Officers J–K: officer names from the Three Kingdoms officer name English–Chinese reference tool. Cross-reference given (xìng), personal (míng) and style (zì), given (xìng) and personal (míng) names in Pinyin, Wade-Giles, and traditional Chinese (both in Hanzi and decimal-encoded form for non-Unicode websites and forums).
Browse our Three Kingdoms database alphabetically, by kingdom, or with a custom search.
Name (family, given), style, Wade-Giles, tones, traditional and simplified Chinese.
|Persuaded by Liu Fu to defect around the year 197.|
|Ji Kang (Shuye)||嵇康 (叔夜)|
|Chi K‘ang (Shu-yeh)||嵇康 (叔夜)|
|One of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove. He was exeuted by Sima Zhao.|
Notes: Sometimes translated incorrectly as Xi Kang.
|Served under Yuan Shu. A fierce warrior who was killed by Zhang Fei.|
|Ji Miao (Wenran)||吉邈 (文然)|
|Chi Miao (Wên-jan)||吉邈 (文然)|
|Son of Ji Ping. Joined Geng Ji’s coup to avenge his father but was killed in the fighting.|
Notes: Ji Miao sometimes appears as Ji Mao. The correct translation of 邈 is Miao.
|Ji Mu (Siran)||吉穆 (思然)|
|Chi Mu (Ssŭ-jan)||吉穆 (思然)|
|Son of Ji Ping. Fled the capital but returned secretly. Died in Geng Ji’s coup.|
|Court physician from Luoyang. Forced to commit suicide by Cao Cao.|
Notes: Also referenced by the name Chi T’ai in the Brewitt-Taylor translation. Called Ji Ben in SGZ and ZZTJ.
|Son of Ji Kang. Nominated to office after his father’s death by Shan Tao.|
Notes: Sometimes translated incorrectly as Xi Shao.
|Jia Chong (Gonglü)||賈充 (公閭)|
|Chia Ch‘ung (Kung-lü)||贾充 (公闾)|
|Suggested usurpation of the throne to Sima Yan and opposed invasion of Wu.|
|Officer of Gongsun Yuan. Was executed by Yuan for opposing his declaration of independence.|
|Officer of Wu. Guarded Sun Quan at the battle of Hefei.|
|Jia Kui (Liangdao)||賈逵 (梁道)|
|Chia K‘uei (Liang-tao)||贾逵 (梁道)|
|Served as strategist to Cao Xiu, seeing through Zhou Fang’s plot.|
|Left to guard Liyang while Cao Cao went to fight Liu Biao. Defeated two rebels.|
|Jia Xu (Wenhe)||賈詡 (文和)|
|Chia Hsü (Wên-ho)||贾诩 (文和)|
|Skillful advisor. Served Dong Zhuo, Li Jue, Guo Si, Zhang Xiu, then Cao Cao.|
Notes: Jia Xu is pronounced Jia2 Xu3 because of the 3rd tone preceeding the second in his normal given name. His name and style name should be pronounced and said as “Jia3 Wen2 He2”, not “Jia2 Wen2 He2”
|One of the Ten Regular Attendants. Killed by fellow eunuch Guo Sheng.|
Notes: The character 碩 can also be translated as Shi and in some academic sources this is considered to be the standard translation (e.g. anything by Rafe de Crespigny). We are using Jian Shuo because that is the most commonly used Romanization.
|Jian Yong (Xianhe)||簡雍 (憲和)|
|Chien Yung (Hsien-ho)||简雍 (宪和)|
|Originally served Tao Qian. Persuaded Liu Zhang to surrender to Liu Bei.|
Notes: Jian Yong’s family name may have originally been ‘Geng’ (耿), but in the Youzhou dialect ‘Geng’ it was pronounced ‘Jian’, so he changed it.
|Advised Zhuge Dan to force a battle to escape but was rejected. Surrendered to Wei.|
|Served Shu as a general under Liu Shan. Later surrendered to Zhong Hui.|
|Jiang Gan (Ziyi)||蔣幹 (子翼)|
|Chiang Kan (Tzŭ-i)||蒋干 (子翼)|
|Friend of Zhou Yu, he was sent to spy on Wu but was tricked, helping to cause Wei’s defeat at Chibi.|
|Bandit who was defeated and killed by Li Tong.|
|Jiang Ji (Zitong)||蔣濟 (子通)|
|Chiang Chi (Tzŭ-t‘ung)||蒋济 (子通)|
|Advised against moving the capital when Guan Yu attacked. Helped Sima Yi deal with Cao Shuang.|
Notes: Known as Drunkard Jiang in his early days. Also known as Master Jiang for the works he wrote.
|Jiang Qin (Gongyi)||蔣欽 (公奕)|
|Chiang Ch‘in (Kung-i)||蒋钦 (公奕)|
|Led the volunteer forces that joined Sun Ce in the battle of Qu’e.|
|Local leader, sent Han Sui’s head to Cao Cao. May have killed Han Sui.|
|Jiang Wei highly prized his talent, was disgruntled and defected in Wei’s invasion.|
|Jiang Wan (Gongyan)||蔣琬 (公琰)|
|Chiang Wan (Kung-yen)||蒋琬 (公琰)|
|Served Shu starting with the Yi invasion. Trusted and influential. Died as Regent.|
|Jiang Wei (Boyue)||姜維 (伯約)|
|Chiang Wei (Po-yüeh)||姜维 (伯约)|
|Served Shu as Minister of War, eventually inheriting Zhuge Liang’s responsibilities.|
|Sent by Liu Shan to order Jiang Wei to surrender.|
|Jiang Xu (Boyi)||姜敘 (伯奕)|
|Chiang Hsü (Po-i)||姜叙 (伯奕)|
|Helped to drive out Ma Chao, but Ma Chao killed his mother, defeated Ma Chao again later on.|
|Officer of Yuan Shao. Comforted Yuan Shao after his defeat at Guandu.|
|Jiang Ziya [Lü Wang] (Ziya)||姜子牙[呂望] (子牙)|
|Chiang Tzŭya [Lü Wang] (Tzŭ-ya)||姜子牙[吕望] (子牙)|
|Zhou Dynasty. Legendary historical figure. Resided by the Weishu River 3,000 years ago.|
Notes: Lü Wang is most commonly referred to as ‘Jiang Ziya’ a combination of his ancestral name, Jiang (姓), and his style name, Ziya (子牙). ‘Lü Wang’ in Romance of the Three Kingdoms. ‘Jiang Ziya’ in Warriors Orochi 2.
|Served Yuan Xi with Zhang Nan. Betrayed to Cao Cao. Killed by Han Dang at Chibi.|
|Jiao Jiao (Jiao Zhengqiang)||焦矯(焦征羌)|
|Chiao Chiao (Chiao Chêngch‘iang)||焦矫(焦征羌)|
|Head of a powerful family in Runan. Treated Bu Zhi poorly when he came for aid.|
Notes: Jiao Jiao, as Magistrate of Zhengqiang, also became known as Jiao Zhengqiang (as such you may see him referenced by this name). The name Qiao has also been associated with him and we are attempting to source it.
|Advisor of Zhuge Dun, slipped over the walls and surrendered to Wei.|
|Yin Ji (Jibo)||伊籍 (機伯)|
|Yin Chi (Chi-po)||伊籍 (机伯)|
|Received favour comparable to Mi Zhu, helped compile the administrative code.|
Notes: ‘Yi Ji’ in novel translations and games. ’伊’, Romanized, is Yin, as is the case in Rafe de Crespigny’s works and is the standard Romanization of other instances in names. As such, Yin Ji instead of Ji Yi [Wade-Giles: I Chi].
|Imperial Protector of Yangzhou. Executed after declining office from Yuan Shu.|
|Jin Xuan (Yuanji)||金旋 (元機)|
|Chin Hsüan (Yüan-chi)||金旋 (元机)|
|Served as Governor of Wuling. Defeated by Zhang Fei.|
Notes: Called Jin Shun in Liu Bei’s SGZ.
|Jin Yi (Deyi)||金祎 (德禕)|
|Chin I (Tê-i)||金禕 (德祎)|
|Descendant of Jin Midi. Advised Geng Ji on killing Wang Bi. Died fighting in the coup.|
Notes: May also have been Jin Wei, son of Jin Shang.
|An officer of Meng Huo, he died fighting the Shu army during their attack.|
Notes: ‘Jinhua Sanjie’ in the online Brewitt-Taylor translation.
|Maintained Handan. Defeated by Zhang Liao and shot while fleeing.|
Notes: Appears in some Koei games, and a few other sources, as Ju Hu.
|Rebelled against Wei in Xiping, but was killed by his own followers.|
|Urged caution when attacking Cao Cao but was ignored and demoted.|
|Kan Ze (Derun)||闞澤 (德潤)|
|K‘an Tsê (Tê-jun)||闞泽 (德润)|
|Delivered Huang Gai’s false letter of defection to Cao Cao.|
|Fictional. King of Western Qiang. Ally of Cao Rui.|
Notes: Frequently written ‘King Cheli Ji’.
|Officer of Meng Huo. Said to be the wisest man in all of Nanman.|
|Unifier of the Xianbei tribe. Fought often with Wei until he was assassinated.|
Notes: You may also see him as Kebinang, Ke Binang, Kebe Neng, Kebe Nang, etc.
|King Meng Huo||孟獲大王|
|King Mêng Huo||孟獲大王|
|Ruled Nanman after Shamoke’s death. Captured and released seven times by Kongming.|
Notes: In pronunciation, Meng is his surname, Huo his given name. Da means “big/large” and Wang means King, for your information, Wang2 is only one word for King, Emperors have different titles, usually Huang2 Di4.
|A Nanman chieftan. Initially drove back Zhuge Liang’s armies with his magic.|
|Originally a tribal leader, he helped Liu Bei at Yiling but died fighting Wu.|
|Ruled the cave dwelling Wuguo Kingdom in south China. Twelve spans tall.|
|Kong Rong (Wenju)||孔融 (文舉)|
|K‘ung Jung (Wên-chü)||孔融 (文举)|
|A famed scholar who did not always get on with his lords. One of the Seven Masters.|
|Great-great-grandfather of Kong Rong, who served Wei.|
|Descendant of Confucius who was enfeoffed by Cao Pi for the purpose of offering sacrifice to Confucius.|
|One of the defenders of the Passes killed by Guan Yu.|
|Kong Yu (Shiyuan)||孔昱 (世元)|
|K‘ung Yü (Shih-yüan)||孔昱 (世元)|
|One of the Eight Paragons of Jiangxia. Scholar who took a moral line on when to serve.|
Notes: Also known as Kong Yi (Yi4 翊). Styled Shiyuan or Yuanshi (Yuan4shi4 元世).
|Kong Zhou (Jijiang)||孔宙|
|K‘ung Chou (Chi-chiang)||孔宙|
|Father of Kong Rong and Kong Bao. Steele was set up on his death.|
|Kong Zhou (Gongxu)||孔伷 (公緒)|
|K‘ung Chou (Kung-hsü)||孔伷 (公绪)|
|Known for his eloquent way of speaking. He joined alliance against Dong Zhuo.|
Notes: Sometimes you can find his name incorrectly translated as Kong You2.
|Kuai Liang (Zirou)||蒯良 (子柔)|
|K‘uai Liang (Tzŭ-jou)||蒯良 (子柔)|
|Adviser of Liu Biao. Came up with the plan that resulted in Sun Jian’s death.|
|Governor of Fangling. Killed by Meng Da’s troops. Supposedly related to Kuai Yue.|
|Kuai Yue (Yidu)||蒯越 (異度)|
|K‘uai Yüeh (I-tu)||蒯越 (异度)|
|Younger brother of Kuai Liang. Became a vassal of Wei when Cao Cao took Jing.|
April 6, 2010