Officer Names (CH/EN): Jin Officers

Three Kingdoms Officer Names: Jin Dynasty

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Jin Dynasty: officer names from the Three Kingdoms officer name English–Chinese reference tool. Cross-reference given (xìng), personal (míng) and style (zì), given (xìng) and personal (míng) names in Pinyin, Wade-Giles, and traditional Chinese (both in Hanzi and decimal-encoded form for non-Unicode websites and forums).

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Name (family, given), style, Wade-Giles, tones, traditional and simplified Chinese.

Officer Name
Traditional Chinese,
Simplified Chinese
Pu Ch‘an (Chung-ssŭ) 步阐
Served Wu. Bu Zhi’s son. Surrendered his city to Jin. Killed by Lu Kang.
Pu Chi 步玑
Son of Bu Xie, sent by Bu Chan to Luoyang when the Bu family revolted.
Pu Hsüan 步璇
Youngest son of Bu Zhi, he took part in Bu Chan’s defection to Jin.
陳騫 (休淵)
Ch‘ên Ch‘ien (Hsiu-yüan) 陈骞 (休渊)
A key Wei officer in the suppression of Zhuge Dan. Brigadier General of Jin.

Notes: Appears in some sources under the name Chen Xuan (陳鶱).

陳壽 (承祚)
Ch‘ên Shou (Ch‘êng-tso) 陈寿 (承祚)
Served Shu and later Jin. Author of the highly-respected Three Kingdoms history, Sanguozhi.
Ch‘ên Yüan 陈元
Officer of Yang Hu, advised against drinking wine sent by Lu Kang.
Ts‘uan Ku 爨谷
Governor of Jiaozhi. Allied with Jin and became powerful in the region.
Têng Liang 邓良
Served Liu Shan. Surrended to Deng Ai on behalf of Liu Shan.
董厥 (龔襲)
Tung Chüeh (Kung-hsi) 董厥 (龚袭)
Brought troops to defend Saber Pass from Deng Ai and Zhong Hui.
杜預 (元凱)
Tu Yü (Yüan-k‘-ai) 杜预 (元凯)
Served Jin to unification. The Field Marshal that led the invasion of Wu.
樊建 (長元)
Fan Chien (Ch‘ang-yüan) 樊建 (长元)
Secretary under Jiang Wei. Went with Liu Shan when Shu fell.
Fêng Tan (Shao-chou) 冯紞
Close to Sima Yan and part of Jia Chong’s clique. Opposed Yang Hu’s proposal to attack Wu.
Fu Hsüan 傅玄
Wrote the Fuzi and helped compile Wei’s history, a famed poet in his day.
何曾 (穎考)
Ho Tsêng (Ying-k‘-ao) 何曾 (颖考)
Son of He Kui. Advised Sima Zhao to make his eldest son Sima Yan his heir.

Notes: Occasionally turns up as He Ceng.

Hu Ch‘ung 胡冲
Persuaded Sun Hao not to commit suicide but to surrender to Jin instead.

Notes: Also appears sometimes as Hu Zhong.

胡奮 (玄威)
Hu Fên (Hsüan-wei) 胡奋 (玄威)
Killed Zhuge Dan of Wu. Advised Du Yu to wait before attacking Jianye.
Huangfu K‘ai 皇甫闓
Officer of Wei and, later, Jin. Joined Zhong Hui in his conquest of Hanzhong.
霍弋 (紹先)
Huo I (Shao-hsien) 霍弋 (绍先)
Son of Huo Jun, was concerned about lack of defences at Chengdu.
Chi Shao 嵇绍
Son of Ji Kang. Nominated to office after his father’s death by Shan Tao.

Notes: Sometimes translated incorrectly as Xi Shao.

賈充 (公閭)
Chia Ch‘ung (Kung-lü) 贾充 (公闾)
Suggested usurpation of the throne to Sima Yan and opposed invasion of Wu.
Chiang Pin 蒋斌
Served Shu as a general under Liu Shan. Later surrendered to Zhong Hui.
李密 (令伯)
Li Mi (Ling-po) 李密 (令伯)
Student of Qiao Zhou, evaluated the abilities of Liu Shan and his works were highly valued.
刘伶 (伯倫)
Liu Ling (Po-lun) 刘伶 (伯伦)
One of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove.
陸雲 (士龍)
Lu Yün (Shih-lung) 陆云 (士龙)
Son of Lu Kang. Served Wu and later Jin. Executed during the War of the Eight Princes.
羅憲 (令則)
Lo Hsien (Ling-tsê) 罗宪 (令则)
Luo Meng’s son. Served in Shu under Liu Shan. Did not support Huang Hao.
馬隆 (孝興)
Ma Lung (Hsiao-hsing) 马隆 (孝兴)
Fought the Xianbei and defeated the rebel Tufa Shujineng.
Ma Hsiu 马脩
Son of Ma Zhong (Dexin). His family continued service in Jin after Shu’s surrender.
龐渙 (世文)
P‘ang Huan (Shih-wên) 庞涣 (世文)
Son of Pang Degong.
P‘ang Hui 庞会
Pang De’s son. Had Guan Yu’s clan exterminated after Shu’s surrender.
裴秀 (季彥)
P‘ei Hsiu (Chi-yen) 裴秀 (季彦)
Expert cartographer, close adviser to Sima Zhao and Sima Yan.
Ch‘ien Hung 牵弘
Served Wei. District Governor of Jincheng before helping Deng Ai’s invasion of Shu.
譙周 (允南)
Ch‘iao Chou (Yün-nan) 谯周 (允南)
Historian and teacher, advised Liu Shan to surrender. Opposed Jiang Wei and Huang Hao.
任恺 (元褒)
Jên K‘ai (Yüan-pao) 任恺 (元褒)
Minister of both Wei and Jin. He was said to be careful and hardworking with official business, and was widely praised. However his career was hindered by conflict with Jia Chong.
Juan Chi 阮籍
One of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove. He was also one of the compilers of the Wei shu.
Juan Hsien 阮咸
One of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove, criticized for chasing after his slave lover.
阮咸 (仲容)
Juan Hsien (Chung-jung) 阮咸 (仲容)
One of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove and nephew of Ruan Ji.
Shan T‘ao 山涛
One of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove. He was the only Sage involved in politics.
邵悌 (元伯)
Shao T‘i (Yüan-po) 邵悌 (元伯)
Advisor of Sima Zhao’s. Warned Sima Zhao about trusting Zhong Hui.
石苞 (仲容)
Shih Pao (Chung-jung) 石苞 (仲容)
Sold weapons to make a living, became a leading general of Jin and a popular offical.
Shih Tsuan 师纂
Joined Deng Ai’s attack on the Riverlands. Was made Imperial Protector of Yizhou.
Ssŭma Ling 司马陵
Son of Sima Tong, he was enfeoffed as a King when Sima Yan became Emperor.
Ssŭma Ch‘üan 司马权
Son of Sima Kui, he was enfeoffed as a King upon Sima Yan becoming Emperor.
司馬師 (子元)
Ssŭma Shih (Tzŭ-yüan) 司马师 (子元)
Sima Yi’s son. Instrumental in the rise of Jin.
Ssŭma Sui 司马遂
Son of Sima Xun, he was enfeoffed as a King when Sima Yan became Emperor.
Ssŭma T‘i 司马悌
Son of Sima Jin, he was enfeoffed as a King when Sima Yan became Emperor.
司馬望 (子初)
Ssŭma Wang (Tzŭ-ch‘u) 司马望 (子初)
Fought Shu with Deng Ai, ambushed and killed Xiahou Ba.
司馬炎 (安世)
Ssŭma Yen (An-shih) 司马炎 (安世)
Installed as the first Emperor of the Jin Dynasty.

Notes: Known formally as Emperor Wu of Jin.

司馬懿 (仲達)
Ssŭma I (Chung-ta) 司马懿 (仲达)
A skilled advisor of the Wei kingdom. His efforts laid the foundation of Jin.
司馬攸 (大猷)
Ssŭma Yu (Ta-yu) 司马攸 (大猷)
Second son of Sima Zhao. Known as a kind and warm-natured man.
司馬昭 (子上)
Ssŭma Chao (Tzŭ-shang) 司马昭 (子上)
Son of Sima Yi. Father of Sima Yan. Controlled the Wei army after his brother, Shi’s, death.
司馬伷 (子將)
Ssŭma Chou (Tzŭ-chiang) 司马伷 (子将)
Led the force to which Sun Hao offered his seal and surrendered.
孫皓 (元宗)
Sun Hao (Yüan-tsung) 孙皓 (元宗)
Last Emperor of Wu. Destroyed the country through tyranical rule and wasteful projects.

Notes: Called “Peng Zu” by Sun Quan after his birth.

Sun Hsiu 孙秀
Surrendered to Jin and served as Cavalry General. Wept at the fall of Wu.
唐彬 (儒宗)
T‘ang Pin (Ju-tsung) 唐彬 (儒宗)
General of Jin who participated in the conquest of Wu. Described as fast as an elk.
陶璜 (世英)
T‘ao Huang (Shih-ying) 陶璜 (世英)
Fought against rebels and Jin when serving Wu, a popular governor of Jiaozhi for 30 years.
滕脩 (顯先)
T‘êng Hsiu (Hsien-hsien) 滕脩 (显先)
Late era General of Wu who governed Guangzhou. He later became Minister of Works.
王渾 (玄沖)
Wang Hun (Hsüan-ch‘ung) 王浑 (玄冲)
Warned that Sun Hao’s army was formidable and that they should wait a year.
王浚 (彭祖)
Wang Chün (P‘êng-tsu) 王浚 (彭祖)
A successful general under Sima Yan, he fought during the War of Eight Princes but was killed by Shi Le.
王濬 (士治)
Wang Chün (Shih-chih) 王浚 (士治)
Commander of the force that conqured Wu.
Wang Mai 王买
Officer of Zhong Hui during the conquest of Shu.
王戎 (濬沖)
Wang Jung (Chün-ch‘ung) 王戎 (浚冲)
A child prodigy, one of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove, noted for his meanness.
王沈 (處道)
Wang Shên (Ch‘u-tao) 王沈 (处道)
Compiled Wei-shu, the offical history of Wei. Betrayed Cao Mao’s revolt to Sima Zhao.

Notes: 沈 can also be pronounced Chen, and his name is sometimes translated as such.

王肅 (子雍)
Wang Su (Tzŭ-yung) 王肃 (子雍)
The son of Wang Lang. Aided the Sima’s in creating Jin. Father of Sima Zhao’s wife.
王祥 (休徵)
Wang Hsiang (Hsiu-chêng) 王祥 (休徵)
Convinced Sima Zhao to name Sima Yan heir, along with Jia Chong, Pei Xiu and others.
Wang Yeh 王业
Taken into Cao Mao’s confidence but betrayed it to Sima Zhao.
Wang Yüanchi 王元姬
Empress dowager during Jin Dynasty. Wife of Sima Zhao and mother of Sima Yan.

Notes: Formerly Empress Wenming (文明皇后; “civil and understanding empress”)

衛瓘 (伯玉)
Wei Kuan (Po-yü) 卫瓘 (伯玉)
Sent to keep an eye on Zhong Hui and Deng Ai, he played a part in the death of both.
Wên Hu 文虎
Son of Wen Qin and brother of Wen Yang. Followed his brother everywhere.
Wên Yang 文鸯
Wen Qin’s son. Fought Sima Shi’s army. Later pledged loyalty to Zhuge Dan.

Notes: Originally named Wen Chu (文俶).

吾彥 (士則)
Wu Yen (Shih-tsê) 吾彦 (士则)
Held out in his city of Jianping until Sun Hao surrendered.

Notes: Wu Yang in the translation.

郤正 (令先)
Hsi Chêng (Ling-hsien) 却正 (令先)
Neither loved nor despised by Huang Hao. Advised Liu Shan in exile, left family behind.
Hsiahou Chün 夏侯骏
Jin officer. Appointed to do battle with the Qiang tribes.
Hsiang Ch‘ung 向充
On hearing about the seals shown by Wei Guan, recalled Qiao Zhou’s prophecy.
向條 (文豹)
Hsiang T‘iao (Wên-pao) 向条 (文豹)
Xiang Lang’s son, he was a man of great learning.
Hsiang Hsiu 向秀
One of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove. Accepted appointment after Ji Kang’s death.
荀勗 (公曾)
Hsün Hsü (Kung-ts‘êng) 荀勗 (公曾)
Child prodigy, warned against Zhong Hui and opposed invasion of Wu. A jealous man.
荀顗 (景倩)
Hsün I (Ching-ch‘ien) 荀顗 (景倩)
Was sent by Sima Zhao to fetch Chen Tai after Cao Mao’s death. Senior minister.
羊祜 (叔子)
Yang Hu (Shu-tzŭ) 羊祜 (叔子)
A talented Jin officer. Held Xiang Yang. Formed a friendship with Lu Kang of Wu.
Yang Chi 杨济
Champion General under Jin. Controlled the field armies during the invasion of Wu.
Yang Hsin 杨欣
Served Wei. District Governor of Jincheng before helping Deng Ai’s invasion of Shu.
Yang I 杨稷
Grand Administrator of Jiaozhi in Jin Dynasty.
Yang Chao (Hsiu-ch‘u) 杨肇
Sent to rescue Bu Chan, suffered horrendous defeat, retreat was a disaster. Sacked.
張華 (茂先)
Chang Hua (Mao-hsien) 张华 (茂先)
Played Go with Sima Yan, approved invasion of Wu. Talented poet, became Prime Minister.
Chang Ch‘iao 张乔
Jin general who dealt a heavy defeat to Wu’s troops under Zhang Ti.
Chang Shang 张尚
General of Jin who killed Lu Jing.
Chang Wei 张微
Of firm character and keen to learn.
Chang Hsiang 张象
Wu Leader of the Van who surrendered to Jin.
Chêng Ch‘ung (Wên-ho) 郑冲
Devoted to scholarship, first served under Cao Pi, became Grand Tutor to Sima Yan.
周處 (子隱)
Chou Ch‘u (Tzŭ-yin) 周处 (子隐)
A notorious youth who reformed himself. A popular offical, he died heroically against the Qiang.
周浚 (開林)
Chou Chün (K‘-ai-lin) 周浚 (开林)
Governor of Yang province in Jin. Participated in the conquest of Wu.
Chou Chih 周旨
Fought against Wu. Ambushes and kills Sun Xin then kills Shen Rong in a raid.
Chuko Ching 诸葛京
Zhuge Zhan’s second son. Served Jin following the collapse of Shu.
Chuko Hsü 诸葛绪
Imperial Inspector of Yongzhou before helping Deng Ai’s invasion of Shu.
諸葛頤 (道回)
Chuko I (Tao-hui) 诸葛颐 (道回)
The grandson of Zhuge Dan and son of Zhuge Jing.



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March 7, 2014