Three Kingdoms History: Biographies

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Kongming’s Archives – Romance of the Three Kingdoms Biographies

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Many biographies have been translated or authored for the Three Kingdoms officers discussed on this site, and you can find them using this page. Contents include: Sanguozhi biographies (translations from the historical record by Chen Shou), Sanguo yanyi biographies (Romance of the Three Kingdoms biographies), Comprehensive Officer Biographies (based on multiple historical and cultural sources), Officer Life Chronologies), and links to biographies on other sites.

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Other Officers

(Search results for officers in the Other Officers category.)

Bian Rang (Wenli); Lived AD ?–195
Governor of Jiujiang. Killed by Xiahou Dun reinforcing Tao Qian against Cao Cao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Cai Yong (Bojie); Lived AD C. 135–192
Advised Emperor Ling’s court. Hated the eunuchs. Died honoring Dong Zhuo.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SS   Comprehensive   
Cheng Lian; Lived AD ?–198
General noted for his courage under Lü Bu. In novel, killed by Yue Jin.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Cheng Yuanzhi; Lived ?–184
Served Yellow Scarves as a chieftain. Killed by Guan Yu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Chunyu Qiong (Zhongjian); Lived AD 146–200
Served Yuan Shao. Mutilated by Cao Cao after failing Yuan Shao at Guandu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Diaochan [Sable Cicada]; Lived AD C. 173/6–?
Wang Yun’s adopted daughter. Helped to kill Dong Zhuo. Fictional.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive   
Ding Yuan (Jianyang); Lived AD ?–189
An excellent horseman and archer, assassinated by Lü Bu on Dong Zhuo’s orders.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Dong Zhuo (Zhongying); Lived AD ?–192
Siezed control of Luoyang and the Han government before being killed by Lü Bu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive   
Emperor Shao [Liu Bian]; Lived AD 173–190
Emperor Shao of Han (AD 189). Deposed and poisoned by Dong Zhuo.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Emperor Xian [Liu Xie] (Bohe); Lived AD 181–234
Son of Emperor Ling. Reigned AD 189–220. Forced to abdicate by Cao Pi.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Empress Fu Shou; Lived AD ?–214
Wife of Emperor Xian. From Langya. Daughter of Fu Wan. Executed by Cao Cao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (HHS)
Empress He; Lived AD C. 160–189
Emperor Shao’s mother. He Jin’s half-sister. Died of grief or through suicide.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Gao Sheng; Lived ?–184
Yellow Scarf officer. Fought with Liu Bei at Quyang, but was slain by Zhang Fei.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Gao Shun; Lived ?–198
Defeated Xiahou Dun. Caught and executed by Cao Cao at Xiapi.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Gongsun Yue; Lived AD ?–191
Assassinated by Yuan Shao after a diplomatic mission. Served as envoy to Yuan Shu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Gongsun Zan (Bogu); Lived AD ?–199
Magistrate of Beiping. Fought Yuan Shao. Committed suicide with his family.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive   
Guo Si (Duo); Lived AD 146–197
Served Dong Zhuo. Later took control of the imperial court with Li Jue.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Han Fu (Wenjie); Lived AD 149–191
Surrendered to Yuan Shao but was abused. Fled to Zhang Miao and later committed suicide.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
He Jin (Suigao); Lived AD 135–189
Grand Administrator in the Han courts, but was assassinated by the eunuchs.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi DL   Comprehensive JW
He Man; Lived AD ?–196
Nicknamed ‘The Shooting Devil’ in novel. Yellow Scarves commander. Executed by Cao Cao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi MH   Comprehensive   
He Miao; Lived AD 133–189
Empress He’s older half-brother. Later killed by Wu Kuang.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Hu Juer; Lifespan Unlisted
Served Zhang Xiu. Stole Dian Wei’s weapons as part of Jia Xu’s plan to defeat Cao Cao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi JP   Comprehensive   
Hua Tuo (Yuanhua); Lived AD 110–207
A famous doctor from the Three Kingdoms period. Killed trying to avoid treating Cao Cao.
Sanguozhi JI   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Hua Xiong; Lived AD ?–191
Brave general in service to Dong Zhuo. Died in battle with Sun Jian.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive   
Huangfu Song (Yizhen); Lived ?–195
Imperial Commander under Han. Fought heavily against the Yellow Turban Rebellion.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi JP   Comprehensive   
Ji Ling; Lived AD ?–199
Served under Yuan Shu. A fierce warrior who was killed by Zhang Fei.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi MH   Comprehensive   
Ju Gu; Lived AD ?–204
Maintained Handan. Defeated by Zhang Liao and shot while fleeing.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
King Meng Huo; Lifespan Unknown
Ruled Nanman after Shamoke’s death. Captured and released seven times by Kongming.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive   
King Mulu; Lived ?–225
A Nanman chieftan. Initially drove back Zhuge Liang’s armies with his magic.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SS   Comprehensive   
King Wutugu; Lived ?–225
Ruled the cave dwelling Wuguo Kingdom in south China. Twelve spans tall.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive   
Lady Zhurong; Lifespan Unknown
Wife of King Meng Huo. Said to be descended from the Goddess of Fire.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive   
Li Ru; Lifespan Unlisted
Served Dong Zhuo as an advisor. Died with his lord’s ambitions.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi CO   Comprehensive   
Liu Biao (Jingsheng); Lived AD 142–208
Inspector of Jing province under the Han. Opposed the Sun family militarily.
Sanguozhi BR   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Liu Yao (Zhengli); Lived AD 157–198
Imperial Inspector of Yangzhou. Liu Dai’s brother. Defeated by Sun Ce, then died of illness.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Mi Heng (Zhengping); Lived AD 176–200
Reputable scholar. Infuriated Cao Cao’s officers with his audacious ways.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi JP   Comprehensive   
Min Gong; Lifespan Unknown
Han commander in the Henan district. Killed eunuch Duan Gui. Helped Emperor Shao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi JP   Comprehensive   
Pei Yuanshao; Lived AD ?–200
Former Yellow Scarve killed by Zhao Yun during an attempt to steal his horse.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Qiao Rui; Lived AD ?–197
Officer of Yuan Shu. Fought with Cao Cao’s forces, but was killed by Xiahou Dun.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Qu Yi; Lived Unlisted–
Defeated Han Fu, Yufuluo and destroyed Gongsun Zan. Became arrogant and was executed.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Shen Pei (Zhengnan); Lived AD ?–204
Served Yuan Shao with loyalty. After Shao’s death, sided with his youngest son, Shang.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi DZ   Comprehensive   
Shi Xie (Weiyan); Lived AD 137–226
Grand Administrator of Jiaozhi. Paid regular tribute to Sun Quan.
Sanguozhi JI   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Sima Zhou (Zijiang); Lived AD 227–283
Led the force to which Sun Hao offered his seal and surrendered.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (Jin Shu)
Tao Qian (Gongzu); Lived AD 132–194
Inspector of Xuzhou. Fought violently with Cao Cao. Died of illness.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (HHS)
Tian Feng (Yuanhao); Lived AD ?–200
Served Yuan Shao, who ignored his advice. Killed himself after being slandered by Feng Ji.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi LM   Comprehensive   
Tian Kai; Lived AD ?–199
Appointed Lieutenant Governor of Qingzhou by Gongsun Zan. Fought against Cao Cao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Wen Chou; Lived AD ?–200
A fierce general in service under Yuan Shao. Killed in battle with Cao Cao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive   
Xu Shao (Zijiang); Lived AD 150–195
A specialist of personalities living in Runan. Praised Cao Cao. Later served Liu Yao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive ST
Xun Chen (Youruo); Lived AD C. 161–?
Younger brother of Xun Yu. Advised Han Fu on administration. Later served Yuan Shao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi DZ   Comprehensive   
Yan Baihu [White Tiger Yan]; Lifespan Unknown
Fought with Sun Ce, but was defeated. Killed by Dong Xi.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi DZ   Comprehensive   
Yan Liang; Lived AD ?–200
A fierce general in service under Yuan Shao. Beheaded by Guan Yu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive   
Yang Feng; Lived AD 153–197
Betrayed Li Jue to help Emperor Xian. Served Yuan Shu then Lü Bu. Killed by Bei’s men.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Yang Hu (Shuzi); Lived AD 2?–278
A talented Jin officer. Held Xiang Yang. Formed a friendship with Lu Kang of Wu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Yuan Shao (Benchu); Lived AD C. 142–202
Childhood friend, and later enemy of, Cao Cao. Defeated at Guandu.
Sanguozhi JY   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JP   External (Reference)
Sanguozhi BR   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Yuan Shu (Gonglu); Lived AD ?–199
Relative of Yuan Shao. Declared himself Emperor, but soon after died.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW   External (SGZ)
Zhang Bao; Lived AD ?–184
Yellow Scarves leader and Zhang Jue’s brother. Self-titled ‘Lord of Earth’.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Zhang Hu [Tiger Zhang]; Lifespan Unknown
Marched out with Huang Zu to oppose Sun Jian. Killed by Han Dang after 30 bouts.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Zhang Jue; Lived AD 140–184
Founder of the Yellow Scarves. Self-titled ‘Lord of Heaven’.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi JW   Comprehensive   
Zhang Jun; Lived AD ?–184
Blamed the Yellow Turban revolt on the eunuchs. Arrested and flogged on false charges.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive DZ
Zhang Liang; Lived AD ?–184
Yellow Scarves leader and Zhang Jue’s brother. Self-titled ‘Lord of Man’.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Zhang Rang; Lived ?–189
Most influential of the Ten Regular Attendants. Drowned himself to avoid capture.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive   
Zhang Ren; Lived AD ?–213
Remained loyal to Liu Zhang. Executed by Liu Bei. In novel, Pang Tong died in his ambush.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi DZ   Comprehensive   
Zhang Yang (Zhishu); Lived AD 151–198
A good and generous man, attempted to aid Emperor Xian but wasn’t trusted by other generals.
Sanguozhi ZR   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Zhang Ying; Lived ?–195
Served Liu Yao with Xue Li. Lost in battle to Sun Ce twice. Killed by Chen Wu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Zhu Jun (Gongwei); Lived ?–195
Han minister who fought against the Yellow Scarves with Liu Bei and Sun Jian.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Zou Jing; Lifespan Unknown
Served as Commandant under Liu Yan. Fought the Yellow Scarves with Liu Bei.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   

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March 7, 2014