he was captured twice. He was executed the second time.

Notes: Sometimes erroneously referred to as Ling Bao.

Hired Hua Tuo but rejected his warning that his wife carried twins. Lost both children.
Li Ch‘êng 李成
A patient of Hua Tuo, he was cured but was unable to get medicine after a relapse.
Li Ch‘êng 栗成
Overthrown by Heishan bandits led by Yu Du and killed.
李典 (曼成)
Li Tien (Man-ch‘êng) 李典 (曼成)
Served Wei. Assisted Zhang Liao in the defense of Hefei.
Li Fêng (Hsüan-kuo) 李丰
Famed from a young age, had a habit of faking illness. Plotted against Sima Shi.

Notes: Also styled Anguo

Li Fêng 李丰
Served Yuan Shu guarding Shouchun, but died after his defeat there by Cao Cao.

Notes: ‘Li Deng’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation.

Li Fêng 李封
Served Lü Bu. Killed by Xu Chu after neglecting his post in Yanzhou.

Notes: ‘Li Fang’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation.

Li Fu (Sun-tê) 李辅
Chief Secretary. Sent by Liu Shan to check on the dying Zhuge Liang.
李孚 (子憲)
Li Fu (Tzŭ-hsien) 李孚 (子宪)
Snuck through the Wei lines into Ye and then back out again.

Notes: ‘Li Mu’ in chapter 32 and ‘Li Qu’ in chapters 79 and 80, and ‘Li Zu’ in chapter 97 of the online Brewitt-Taylor translation to distinguish from others named Li Fu.

Li Ku 李固
Sent by Emperor Xian to give Li Jue rank as Grand Marshal.
Li Hu 李虎
Zong chieftain who submitted to Cao Cao. Moved North when Liu Bei took Hanzhong.
李恢 (德昂)
Li Hui (Tê’-ang) 李恢 (德昂)
Begged Liu Zhang not to let Liu Bei in, persuaded Ma Chao to surrender to Liu Bei.
Li Chi 李基
Son of Li Tong who inherited his rank.
Li Chin 李进
Defeated Lü Bu’s attack of his home town Shengshi.
李傕 (稚然)
Li Chüeh (Chih-jan) 李傕 (稚然)
Served Dong Zhuo. Later took control of the imperial court with Guo Si.
Li Chün 李俊
Local lord used by Jiang Xu to defeat Ma Chao. Was later enoffed and became a general.
Li K‘an 李堪
One of Han Sui’s Eight Knights. Accidentally killed by Yu Jin’s arrow.
Li Lê 李乐
Bandit who helped Xian escape Li Jue’s grasp, found the boat used to cross the river.
Li Li 李利
Performed badly against Ma Teng so slandered his commander Fan Chou.
李立 (建賢)
Li Li (Chien-hsien) 李立 (建贤)
Appointed as Inspector of Jing after Liu Cong’s surrender.
Li Mêng 李蒙
Helped Li Jue take Chang’an but was later executed by Ma Teng.
李密 (令伯)
Li Mi (Ling-po) 李密 (令伯)
Student of Qiao Zhou, evaluated the abilities of Liu Shan and his works were highly valued.
Li Min 李旻
Captured alive by Xu Rong after Sun Jian’s defeat and boiled to death.
Li Ch‘ien 李乾
Had heroic qualities, served Cao Cao early on but was killed in Lü Bu’s revolt.
Li Ch‘iu 李球
Officer of Shu. Died defending Mianzhu during Deng Ai’s attack on the city.
李權 (伯豫)
Li Ch‘üan (Po-yü) 李权 (伯豫)
Influential man in Shu, executed by Liu Yan on a pretext.
李仁 (德賢)
Li Jên (Têhsien) 李仁 (德贤)
Studied in Nanyang, was widely read and an expert in many fields.
Li Ju 李儒
Served Dong Zhuo as an advisor. Died with his lord’s ambitions.
李邵 (永南)
Li Shao (Yung-nan) 李邵 (永南)
Clerical officer, Jiang Wei was later compared to Li Shao by Zhuge Liang.

Notes: Style also known as Weinan.

Li Shêng 李升
Killed by Ma Xing’s revolt in one of their first acts.

Notes: Also called Yi Pou.

李勝 (公昭)
Li Shêng (Kung-chao) 李胜 (公昭)
Member of Cao Shuang’s faction, he was sent to check on Sima Yi’s health.
Li Shu 李术
Killed Wei’s Yan Xiang but then rebelled again against Quan and was executed.
李肅 (偉恭)
Li Su (Wei-kung) 李肃 (伟恭)
Using Red Hare and other gifts he persuaded Lü Bu to kill Ding Yuan and join Dong Zhuo.
Li Su (Wei-kung) 李肃
An excellent judge of talents, he would later be held in high honour by the people.
李通 (文達)
Li T‘ung (Wên-ta) 李通 (文达)
An officer of Wei. Saved Cao Cao’s rearguard in the retreat from Zhang Xiu.
Li Wênhou 李文侯
Part of Beigong Boyu’s rebellion. Killed by Han Sui, who took command of his troops.
Li Hsien 李暹
Nephew of Li Jue. Helped Li Jue smuggle out the Emperor. Killed by Xu Chu.
Li Hsin 李歆
Officer of Shu. Achieved merit in Jiang Wei’s first northern campaign.
Li Hsü 李绪
Son of Li Tong who was stationed at Fancheng, where he achieved some merit.
李嚴 (正方)
Li Yen (Chêng-fang) 李严 (正方)
A talented officer, exiled after he forged a decree to cover up failure of supplies.

Notes: Li Yan changed his name to Li Ping (李平)after rising in Shu authority.

Li I 李异
General of Sun Huan. Slain by Guan Xing in the novel.
Li I 李意
Immortal who warned Liu Bei what would happen should he attack Wu.

Notes: Known as Li Yi in the novel.

Li I 李遗
Li Hui’s son.

Notes: There are two ways to display 遺 in Pinyin: Yi and Wei. We use Yi2.

Li Ying 李膺
Governor of Henan. Visited and impressed by a young Kong Rong.
Li Ying 李应
Opposed Li Jue’s wish to execute his former superior Zhao Wen and won.
Li Itzŭ 李移子
Oath brother of Gongsun Zan, disreputable cloth seller.
Li Yung 李永
An attentive man, he was murdered by Dian Wei on order of a rival.
Li Chên 李祯
An acquittance of Li Jue, he reassured the general about the courtiers being armed.
Li Chêng 李整
Sent to collect his father’s troops, he defeated Xue Lan and Li Feng.
李譔 (欽仲)
Li Chuan (Ch‘in-chung) 李譔 (钦仲)
Fond of practical jokes, admired by Liu Xuan but not given important tasks. Skilled scholar
Liang Poning 梁伯宁
A Yellow Scarves leader in Yingchuan. Defeated and killed by Fu Xie in AD 184
Liang Ta 梁大
Vassal of Liu Bei, he was defeated by Yue Jin.
Liang Kang 梁綱
Served Yuan Shu guarding Shouchun, but died after his defeat there by Cao Cao.
梁鵠 (孟皇)
Liang Ku (Mêng-huang) 梁鹄 (孟皇)
Famed writer, the Wei Heng’s Siti Shu Shixu accuses him of fraud.
Liang K‘uan 梁宽
Revolted against Ma Chao at Yicheng, executing Ma Chao’s family.
Liang Lung 粱龙
Led a rebellion in Jiaozhi. Was defeated and killed by Zhu Jun.

Notes: Long may not have been his given name. It might have been his nickname: “Dragon Liang”

涼茂 (伯方)
Liang Mao (Po-fang) 凉茂 (伯方)
Advised Gongsun Du against attacking Ye while Cao Cao was on campaign elsewhere.
Liang Ch‘i 梁岐
Surrendered his county to Cao Cao in 204.
Liang Shao 粱绍
Had arguments with Yuan Shao and held hostage by Li Jue. Held eunuch rank yet was a man.

Notes: Dr. Rafe de Crespigny notes his personal name as either 邵 or 紹

Liang Shuang 梁双
In 210, as a local rebel he stormed Xi city but later made peace with the authorities.
梁習 (子虞)
Liang Hsi (Tzŭ-yü) 梁习 (子虞)
He pacified the Xiongnu and some of Bing, noted for good governance.
Liang Hsing 梁兴
One of Han Sui’s Eight Knights. Killed by Ma Chao in an attempt to protect Sui.
Liang Hsü 梁绪
Originally of Wei, he submitted to Zhuge Liang and was made Governor of Tianshui.
Liang Yen 梁衍
Advised Huangfu Song to raise troops against Dong Zhuo.
梁寓 (孔儒)
Liang Yü (K‘ung-ju) 梁寓 (孔儒)
Sent to spy on Wei court and ask for permission to attack Guan Yu.
Liao Ch‘un 廖淳
Served at Yiling, Jiang Wan recommended him for rank.
廖化 (元儉)
Liao Hua (Yüan-chien) 廖化 (元俭)
Officer in service of Shu. Served through the full span of the Shu Kingdom.

Notes: Also known as Liao Chun (廖淳).

廖立 (公淵)
Liao Li (Kung-yüan) 廖立 (公渊)
Arrogant officer who neglected his duties, was demoted by Zhuge Liang.
Ling Ts‘ao 凌操
Served Wu. Was killed in one of Gan Ning’s arrow attacks fighting Huang Zu.
凌統 (公績)
Ling T‘ung (Kung-chi) 凌统 (公绩)
Served Wu. Resented Gan Ning for killing his father, Ling Cao, but later forgave him.
Linghu Yü 令弧愚
Plotted against Sima Yi but died before it could begin.
Liu A 刘阿
Defeated by Liu Bei at Yi Ling. Later defeated by Zhang He.
Liu Ai 劉艾
Chief Clerk to Dong Zhuo. A famous historian who authored the Lingdi Ji.

Notes: ‘Liu Cai’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation.

劉巴 (子初)
Liu Pa (Tzŭ-ch‘u) 刘巴 (子初)
Rescued Shu’s economy after Liu Bei’s troops had plundered the treasury.
Liu Pang [Kaotsu] 刘邦[高祖]
Founder of the Han dynasty. Fought with Xiang Yu for control of China and eventually won.

Notes: Also known by his temple name, Emperor Gaozu of Han. Originally Liu Ji (劉季). Emperor Gao (高帝). Gao Huangdi (高皇帝).

Liu Pao 刘豹
United many Hun tribes so Deng Ai suggest stirring up trouble. Father of Liu Yuan.
劉備 (玄德)
Liu Pei (Hsüan-tê) 刘备 (玄德)
First Emperor of Shu and sworn brother of Guan Yu and Zhang Fei.

Notes: Liu Bei is commonly referenced by the name, Xian Zhu (先主), ‘First Ruler’ or ‘First Soverign’. Chen Shou, in the Sanguozhi, refers to Liu Bei by this title to indicate the illegitimacy of his dynasty in the eyes of Jin. Sun Quan and his clan are placed on an even lower pedestal. Sometimes referred to as the ‘Princely One’ in the Brewitt-Taylor novel translation.

劉表 (景升)
Liu Piao (Ching-shêng) 刘表 (景升)
Inspector of Jing province under the Han. Opposed the Sun family militarily.
Liu Ch‘an 刘阐
Described as affectionate and generous with other people.
Liu Ch‘ên 刘谌
Liu Shan’s fifth son. Rather than surrender to Wei, he committed suicide.

Notes: Also known as Liu Chan in some versions of the novel.

Liu Ch‘êng 刘丞
Guarded the gates of the palace. Executed by Sun Chen for taking part in Sun Liang’s plot.
Liu Ch‘ung 刘宠
During the Yellow Scarves rebellion he created his own kingdom. Killed by Yuan Shu.
Liu Ts‘ung 刘琮
Inherited Liu Biao’s kingdom upon his death, then surrendered it to Cao Cao.

Notes: His name is frequently written ‘Liu Zong’, but this is incorrect.

劉岱 (公山)
Liu Tai (Kung-shan) 刘岱 (公山)
Fought Liu Bei with Wang Zhong but had no success.
劉岱 (公山)
Liu Tai (Kung-shan) 刘岱 (公山)
Governor of Yan. Attacked the Qingzhou Yellow Scarves, but was killed.
Liu Tan 刘诞
Son of Liu Yan, executed alongside Liu Fan after a failed coup against Li Jue.
Liu Têjan 刘德然
A student of Lu Zhi’s, related to Liu Bei whose own studies were paid for by Deran’s father.
Liu Tu 刘度
Governor of Lingling. He surrendered to Liu Bei after his son was defeated.
Liu Fan 刘范
Han Left Imperial Corps Commander. Helped Ma Teng. Killed by Li Jue and Guo Si.
劉放 (子棄)
Liu Fang (Tzŭ-ch‘i) 刘放 (子弃)
Recommended Cao Shuang as joint regent of Cao Fang. A brilliant writer, Han lineage.
Liu Fêng 刘封
Liu Bei’s adopted son. Executed after the death of Guan Yu at Zhuge Liang’s suggestion.

Notes: ‘Kou Feng’ (寇封) before Liu Bei adopted him.

劉馥 (元穎)
Liu Fu (Yüan-ying) 刘馥 (元颖)
His farming and defence improvements in Yangzhou allowed Wei to keep control of the area.
Liu Kuei 刘璝
Sent to hold Luocheng, he advised visiting a local sage. Cut down by Zhang Yi.

Notes: Sometimes appears in games as Liu Kui.

Liu Ho 刘郃
Shu officer. Died in the year following Kongming’s occupation of Hanzhong.
Liu Ho 刘何
General, captured by Cao Ren.
Liu Ho 刘和
Ordered to escape capital and seek help for Xian. Captured by Yuan’s, later sent against Zan.
Liu Hung 刘弘
Liu Bei’s father. Son of Liu Xiong, said to be descended from Emperor Jing of Han.

Notes: His given name was originally Shan (山) and later Yi (義).

劉弘 (于高)
Liu Hung (Yü-kao) 刘弘 (于高)
Occupied high post but was sacked so Dong Zhuo could have his job.
Liu Hu 刘虎
Sent to aid Huang Zu while he was being attacked by Sun Ce.
Liu Hui 刘徽
Mathematician and cartographer of the Wei Dynasty. He obtained a more precise value of Pi, and edited the “The Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art”
劉基 (敬輿)
Liu Chi (Ching-yü) 刘基 (敬舆)
Favoured in court by Sun Quan. Stopped a drunken Quan from executing Yu Fan.
Liu Chün 刘俊
Attacked Mianzhu while Liu Bei welcomed Ma Chao. Killed by Zhao Yun.
Liu Chün 刘隽
A county magistrate in Wuwei. Killed by Qu Sheng during the Liang Rebellion.
Liu K‘ungtz‘ŭ 刘孔慈
Skilled at speaking quickly. He and Wang Zifa were favorites of Kong Rong.
Liu K‘uan (Wên-yao) 刘宽
A kind man, once fell into drunken sleep during court meeting. Warned about the Turbans,
劉理 (奉孝)
Liu Li (Fêng-hsiao) 刘理 (奉孝)
Third son of Liu Bei. Married to Ma Chao’s daughter.
Liu Liang 刘良
Predicted Lady Zhen would have a great future.
劉梁 (曼山)
Liu Liang (Man-shan) 刘梁 (曼山)
Confucian Scholar. Wrote books advocating the elimination of court factionalism.
刘伶 (伯倫)
Liu Ling (Po-lun) 刘伶 (伯伦)
One of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove.
Liu Lüeh 留略
General under Zhuge Ke, defended against Wei.
Liu Mao 刘瑁
A favourite of Liu Yan, illness incapacitated when Zhang took control.
Liu Min 刘敏
Was of some renown, agreed with Wang Ping’s Hanzhong plan.
Liu Ning 刘宁
Participated in Liu Bei’s attack on Wu, but was defeated and surrendered.
Liu P‘an 刘磐
Attempted guerilla warfare against Sun Ce but was foiled by Taishi Ci.
Liu P‘i 刘辟
After rebelling with the Yellow Scarves, moved to Runan. Later joined Liu Bei.
Liu P‘ing 留平
Officer of Wu. Was executed by Sun Hao for objecting to his cruelty.
Liu P‘ing 刘平
Either noted Liu Bei’s talent or tried to kill Liu Bei, depends what source.

Notes: Also known as Liu Ziping.

Liu Ch‘i 刘琦
Eldest son of Liu Biao and legitimate heir of Jing. Became close friends with Liu Bei.
Liu Jo 刘若
High on list of petitioners to make Cao Cao a Duke and Cao Pi emperor.
劉禪 (公嗣)
Liu Shan (Kung-ssŭ) 刘禅 (公嗣)
Liu Bei’s son and the second Emperor of Shu. Destroyed Shu through ineptitude.

Notes: Also known by his infant name, A-Dou (阿斗). See Liu Shan’s Comprehensive Officer Biography for more information on his name.

Liu Shao 刘邵
Sent with Mi Fang to take Qichun and took Jin Zong captive.
劉劭 (孔才)
Liu Shao (K‘ung-ts‘ai) 刘劭 (孔才)
Sent by Cao Rui to save Jiangxia from Wu. Compiled a considerable number of works.
Liu Shêng 刘胜
Liu Bei’s ancestor. Prince of Jing of Zhongshan. Son of Emperor Jing of Han.
Liu Shih 刘石
Defeated by Yuan Shao.
劉寔 (子真)
Liu Shih (Tzŭ-chên) 刘寔 (子真)
Predicted Shu would fall but also that neither Deng Ai nor Zhong Hui would return.
劉陶 (子奇)
Liu T‘ao (Tzŭ-ch‘i) 刘陶 (子奇)
Accused the eunuchs of bringing down the Han and was murdered.
Liu Wangchih 刘望之
Gave honest criticism that wasn’t received well, asked to go home.
Liu Wei 刘卫
Killed by local Yellow Turban forces.
Liu Hsien 刘贤
Liu Du’s son. Defended Lingling with Xing Daorong against Liu Bei, but failed.

Notes: His name is incorrectly translated as ‘Liu Xiang’ in some Brewitt-Taylor editions.

Liu Hsien (Shih-tsung) 刘先
Served under Liu Cong with Deng Yi. Surrendered to Cao Cao after Cong’s death.

Notes: His name is incorrectly translated as ‘Liu Xin’ in some Brewitt-Taylor editions.

Liu Hsiang 刘详
Sent to defend Kuangting, reinforced by Yuan Shu when Cao Cao attacked.
Liu Hsieh 刘偕
Failed to get supplies from local tribe so advised a quick attack on them.
Liu Hsiung 刘雄
Liu Bei’s grandfather. Said to be descended from Emperor Jing of Han.
Liu Hsiung 刘雄
Defeated by Xiahou Yuan, took in refugees and was popular with the people.
劉璿 (文衡)
Liu Hsüan (Wên-hêng) 刘璿 (文衡)
Son of Liu Shan, and his crown prince. Died during Zhong Hui’s rebellion.

Notes: Called Liu Rui in Moss Roberts and Brewitt Taylor translations of the novel.

Liu Hsün 刘循
Raised a force against Yuan Tan at Tayin.
劉勳 (子臺)
Liu Hsün (Tzŭ-t‘-ai) 刘勋 (子台)
Tricked into abandoning his city by Sun Ce and fled to Cao Cao. Executed for extortion and corruption.

Notes: ‘Liu Xu’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation.

Liu Yen 刘延
Grand Administrator of Dong commandery. Yuan Shao sent Yan Liang to attack him.

Notes: ‘Liu Yue’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation.

劉焉 (君郎)
Liu Yen (Chün-lang) 刘焉 (君郎)
Liu Zhang’s father. Magistrate in the Yi territory after fighting Yellow Scarves.
劉琰 (威碩)
Liu Yen (Wei-shih) 刘琰 (威硕)
Former Administrator of Yizhou. Executed after accusing Liu Shan of seducing his wife.

Notes: Liu Yan’s style, Weishi, is also translated as Weishuo. Either may turn up in references. Called Liu Yang in the Brewett-Taylor version of the novel.

劉繇 (正禮)
Liu Yao (Chêng-li) 刘繇 (正礼)
Imperial Inspector of Yangzhou. Liu Dai’s brother. Defeated by Sun Ce, then died of illness.

Notes: Referenced incorrectly as ‘Liu Yong’ in many Koei games, along with a few other video games. Historical sources, and nearly all novel translations, use ‘Liu Yao’ instead.

劉曄 (子揚)
Liu Yeh (Tzŭ-yang) 刘晔 (子扬)
With other officials, went to Emperor Xian to petition his abdication to Cao Pi.
Liu I 刘翊
Sent to trick Xun Yu into giving Lü Bu supplies but Xun Yu saw through the lie.
劉廙 (恭嗣)
Liu I (Kung-ssŭ) 刘廙 (恭嗣)
Among the officials that petitioned Emperor Xian to abdicate to Cao Pi.
劉翊 (子相)
Liu I (Tzŭ-hsiang) 刘翊 (子相)
Saved several hundred people from famine during the Yellow Scarves Rebellion.
劉邕 (南和)
Liu Yung (Nan-ho) 刘邕 (南和)
Joined Liu Bei during the Yizhou Campaign. Made Administrator of Jiangyang.
劉虞 (伯安)
Liu Yü (Po-an) 刘虞 (伯安)
Governor of Youzhou during the Later Han. Quelled Zhang Ju’s rebellion.
劉淵 (元海)
Liu Yüan (Yüan-hai) 刘渊 (元海)
Grandson of the Xiongnu chief Yufuluo. Founded the Han-Zhao dynasty.
Liu Yüanch‘i 刘元起
Liu Bei’s uncle. Recognized Liu Bei’s ambition, and worked to maintain the family.
Liu Yün 贇贇
King of Ji’nan. Killed by Yellow Turbans in 207.
留贊 (正明)
Liu Tsan (Chêng-ming) 留赞 (正明)
Father of Liu Lue. Marched to meet Wei’s invasion on Zhuge Ke’s orders.
劉璋 (季玉)
Liu Chang (Chi-yü) 刘璋 (季玉)
Son of Liu Yan. Governed Ba-shu before Liu Bei took his kingdom out from under his feet.
劉楨 (公幹)
Liu Chên (Kung-an) 刘桢 (公干)
A brilliant writer, he admonished Cao Zhi for not listening to Xing Yong.
Liu Chêng 刘正
Left Beihai for Liaodong, gathering followers. Later returned to Beihai with Taishi Ci.
Liu Chêng 刘政
Administrator of Youbeiping. Killed in the rebellion of Zhang Chun and Zhang Ju.
劉助 (孔才)
Liu Chu (K‘ung-ts‘ai) 刘助 (孔才)
Sent by Cao Cao to reinforce Zhao Yan, who was having trouble with mutineers.
Liu Tzŭhui 刘子惠
Advised Han Fu to wait and see what the other lords did before joining in.
Liu Tzŭching 刘子敬
Liu Yuanqi’s brother
Liu Chou 刘胄
Led revolt against Shu but was defeated by Ma Zhong.
K‘ou 侯寇
Father of Liu Feng, who Liu Bei adopted as his heir. His family held a county fief in Changsha.
Lou Fa 娄发
Rebelled against Liu Zhang but was defeated and fled to Jing.
婁圭 (子伯)
Lou Kuei (Tzŭ-po) 娄圭 (子伯)
A former officer of Jing, assured Cao Cao that Liu Cong’s surrender was real.

Notes: ‘Lou’ and ‘Lu’ are both accepted ways of writing 婁. As such, his name is sometimes written ‘Lu Gui’.

樓玄 (承先)
Lou Hsüan (Ch‘êng-hsien) 楼玄 (承先)
Executed for rebuking Sun Hao about his tyranny.
Lou I 楼异
Offers up his horse to the injured Cao Cao, helping him escape from Lü Bu’s troops.
Liu Chan 刘展
Was part of the petition to make Cao Cao Duke.
Lou-pan 楼班
Along with Tadun, assisted Yuan Shang and Yuan Xi in opposing Cao Cao.
Lü Pa 吕霸
Son of Lü Meng, was given hereditary nobility.
Lü Poshê 吕伯奢
Friend of Cao Song. Killed by the fleeing Cao Cao.
呂布 (奉先)
Lü Pu (Fêng-hsien) 吕布 (奉先)
Said to be the finest warrior of the Three Kingdoms era. Executed by Cao Cao.
Lü Ch‘ang 吕常
Father of Lü Yi (Jiyang). He served Liu Yan and followed him into Yizhou.
路粹 (文蔚)
Lu Ts‘ui (Wên-yü) 路粹 (文蔚)
Slandered Kong Rong which resulted in Kong Rong’s execution. Executed by Cao Cao.
呂岱 (定公)
Lü Tai (Ting-kung) 吕岱 (定公)
General of Wu. Executed the last vestiges of the Shi clan in Jiao province.
呂範 (子衡)
Lü Fan (Tzŭ-hêng) 吕范 (子衡)
Was an aide to Yuan Shu, but left for Sun Ce. Suggested Lady Sun’s marriage.
陸績 (公紀)
Lu Chi (Kung-chi) 陆绩 (公纪)
During his youth, he was said to have stolen an orange from Yuan Shu to give to his mother.
陸景 (士仁)
Lu Ching (Shih-jên) 陆景 (士仁)
The second son of Lu Kang and Wu Grand Admiral. Died in battle with Jin forces.
呂據 (世議)
Lü Chü (Shih-i) 吕据 (世议)
Second son of Lü Fan and an officer of Wu. Killed by Sun Chen.
陸凱 (敬風)
Lu K‘ai (Ching-fêng) 陆凯 (敬风)
Together with Wan Yu, shared the responsibility of Prime Minister under Sun Hao.

Notes: Listed incorrectly as ‘Lu Kuai’ in some Brewitt-Taylor translations.

呂凱 (季平)
Lü K‘ai (Chi-p‘ing) 吕凯 (季平)
Served Shu with Wang Kang. Was Kongming’s guide while battling against the Nanman.
陸康 (季寧)
Lu K‘ang 陆康 (季宁)
Criticised Emperor Ling and the eunuchs, held out for two years despite facing Sun Ce.
陸抗 (幼節)
Lu K‘ang (Yu-chieh) 陆抗 (幼节)
Lu Xun’s second son. Known to be as capable a commander as his father.
Lü K‘uang 吕旷
Served Yuan Shang. Defected to Yuan Tan then Cao Cao. Attacking Liu Bei, killed by Zhao Yun.
Lu K‘uei 鲁馗
Served Han as Court Steward. Killed by Li Jue and Guo Si’s troops.
呂蒙 (子明)
Lü Mêng (Tzŭ-ming) 吕蒙 (子明)
Served Wu. Originally a skilled warrior, turned out to be a scholar as well.

Notes: The Lü surname is pronounced Lü2 because of the preceeding Meng, which is 3rd tone, the same rule applies when pronouncing the style name because Zi3 is also third tone.

呂虔 (子恪)
Lü Ch‘ien (Tzŭ-k‘o) 吕虔 (子恪)
Served Cao Cao, and later Cao Pi, as Military Aide.
Lu Shu 鲁淑
The son of Lu Su. Praised as a capable military commander.
Lu Shui-hu 盧水胡
Rebel based in Liangzhou.
魯肅 (子敬)
Lu Su (Tzŭ-ching) 鲁肃 (子敬)
Brilliant and insightful Wu commander. Was ambassador to Shu.

Notes: When saying Lu Su’s surname and style name together the surname should be pronounced Lu2 instead of Lu3 because of the tone preceeding it.

Lü Weihuang 吕威璜
Officer of Yuan Shao. Guarded Wuchao as a lieutenant of Chunyu Qiong.
Lü Hsiang 吕翔
Younger brother of Lü Kuang, whom he followed everywhere.

Notes: He is known as Lü Xiang in SGZ and SGYY, and Gao Xiang (高翔) in HHS and ZZTJ.

Lu Hsün 卢逊
Officer of later-Shu. Defeated Zhong Hui at Nanzheng, but was later killed by Xun Kai.
陸遜 (伯言)
Lu Hsün (Po-yen) 陆逊 (伯言)
Famous and brilliant Wu commander that defeated Liu Bei at Yiling.

Notes: Originally named Lu Yi (陸議).

呂乂 (季阳)
Lü I (Chi-yang) 吕乂 (季阳)
Served Shu as Grand Administrator of Hanzhong during Zhuge Liang’s time.

Notes: Some Brewitt-Taylor translations incorrectly list Lü Yi as ‘Lu Yin’. Some books, historical or simplified, including some Chinese Moss Roberts translations, list Lü Yi’s name as 呂義 or its simplified variant 呂义. They are presented as the same person because the two names are both used in reference to the same person, a Lü Yi who was Grand Administrator of Hanzhong during Zhuge Liang’s time, and because there is no reference to another Lü Yi in Shu.

盧毓 (子家)
Lu Yü (Tzŭ-chia) 卢毓 (子家)
Lost his family in civil war, he rose up through the ranks to become an Excellency.
陸雲 (士龍)
Lu Yün (Shih-lung) 陆云 (士龙)
Son of Lu Kang. Served Wu and later Jin. Executed during the War of the Eight Princes.
Lu Yüshêng 陆郁生
Daughter of Lu Ji of Wu.
Lu Chao 路招
Dispatched with Liu Bei to block Yuan Shu’s attempts to get to Yuan Shao.
盧植 (子幹)
Lu Chih (Tzŭ-kan) 卢植 (子干)
Imperial Corps Commander in service of Han. Was Liu Bei’s teacher and friend.
Lun Chih 伦直
He was beheaded for criticizing Gongsun Yuan’s plan to revolt.
羅本 (貫中)
Lo Pên (Kuan-chung) 罗本 (贯中)
Better known as Luo Guanzhong. Credited for having authored the Sanguo yanyi.

Notes: In discussion and reference his style name is nearly always used, hence ‘Luo Guanzhong’.

駱俊 (孝遠)
Lo Chün (Hsiao-yüan) 骆俊 (孝远)
Many children were named after him. Killed by Yuan Shu’s agents over supplies.
Lo Mêng 罗蒙
Luo Xian (Lingze)’s father. Served in Shu to avoid the chaos in the land.
駱統 (公緒)
Lo T‘ung (Kung-hsü) 骆统 (公绪)
Vassal of Sun Quan, famed for being a poor yet honourable man, loyal to his step mother.
羅憲 (令則)
Lo Hsien (Ling-tsê) 罗宪 (令则)
Luo Meng’s son. Served in Shu under Liu Shan. Did not support Huang Hao.



Novel and History

Officers and Kingdoms

Literature and Language


March 7, 2014