Three Kingdoms History: Biographies

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Kongming’s Archives – Romance of the Three Kingdoms Biographies

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Many biographies have been translated or authored for the Three Kingdoms officers discussed on this site, and you can find them using this page. Contents include: Sanguozhi biographies (translations from the historical record by Chen Shou), Sanguo yanyi biographies (Romance of the Three Kingdoms biographies), Comprehensive Officer Biographies (based on multiple historical and cultural sources), Officer Life Chronologies), and links to biographies on other sites.

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Kingdom of Shu

(Search results for officers in the Kingdom of Shu.)

Chen Dao (Shuzhi); Lived 175–?
Served Liu Bei since he held Yizhou. Held office just under Zhao Yun.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Chen Zhen (Xiaoqi); Lived AD 175–235
Local official, was sent as emissary to Wu, swearing oath of alliance with Sun Quan.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Chen Zhi (Fengzhong); Lived AD ?–258
Served Liu Shan. Allied himself with Huang Hao and gained great authority.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Deng Zhi (Bomiao); Lived AD C. 177–251
Served Zhuge Liang. Was responsible for restoration of alliance with Wu.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Dong Yun (Xiuzhao); Lived ?–246
Served Shu as a High Minister during Liu Shan’s reign.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Empress Gan; Lived AD ?–C. 222
Concubine and later Empress of Liu Bei. She was a native of Pei.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Empress Mu; Lived AD ?–245
Consort and later Empress of Liu Bei. From Chenliu. Wu Yi’s sister.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Fa Zheng (Xiaozhi); Lived AD 174–219
Served Liu Zhang then Liu Bei. Was integral to the foundation of Shu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi QH   Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Fei Shi (Gongju); Lived AD ?–C. 240
Gave refuge to Liu Zhang’s officers. Protested against Liu Bei becoming Emperor.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Fei Yi (Wenwei); Lived AD ?–253
Shu official. Took over affairs of state after Jiang Wan’s death.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Fu Qian; Lived AD ?–263
Fu Tong’s son, served Shu. Captured Li Peng and Wang Zhen. Died in battle.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Fu Tong; Lived AD ?–222
Central military advisor for the Shu forces. Died during the battle of Yiling.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Gao Xiang; Lived AD C. 194–?
Officer of Shu. Participated in many of Zhuge Liang’s northern campaigns.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Guan Ping; Lived AD 178–219
Served Shu. Guan Yu’s son (adopted in novel). Executed with Guan Yu by Sun Quan.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Guan Xing (Anguo); Lived AD 193–2?
Son of Guan Yu. Served in Zhuge Liang’s northern campaigns.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Guan Yu (Yunchang); Lived AD 160–219
Sworn brother of Liu Bei and Zhang Fei. First of the Five Tiger Generals.
Sanguozhi SO   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW   External (Reference)
Sanguozhi JY   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Han Xuan; Lived AD 163–C. 209
Magistrate of Changsha. Wei Yan killed him and surrendered to Liu Bei.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ZZ   Comprehensive   
Huang Quan (Gongheng); Lifespan Unlisted
Served Liu Zhang and later Liu Bei. Surrendered to Wei out of necessity.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Huang Zhong (Hansheng); Lived AD ?–220
Joined Liu Bei after Han Xuan’s defeat. One of the Five Tiger Generals.
Sanguozhi SO   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Sanguozhi JY   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Huo Jun (Zhongmiao); Lived AD 178–217
Held Jiameng against Liu Zhang’s generals before his countering and defeating them.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Jian Yong (Xianhe); Lifespan Unlisted
Originally served Tao Qian. Persuaded Liu Zhang to surrender to Liu Bei.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi QH   Comprehensive   
Jiang Bin; Lifespan Unknown
Served Shu as a general under Liu Shan. Later surrendered to Zhong Hui.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Jiang Shu; Lifespan Unknown
Jiang Wei highly prized his talent, was disgruntled and defected in Wei’s invasion.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Jiang Wan (Gongyan); Lived AD ?–245
Served Shu starting with the Yi invasion. Trusted and influential. Died as Regent.
Sanguozhi CQ   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Jiang Wei (Boyue); Lived AD 202–264
Served Shu as Minister of War, eventually inheriting Zhuge Liang’s responsibilities.
Sanguozhi BR   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW   External (SGZ)
Yin Ji (Jibo); Lifespan Unlisted
Received favour comparable to Mi Zhu, helped compile the administrative code.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
King Shamoke; Lived ?–222
Originally a tribal leader, he helped Liu Bei at Yiling but died fighting Wu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive   
Lady Sun [Sun Shangxiang]; Lived AD C. 189–?
Sun Quan’s sister. Married to Liu Bei by Sun Quan, but later returned to Wu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JZ
Lei Tong; Lived AD ?–218
Officer of Liu Zhang and, later, Liu Bei. Killed by Zhang He at Baxi.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi MH   Comprehensive   
Li Yan (Zhengfang); Lived AD ?–234
A talented officer, exiled after he forged a decree to cover up failure of supplies.
Sanguozhi DA   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Liao Hua (Yuanjian); Lived C. 185–264
Officer in service of Shu. Served through the full span of the Shu Kingdom.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Liu Bei (Xuande); Lived AD 161–223
First Emperor of Shu and sworn brother of Guan Yu and Zhang Fei.
Sanguozhi SH   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Liu Feng; Lived AD 192–220
Liu Bei’s adopted son. Executed after the death of Guan Yu at Zhuge Liang’s suggestion.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi DZ   Comprehensive   
Liu Pi; Lived AD ?–196
After rebelling with the Yellow Scarves, moved to Runan. Later joined Liu Bei.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi MH   Comprehensive   
Liu Shan (Gongsi); Lived AD 207–271
Liu Bei’s son and the second Emperor of Shu. Destroyed Shu through ineptitude.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW   Chronology ME   External (SGZ)
Liu Zhang (Jiyu); Lived AD ?–219
Son of Liu Yan. Governed Ba-shu before Liu Bei took his kingdom out from under his feet.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Lü Bu (Fengxian); Lived AD ?–198
Said to be the finest warrior of the Three Kingdoms era. Executed by Cao Cao.
Sanguozhi CO   Sanguo yanyi JW   Comprehensive JW
Lu Xun; Lived ?–263
Officer of later-Shu. Defeated Zhong Hui at Nanzheng, but was later killed by Xun Kai.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Luo Xian (Lingze); Lived ?–270
Luo Meng’s son. Served in Shu under Liu Shan. Did not support Huang Hao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Ma Chao (Mengqi); Lived AD 176–222
Served Shu after fleeing from the north. Third of the Five Tiger Generals.
Sanguozhi SO   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive SS
Sanguozhi JY   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Ma Dai; Lifespan Unknown
Ma Chao’s cousin. He surrendered to Liu Bei with Ma Chao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Ma Liang (Jichang); Lived AD 186–222
Administered Jing after Liu Bei took Shu. Nicknamed ‘White Eyebrows’.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Ma Su (Youchang); Lived AD 190–228
Ma Liang’s younger brother. Executed by Zhuge Liang after his failure at Jie Ting.
Sanguozhi DA   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Mi Fang (Zifang); Lived Unknown–
Mi Zhu’s brother. Served all three kingdoms. Surrendered to Wu after threat of punishment from Guan Yu.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Mi Zhu (Zizhong); Lived AD ?–221
Served Shu. Mi Fang’s brother. Died shortly after Mi Fang’s betrayal.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Pan Jun (Chengming); Lived AD ?–240
Began his career under Liu Biao then Liu Bei. After Guan Yu’s death, served in Wu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Pang Tong (Shiyuan); Lived AD 179–213
Friend of Sima Hui’s and Shu’s “Fledgling Phoenix.” Killed by an arrow at Luocheng.
Sanguozhi SM   Sanguo yanyi SS   Comprehensive JW   External (SGZ)
Sun Qian (Gongyou); Lifespan Unlisted
Served Liu Bei. From Beihai. At death ranked General Who Upholds Loyalty.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Wang Ping (Zijun); Lived AD ?–248
Served Wei but later surrendered to Shu. Served in the northern campaigns.
Sanguozhi BR   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Wei Yan (Wenchang); Lived AD ?–234
Talented commander. Killed Han Xuan and surrendered his territory to Liu Bei.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi WM   Comprehensive JW   External (SGZ)
Wu Ban (Yuanxiong); Lived AD 171–234
Vanguard at Yiling, led naval forces. Later senior general, helps defeat Sima Yi.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Wu Lan; Lived AD ?–218
Served Liu Yan and Zhang then Liu Bei. Killed in battle with Cao Zhang.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi MH   Comprehensive   
Xiahou Ba (Zhongquan); Lived AD C. 185–C. 258
Xiahou Yuan’s son. Originally served Wei, betrayed to Shu. Attacked Didao with Jiang Wei.
Sanguozhi SH   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Xiang Chong; Lived AD 1?–240
Given control of internal military affairs. Died fighting Hanjia barbarians.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Xiang Lang (Juda); Lived AD ?–247
Defended rear flank in the northern campaigns. Friend of Ma Su, didn’t report escape attempt.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Xu Shu (Yuanzhi); Lived C. 170–C. 232-4
One of Sima Hui’s students. Served Liu Bei, then later, through trickery, Cao Cao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi JC   Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Yan Yan; Lived Unknown–
Served Liu Zhang, but surrendered to Zhang Fei after being defeated by him.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi DZ   Comprehensive JW
Yang Yi (Weigong); Lived AD ?–235
Opposed old enemy Wei Yan. Later later stripped of rank for dissensitoius words.
Sanguozhi JI   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Zhang Fei (Yide); Lived AD C. 167–221
Sworn brother of Liu Bei and Guan Yu. Second of the Five Tiger Generals.
Sanguozhi SO   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Sanguozhi JY   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Zhang Ni (Boqi); Lived AD 175–254
Wounded by Wang Shuang. Died rescuing Jiang Wei, suffered from arthritis.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive JW
Zhang Song (Yongnian); Lived AD ?–212
Officer of Liu Zhang and Shu. Aided Liu Bei in Ba-Shu. Angered Cao Cao in Sanguo Yanyi.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi DZ   Comprehensive   
Zhang Yi (Bogong); Lived AD ?–264
Urged Jiang Wei to concentrate on internal affairs. Strict governor, it caused revolt.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Zhao Yun (Zilong); Lived AD C. 168–229
Served Shu. Highly trusted by Liu Bei. Fourth of the Five Tiger Generals.
Sanguozhi SO   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Sanguozhi JY   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Zhuge Liang (Kongming); Lived AD 181–234
Mastermind of Shu’s rise as a great power. Also known as ‘Sleeping Dragon’.
Sanguozhi JY   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW   Chronology BR
Zhuge Qiao (Bosong); Lived AD 203–228
Famed in his own time, lacked brother’s talent but had superior disposition.
Sanguozhi JY   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Zhuge Shang; Lived AD 246–263
Died with his father on the battlefield against Deng Ai at only nineteen years old.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Zhuge Zhan (Siyuan); Lived AD 227–263
Zhuge Liang’s son. Died along with his son defending Shu from Deng Ai.
Sanguozhi JY   Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Zong Yu (Deyan); Lived C. 187–263
Shu official. Sent to Wu to ask about Wu’s increased border guard after Zhuge Liang died.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   

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March 7, 2014