Three Kingdoms History: Biographies

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Many biographies have been translated or authored for the Three Kingdoms officers discussed on this site, and you can find them using this page. Contents include: Sanguozhi biographies (translations from the historical record by Chen Shou), Sanguo yanyi biographies (Romance of the Three Kingdoms biographies), Comprehensive Officer Biographies (based on multiple historical and cultural sources), Officer Life Chronologies), and links to biographies on other sites.

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Kingdom of Wei

(Rulers: Cao Cao, Cao Pi, Cao Rui, Cao Fang, Cao Mao)

Bao Xin; Lived AD 152–192
Urged Yuan Shao to attack Dong, invited Cao Cao to govern Yan. Died fighting Turbans.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Bao Xun (Shuye); Lived ?–224
Strict morality meant Xun had conflicts with Cao Pi, was eventually executed.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Cai Mao (Degui); Lived AD ?–208
Assisted Liu Biao in taking control of Jingzhou, prevented Liu Qi from visiting father.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi DZ   Comprehensive   
Cai Yan (Wenji); Lived AD 177–250
Captured by the Xiongnu, but bought back by Cao Cao. Some of her poems survive.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Cao Ang (Zixiu); Lived AD C. 177–197
Served Wei. Cao Cao’s first son. Died to save his father.
Sanguozhi JI   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Cao Cao (Mengde); Lived AD 155–220
Founder of Wei. Built the foundation of what would become the Jin Dynasty.
Sanguozhi JY   Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive JW   Chronology ME
Sanguozhi AL   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Cao Chong (Cangshu); Lived AD 195–208
One of Cao Cao’s sons. Possessed an adult’s intelligence at age 5, but died young.
Sanguozhi JI   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Cao Chun (Zihe); Lived AD 170–210
Cao Ren’s younger brother. Defeated by Zhou Yu in the southern cities.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Cao Hong (Zilian); Lived AD 169–232
Served Wei. One of Cao Cao’s cousins and a vital element of his army.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Cao Pi (Zihuan); Lived AD 187–226
Cao Cao’s second son and successor. Deposed Emperor Xian. First Wei Emperor.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Cao Ren (Zixiao); Lived AD 168–223
Cao Cao’s cousin. Served as Minister of War for Cao Cao.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Cao Shuo; Lived AD 178–200
Served Wei. The Prince of Xiangshang. Died at a young age.
Sanguozhi JI   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Cao Xiong; Lived AD ?–220
Fourth son of Cao Cao from second wife Lady Bian.
Sanguozhi JI   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Cao Xiu (Wenlie); Lived AD C. 178–228
Performed well against Shu and Wu but fell for Zhou Fang’s ploy at Shiting.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Cao Zhang (Ziwen); Lived AD ?–223
Cao Cao’s second son by Empress Bian. Fond of martial arts. Died not long after Cao Cao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Cao Zhen (Zidan); Lived AD C. 185–231
Served Wei. Adopted into Cao family. Managed affairs after Cao Pi’s death.
Sanguozhi SH   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Cao Zhi (Zijian); Lived AD 192–232
Cao Cao’s third son by Empress Bian. Originally favored as heir over Cao Pi. Famous poet.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Chen Gong (Gongtai); Lived AD 154–198
Talented advisor who served, and died with, Lü Bu. Helped Cao Cao in the novel.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Chen Jiao (Jibi); Lived AD ?–237
Known as a righteous, happy yet calm person. Highly respected governor.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Chen Tai (Xuanbo); Lived AD ?–260
Defended Wei against Jiang Wei. Wept at Cao Mao’s death, and died soon after.
Sanguozhi BR   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Cheng Yu (Zhongde); Lived AD 142–221
Served Wei as an advisor. From Dong’e in Dongjun.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Deng Ai (Shizai); Lived AD C. 197–264
Campaigned against Shu with Zhong Hui and brilliantly struck Chengdu.
Sanguozhi BR   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Deng Zhong; Lived AD ?–264
Served Wei. Deng Ai’s talented son. Died attempting to aid his father.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Dian Wei; Lived AD 160–197
Served Wei. One of Cao Cao’s trusted guards. Dian Man’s father.
Sanguozhi JI   Sanguo yanyi DL   Comprehensive JW
Du Yu (Yuankai); Lived AD 222–284
Served Jin to unification. The Field Marshal that led the invasion of Wu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi MH   Comprehensive   
Empress Bian; Lived AD 160–230
Wife of Cao Cao and mother of Cao Pi. Made empress dowager when Cao Pi became emperor.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive QH
Gao Lan; Lived Unlisted–
Originally a talented officer of Yuan Shao. Defected with Zhang He to Wei.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Guan Yu (Yunchang); Lived AD 160–219
Sworn brother of Liu Bei and Zhang Fei. First of the Five Tiger Generals.
Sanguozhi SO   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW   External (Reference)
Sanguozhi JY   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Guo Huai (Boji); Lived AD 187–255
Served Wei and fought extensively against Shu. Brother of Guo Pei. Father of Guo Tong.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW   External (SGZ)
Guo Jia (Fengxiao); Lived AD 170–207
Served Cao Cao as a trusted adviser during the formative years of Wei.
Sanguozhi WF   Sanguo yanyi DL   Comprehensive JW
Han Sui (Wenyue); Lived AD C. 144–215
Worked with Ma Chao, before defecting to Cao Cao. Lost his hand to Ma Chao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive   
Han Xuan; Lived AD 163–C. 209
Magistrate of Changsha. Wei Yan killed him and surrendered to Liu Bei.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ZZ   Comprehensive   
Hao Zhao (Bodao); Lived Unknown–
A talented officer of Wei. Successfully defended against Zhuge Liang at Chencang.
Sanguozhi SH   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Huang Quan (Gongheng); Lifespan Unlisted
Served Liu Zhang and later Liu Bei. Surrendered to Wei out of necessity.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Jia Kui (Liangdao); Lived AD 174–228
Served as strategist to Cao Xiu, seeing through Zhou Fang’s plot.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Jia Xu (Wenhe); Lived AD 147–223
Skillful advisor. Served Dong Zhuo, Li Jue, Guo Si, Zhang Xiu, then Cao Cao.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Jiang Shu; Lifespan Unknown
Jiang Wei highly prized his talent, was disgruntled and defected in Wei’s invasion.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Jiang Wei (Boyue); Lived AD 202–264
Served Shu as Minister of War, eventually inheriting Zhuge Liang’s responsibilities.
Sanguozhi BR   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW   External (SGZ)
Jiang Xu (Boyi); Lifespan Unlisted
Helped to drive out Ma Chao, but Ma Chao killed his mother, defeated Ma Chao again later on.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi DZ   Comprehensive   
Jiao Chu; Lived AD ?–208
Served Yuan Xi with Zhang Nan. Betrayed to Cao Cao. Killed by Han Dang at Chibi.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Kong Rong (Wenju); Lived AD 153–208
A famed scholar who did not always get on with his lords. One of the Seven Masters.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi DZ   Comprehensive   
Li Dian (Mancheng); Lived AD C. 181–C. 217
Served Wei. Assisted Zhang Liao in the defense of Hefei.
Sanguozhi SH   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Li Tong (Wenda); Lived AD C. 168–C. 209
An officer of Wei. Saved Cao Cao’s rearguard in the retreat from Zhang Xiu.
Sanguozhi ZR   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Liu Bei (Xuande); Lived AD 161–223
First Emperor of Shu and sworn brother of Guan Yu and Zhang Fei.
Sanguozhi SH   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Liu Shan (Gongsi); Lived AD 207–271
Liu Bei’s son and the second Emperor of Shu. Destroyed Shu through ineptitude.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW   Chronology ME   External (SGZ)
Liu Ye (Ziyang); Lived AD 171–232
With other officials, went to Emperor Xian to petition his abdication to Cao Pi.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Lü Qian (Zike); Lifespan Unlisted
Served Cao Cao, and later Cao Pi, as Military Aide.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi QH   Comprehensive   
Ma Teng (Shoucheng); Lived AD ?–212
Governed Xiliang. Descendant of the famous warrior Ma Yuan. Ma Chao’s father.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive   
Man Chong (Boning); Lived AD C. 171–242
Served Cao Cao as Military Aide. Helped to repel Shu’s fifth northern campaign.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive   
Mao Jie (Xiaoxian); Lived AD 161–216
Served as Military Aide to Cao Cao. Later Staff Supervisor, then Naval Commander.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Mi Fang (Zifang); Lived Unknown–
Mi Zhu’s brother. Served all three kingdoms. Surrendered to Wu after threat of punishment from Guan Yu.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Pang De (Lingming); Lived AD ?–219
Served Ma Chao, Zhang Lu, then Cao Cao. Fought against Guan Yu at Fancheng.
Sanguozhi JI   Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Shi Huan (Gongliu); Lived AD ?–209
General of Xu Huang, captured messenger which gave them vital information.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Sima Jun (Zizang); Lived AD 232–286
Friend to Cao Fang. A talented child who became a popular offical.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (Jin Shu)
Sima Yi (Zhongda); Lived AD 179–251
A skilled advisor of the Wei kingdom. His efforts laid the foundation of Jin.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Wang Ping (Zijun); Lived AD ?–248
Served Wei but later surrendered to Shu. Served in the northern campaigns.
Sanguozhi BR   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Wang Shuang (Ziquan); Lived AD ?–229
Served Cao Rui. Defeated Zhang Ni, and was later killed by Wei Yan.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Wen Ping (Zhongye); Lived Unknown–
After Liu Cong’s surrender he secluded himself in shame. Later served Cao Cao
Sanguozhi SH   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Wen Yang; Lifespan Unknown
Wen Qin’s son. Fought Sima Shi’s army. Later pledged loyalty to Zhuge Dan.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Xiahou Ba (Zhongquan); Lived AD C. 185–C. 258
Xiahou Yuan’s son. Originally served Wei, betrayed to Shu. Attacked Didao with Jiang Wei.
Sanguozhi SH   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Xiahou Dun (Yuanrang); Lived AD ?–220
One of Cao Cao’s original officers, with civil and military talent. Lost an eye in battle.
Sanguozhi HM   Sanguo yanyi QH   Comprehensive   
Xiahou En; Lived AD 167–208
Carried Cao Cao’s Blue Blade. Cut down by Zhao Yun at Dangyang as he plundered.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ZZ   Comprehensive   
Xiahou Shang (Boren); Lived AD ?–225
Captured at Mt. Dingjun, but traded for Chen Shi. Defended against Wu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Xiahou Yuan (Miaocai); Lived AD ?–219
Xiahou Dun’s brother. Famed for his attacks against the western barbarians.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Xu Chu (Zhongkang); Lived AD 170–2?
One of Cao Cao’s trusted guards and a commander. Leader of the Tiger Guard.
Sanguozhi JI   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Xu Huang (Gongming); Lived AD 169–227
Served Cao Cao. Famous for breaking the siege of Fancheng against Guan Yu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW   External (SGZ)
Xu Shu (Yuanzhi); Lived C. 170–C. 232-4
One of Sima Hui’s students. Served Liu Bei, then later, through trickery, Cao Cao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi JC   Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Xun You (Gongda); Lived AD 157–214
Advisor of Cao Cao. Xun Yu’s cousin. Died grieving Cao Cao’s interest in being Duke.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi QH   Comprehensive   
Xun Yu (Wenruo); Lived AD 163–212
Cousin of Xun You, a very talented advisor under Cao Cao. Commited suicide.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Yang Xiu (Dezu); Lived AD 175–219
A talented scholar and friend of Cao Zhi, helped Zhi cheat Cao Cao’s tests.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi JP   Comprehensive   
Yang Yi (Weigong); Lived AD ?–235
Opposed old enemy Wei Yan. Later later stripped of rank for dissensitoius words.
Sanguozhi JI   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Yu Jin (Wenze); Lived AD ?–221
Served Cao Cao. Surrendered to Guan Yu. Shamed by Cao Pi into suicide.
Sanguozhi SZ   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Yue Jin (Wenqian); Lived AD ?–218
Served Cao Cao from the beginning. Shot from his horse by Gan Ning. Small-framed.
Sanguozhi BR   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Zang Ba (Xuangao); Lived AD C. 162–C. 230
Originally served Tao Qian, then Lü Bu. Later joined Cao Cao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Zhang He (Junyi); Lived AD ?–231
Originally under Yuan Shao, defected to Wei. Died battling Zhuge Liang.
Sanguozhi JI   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Zhang Liao (Wenyuan); Lived AD 165–222
Served in Wei after Cao Cao defeated Lü Bu. Close friend of Guan Yu.
Sanguozhi JW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW   External (SGZ)
Zhang Xiu; Lived AD ?–207
He fought Cao Cao after he took Zhang Ji’s widow as a wife. Served Wei with distinction.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Zhang Yan; Lived Unknown–
Leader of the Black Mountain Bandits. Tried but failed to aid Gongsun Zan.
Sanguozhi ZR   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Zhuge Dan (Gongxiu); Lived AD ?–258
Zhuge Liang’s cousin. Tried to rebel against Sima Zhao, but was executed.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SS   Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Zuo Ci (Yuanfang); Lived AD ?–306
Taoist named ‘Master Black Horn’. Trained in the occult at Emei Mountain.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi JP   Comprehensive   

Kingdom of Shu

(Rulers: Liu Bei, Liu Shan)

Chen Dao (Shuzhi); Lived 175–?
Served Liu Bei since he held Yizhou. Held office just under Zhao Yun.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Chen Zhen (Xiaoqi); Lived AD 175–235
Local official, was sent as emissary to Wu, swearing oath of alliance with Sun Quan.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Chen Zhi (Fengzhong); Lived AD ?–258
Served Liu Shan. Allied himself with Huang Hao and gained great authority.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Deng Zhi (Bomiao); Lived AD C. 177–251
Served Zhuge Liang. Was responsible for restoration of alliance with Wu.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Dong Yun (Xiuzhao); Lived ?–246
Served Shu as a High Minister during Liu Shan’s reign.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Empress Gan; Lived AD ?–C. 222
Concubine and later Empress of Liu Bei. She was a native of Pei.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Empress Mu; Lived AD ?–245
Consort and later Empress of Liu Bei. From Chenliu. Wu Yi’s sister.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Fa Zheng (Xiaozhi); Lived AD 174–219
Served Liu Zhang then Liu Bei. Was integral to the foundation of Shu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi QH   Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Fei Shi (Gongju); Lived AD ?–C. 240
Gave refuge to Liu Zhang’s officers. Protested against Liu Bei becoming Emperor.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Fei Yi (Wenwei); Lived AD ?–253
Shu official. Took over affairs of state after Jiang Wan’s death.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Fu Qian; Lived AD ?–263
Fu Tong’s son, served Shu. Captured Li Peng and Wang Zhen. Died in battle.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Fu Tong; Lived AD ?–222
Central military advisor for the Shu forces. Died during the battle of Yiling.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Gao Xiang; Lived AD C. 194–?
Officer of Shu. Participated in many of Zhuge Liang’s northern campaigns.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Guan Ping; Lived AD 178–219
Served Shu. Guan Yu’s son (adopted in novel). Executed with Guan Yu by Sun Quan.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Guan Xing (Anguo); Lived AD 193–2?
Son of Guan Yu. Served in Zhuge Liang’s northern campaigns.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Guan Yu (Yunchang); Lived AD 160–219
Sworn brother of Liu Bei and Zhang Fei. First of the Five Tiger Generals.
Sanguozhi SO   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW   External (Reference)
Sanguozhi JY   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Han Xuan; Lived AD 163–C. 209
Magistrate of Changsha. Wei Yan killed him and surrendered to Liu Bei.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ZZ   Comprehensive   
Huang Quan (Gongheng); Lifespan Unlisted
Served Liu Zhang and later Liu Bei. Surrendered to Wei out of necessity.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Huang Zhong (Hansheng); Lived AD ?–220
Joined Liu Bei after Han Xuan’s defeat. One of the Five Tiger Generals.
Sanguozhi SO   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Sanguozhi JY   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Huo Jun (Zhongmiao); Lived AD 178–217
Held Jiameng against Liu Zhang’s generals before his countering and defeating them.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Jian Yong (Xianhe); Lifespan Unlisted
Originally served Tao Qian. Persuaded Liu Zhang to surrender to Liu Bei.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi QH   Comprehensive   
Jiang Bin; Lifespan Unknown
Served Shu as a general under Liu Shan. Later surrendered to Zhong Hui.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Jiang Shu; Lifespan Unknown
Jiang Wei highly prized his talent, was disgruntled and defected in Wei’s invasion.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Jiang Wan (Gongyan); Lived AD ?–245
Served Shu starting with the Yi invasion. Trusted and influential. Died as Regent.
Sanguozhi CQ   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Jiang Wei (Boyue); Lived AD 202–264
Served Shu as Minister of War, eventually inheriting Zhuge Liang’s responsibilities.
Sanguozhi BR   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW   External (SGZ)
Yin Ji (Jibo); Lifespan Unlisted
Received favour comparable to Mi Zhu, helped compile the administrative code.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
King Shamoke; Lived ?–222
Originally a tribal leader, he helped Liu Bei at Yiling but died fighting Wu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive   
Lady Sun [Sun Shangxiang]; Lived AD C. 189–?
Sun Quan’s sister. Married to Liu Bei by Sun Quan, but later returned to Wu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JZ
Lei Tong; Lived AD ?–218
Officer of Liu Zhang and, later, Liu Bei. Killed by Zhang He at Baxi.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi MH   Comprehensive   
Li Yan (Zhengfang); Lived AD ?–234
A talented officer, exiled after he forged a decree to cover up failure of supplies.
Sanguozhi DA   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Liao Hua (Yuanjian); Lived C. 185–264
Officer in service of Shu. Served through the full span of the Shu Kingdom.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Liu Bei (Xuande); Lived AD 161–223
First Emperor of Shu and sworn brother of Guan Yu and Zhang Fei.
Sanguozhi SH   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Liu Feng; Lived AD 192–220
Liu Bei’s adopted son. Executed after the death of Guan Yu at Zhuge Liang’s suggestion.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi DZ   Comprehensive   
Liu Pi; Lived AD ?–196
After rebelling with the Yellow Scarves, moved to Runan. Later joined Liu Bei.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi MH   Comprehensive   
Liu Shan (Gongsi); Lived AD 207–271
Liu Bei’s son and the second Emperor of Shu. Destroyed Shu through ineptitude.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW   Chronology ME   External (SGZ)
Liu Zhang (Jiyu); Lived AD ?–219
Son of Liu Yan. Governed Ba-shu before Liu Bei took his kingdom out from under his feet.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Lü Bu (Fengxian); Lived AD ?–198
Said to be the finest warrior of the Three Kingdoms era. Executed by Cao Cao.
Sanguozhi CO   Sanguo yanyi JW   Comprehensive JW
Lu Xun; Lived ?–263
Officer of later-Shu. Defeated Zhong Hui at Nanzheng, but was later killed by Xun Kai.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Luo Xian (Lingze); Lived ?–270
Luo Meng’s son. Served in Shu under Liu Shan. Did not support Huang Hao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Ma Chao (Mengqi); Lived AD 176–222
Served Shu after fleeing from the north. Third of the Five Tiger Generals.
Sanguozhi SO   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive SS
Sanguozhi JY   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Ma Dai; Lifespan Unknown
Ma Chao’s cousin. He surrendered to Liu Bei with Ma Chao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Ma Liang (Jichang); Lived AD 186–222
Administered Jing after Liu Bei took Shu. Nicknamed ‘White Eyebrows’.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Ma Su (Youchang); Lived AD 190–228
Ma Liang’s younger brother. Executed by Zhuge Liang after his failure at Jie Ting.
Sanguozhi DA   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Mi Fang (Zifang); Lived Unknown–
Mi Zhu’s brother. Served all three kingdoms. Surrendered to Wu after threat of punishment from Guan Yu.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Mi Zhu (Zizhong); Lived AD ?–221
Served Shu. Mi Fang’s brother. Died shortly after Mi Fang’s betrayal.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Pan Jun (Chengming); Lived AD ?–240
Began his career under Liu Biao then Liu Bei. After Guan Yu’s death, served in Wu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Pang Tong (Shiyuan); Lived AD 179–213
Friend of Sima Hui’s and Shu’s “Fledgling Phoenix.” Killed by an arrow at Luocheng.
Sanguozhi SM   Sanguo yanyi SS   Comprehensive JW   External (SGZ)
Sun Qian (Gongyou); Lifespan Unlisted
Served Liu Bei. From Beihai. At death ranked General Who Upholds Loyalty.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Wang Ping (Zijun); Lived AD ?–248
Served Wei but later surrendered to Shu. Served in the northern campaigns.
Sanguozhi BR   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Wei Yan (Wenchang); Lived AD ?–234
Talented commander. Killed Han Xuan and surrendered his territory to Liu Bei.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi WM   Comprehensive JW   External (SGZ)
Wu Ban (Yuanxiong); Lived AD 171–234
Vanguard at Yiling, led naval forces. Later senior general, helps defeat Sima Yi.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Wu Lan; Lived AD ?–218
Served Liu Yan and Zhang then Liu Bei. Killed in battle with Cao Zhang.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi MH   Comprehensive   
Xiahou Ba (Zhongquan); Lived AD C. 185–C. 258
Xiahou Yuan’s son. Originally served Wei, betrayed to Shu. Attacked Didao with Jiang Wei.
Sanguozhi SH   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Xiang Chong; Lived AD 1?–240
Given control of internal military affairs. Died fighting Hanjia barbarians.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Xiang Lang (Juda); Lived AD ?–247
Defended rear flank in the northern campaigns. Friend of Ma Su, didn’t report escape attempt.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Xu Shu (Yuanzhi); Lived C. 170–C. 232-4
One of Sima Hui’s students. Served Liu Bei, then later, through trickery, Cao Cao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi JC   Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Yan Yan; Lived Unknown–
Served Liu Zhang, but surrendered to Zhang Fei after being defeated by him.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi DZ   Comprehensive JW
Yang Yi (Weigong); Lived AD ?–235
Opposed old enemy Wei Yan. Later later stripped of rank for dissensitoius words.
Sanguozhi JI   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Zhang Fei (Yide); Lived AD C. 167–221
Sworn brother of Liu Bei and Guan Yu. Second of the Five Tiger Generals.
Sanguozhi SO   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Sanguozhi JY   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Zhang Ni (Boqi); Lived AD 175–254
Wounded by Wang Shuang. Died rescuing Jiang Wei, suffered from arthritis.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive JW
Zhang Song (Yongnian); Lived AD ?–212
Officer of Liu Zhang and Shu. Aided Liu Bei in Ba-Shu. Angered Cao Cao in Sanguo Yanyi.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi DZ   Comprehensive   
Zhang Yi (Bogong); Lived AD ?–264
Urged Jiang Wei to concentrate on internal affairs. Strict governor, it caused revolt.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Zhao Yun (Zilong); Lived AD C. 168–229
Served Shu. Highly trusted by Liu Bei. Fourth of the Five Tiger Generals.
Sanguozhi SO   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Sanguozhi JY   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Zhuge Liang (Kongming); Lived AD 181–234
Mastermind of Shu’s rise as a great power. Also known as ‘Sleeping Dragon’.
Sanguozhi JY   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW   Chronology BR
Zhuge Qiao (Bosong); Lived AD 203–228
Famed in his own time, lacked brother’s talent but had superior disposition.
Sanguozhi JY   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Zhuge Shang; Lived AD 246–263
Died with his father on the battlefield against Deng Ai at only nineteen years old.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Zhuge Zhan (Siyuan); Lived AD 227–263
Zhuge Liang’s son. Died along with his son defending Shu from Deng Ai.
Sanguozhi JY   Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Zong Yu (Deyan); Lived C. 187–263
Shu official. Sent to Wu to ask about Wu’s increased border guard after Zhuge Liang died.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   

Kingdom of Wu

(Rulers: Sun Jian, Sun Ce, Sun Quan, Sun Liang, Sun Xiu, Sun Hao)

Bu Chan (Zhongsi); Lived AD 222–272
Served Wu. Bu Zhi’s son. Surrendered his city to Jin. Killed by Lu Kang.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Bu Zhi (Zishan); Lived AD 180–247
Served Sun Quan. Accurately predicted Guan Yu’s invasion of Jing.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Chen Wu (Zilie); Lived AD 1?–215
Served Sun Ce as Commandant. Surrounded at Hefei and fought to his death.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Cheng Pu (Demou); Lived AD ?–C. 210
Served three generations of the Sun family. From Tuyin in Youbeiping.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive JW
Da Qiao; Lifespan Unknown
Elder of Wu’s Qiao Sisters. Sister to Xiao Qiao. Married to Sun Ce.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi JP   Comprehensive   
Ding Feng (Chengyuan); Lived AD ?–271
Famous Wu officer, assassinated Sun Chen with Zhang Bu. Defeated Wei at Dongxing.
Sanguozhi HX   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Dong Xi (Yuandai); Lived AD ?–217
Historically killed two generals, drowned with his ship, refusing pleas to leave it.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Gan Ning (Xingba); Lived AD 175–C. 219
Known to be brave and strong. Served Huang Zu, then Wu. Died of illness.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi DL   Comprehensive JW
Gu Yong (Yuantan); Lived AD 168–243
Studied under Cai Yong. Convinced to join Wu by Zhang Hong. Became Prime Minister.
Sanguozhi CQ   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Han Dang (Yigong); Lived AD C. 156–227
Veteran general in service to the Sun family. Served three generations.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
He Qi (Gongmiao); Lived AD ?–227
Served Wu, first under Sun Ce. Became governor of Xuzhou. Father of He Da.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive SW   External (SGZ)
Huang Gai (Gongfu); Lived AD C. 145–C. 208
Veteran general in Wu. Came up with the “Bitter Meat Plan” for Chibi.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Jiang Qin (Gongyi); Lived AD 168–219
Led the volunteer forces that joined Sun Ce in the battle of Qu’e.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Lady Pan; Lived AD ?–253
Wife of Sun Quan, the Lord of Wu. Was a native of Juzhang in Kuaiji.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Lady Sun [Sun Shangxiang]; Lived AD C. 189–?
Sun Quan’s sister. Married to Liu Bei by Sun Quan, but later returned to Wu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JZ
Lady Wang; Lifespan Unlisted
Second only to Madam Bu, Sun Luban slandered her to death.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Lady Wang; Lifespan Unlisted
Wife of Sun Quan, the Lord of Wu. Mother of Sun Xiu. Was a native of Nanyang.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Lady Wu; Lived AD ?–202
Mother of Sun Quan and Sun Ce. Wife to Sun Jian. Endorsed marriage of lady Sun.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Lady Xie ; Lifespan Unknown
Wife of Sun Quan, the Lord of Wu. Was a native of Shanyin in Kuaiji.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Lady Xu; Lifespan Unknown
Wife of Sun Quan, the Lord of Wu. Was a native of Fuchun in Wu Commandary.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Ling Tong (Gongji); Lived AD 189–217
Served Wu. Resented Gan Ning for killing his father, Ling Cao, but later forgave him.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Liu Zhang (Jiyu); Lived AD ?–219
Son of Liu Yan. Governed Ba-shu before Liu Bei took his kingdom out from under his feet.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Lü Fan (Ziheng); Lived AD ?–228
Was an aide to Yuan Shu, but left for Sun Ce. Suggested Lady Sun’s marriage.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive ST   External (SGZ)
Lu Kang (Youjie); Lived AD 226–274
Lu Xun’s second son. Known to be as capable a commander as his father.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SS   Comprehensive   
Lü Meng (Ziming); Lived AD 178–220
Served Wu. Originally a skilled warrior, turned out to be a scholar as well.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Lu Su (Zijing); Lived AD 172–217
Brilliant and insightful Wu commander. Was ambassador to Shu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW   External (SGZ)
Lu Xun (Boyan); Lived AD 183–245
Famous and brilliant Wu commander that defeated Liu Bei at Yiling.
Sanguozhi CO   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Lu Yin (Jingzong); Lifespan Unlisted
Favoured by Sun He, defeated Zhao Yu and pacified Jiaozhou in 248.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Ma Zhong; Lived AD ?–222
Captured Guan Yu and Guan Ping. Executed to satiate Liu Bei in the novel.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Mi Fang (Zifang); Lived Unknown–
Mi Zhu’s brother. Served all three kingdoms. Surrendered to Wu after threat of punishment from Guan Yu.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Pan Jun (Chengming); Lived AD ?–240
Began his career under Liu Biao then Liu Bei. After Guan Yu’s death, served in Wu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Pan Zhang (Wengui); Lived AD 171–234
Served Wu. Led the forces which captured Guan Yu and his son, Guan Ping.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Puyang Xing (Ziyuan); Lived AD ?–265
Supported Sun Hao after Sun Xiu died, helping to elevate him to Emperor.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Quan Cong (Zihuang); Lived AD ?–249
Son of Quan Rou and son-in-law of Sun Quan. Served Wu as general and advisor.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Sun Ben (Boyang); Lived AD C. 174–220
Inherited Sun Jian’s troops and served Yuan Shu, then Sun Ce. Died of illness after Chibi.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive ST
Sun Ce (Bofu); Lived AD 175–200
Sun Jian’s oldest son. Built the foundation of the Wu kingdom.
Sanguozhi JY   Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive JW
Sun Fu (Guoyi); Lifespan Unknown
Second son of Sun Qiang. Imprisoned after trying to surrender to Cao Cao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive ST   External (SGZ)
Sun Hao (Yuanzong); Lived AD 242–283
Last Emperor of Wu. Destroyed the country through tyranical rule and wasteful projects.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SS   Comprehensive   
Sun He (Bohai); Lived AD ?–204
Investigated Sun Yi’s death but was assassinated. Adopted into Yu clan by Sun Jian.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive ST
Sun Huan (Shuwu); Lived AD 196–?
Part of invasion of Jing. Trapped at Yiling, he holds out until Lu Xun achieves victory.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive ST   External (SGZ)
Sun Jian (Wentai); Lived AD 155–192
Father of Sun Ce, Sun Quan, and the kingdom of Wu.
Sanguozhi JY   Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive JW
Sun Jing (Youtai); Lifespan Unlisted
Raised up the troops that would be Jian’s personal guard. Helped defeat Wang Lang.
Sanguozhi JW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Sun Jun (Ziyuan); Lived AD 218–256
Joined Teng Yin in assassinating Zhuge Ke, later controlled the court.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Sun Lang (Zaoan); Lifespan Unknown
The fifth son of Sun Jian. Led a command at Dongkou but accidentally burned his own camp.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive ST
Sun Liang (Ziming); Lived AD 243–260
Became Emperor, but was dethroned by Sun Chen after failed attempt to remove Chen.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Sun Quan (Zhongmou); Lived AD 182–252
Sun Jian’s second son. Sun Ce’s brother. Long-lived first Emperor of Wu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW   External (SGZ)
Sun Shao (Gongli); Lived AD 188–241
Disobeyed Xu Sheng to fool opposing Wei forces. Maintained strong defense against Wei.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ST   Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Sun Yi (Shubi); Lived AD 183–203
Once a rival to Sun Quan. Assassinated by Bian Hong and others at a banquet.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ST   Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Sun Yu (Zhongyi); Lived AD 176–215
Served Wu. Sun Jing’s second son and cousin to Sun Quan.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Taishi Ci (Ziyi); Lived AD 166–206
Served Liu Yao, then Wu. Helped save Kong Rong from the Yellow Scarves.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi DL   Comprehensive JW
Wu Can (Kongxiu); Lived AD 187–248
Was promoted into office by Sun He. Helped to pacify the Shanyue.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Xiao Qiao; Lifespan Unknown
Younger of Wu’s Qiao Sisters. Sister to Da Qiao. Married to Zhou Yu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi JP   Comprehensive   
Xie Jing; Lived AD ?–222
Duels Zhang Bao for 40 bouts before retreating. Described as brave, killed by Zhang Bao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Xu Sheng (Wenxiang); Lived AD ?–C. 225
Served in Chibi and Wu’s invasions into Wei. Tricked Cao Pi with a fake wall.
Sanguozhi HX   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Yu Quan; Lived AD ?–254
Served as commander in Wu during Sun Liang’s reign. Helped support Zhuge Dan.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Zhang Zhao (Zibu); Lived AD 156–236
Served Wu. Highly trusted internal administrator.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Zhou Tai (Youping); Lived AD 163–225
Wu officer who Saved Sun Quan’s life, and was loved dearly in return.
Sanguozhi LW   Sanguo yanyi SS   Comprehensive JW
Zhou Yu (Gongjin); Lived AD 175–210
Skilled war commander of Wu. Commanded Wu forces at the Battle of Chibi.
Sanguozhi BR   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Zhu Huan (Xiumu); Lived AD 176–238
Possibly a little mad, murdered the servants of Quan Yi. Destroyed Cao Ren at Ruxu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Zhu Ju (Ziju); Lived AD 190–246
Wu Scholar. Demoted after supporting Sun He. Tricked into committing suicide.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Zhu Ran (Yifeng); Lived AD 182–249
Served Wu. Was the son of Zhu Zhi’s sister. Studied together with Sun Quan.
Sanguozhi DG   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Zhu Zhi (Junli); Lived AD 156–234
Served through three generations of the Sun family. Magistrate in Wu County.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW   External (SGZ)
Zhuge Jin (Ziyu); Lived AD 174–241
Zhuge Liang’s older brother in service to Wu. Highly trusted by Sun Quan.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi MH   Comprehensive   
Zhuge Ke (Yuanxun); Lived AD ?–253
Served Wu as Imperial Guardian. Son of Zhuge Jin. Murdered by Sun Jun.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Zu Mao (Darong); Lived Unlisted–
One of Sun Jian’s first four commanders. Tricked Hua Xiong in order to save Sun Jian’s life.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   

Other Kingdoms

(Rulers: Yuan Shao, Yuan Shu, Liu Biao, Liu Zheng, Dong Zhuo, etc.)

Bian Rang (Wenli); Lived AD ?–195
Governor of Jiujiang. Killed by Xiahou Dun reinforcing Tao Qian against Cao Cao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Cai Yong (Bojie); Lived AD C. 135–192
Advised Emperor Ling’s court. Hated the eunuchs. Died honoring Dong Zhuo.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SS   Comprehensive   
Cheng Lian; Lived AD ?–198
General noted for his courage under Lü Bu. In novel, killed by Yue Jin.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Cheng Yuanzhi; Lived ?–184
Served Yellow Scarves as a chieftain. Killed by Guan Yu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Chunyu Qiong (Zhongjian); Lived AD 146–200
Served Yuan Shao. Mutilated by Cao Cao after failing Yuan Shao at Guandu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Diaochan [Sable Cicada]; Lived AD C. 173/6–?
Wang Yun’s adopted daughter. Helped to kill Dong Zhuo. Fictional.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive   
Ding Yuan (Jianyang); Lived AD ?–189
An excellent horseman and archer, assassinated by Lü Bu on Dong Zhuo’s orders.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Dong Zhuo (Zhongying); Lived AD ?–192
Siezed control of Luoyang and the Han government before being killed by Lü Bu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive   
Emperor Shao [Liu Bian]; Lived AD 173–190
Emperor Shao of Han (AD 189). Deposed and poisoned by Dong Zhuo.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Emperor Xian [Liu Xie] (Bohe); Lived AD 181–234
Son of Emperor Ling. Reigned AD 189–220. Forced to abdicate by Cao Pi.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Empress Fu Shou; Lived AD ?–214
Wife of Emperor Xian. From Langya. Daughter of Fu Wan. Executed by Cao Cao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (HHS)
Empress He; Lived AD C. 160–189
Emperor Shao’s mother. He Jin’s half-sister. Died of grief or through suicide.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Gao Sheng; Lived ?–184
Yellow Scarf officer. Fought with Liu Bei at Quyang, but was slain by Zhang Fei.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Gao Shun; Lived ?–198
Defeated Xiahou Dun. Caught and executed by Cao Cao at Xiapi.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Gongsun Yue; Lived AD ?–191
Assassinated by Yuan Shao after a diplomatic mission. Served as envoy to Yuan Shu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Gongsun Zan (Bogu); Lived AD ?–199
Magistrate of Beiping. Fought Yuan Shao. Committed suicide with his family.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive   
Guo Si (Duo); Lived AD 146–197
Served Dong Zhuo. Later took control of the imperial court with Li Jue.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Han Fu (Wenjie); Lived AD 149–191
Surrendered to Yuan Shao but was abused. Fled to Zhang Miao and later committed suicide.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
He Jin (Suigao); Lived AD 135–189
Grand Administrator in the Han courts, but was assassinated by the eunuchs.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi DL   Comprehensive JW
He Man; Lived AD ?–196
Nicknamed ‘The Shooting Devil’ in novel. Yellow Scarves commander. Executed by Cao Cao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi MH   Comprehensive   
He Miao; Lived AD 133–189
Empress He’s older half-brother. Later killed by Wu Kuang.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Hu Juer; Lifespan Unlisted
Served Zhang Xiu. Stole Dian Wei’s weapons as part of Jia Xu’s plan to defeat Cao Cao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi JP   Comprehensive   
Hua Tuo (Yuanhua); Lived AD 110–207
A famous doctor from the Three Kingdoms period. Killed trying to avoid treating Cao Cao.
Sanguozhi JI   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Hua Xiong; Lived AD ?–191
Brave general in service to Dong Zhuo. Died in battle with Sun Jian.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive   
Huangfu Song (Yizhen); Lived ?–195
Imperial Commander under Han. Fought heavily against the Yellow Turban Rebellion.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi JP   Comprehensive   
Ji Ling; Lived AD ?–199
Served under Yuan Shu. A fierce warrior who was killed by Zhang Fei.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi MH   Comprehensive   
Ju Gu; Lived AD ?–204
Maintained Handan. Defeated by Zhang Liao and shot while fleeing.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
King Meng Huo; Lifespan Unknown
Ruled Nanman after Shamoke’s death. Captured and released seven times by Kongming.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive   
King Mulu; Lived ?–225
A Nanman chieftan. Initially drove back Zhuge Liang’s armies with his magic.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SS   Comprehensive   
King Wutugu; Lived ?–225
Ruled the cave dwelling Wuguo Kingdom in south China. Twelve spans tall.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive   
Lady Zhurong; Lifespan Unknown
Wife of King Meng Huo. Said to be descended from the Goddess of Fire.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive   
Li Ru; Lifespan Unlisted
Served Dong Zhuo as an advisor. Died with his lord’s ambitions.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi CO   Comprehensive   
Liu Biao (Jingsheng); Lived AD 142–208
Inspector of Jing province under the Han. Opposed the Sun family militarily.
Sanguozhi BR   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Liu Yao (Zhengli); Lived AD 157–198
Imperial Inspector of Yangzhou. Liu Dai’s brother. Defeated by Sun Ce, then died of illness.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Mi Heng (Zhengping); Lived AD 176–200
Reputable scholar. Infuriated Cao Cao’s officers with his audacious ways.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi JP   Comprehensive   
Min Gong; Lifespan Unknown
Han commander in the Henan district. Killed eunuch Duan Gui. Helped Emperor Shao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi JP   Comprehensive   
Pei Yuanshao; Lived AD ?–200
Former Yellow Scarve killed by Zhao Yun during an attempt to steal his horse.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Qiao Rui; Lived AD ?–197
Officer of Yuan Shu. Fought with Cao Cao’s forces, but was killed by Xiahou Dun.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Qu Yi; Lived Unlisted–
Defeated Han Fu, Yufuluo and destroyed Gongsun Zan. Became arrogant and was executed.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Shen Pei (Zhengnan); Lived AD ?–204
Served Yuan Shao with loyalty. After Shao’s death, sided with his youngest son, Shang.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi DZ   Comprehensive   
Shi Xie (Weiyan); Lived AD 137–226
Grand Administrator of Jiaozhi. Paid regular tribute to Sun Quan.
Sanguozhi JI   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Sima Zhou (Zijiang); Lived AD 227–283
Led the force to which Sun Hao offered his seal and surrendered.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (Jin Shu)
Tao Qian (Gongzu); Lived AD 132–194
Inspector of Xuzhou. Fought violently with Cao Cao. Died of illness.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (HHS)
Tian Feng (Yuanhao); Lived AD ?–200
Served Yuan Shao, who ignored his advice. Killed himself after being slandered by Feng Ji.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi LM   Comprehensive   
Tian Kai; Lived AD ?–199
Appointed Lieutenant Governor of Qingzhou by Gongsun Zan. Fought against Cao Cao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Wen Chou; Lived AD ?–200
A fierce general in service under Yuan Shao. Killed in battle with Cao Cao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive   
Xu Shao (Zijiang); Lived AD 150–195
A specialist of personalities living in Runan. Praised Cao Cao. Later served Liu Yao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive ST
Xun Chen (Youruo); Lived AD C. 161–?
Younger brother of Xun Yu. Advised Han Fu on administration. Later served Yuan Shao.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi DZ   Comprehensive   
Yan Baihu [White Tiger Yan]; Lifespan Unknown
Fought with Sun Ce, but was defeated. Killed by Dong Xi.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi DZ   Comprehensive   
Yan Liang; Lived AD ?–200
A fierce general in service under Yuan Shao. Beheaded by Guan Yu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive   
Yang Feng; Lived AD 153–197
Betrayed Li Jue to help Emperor Xian. Served Yuan Shu then Lü Bu. Killed by Bei’s men.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Yang Hu (Shuzi); Lived AD 2?–278
A talented Jin officer. Held Xiang Yang. Formed a friendship with Lu Kang of Wu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Yuan Shao (Benchu); Lived AD C. 142–202
Childhood friend, and later enemy of, Cao Cao. Defeated at Guandu.
Sanguozhi JY   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JP   External (Reference)
Sanguozhi BR   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive   
Yuan Shu (Gonglu); Lived AD ?–199
Relative of Yuan Shao. Declared himself Emperor, but soon after died.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW   External (SGZ)
Zhang Bao; Lived AD ?–184
Yellow Scarves leader and Zhang Jue’s brother. Self-titled ‘Lord of Earth’.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Zhang Hu [Tiger Zhang]; Lifespan Unknown
Marched out with Huang Zu to oppose Sun Jian. Killed by Han Dang after 30 bouts.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Zhang Jue; Lived AD 140–184
Founder of the Yellow Scarves. Self-titled ‘Lord of Heaven’.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi JW   Comprehensive   
Zhang Jun; Lived AD ?–184
Blamed the Yellow Turban revolt on the eunuchs. Arrested and flogged on false charges.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive DZ
Zhang Liang; Lived AD ?–184
Yellow Scarves leader and Zhang Jue’s brother. Self-titled ‘Lord of Man’.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Zhang Rang; Lived ?–189
Most influential of the Ten Regular Attendants. Drowned himself to avoid capture.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi ME   Comprehensive   
Zhang Ren; Lived AD ?–213
Remained loyal to Liu Zhang. Executed by Liu Bei. In novel, Pang Tong died in his ambush.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi DZ   Comprehensive   
Zhang Yang (Zhishu); Lived AD 151–198
A good and generous man, attempted to aid Emperor Xian but wasn’t trusted by other generals.
Sanguozhi ZR   Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive      External (SGZ)
Zhang Ying; Lived ?–195
Served Liu Yao with Xue Li. Lost in battle to Sun Ce twice. Killed by Chen Wu.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   
Zhu Jun (Gongwei); Lived ?–195
Han minister who fought against the Yellow Scarves with Liu Bei and Sun Jian.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Zou Jing; Lifespan Unknown
Served as Commandant under Liu Yan. Fought the Yellow Scarves with Liu Bei.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi SW   Comprehensive   

Historical Biographies

(Biographies for other historical personalities.)

Fu Xi; Lived C. 2852–2738 BC
The first of three noble emperors, the San Huang, in Chinese mythology.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW
Nüwa (Nu Wa); Lived Unknown–
Chinese goddess. Created mankind from the yellow earth and repaired the Wall of Heaven.
Sanguozhi      Sanguo yanyi      Comprehensive JW

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March 7, 2014