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Romance of the Three Kingdoms Novel Officer Appearances

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Nearly all of the officers you see referenced on this site existed in the novel, Romance of the Three Kingdoms, which this project is dedicated to. Here you can search through personages that appeared inside it, listing them with mini-biographies and a list of chapters in which they appeared. Each entry links directly to the online Brewitt-Taylor translation published at threekingdoms.com. Use this project to help with the creation of biographies, to learn more about officers, or even simply to refresh your memory about an event. Please share errors or suggestions with the webmaster.

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Kingdom of Wei

(Rulers: Cao Cao, Cao Pi, Cao Rui, Cao Fang, Cao Mao)

Bao Xin; Lived AD 152–192
Urged Yuan Shao to attack Dong, invited Cao Cao to govern Yan. Died fighting Turbans.
Appearances: 3, 5, 10
Bi Gui (Zhaoxian); Lived AD ?–249
Officer of Cao Shuang’s faction, executed by Sima Yi after Sima Yi’s coup.
Appearances: 106, 107
Bian Xi; Lived AD ?–200
Met Guan Yu with mock hospitality at Sishui Pass, and died for his trouble.
Appearances: 27
Bing Yuan (Genju); Lived AD ?–217
Friend of Hua Xin. Belly of “The Dragon”, a group of three scholars.
Appearances: 66
Cai He; Lived ?–208
Cai Mao’s brother. Surrendered to Wu before Chibi, but executed by Zhou Yu.
Appearances: 34, 46, 47, 49
Cai Lin; Lifespan Unknown
Officer of Zhuge Ke, he defected to Wei with his entire company at Xincheng.
Appearances: 108
Cai Mao (Degui); Lived AD ?–208
Assisted Liu Biao in taking control of Jingzhou, prevented Liu Qi from visiting father.
Appearances: 6, 7, 31, 34, 35, 3941, 45
Cai Xun; Lived AD ?–208
Relative of Cai Mao, killed with an arrow by Gan Ning in a navy battle.
Appearances: 34, 45, 50
Cai Yan (Wenji); Lived AD 177–250
Captured by the Xiongnu, but bought back by Cao Cao. Some of her poems survive.
Appearances: 71
Cai Yang; Lived AD ?–200
Sent to take Runan from Liu Bei and Liu Pi but failed and was killed.
Appearances: 2627, 28, 41
Cai Zhong; Lived AD ?–208
Cai Mao’s cousin. Surrendered to Wu before Chibi, but was killed by Gan Ning.
Appearances: 34, 46, 47, 49, 50
Cao Ang (Zixiu); Lived AD c.177–197
Served Wei. Cao Cao’s first son. Died to save his father.
Appearances: 16, 18, 68, 78
Cao Anmin; Lived ?–197
Served Wei. Cao Cao’s nephew. Died in the battle against Zhang Xiu.
Appearances: 16, 18
Cao Cao (Mengde); Lived AD 155–220
Founder of Wei. Built the foundation of what would become the Jin Dynasty.
Appearances: 16, 1077, 78, 7982, 85, 88, 91, 93, 94, 96, 97, 99, 106, 109, 111, 114, 119, 120
Cao Chun (Zihe); Lived AD 170–210
Cao Ren’s younger brother. Defeated by Zhou Yu in the southern cities.
Appearances: 51
Cao De; Lived AD ?–193
Brother of Cao Cao. Killed by Zhang Kai with his father Cao Song.
Appearances: 10
Cao Fang (Lanqing); Lived c.231/3–274
Cao Rui’s crown prince. Became Emperor at age eight. Deposed by Sima Shi.
Appearances: 106, 107, 109, 110, 114
Cao Hong (Zilian); Lived AD 169–232
Served Wei. One of Cao Cao’s cousins and a vital element of his army.
Appearances: 5, 6, 11, 12, 14, 17, 22, 24, 26, 3033, 40, 41, 43, 50, 51, 5659, 61, 69, 71, 78, 80
Cao Huan (Jingming); Lived AD 246–303
Son of Cao Yu. Last Emperor of the Wei Dynasty. Abdicated to Sima Yan.
Appearances: 114, 118, 119, 120
Cao Mao (Yanshi); Lived AD 241–260
Grandson of Cao Pi. Was made Emperor after Cao Fang’s abdication by Sima Shi.
Appearances: 109112, 114
Cao Pi (Zihuan); Lived AD 187–226
Cao Cao’s second son and successor. Deposed Emperor Xian. First Wei Emperor.
Appearances: 3234, 68, 72, 7882, 8487, 91, 93, 94, 97, 99, 106, 109, 111, 119, 120
Cao Qinghe; Lifespan Unlisted
Wife of Xiahou Mao, she slandered him after he took dancing girls with him to Chang’an.
Appearances: 91
Cao Ren (Zixiao); Lived AD 168–223
Cao Cao’s cousin. Served as Minister of War for Cao Cao.
Appearances: 5, 6, 11, 12, 14, 17, 19, 22, 23, 2931, 35, 36, 4043, 48, 50, 51, 58, 59, 6668, 7376, 8485, 86
Cao Rui (Yuanzhong); Lived AD 205–239
Emperor of Wei, he defended the dynasty from Shu and Wu, but was criticized for his spending.
Appearances: 9199, 101103, 105, 106
Cao Shuang (Zhaobo); Lived AD ?–249
Regent of Cao Fang. Underestimated Sima Yi, was stripped of power, and executed.
Appearances: 106, 107, 110
Cao Song (Jugao); Lived AD ?–193
Adopted son of Cao Teng and father of Cao Cao. Also called Xiahou Song.
Appearances: 1, 5, 10, 11, 22
Cao Wenshu; Lived AD ?–249
Relative of Cao Shuang and husband of Xiahou Lingnü. Executed alongside Shuang.
Appearances: 107
Cao Xi; Lived AD ?–249
Warned his brother about his excesses but was ignored. Recommended surrender.
Appearances: 106, 107
Cao Xiong; Lived AD ?–220
Fourth son of Cao Cao from second wife Lady Bian.
Appearances: 68, 78, 79
Cao Xiu (Wenlie); Lived AD c.178–228
Performed well against Shu and Wu but fell for Zhou Fang’s ploy at Shiting.
Appearances: 56, 68, 69, 71, 80, 8486, 91, 96, 97
Cao Xun; Lived AD ?–249
Cao Zhen’s third son. Younger brother of Cao Shuang. Executed by Sima Yi.
Appearances: 106, 107
Cao Yan; Lived AD ?–249
Brother of Cao Shuang, rose and fell with the faction’s fortunes.
Appearances: 106, 107
Cao Yong; Lived AD ?–211
General of Cao Ren. Killed by Pang De, who also took his horse.
Appearances: 58
Cao Yu (Pengzu); Lived 197–?
Son of Cao Cao. Refused to be Regent to Cao Fang due to his modest nature.
Appearances: 106, 114
Cao Zhang (Ziwen); Lived AD ?–223
Cao Cao’s second son by Empress Bian. Fond of martial arts. Died not long after Cao Cao.
Appearances: 68, 72, 78, 79
Cao Zhen (Zidan); Lived AD c.185–231
Served Wei. Adopted into Cao family. Managed affairs after Cao Pi’s death.
Appearances: 8486, 91, 9395, 9799, 100, 101, 106, 107
Cao Zhi (Zijian); Lived AD 192–232
Cao Cao’s third son by Empress Bian. Originally favored as heir over Cao Pi. Famous poet.
Appearances: 34, 44, 68, 72, 78, 79, 91
Cao Zun; Lived AD ?–227
Relative of Cao Zhen. Appointed as vanguard against Zhuge Liang. Killed by Wei Yan.
Appearances: 93, 94
Cen Wei; Lived AD ?–234
Escort for the captured Wooden Horses but was killed by Wang Ping.
Appearances: 102
Chang Diao; Lived AD ?–223
Led an attack on Ruxu but was ambushed and killed by Zhu Huan.
Appearances: 85
Chang Xi; Lived AD ?–206
One of the Taishan Bandits. Joined and rebelled against Cao Cao several times.
Appearances: 1820
Che Zhou; Lived AD 164–199
Served Cao Cao. Provisional Protector/Imperial Inspector of Xuzhou.
Appearances: 20, 21, 22
Chen Deng (Yuanlong); Lifespan Unknown
Spied on Lü Bu with his father, Gui, for Cao Cao. Joined Liu Bei, then surrendered to Cao.
Appearances: 11, 12, 14, 1619, 21, 22, 24
Chen Gong (Gongtai); Lived AD 154–198
Talented advisor who served, and died with, Lü Bu. Helped Cao Cao in the novel.
Appearances: 4, 5, 1018, 19
Chen Gui (Hanyu); Lifespan Unknown
Father of Chen Deng. Served Cao Cao and Liu Bei spying on Lü Bu, then under Cao.
Appearances: 1619, 21
Chen Jiao (Jibi); Lived AD ?–237
Known as a righteous, happy yet calm person. Highly respected governor.
Appearances: 51, 78, 79
Chen Jun; Lifespan Unknown
General of Sima Zhao. Participated in Sima Zhao’s campaign against Zhuge Dan.
Appearances: 112
Chen Lin (Kongzhang); Lived ?–217
Served under Emperor Ling, then under Yuan Shao. A superior writer.
Appearances: 2, 3, 22, 32, 56
Chen Qian (Xiuyuan); Lived c.212–?
A key Wei officer in the suppression of Zhuge Dan. Brigadier General of Jin.
Appearances: 111, 112
Chen Qun; Lifespan Unknown
Served Cao Rui. Captain under Sima Yi in his campaign against Gongsun Yuan.
Appearances: 106
Chen Qun (Changwen); Lived ?–238
Served Wei. Imperial Censor under Cao Cao. Supreme Commander under Cao Pi.
Appearances: 57, 58, 7880, 91
Chen Tai (Xuanbo); Lived AD ?–260
Defended Wei against Jiang Wei. Wept at Cao Mao’s death, and died soon after.
Appearances: 107, 109111, 114
Chen Zao; Lived AD ?–228
Vanguard of Cao Zhen’s army. Slain by Ma Dai.
Appearances: 95
Cheng He; Lived AD ?–219
Warned Yu Jin of the risk of flooding but was ignored. Killed by an arrow from Guan Yu.
Appearances: 74
Cheng Ji; Lived AD ?–260
Killed Cao Mao and Jiao Bu but was executed by Sima Zhao for it.
Appearances: 114
Cheng Wu; Lived c.201–?
Served Wei. Son of Cheng Yu. Advised Xiahou Mao against Zhao Yun.
Appearances: 92
Cheng Yin; Lived ?–211
One of Han Sui’s Eight Knights. Died fighting Cao Cao at Wei Nan.
Appearances: 58
Cheng Yu (Zhongde); Lived AD 142–221
Served Wei as an advisor. From Dong’e in Dongjun.
Appearances: 1012, 14, 16, 1925, 27, 3133, 36, 37, 4850, 56, 61, 92
Cheng Zu; Lived AD ?–260
Brother of Cheng Ji, lured Zhuge Dan into an ambush and took part in killing Cao Mao.
Appearances: 112, 114
Chi Lü (Hongyu); Lived AD ?–c.215
Slandered Kong Rong leading to his death and took away the Empress’ seal.
Appearances: 40, 66
Chou Lian; Lived AD ?–235
Advised Sima Yi to camp on the hills and was executed for disobeying an order.
Appearances: 106
Wuhuan Chu [Chu of Wuhuan]; Lifespan Unlisted
Tribal chief, swore fealty to Cao Cao rather then help the Yuan sons.
Appearances: 33
Chunyu Dao; Lived AD ?–208
Captured Mi Zhu at Changban but was spotted and slain by Zhao Yun.
Appearances: 41
Cui Liang; Lived AD ?–226
Governor of Anding, tried to lure Shu army into trap but was killed by Zhang Bao.
Appearances: 92
Cui Yan (Jigui); Lived AD 163–216
Scholar who served Yuan Shao then Cao Cao, who executed him for his opposition.
Appearances: 33, 39, 68
Dai Ling; Lifespan Unknown
Served as assistant general to Zhang He during battle against Zhuge Liang.
Appearances: 99, 100
Dai Yuan; Lived AD ?–204
Killed Sun Yi, Bian Hong and Sun He before he was assassinated.
Appearances: 38
Dang Jun; Lifespan Unknown
Served as advisor to Deng Ai. Spread false rumours about Jiang Wei.
Appearances: 113, 114
Deng Ai (Shizai); Lived AD c.197–264
Campaigned against Shu with Zhong Hui and brilliantly struck Chengdu.
Appearances: 107, 110118, 119, 120
Deng Dun; Lifespan Unlisted
Opposed the invasion of Shu so Sima Zhao had him executed.
Appearances: 115
Deng Xian; Lifespan Unknown
Meng Da’s nephew. Under orders from Sima Yi, he betrayed Meng Da.
Appearances: 94, 95
Deng Yang (Xuanmao); Lived AD ?–249
Officer of Cao Shuang, dismissed Guan Lu’s predictions. Confessed to revolt and executed.
Appearances: 106, 107
Deng Yi; Lifespan Unknown
Served under Liu Cong with Liu Xian. Surrendered to Cao Cao after Cong’s death.
Appearances: 40, 42
Deng Zhong; Lived AD ?–264
Served Wei. Deng Ai’s talented son. Died attempting to aid his father.
Appearances: 111113, 115, 117, 119
Dian Man; Lifespan Unknown
Served Wei. Dian Wei’s son, became a member of Cao Cao’s bodyguard.
Appearances: 17
Dian Wei; Lived AD 160–197
Served Wei. One of Cao Cao’s trusted guards. Dian Man’s father.
Appearances: 1012, 14, 16, 1718, 58
Ding Fei; Lifespan Unknown
Magistrate of Weinan. Set free animals at Tong Gate to confuse Ma Chao’s army.
Appearances: 58
Ding Mi (Yanjing); Lifespan Unknown
Supporter of Cao Shuang, part of the clever four club led by Xiahou Xu.
Appearances: 106, 107
Ding Yi (Jingli); Lived AD ?–220
Supporter of Cao Zhi, a man of literary talent. Executed with his brother by Cao Pi.
Appearances: 79
Ding Yi (Zhengli); Lived AD ?–220
Supporter of Cao Zhi after Cao Pi slandered him. Executed with his brother by Cao Pi.
Appearances: 79
Dong Chao; Lived AD ?–219
Objected to Pang De as leader for battle against Guan Yu.
Appearances: 74
Dong Cheng; Lived AD ?–200
Served Han as General of Cavalry and Chariots. Plots to assassinate Cao Cao.
Appearances: 13, 14, 20, 21, 23, 24, 57, 69, 73, 78, 109
Dong Heng; Lived AD ?–219
Objected to Pang De as leader for battle against Guan Yu.
Appearances: 74
Dong Si; Lifespan Unlisted
Sentenced to death for some crime, Cai Yan appealed to Cao Cao and saved him.
Appearances: 71
Dong Xin; Lifespan Unlisted
General of Xiahou Mao, ambushed Deng Zhi but was killed by Guan Xing.
Appearances: 92
Dong Xun; Lifespan Unlisted
Protested against Cao Rui’s palace building and was demoted.
Appearances: 105
Dong Zhao (Gongren); Lived AD 156–236
Served Han then Wei. Advised Cao Cao to move the capital to Xuchang.
Appearances: 14, 61, 76
Du Xi (Zixu); Lived AD ?–c.232
Proposed to the troops that Zhang He take command after Xiahou Yuan was killed.
Appearances: 66, 71
Du Yu (Yuankai); Lived AD 222–284
Served Jin to unification. The Field Marshal that led the invasion of Wu.
Appearances: 120
Duan Wei (Zhongming); Lived AD ?–210
Supplied Emperor Xian’s court despite being attacked. Destroyed Li Jue.
Appearances: 13, 17
Empress Bian; Lived AD 160–230
Wife of Cao Cao and mother of Cao Pi. Made empress dowager when Cao Pi became emperor.
Appearances: 68, 78, 79
Empress Guo; Lived AD ?–264
Wife of Cao Rui, was always consulted in government affairs by officers.
Appearances: 105107, 109112, 114, 119
Empress Guo (Nüwang); Lived AD 184–235
One of Cao Pi’s wives, said to have spread doubts about Cao Rui’s birth.
Appearances: 91
Empress Mao; Lived AD ?–237
Cao Rui’s first wife, forced to commit suicide in favour of Empress Guo.
Appearances: 105, 106
Empress Zhang; Lived AD ?–254
Daughter of Zhang Qi. Empress to Cao Fang. Ordered executed by Sima Shi.
Appearances: 109
Empress Zhen [Zhen Ji]; Lived AD 183–221
Formerly Yuan Xi’s wife. Later married to Cao Pi. Became Empress.
Appearances: 33, 91
Fan Cheng; Lifespan Unknown
Appointed a prefect of Luoyang when Cao Cao moved the capital to Xuchang.
Appearances: MR:14
Fei Yao; Lived ?–229
Officer of Wei. Reached rank of Grand Commander, but died in battle.
Appearances: 97
Feng Li; Lived AD ?–204
Served Yuan Shang. Punished for intoxication. Betrayed to Wei. Killed by Shen Pei.
Appearances: 32
Fu Gan (Yancai); Lived AD 175–?
Advised Cao Cao to concentrate on civil affairs rather then campaign against Wu.
Appearances: 66
Fu Gu (Lanshi); Lived AD c.209–255
Chair of the Secretariat, he opposed Sima Shi’s invasion of Wu.
Appearances: 108, 110
Fu Xun (Gongti); Lived AD ?–c.230
Advised Liu Cong to surrender, urged Cao Cao to become a Duke and Cao Pi to become Emperor.
Appearances: 40, 41
Gao Lan; Lived Unlisted–
Originally a talented officer of Yuan Shao. Defected with Zhang He to Wei.
Appearances: 22, 30, 31
Gao Rou (Wenhui); Lived AD 174–263
Minister of the Interior. Given provisional command of the army to seize Cao Shuang’s camp.
Appearances: 107
Geng Ji (Jixing); Lived ?–218
Launched a coup against Cao Cao. Wounded Wang Bi. Executed after his failure.
Appearances: 69
Gongsun Gong; Lifespan Unknown
Advised Kang to kill Yuan Xi and Shang. Impotent and weak, he was deposed by Gongsun Yuan.
Appearances: 33, 44, 106
Gongsun Xiu; Lived AD ?–238
Originally served Wei. Rebelled with his father, Yuan, and was executed by Sima Yi.
Appearances: 106
Gongsun Yuan; Lived AD ?–238
Originally subject to Wei. Declared himself King of Yan, but was executed by Sima Yi.
Appearances: 105, 106
Gou An; Lifespan Unknown
Drunkard officer under Li Yan. Beaten for arriving late with supplies, and fled to Wei.
Appearances: 100, 101, 107, 108, 116
Guan Lu (Gongming); Lived AD 209–256
A soothsayer able to foresee the coming deaths of others.
Appearances: 69, 106, 107
Guan Yu (Yunchang); Lived AD 160–219
Sworn brother of Liu Bei and Zhang Fei. First of the Five Tiger Generals.
Appearances: 1, 2, 57, 1122, 2428, 31, 3443, 45, 4953, 55, 56, 60, 63, 6567, 70, 7376, 77, 7883, 85, 94, 97, 110, 120
Guanqiu Dian (Zibang); Lifespan Unknown
Son of Guanqiu Jian, he advised his father to rebel.
Appearances: 110
Guanqiu Jian (Zhonggong); Lived AD ?–256
Officer of Wei. Revolted against Sima Shi when he deposed Cao Fang.
Appearances: 105, 108, 109, 110
Gui Lan; Lived AD ?–204
Killed Sun Yi, Bian Hong and Sun He before he was executed by Sun Yi’s officials.
Appearances: 38
Guo Huai (Boji); Lived AD 187–255
Served Wei and fought extensively against Shu. Brother of Guo Pei. Father of Guo Tong.
Appearances: 70, 9399, 101103, 107, 108, 109
Guo Jia (Fengxiao); Lived AD 170–207
Served Cao Cao as a trusted adviser during the formative years of Wei.
Appearances: 1012, 14, 1619, 21, 23, 24, 29, 32, 33, 34, 50
Han De; Lived AD ?–227
Served Wei. Father to Han Ying, Yao, Qiong, and Qi. Died at Changshan facing Zhao Yun.
Appearances: 92
Han Fu; Lived AD ?–200
Governor of Luoyang, killed by Guan Yu while guarding the passes. Related to Wang Zhi.
Appearances: 27
Han Hao (Yuansi); Lived AD 164–219
Rescued Xiahou Dun from being held hostage. Supported the farm reforms.
Appearances: 39, 70, 71
Han Ji (Gongzi); Lived AD ?–238
Sent by Cao Rui to tell Cao Zhen not to give battle against Zhuge Liang.
Appearances: 98
Han Qi; Lived AD ?–227
Served Wei. Youngest of Han De’s four sons. Died at Changshan facing Zhao Yun.
Appearances: 92
Han Qiong; Lived AD ?–227
Served Wei. Third of Han De’s four sons. Died at Changshan facing Zhao Yun.
Appearances: 92
Han Sui (Wenyue); Lived AD c.144–215
Worked with Ma Chao, before defecting to Cao Cao. Lost his hand to Ma Chao.
Appearances: 10, 21, 23, 44, 48, 5759, 120
Han Xuan; Lived AD 163–c.209
Magistrate of Changsha. Wei Yan killed him and surrendered to Liu Bei.
Appearances: 41, 53, 70
Han Yao; Lived AD ?–227
Served Wei. Second of Han De’s four sons. Died at Changshan facing Zhao Yun.
Appearances: 92
Han Ying; Lived AD ?–227
Served Wei. Eldest of Han De’s four sons. Died at Changshan facing Zhao Yun.
Appearances: 92
Han Zong; Lifespan Unlisted
Sent by Hu Zun to attack Wu forts but was killed in a raid by Ding Feng.
Appearances: 108
Handan Chun (Zishu); Lifespan Unlisted
Sent to visit Cao Zhi and was greatly impressed by what he saw. A Confucian Exemplars.
Appearances: 71
Hao Zhao (Bodao); Lived Unknown–
A talented officer of Wei. Successfully defended against Zhuge Liang at Chencang.
Appearances: 96, 97, 98
He Xia (Yangshi); Lived Unknown–
Rescued Mao Jie from jail but unable to restore his rank. Supported Cao Pi’s succession and ascension.
Appearances: 66
He Yan (Pingshu); Lived AD ?–249
Was a trusted friend of Cao Shuang, a leading writer and philosopher. Took drugs.
Appearances: 106, 107
He Zeng (Yingkao); Lived AD 199–278
Son of He Kui. Advised Sima Zhao to make his eldest son Sima Yan his heir.
Appearances: 119
Hou Cheng; Lived 158–?
Cavalry commander under Lü Bu. Defected to Cao Cao.
Appearances: 11, 12, 18, 19
Hou Xuan; Lifespan Unlisted
One of Han Sui’s Eight Knights. Surrendered to Cao Cao along with Han Sui.
Appearances: 58, 59
Hu Fen (Xuanwei); Lived ?–288
Killed Zhuge Dan of Wu. Advised Du Yu to wait before attacking Jianye.
Appearances: 112, 120
Hu Lie (Wuxuan); Lifespan Unlisted
Took part in invasion of Shu, got former a vassal to warn his son about Zhong Hui’s revolt.
Appearances: 116, 119
Hu Yuan (Shiyuan); Lifespan Unlisted
Son of Hu Lie, his army killed Zhong Hui and defeated Jiang Wei’s revolt.
Appearances: 119
Hu Zhi (Wende); Lived AD ?–250
Governor of Dongwan, took part in Cao Xiu’s invasion of Wu.
Appearances: 96
Hu Zun; Lifespan Unlisted
Led the van against Gongsun Yuan then led the van in an invasion of Wu’s Dongxing.
Appearances: 106, 108, 110
Hua Xin (Ziyu); Lived AD 157–231
Head of “The Dragon”, a group of three scholars. Promoted Emperor Xian’s abdication.
Appearances: 29, 56, 66, 69, 78, 79, 80, 91, 94, 99
Hua Yong; Lifespan Unlisted
Sent by Wang Jing to work with others and harass Jiang Wei
Appearances: 110
Huan Fan (Yuanze); Lived AD ?–249
Known as “Bag of Wisdom”, his advice was not heeded by Cao Shuang. Jailed by Sima Yi.
Appearances: 106, 107
Huan Jie (Boxu); Lived AD ?–c.223
Negotiated the return of Sun Jian’s body. Involved with Xian’s abdication.
Appearances: 7, 8, 79, 80
Huang Kui; Lifespan Unlisted
Sent to lure Ma Teng into a trap, he instead aided Ma Teng in trying to kill Cao Cao.
Appearances: 57, 58
Huang Quan (Gongheng); Lifespan Unlisted
Served Liu Zhang and later Liu Bei. Surrendered to Wei out of necessity.
Appearances: 60, 62, 64, 65, 8085
Huangfu Kai; Lifespan Unlisted
Officer of Wei and, later, Jin. Joined Zhong Hui in his conquest of Hanzhong.
Appearances: 116
Ji Miao (Wenran); Lived ?–218
Son of Ji Ping. Joined Geng Ji’s coup to avenge his father but was killed in the fighting.
Appearances: 69
Ji Mu (Siran); Lived ?–218
Son of Ji Ping. Fled the capital but returned secretly. Died in Geng Ji’s coup.
Appearances: 69
Jia Chong (Gonglü); Lived AD 217–282
Suggested usurpation of the throne to Sima Yan and opposed invasion of Wu.
Appearances: 111, 114, 115, 118120
Jia Fan; Lifespan Unlisted
Officer of Gongsun Yuan. Was executed by Yuan for opposing his declaration of independence.
Appearances: 106
Jia Kui (Liangdao); Lived AD 174–228
Served as strategist to Cao Xiu, seeing through Zhou Fang’s plot.
Appearances: 79, 96, 111
Jia Xu (Wenhe); Lived AD 147–223
Skillful advisor. Served Dong Zhuo, Li Jue, Guo Si, Zhang Xiu, then Cao Cao.
Appearances: 9, 10, 13, 14, 1618, 23, 30, 32, 59, 6668, 74, 7880, 82, 85, 86
Jiang Ban; Lifespan Unlisted
Advised Zhuge Dan to force a battle to escape but was rejected. Surrendered to Wei.
Appearances: 112
Jiang Gan (Ziyi); Lifespan Unlisted
Friend of Zhou Yu, he was sent to spy on Wu but was tricked, helping to cause Wei’s defeat at Chibi.
Appearances: 4547, 57
Jiang Ji (Zitong); Lived AD ?–249
Advised against moving the capital when Guan Yu attacked. Helped Sima Yi deal with Cao Shuang.
Appearances: 75, 86, 107
Jiang Shu; Lifespan Unknown
Jiang Wei highly prized his talent, was disgruntled and defected in Wei’s invasion.
Appearances: 112116
Jiang Wei (Boyue); Lived AD 202–264
Served Shu as Minister of War, eventually inheriting Zhuge Liang’s responsibilities.
Appearances: 92105, 107118, 119, 120
Jiang Xu (Boyi); Lifespan Unlisted
Helped to drive out Ma Chao, but Ma Chao killed his mother, defeated Ma Chao again later on.
Appearances: 64
Jiao Bing; Lifespan Unlisted
His troops met Zhao Yun at Hanzhong and Jiao Bing was quickly killed.
Appearances: 71
Jiao Bo; Lifespan Unlisted
Bodyguard of Cao Mao, he was slain by Cheng Ji while trying to protect his lord.
Appearances: 114
Jiao Chu; Lived AD ?–208
Served Yuan Xi with Zhang Nan. Betrayed to Cao Cao. Killed by Han Dang at Chibi.
Appearances: 33, 41, 48
Jiao Yi; Lifespan Unlisted
Advisor of Zhuge Dan, slipped over the walls and surrendered to Wei.
Appearances: 112
Jin Xuan (Yuanji); Lived AD ?–208
Served as Governor of Wuling. Defeated by Zhang Fei.
Appearances: 53
Jin Yi (Deyi); Lived ?–218
Descendant of Jin Midi. Advised Geng Ji on killing Wang Bi. Died fighting in the coup.
Appearances: 69
Kong ?; Lived AD 201–208
Played chess with his sister as Kong Rong was being executed. Predicted he would die.
Appearances: 40
Kong Rong (Wenju); Lived AD 153–208
A famed scholar who did not always get on with his lords. One of the Seven Masters.
Appearances: 5, 11, 15, 2023, 40
Kong Xiu; Lifespan Unlisted
One of the defenders of the Passes killed by Guan Yu.
Appearances: 27
Kuai Yue (Yidu); Lifespan Unlisted
Younger brother of Kuai Liang. Became a vassal of Wei when Cao Cao took Jing.
Appearances: 6, 7, 34, 40, 41
Lady Cai; Lifespan Unlisted
Helped install Liu Cong to throne, defended Han Song from her husband.
Appearances: 34, 35, 40, 41
Lady Ding; Lived AD ?–c.220
Cao Cao’s first wife, she blamed him for Cao Ang’s death and they divorced.
Appearances: 68
Lady Jiang; Lived AD c.131–213
Urged her son to attack Ma Chao. Executed by Ma Chao after insulting him.
Appearances: 64
Lady Kong; Lived AD 202–208
Didn’t accept offer of broth as she was uncertain of fate. Met her execution bravely.
Appearances: 40
Lady Li; Lifespan Unlisted
Wife of Pang De, Pang Hui was assigned to her care, she wept as he went to face Guan Yu
Appearances: 74
Lady Liu; Lifespan Unlisted
Mother of Cao Ang, Cao Shuo and one daughter, Liu died young.
Appearances: 68, 78
Lady Liu; Lifespan Unlisted
Wife of Cao Shuang, asked Pang Ju what Sima Yi’s revolt meant for them.
Appearances: 107
Wang Yi; Lifespan Unlisted
Rebuked her husband so he would fight Ma Chao but lost her son. Took part in city defence.
Appearances: 64
Xiahou Lingnü; Lifespan Unlisted
Married to Cao Wenshu, a relative of Cao Shuang, mutilated herself rather then marry again.
Appearances: 107
Lady Zhao; Lived AD ?–260
Executed along with Wang Jing, told him she didn’t regret being executed.
Appearances: 114
Lady Zhi; Lived AD ?–211
Wife of Huang Kui, she knew something was upsetting him but couldn’t find out what.
Appearances: 57
Li Chunxiang; Lived AD ?–211
Concubine of Huang Kui, was executed along with her lover by Cao Cao.
Appearances: 57
Li Dian (Mancheng); Lived AD c.181–c.217
Served Wei. Assisted Zhang Liao in the defense of Hefei.
Appearances: 5, 6, 11, 12, 14, 16, 18, 2224, 27, 3033, 35, 36, 39, 40, 42, 48, 50, 53, 67, 68
Li Feng (Xuanguo); Lived AD ?–254
Famed from a young age, had a habit of faking illness. Plotted against Sima Shi.
Appearances: 109, 110
Li Fu (Zixian); Lifespan Unknown
Snuck through the Wei lines into Ye and then back out again.
Appearances: 32, 97
Li Fu; Lifespan Unlisted
Sent by Zhong Hui to besiege Wang Han at Yuecheng.
Appearances: 116
Li Fu; Lived Unlisted–
Memorialised Cao Pi saying signs from Heaven said he should become Emperor.
Appearances: 79, 80
Li Hu; Lifespan Unlisted
Sent with documents of kingdom to Deng Ai and to arrange the surrender.
Appearances: 118
Li Kan; Lived AD ?–211
One of Han Sui’s Eight Knights. Accidentally killed by Yu Jin’s arrow.
Appearances: 58, 59
Li Peng; Lifespan Unlisted
Officer of Sima Wang, rode to Wang Zhen’s aid but was killed by Jiang Wei.
Appearances: 112
Li Sheng (Gongzhao); Lifespan Unlisted
Member of Cao Shuang’s faction, he was sent to check on Sima Yi’s health.
Appearances: 106, 107
Li Tong (Wenda); Lived AD c.168–c.209
An officer of Wei. Saved Cao Cao’s rearguard in the retreat from Zhang Xiu.
Appearances: 18, 48, 58
Liang Ji; Lifespan Unlisted
Sent by Sima Yi as messenger to Meng Da, tricking him into revolt.
Appearances: 94
Liang Kuan; Lifespan Unlisted
Revolted against Ma Chao at Yicheng, executing Ma Chao’s family.
Appearances: 64
Liang Qian; Lifespan Unlisted
General under Ma Zun, he had a few roles in Jiang Wei’s plans.
Appearances: 93
Liang Xu; Lifespan Unlisted
Originally of Wei, he submitted to Zhuge Liang and was made Governor of Tianshui.
Appearances: 92, 93
Liu Ba (Zichu); Lived AD 173–222
Rescued Shu’s economy after Liu Bei’s troops had plundered the treasury.
Appearances: 62, 65, 91
Liu Bei (Xuande); Lived AD 161–223
First Emperor of Shu and sworn brother of Guan Yu and Zhang Fei.
Appearances: 1, 2, 57, 1128, 3145, 4749, 5158, 6074, 7684, 85, 8689, 91, 93, 97, 102106, 117120
Liu Cong; Lifespan Unlisted
Inherited Liu Biao’s kingdom upon his death, then surrendered it to Cao Cao.
Appearances: 34, 40, 41, 43
Liu Da; Lifespan Unlisted
General of Wang Jing, helped fight Jiang Wei.
Appearances: 110
Liu Dai (Gongshan); Lifespan Unlisted
Fought Liu Bei with Wang Zhong but had no success.
Appearances: 22, 23, 24
Liu Du; Lived 168–?
Governor of Lingling. He surrendered to Liu Bei after his son was defeated.
Appearances: 52
Liu Fang (Ziqi); Lived AD ?–250
Recommended Cao Shuang as joint regent of Cao Fang. A brilliant writer, Han lineage.
Appearances: 106
Liu Fu (Yuanying); Lived AD ?–208
His farming and defence improvements in Yangzhou allowed Wei to keep control of the area.
Appearances: 48
Liu Shan (Gongsi); Lived AD 207–271
Liu Bei’s son and the second Emperor of Shu. Destroyed Shu through ineptitude.
Appearances: 34, 41, 42, 54, 61, 73, 80, 81, 8587, 91, 96, 97102, 104, 105, 107, 108, 110119, 120
Liu Shao (Kongcai); Lifespan Unlisted
Sent by Cao Rui to save Jiangxia from Wu. Compiled a considerable number of works.
Appearances: 103
Liu Shi (Zizhen); Lifespan Unlisted
Predicted Shu would fall but also that neither Deng Ai nor Zhong Hui would return.
Appearances: 116
Liu Xi; Lifespan Unlisted
Mourned the death of his father Liu Fu.
Appearances: 48
Liu Xian (Shizong); Lifespan Unknown
Served under Liu Cong with Deng Yi. Surrendered to Cao Cao after Cong’s death.
Appearances: 40, 42
Liu Xun (Zitai); Lifespan Unlisted
Tricked into abandoning his city by Sun Ce and fled to Cao Cao. Executed for extortion and corruption.
Appearances: 29
Liu Yan; Lived AD ?–200
Grand Administrator of Dong commandery. Yuan Shao sent Yan Liang to attack him.
Appearances: 25, 27
Liu Ye (Ziyang); Lived AD 171–232
With other officials, went to Emperor Xian to petition his abdication to Cao Pi.
Appearances: 10, 12, 14, 23, 30, 41, 67, 71, 79, 82, 85, 86, 99
Liu Yi (Gongsi); Lived AD 181–221
Among the officials that petitioned Emperor Xian to abdicate to Cao Pi.
Appearances: 79
Lou Gui (Zibo); Lived Unknown–
A former officer of Jing, assured Cao Cao that Liu Cong’s surrender was real.
Appearances: 59
Lu Chang; Lifespan Unlisted
Attacked Guan Yu while the Shu general crossed a river but his troops fled.
Appearances: 73
Lu Jian; Lifespan Unlisted
Xu Huang’s second in command, he helped defeat Guan Ping’s army.
Appearances: 75, 76
Lü Kuang; Lived AD ?–?
Served Yuan Shang. Defected to Yuan Tan then Cao Cao. Attacking Liu Bei, killed by Zhao Yun.
Appearances: 32, 33, 35
Lü Qian (Zike); Lifespan Unlisted
Served Cao Cao, and later Cao Pi, as Military Aide.
Appearances: 1012, 14, 18, 23, 26, 32, 48, 86
Lü Xiang; Lived AD ?–207
Younger brother of Lü Kuang, whom he followed everywhere.
Appearances: 32, 33, 35
Lu Zhao; Lifespan Unlisted
Dispatched with Liu Bei to block Yuan Shu’s attempts to get to Yuan Shao.
Appearances: 21
Lu Zhi; Lifespan Unlisted
Officer of Cao Shuang who fled the capital to warn his master.
Appearances: 107
Ma Jun (Deheng); Lifespan Unlisted
Master of Works for Cao Rui. Advised the Emperor to drink Celestial Elixir.
Appearances: 105
Ma Teng (Shoucheng); Lived AD ?–212
Governed Xiliang. Descendant of the famous warrior Ma Yuan. Ma Chao’s father.
Appearances: 5, 10, 20, 21, 23, 24, 44, 48, 57, 58, 59, 65, 78, 120
Ma Tie; Lived AD ?–212
Killed in a volley of arrows as Cao Cao attacks the Ma’s outside Xuchang.
Appearances: 57, 58
Ma Xiu; Lived AD ?–212
Second son of Ma Teng. Executed by Cao Cao on his way to Xuchang.
Appearances: 57, 58
Ma Yan; Lived AD ?–208
Served Yuan Shang, and later Cao Cao. Killed by Gan Ning.
Appearances: 32, 33, 41, 50
Ma Zun; Lifespan Unlisted
Was defeated by Shu and fled to Hu, drives Jiang Wei into Shu by his paranoia.
Appearances: 92, 93
Man Chong (Boning); Lived AD c.171–242
Served Cao Cao as Military Aide. Helped to repel Shu’s fifth northern campaign.
Appearances: 10, 14, 20, 21, 23, 31, 32, 73, 74, 96, 98, 103
Mao Jie (Xiaoxian); Lived AD 161–216
Served as Military Aide to Cao Cao. Later Staff Supervisor, then Naval Commander.
Appearances: 10, 11, 14, 24, 39, 45, 46, 48, 50
Meng Da (Zijing); Lived AD ?–228
Refused aid to Guan Yu. Defeated by Sima Yi. In novel, kills Xu Huang.
Appearances: 60, 62, 65, 7073, 76, 77, 79, 85, 86, 94, 95, 106
Meng Jian (Gongwei); Lifespan Unlisted
Friend of Xu Shu and Zhuge Liang. Joined Wei. Became Inspector of Liang Province.
Appearances: 37
Meng Tan; Lived AD ?–200
Proposed ambushing Guan Yu but the plan failed and he was killed.
Appearances: 27
Mi Fang (Zifang); Lived Unknown–
Mi Zhu’s brother. Served all three kingdoms. Surrendered to Wu after threat of punishment from Guan Yu.
Appearances: 18, 22, 28, 31, 3941, 49, 63, 65, 73, 75, 76, 81, 83
Miao Ze; Lived AD ?–211
Informed Cao Cao of Huang Kui’s plot so he could marry Li Chunxiang.
Appearances: 57
Murong Lie; Lived AD ?–219
Officer of Wei Ping, he was cut down by Zhao Yun.
Appearances: 71
Niu Jin; Lifespan Unlisted
Subordinate of Cao Ren. Attacked Zhou Yu’s camp at Nanjun, but was defeated and rescued by Cao Ren.
Appearances: 51
Pan Ju; Lifespan Unlisted
Commander of the Gates, he ordered his men to fire upon Sima Yi.
Appearances: 107
Pang De (Lingming); Lived AD ?–219
Served Ma Chao, Zhang Lu, then Cao Cao. Fought against Guan Yu at Fancheng.
Appearances: 58, 59, 64, 65, 67, 68, 72, 74, 75, 78
Pang Hui; Lifespan Unlisted
Pang De’s son. Had Guan Yu’s clan exterminated after Shu’s surrender.
Appearances: 74
Pei Jing; Lifespan Unlisted
Advised Sima Yi to move camp on higher ground but agreed with Sima Yi’s reasons.
Appearances: 106
Qian Hong; Lived AD 218–271
Served Wei. District Governor of Jincheng before helping Deng Ai’s invasion of Shu.
Appearances: 116118
Qin Lang (Yuanming); Lifespan Unlisted
Adopted son of Cao Cao. Led troops to pacify the Xianbei in 233. Close to Cao Rui.
Appearances: 102
Qin Liang; Lifespan Unlisted
Sent to scout by Cao Zhen, he was lured into an ambush and killed by Liao Hua.
Appearances: 100
Qin Ming; Lifespan Unlisted
Killed by Zhang Wen as a part of a fake defector scheme.
Appearances: 102
Qin Qi; Lived AD ?–200
Served Wei under Xiahou Dun. In novel, killed by Guan Yu leaving Cao Cao.
Appearances: 27, 28
Qiu Ben; Lifespan Unlisted
Advisor to Deng Ai, calms him down and advises to try and surprise Zhuge Zhan.
Appearances: 117
Qiu Jian; Lifespan Unlisted
Commander of Zhong Hui, helped warn Wei forces of Zhong Hui’s revolt.
Appearances: 119
Quan Duan; Lifespan Unlisted
Defended Shouchun during Zhuge Dan’s rebellion, but surrendered to Wei.
Appearances: 111, 112
Quan Yi; Lifespan Unlisted
Tries to cut way into Shouchun but sees defeat is inevitable. Defects and persuades family to do so.
Appearances: 112
Quan Wei; Lifespan Unlisted
Quan Duan’s son. Aided Zhuge Dan’s rebellion, but had to surrender.
Appearances: 112
Quan Yi; Lifespan Unlisted
Quan Cong’s son. Sent to aid Zhuge Dan’s rebellion, but surrendered to Wei.
Appearances: 108, 111, 112
Red Hare [Chituma]; Lived AD ?–c.220
Lü Bu’s famed horse. “Among men, Lü Bu; among horses, Red Hare.” Novel: Later given to Guan Yu by Cao Cao.
Appearances: 3, 5, 8, 11, 19, 25, 2628, 42, 50, 74, 77
Ren Jun (Boda); Lived AD ?–204
Looked after military stores with Mao Jie.
Appearances: 14, 17
Shao Ti (Yuanbo); Lifespan Unlisted
Advisor of Sima Zhao’s. Warned Sima Zhao about trusting Zhong Hui.
Appearances: 115, 116, 118
Shen Dan (Yiju); Lived AD ?–258?
Brother of Shen Yi. Governor of Shangyong. Surrendered from Wei to Shu to Wei.
Appearances: 73, 79, 94, 95
Shen Rong; Lifespan Unknown
Nephew of Shen Pei. Betrayed Jizhou after the family of his friend, Xin Pi, was executed.
Appearances: 32
Shen Yi; Lifespan Unknown
Brother of Shen Dan. Friend of Meng Da. Surrendered from Wei to Shu then again to Wei.
Appearances: 79, 94, 95
Shi Bao (Zhongrong); Lived AD ?–272
Sold weapons to make a living, became a leading general of Jin and a popular offical.
Appearances: 111, 112, 119
Shi Huan (Gongliu); Lived AD ?–209
General of Xu Huang, captured messenger which gave them vital information.
Appearances: 30, 31, 32
Shi Tao (Guangyuan); Lifespan Unknown
Old friend of Zhuge Liang. Joined Cao Cao with Xu Shu and worked on agriculture.
Appearances: 37, 113
Shi Zuan; Lifespan Unlisted
Joined Deng Ai’s attack on the Riverlands. Was made Imperial Protector of Yizhou.
Appearances: 111, 113, 114, 115, 117, 118
Si Fan; Lifespan Unlisted
Tricked by his old patron Huan Fan into letting him out of the city.
Appearances: 107
Sima Fang (Jiangong); Lived AD 149–219
Sima Yi’s father. An honest hermit who had a sense of public duty.
Appearances: 39, 119
Sima Fu (Shuda); Lived AD 180–272
Served Wei loyally to the end, weeping over Cao Mao’s corpse and refusing Jin princedom.
Appearances: 78, 107, 109, 114, 119
Sima Lang (Boda); Lived AD 171–217
Humane offical, his governing was popular with the people.
Appearances: 39
Sima Shi (Ziyuan); Lived AD ?–255
Sima Yi’s son. Instrumental in the rise of Jin.
Appearances: 94, 102, 103, 106109, 110, 119
Sima Wang (Zichu); Lived AD 205–271
Fought Shu with Deng Ai, ambushed and killed Xiahou Ba.
Appearances: 112116, 119
Sima Yan (Anshi); Lived AD 236–290
Installed as the first Emperor of the Jin Dynasty.
Appearances: 114, 119, 120
Sima Yi (Zhongda); Lived AD 179–251
A skilled advisor of the Wei kingdom. His efforts laid the foundation of Jin.
Appearances: 39, 69, 73, 75, 77, 78, 80, 85, 86, 91, 94107, 108, 109, 119
Sima You (Dayou); Lived AD ?–c.283
Second son of Sima Zhao. Known as a kind and warm-natured man.
Appearances: 119
Sima Zhao (Zishang); Lived AD 211–265
Son of Sima Yi. Father of Sima Yan. Controlled the Wei army after his brother, Shi’s, death.
Appearances: 94, 95, 102, 103, 106118, 119
Song Bai; Lifespan Unlisted
Governor, takes in the defeated Guanqiu Jian, then murdered his drunken guest.
Appearances: 110
Song Xian; Lived AD ?–?
Served Lü Bu, but joined Cao Cao after Hou Cheng was punished. Killed by Yan Liang.
Appearances: 11, 1619, 25
Su Yong; Lived AD ?–228
Vanguard commander of Guo Huai (who served Cao Zhen). Killed by Zhao Zilong.
Appearances: 95
Su You; Lifespan Unknown
Defended Ji when Yuan Shang went to help his brother against Cao Cao.
Appearances: 32
Su Yue; Lifespan Unlisted
Hired to build a new palace for Cao Cao, tree he picks bleeds.
Appearances: 78
Sun Qian; Lifespan Unlisted
Persuaded Pan Ju to stop shooting Sima Yi.
Appearances: 107
Sun Guan (Zhongtai); Lived AD ?–217
Second only to Zang Ba, followed him across the land. Wounded while fighting Sun Quan.
Appearances: 1820
Sun Li (Deda); Lived AD ?–250
Fought against Shu under Sima Yi and Cao Zhen. Became an Excellency.
Appearances: 95, 9799, 101103
Sun Zi (Yanlong); Lived AD ?–251
Recommended Cao Shuang as Regent, advised policy of waiting against Shu and Wu.
Appearances: 96, 106
Tang Zi; Lifespan Unlisted
Served Wu then surrendered to Wei. Collected ships for Zhong Hui.
Appearances: 108, 111, 112, 115
Tian Chou (Zitai); Lived AD c.169–214
Acted as guide against Wuhuan for Wei, refused reward as he felt he had failed Liu Yu.
Appearances: 33
Tian Xu; Lifespan Unlisted
Slew Deng Ai and his son in revenge for Deng Ai nearly executing him.
Appearances: 116, 117, 119
Tian Yu (Guorang); Lived AD ?–c.250
General of Wei under Cao Rui. Dispatched to Xiangyang to counter Wu’s invasion.
Appearances: 103
Tian Zhang; Lifespan Unlisted
Officer of Zhong Hui in Wei’s later days.
Appearances: 116
Wan Zheng; Lifespan Unknown
Fictional lieutenant under Guo Huai in AD 228. Defeated and spared by Zhao Yun.
Appearances: 95
Wang Bi; Lived AD ?–218
In charge of Imperial Guard, warned Cao Xiu of Geng Ji’s revolt but died from his wounds.
Appearances: 69
Wang Can (Zhongxuan); Lived AD 177–217
One of the great literary figures of the time. Urged Liu Cong to surrender to Wei.
Appearances: 40, 41, 56, 66
Wang Chang (Wenshu); Lived AD ?–259
Compiled treatises on government and military matters. Leading general against Wu.
Appearances: 108
Wang Guan (Weitai); Lived AD ?–260
Came up with a plan to trick Jiang Wei but it failed, died valiantly.
Appearances: 107, 114
Wang Han; Lifespan Unlisted
Defender of Yuecheng, surrendered on the loss of Hanzhong.
Appearances: 113, 115, 116
Wang Hou; Lifespan Unlisted
Controlled supplies during a time when food was short, executed to appease the troops.
Appearances: 17
Wang Hun (Xuanchong); Lifespan Unlisted
Warned that Sun Hao’s army was formidable and that they should wait a year.
Appearances: 120
Wang Ji (Boxing); Lived AD 190–261
Fought against Wu and Guanqiu Jian, fighting in three duels and advising to win hearts.
Appearances: 110112
Wang Jing (Yanwei); Lived AD ?–260
Struggled against Jiang Wei. Supported Cao Mao when Mao tried to remove Sima Zhao.
Appearances: 110, 111, 114
Wang Kai; Lifespan Unlisted
Helped Zhang Miao’s revolt, advised Lü Bu to seek Yuan Shu’s help.
Appearances: 19
Wang Lang (Yingxing); Lived ?–228
Originally the prefect of Huiji, he later joined Wei. Debated with Zhuge Liang.
Appearances: 15, 56, 79, 80, 91, 93
Wang Ping (Zijun); Lived AD ?–248
Served Wei but later surrendered to Shu. Served in the northern campaigns.
Appearances: 7173, 8793, 95102, 105
Wang Qi (Kongshi); Lifespan Unknown
Served Wei. District Governor of Tianshui before helping Deng Ai’s invasion of Shu.
Appearances: 116, 117
Wang Shen (Chudao); Lived AD ?–266
Compiled Wei-shu, the offical history of Wei. Betrayed Cao Mao’s revolt to Sima Zhao.
Appearances: 114
Wang Shuang (Ziquan); Lived AD ?–229
Served Cao Rui. Defeated Zhang Ni, and was later killed by Wei Yan.
Appearances: 85, 97, 98, 99
Wang Su (Ziyong); Lived AD 195–256
The son of Wang Lang. Aided the Sima’s in creating Jin. Father of Sima Zhao’s wife.
Appearances: 99, 109, 110, 119
Wang Tao; Lifespan Unlisted
Civil officer, advised Sima Zhao to pray to the fountain so he could feed the troops.
Appearances: 109
Wang Xiang (Xiuzheng); Lived AD 185–269
Convinced Sima Zhao to name Sima Yan heir, along with Jia Chong, Pei Xiu and others.
Appearances: 116, 119
Wang Xiu (Shuzhi); Lived AD ?–c.216
Served Yuan Tan loyally. Joined Cao Cao after Yuan Tan’s death in AD 205.
Appearances: 32, 33
Wang Yan; Lifespan Unlisted
Captured Gao Gan and was well rewarded. Served as an administrator in many places.
Appearances: 33
Wang Yi (Wendu); Lifespan Unlisted
Helped in Emperor’s Xian escape, he reacted to being fired by going straight to Xu to hand in his seal.
Appearances: 13
Wang Zhen; Lifespan Unlisted
Officer of Sima Wang, he lost in a duel to Fu Qian and was killed while grounded.
Appearances: 112
Wang Zhi; Lived AD ?–200
Governor of Yingyang, tells Hu Ban to burn down Guan Yu’s lodgings as punishment for Guan Yu’s crimes.
Appearances: 27
Wang Zhong; Lifespan Unlisted
Failed against Liu Bei. Once forced to eat human flesh, Cao Pi made a joke of it.
Appearances: 22, 23
Wei Guan (Boyu); Lived AD 220–291
Sent to keep an eye on Zhong Hui and Deng Ai, he played a part in the death of both.
Appearances: 116119
Wei Huang (Dewei); Lived ?–218
Han loyalist. Participated in a coup with Geng Ji and Jin Yi. Captured by Xiahou Dun.
Appearances: 69
Wei Kai; Lived AD ?–219
Rebelled with Hou Yin but Cao Ren defeated and executed them.
Appearances: 66
Wei Kang (Yuanjiang); Lived AD ?–213
Faced Ma Chao for eight months but with his people starving, surrendered. Ma Chao promptly executed him.
Appearances: 64
Wei Ping; Lifespan Unlisted
Urged Sima Yi to go onto the attack, failed to rescue Zhang He from Kongming’s ambush.
Appearances: 101
Wei Xu; Lived AD ?–?
At first an officer of Lü Bu, he later joined Cao Cao. Killed by Yan Liang.
Appearances: 11, 16, 18, 19, 25
Wen Hu; Lifespan Unknown
Son of Wen Qin and brother of Wen Yang. Followed his brother everywhere.
Appearances: 111, 112
Wen Ping (Zhongye); Lived Unknown–
After Liu Cong’s surrender he secluded himself in shame. Later served Cao Cao
Appearances: 34, 41, 42, 4850, 56, 71, 86
Wen Qin (Zhongruo); Lived AD ?–257
Lieutenant Governor of Yang. Rebelled against Sima Shi with Guanqiu Jian.
Appearances: 109111, 112
Wen Yang; Lifespan Unknown
Wen Qin’s son. Fought Sima Shi’s army. Later pledged loyalty to Zhuge Dan.
Appearances: 110, 111, 112
Wu Dun (Annu); Lifespan Unlisted
Bandit leader who would serve under Zang Ba for Lü Bu and Wei.
Appearances: 1820
Wu the Baliff; Lifespan Unlisted
Looked after the jailed Hua Tuo and was given his black bag so he could become a doctor.
Appearances: 78
Wu Zhi (Jizhong); Lived AD ?–230
Helped Cao Pi become heir, used his wits to avoid disaster in the silk hamper affair.
Appearances: 72
Xiahou Ba (Zhongquan); Lived AD c.185–c.258
Xiahou Yuan’s son. Originally served Wei, betrayed to Shu. Attacked Didao with Jiang Wei.
Appearances: 102104, 106, 107, 109111, 113115
Xiahou Cun; Lived AD ?–219
Advises Cao Ren to fortify banks against flood then fight tired Shu troops. Guan Yu kills him in one blow.
Appearances: 73
Xiahou De; Lived AD ?–218
Dismissed Huang Zhong for seeking battle. Slain by Yan Yan at Tiandang mountain.
Appearances: 70, 71
Xiahou Dun (Yuanrang); Lived AD ?–220
One of Cao Cao’s original officers, with civil and military talent. Lost an eye in battle.
Appearances: 5, 6, 1012, 14, 1619, 2328, 30, 31, 33, 3943, 48, 50, 66, 67, 6972, 78, 79, 91
Xiahou En; Lived AD 167–208
Carried Cao Cao’s Blue Blade. Cut down by Zhao Yun at Dangyang as he plundered.
Appearances: 41
Xiahou He (Yiquan); Lifespan Unlisted
Fourth son of Xiahou Yuan. Fought well against Shu’s Zhuge Liang.
Appearances: 102, 103
Xiahou Jie; Lifespan Unlisted
Officer of Cao Cao. Panicked when Zhang Fei shouted at him and died.
Appearances: 42
Xiahou Lan; Lifespan Unlisted
An acquittance of Zhao Yun from childhood, he surrendered and became an officer of military law.
Appearances: 39
Xiahou Mao (Zilin); Lived Unknown–
Friend of Cao Pi, not very good at tactics and enjoyed an easy life. Slandered by family.
Appearances: 9193, 102
Xiahou Shang (Boren); Lived AD ?–225
Captured at Mt. Dingjun, but traded for Chen Shi. Defended against Wu.
Appearances: 70, 71, 79, 85
Xiahou Wei (Jiquan); Lifespan Unlisted
Campaigned against both Shu and Gongsun Yuan. Recognised Yang Hu’s talent.
Appearances: 102, 106
Xiahou Xian; Lifespan Unlisted
General who assisted Zhong Hui in taking Shu. One of Cao Shuang’s co regents.
Appearances: 116
Xiahou Xuan (Taichu); Lived AD ?–254
Served Cao Fang. Killed by Sima Shi for plotting against him with Li Fang and Zhang Qi.
Appearances: 109, 110
Xiahou Yuan (Miaocai); Lived AD ?–219
Xiahou Dun’s brother. Famed for his attacks against the western barbarians.
Appearances: 5, 6, 12, 14, 18, 19, 24, 30, 31, 40, 42, 48, 5659, 64, 67, 6970, 71, 97, 116
Xin Chang (Taiyong); Lifespan Unlisted
An follower of Cao Shuang, his sister warned him to stay loyal.
Appearances: 107
Xin Pi (Zuozhi); Lived 171–?
Sent as envoy to Cao Cao but instead urged Cao Cao to attack the Yuan’s. Hugged by Cao Pi.
Appearances: 32, 33, 79, 86, 95, 97, 103
Xin Xianying; Lived AD 191–269
Advised her brother Chang to go to Cao Shuang’s camp, saving his life. Advised Xin Pi and others.
Appearances: 107
Xing Zhen; Lifespan Unlisted
Quarrelled with Cheng Yu and later got rebuked by Wu officers when he was envoy.
Appearances: 82
Xu Chu (Zhongkang); Lived AD 170–2?
One of Cao Cao’s trusted guards and a commander. Leader of the Tiger Guard.
Appearances: 12, 14, 16, 17, 19, 21, 2325, 27, 3033, 4042, 48, 50, 5659, 61, 6668, 72, 78, 86, 116
Xu Huang (Gongming); Lived AD 169–227
Served Cao Cao. Famous for breaking the siege of Fancheng against Guan Yu.
Appearances: 13, 14, 19, 2227, 3033, 46, 48, 50, 5659, 67, 68, 71, 72, 75, 76, 79, 86, 94
Xu Qiu (Mengyu); Lifespan Unknown
A scholarly man of utmost honesty, he refused to serve Yuan Shu and returned the imperial seal.
Appearances: 21
Xu Shang; Lifespan Unlisted
General of Xu Huang, he helped defeat Guan Ping’s forces.
Appearances: 76
Xu Shu (Yuanzhi); Lived c.170–c.232-4
One of Sima Hui’s students. Served Liu Bei, then later, through trickery, Cao Cao.
Appearances: 3539, 41, 48
Xu Si; Lifespan Unlisted
Sent to Yuan Shu by Lü Bu to ask for assistance against Cao Cao.
Appearances: 19
Xu Yi; Lived ?–263
Led the attack on Nanzheng, but was defeated by Shu’s Lu Xun. Executed by Zhong Hui.
Appearances: 116
Xu You (Ziyuan); Lived AD ?–204
Childhood friend of Cao Cao. Betrayed Yuan Shao to Cao, but was killed by Xu Chu.
Appearances: 7, 22, 30, 33, 45
Xu Yun (Shicong); Lived AD ?–254
Negotiated Cao Shuang’s surrender, friends with Wei loyalists and Wei Emperor.
Appearances: 107
Xu Zhi; Lifespan Unlisted
Minister of Wei. Reccomended Guan Lu to Cao Cao. Later convinced Cao Pi to take the throne.
Appearances: 69, 7980
Xu Zhi; Lifespan Unlisted
A general defeated by Jiang Wei, in the novel he defeats Liao Hua and Zhang Yi in duels.
Appearances: 109
Xue Qiao; Lifespan Unlisted
Failed to ambush Quan Zong, sent to order Cao Xiu to bury his mother and return to palace.
Appearances: 96
Xue Ti (Xiaowei); Lifespan Unlisted
Held many positions in Wei, discovered Chen Jiao’s talent, famed for his honesty.
Appearances: 67
Xue Ze; Lifespan Unlisted
Ambushed Deng Zhi on Xiahou Mao’s orders but was killed by Zhang Bao.
Appearances: 92
Xun Gun; Lifespan Unlisted
Served Yuan Shao then Cao. Son of Xun Shu, father of Xun Yu. One of the ‘Eight Dragons’.
Appearances: 10
Xun Kai; Lifespan Unlisted
Saved Zhong Hui at Nanzheng by shooting Lu Xun. Popular with the Sima’s.
Appearances: 116, 119
Xun Xu (Gongceng); Lived AD ?–289
Child prodigy, warned against Zhong Hui and opposed invasion of Wu. A jealous man.
Appearances: 115, 120
Xun Yi (Jingqian); Lifespan Unlisted
Was sent by Sima Zhao to fetch Chen Tai after Cao Mao’s death. Senior minister.
Appearances: 114
Xun You (Gongda); Lived AD 157–214
Advisor of Cao Cao. Xun Yu’s cousin. Died grieving Cao Cao’s interest in being Duke.
Appearances: 10, 14, 18, 19, 23, 26, 30, 3234, 41, 42, 46, 48, 59, 66
Xun Yu (Wenruo); Lived AD 163–212
Cousin of Xun You, a very talented advisor under Cao Cao. Commited suicide.
Appearances: 1012, 14, 1626, 30, 31, 37, 39, 40, 57, 60, 61, 68
Xun Yun (Changqing); Lifespan Unknown
Friend of Cao Zhi. Didn’t get on with Xiahou Shang, Cao Pi resented it.
Appearances: 61
Yan Ming; Lived AD ?–208
General of Cao Hong, challenged Zhao Yun but lasted only a few bouts.
Appearances: 41
Yan Pu; Lived AD ?–c.230
Advised Zhang Lu on the defence against Cao Cao, stopped Lu becoming King.
Appearances: 59, 64, 65, 67
Yang Biao; Lived AD 142–225
Stripped of rank and banished by both Dong Zhuo and Cao Cao. Drove Li Jue and Guo Si apart.
Appearances: 3, 6, 13, 14, 20, 22, 60
Yang Fu (Yishan); Lived AD ?–c.235
Helped defeat Ma Chao. Criticized Cao Rui’s extravagance in clothing, buildings and woman.
Appearances: 59, 64, 92, 99, 105
Yang Ji; Lifespan Unlisted
Close offical of Cao Rui, respected Liu Ye. Opposed camapign against Shu.
Appearances: 99
Yang Ling; Lifespan Unlisted
Governor, he plotted with Xiahou Mao against Zhuge Liang but was killed by Guan Xing.
Appearances: 92
Yang Xin; Lived ?–278
Served Wei. District Governor of Jincheng before helping Deng Ai’s invasion of Shu.
Appearances: 116, 118
Yang Xiu (Dezu); Lived AD 175–219
A talented scholar and friend of Cao Zhi, helped Zhi cheat Cao Cao’s tests.
Appearances: 23, 60, 71, 72
Yang Yi (Weigong); Lived AD ?–235
Opposed old enemy Wei Yan. Later later stripped of rank for dissensitoius words.
Appearances: 91, 97, 98, 101, 102, 104, 105
Yang Zuo; Lifespan Unlisted
Goes with Bei Yan and makes strong camp, suggests waiting for Sima Yi to retreat.
Appearances: 106
Yin Damu; Lifespan Unlisted
Tried to stop Wen Qin during Guanqiu Jian’s rebellion, but failed.
Appearances: 107, 110
Yin Feng (Zizeng); Lifespan Unlisted
A man of respected family, he played a part in driving away Ma Chao.
Appearances: 64
Yin Li [Lu’er] [Black Boy]; Lifespan Unknown
A bandit leader, he later helped Zang Ba against the Yuan’s. Called Black Boy.
Appearances: 1820
Yin Shang; Lifespan Unlisted
Friend of Jiang Wei in Tianshui. Surrendered Tianshui to Shu, made Prefect of Jicheng.
Appearances: 92, 93
Ying Shao (Zhongyuan); Lived AD ?–c.200
His historical work remain an important source of information on Later Han.
Appearances: 10
Yu Jin (Wenze); Lived AD ?–221
Served Cao Cao. Surrendered to Guan Yu. Shamed by Cao Pi into suicide.
Appearances: 1012, 14, 1618, 2224, 26, 27, 30, 31, 33, 3941, 45, 46, 48, 58, 59, 7375, 78, 82
Yu Song; Lifespan Unlisted
Advised Sima Shi on how to deal with invasions by Zhuge Ke and Jiang Wei.
Appearances: 108
Yuan Shao; Lifespan Unknown
Guard of Deng Ai. Versed in the Book of Changes, he predicts Deng Ai’s success and fall.
Appearances: 116
Yuan Xing; Lifespan Unlisted
Officer of Zhong Hui during the invasion of Shu.
Appearances: 116
Yue Chen; Lived AD ?–257
Served Wei. Son of Yue Jin. Campaigned against Shu with Cao Zhen. Executed by Zhuge Dan.
Appearances: 98, 100, 102, 103, 106, 111
Yue Jin (Wenqian); Lived AD ?–218
Served Cao Cao from the beginning. Shot from his horse by Gan Ning. Small-framed.
Appearances: 5, 6, 11, 12, 14, 16, 23, 24, 26, 3133, 42, 48, 50, 53, 61, 67, 68, 98, 111
Zang Ba (Xuangao); Lived AD c.162–c.230
Originally served Tao Qian, then Lü Bu. Later joined Cao Cao.
Appearances: 11, 12, 1720, 22, 48
Zeng Xuan; Lifespan Unlisted
Controlled the north gate, opened it up to the attacking Wei forces.
Appearances: 112
Zhai Yuan; Lived AD ?–219
Urged Cao Ren to go on the attack against Guan Yu, lured into an ambush and cut down by Guan Ping.
Appearances: 73
Zhang Dang; Lifespan Unlisted
Gave Cao Shuang woman from the Imperial Harem. Implicated others as traitors.
Appearances: 106, 107
Zhang He (Junyi); Lived AD ?–231
Originally under Yuan Shao, defected to Wei. Died battling Zhuge Liang.
Appearances: 22, 30, 31, 4042, 48, 50, 56, 58, 67, 6971, 81, 86, 9499, 101
Zhang Hong (Zigang); Lived AD 153–229
Minister who served Wu. Suggested changing the capital to Sun Quan.
Appearances: 15, 29, 38, 44, 53, 61
Zhang Hu; Lifespan Unlisted
Son of Zhang Liao. Defended against Zhuge Liang along with Yue Chen.
Appearances: 98, 100, 102, 103, 106
Zhang Ji (Derong); Lived AD ?–223
Persuaded Ma Teng to help Cao Cao, he was a major part in the pacification of Liang.
Appearances: 59
Zhang Jian (Yuanjie); Lived AD c.126–c.200
Much admired, thousands of people died helping him flee. Aware of Cao Cao’s ambitions.
Appearances: 6
Zhang Jie; Lived AD ?–265
Minister of Wei who was executed by Sima Yan when he usurped the throne.
Appearances: 119
Zhang Jun; Lifespan Unlisted
Sent to pacify the people and spread news of Shu’s surrender.
Appearances: 118
Zhang Liao (Wenyuan); Lived AD 165–222
Served in Wei after Cao Cao defeated Lü Bu. Close friend of Guan Yu.
Appearances: 11, 12, 1621, 2328, 3033, 40, 42, 46, 4850, 53, 58, 67, 68, 85, 86, 98
Zhang Lu (Gongqi); Lived AD ?–216
Controller of Hanzhong before surrendering to Cao Cao in 215.
Appearances: 16, 21, 34, 5962, 6467, 70, 96, 120
Zheng Lun; Lifespan Unlisted
General of Deng Ai, he ambushed Jiang Wei but was later cut down by Liao Hua.
Appearances: 113
Zhang Mao (Yancai); Lifespan Unlisted
Remonstrated with Cao Rui over Rui’s building works, put to death.
Appearances: 105
Zhang Miao (Mengzhuo); Lived AD ?–195
Friend of Yuan Shao and Cao Cao, rebelled against Cao Cao. Killed by his own men later on.
Appearances: 5, 7, 1012
Zhang Ming; Lifespan Unlisted
Officer of Wang Jing, sent out to attack Jiang Wei’s army. Wei army is soundly beaten.
Appearances: 110
Zhang Nan; Lived AD ?–208
Claimed ability on the waters, but was just a braggart. Killed by Zhou Tai.
Appearances: 33, 41, 48
Zhang Pu; Lived ?–228
Served under Cao Xiu. Defeated by Xu Sheng, killed by Zhu Huan.
Appearances: 96
Zhang Qi (Jingzhong); Lived AD ?–254
Executed by Sima Shi for plotting to remove Shi with Cao Fang. Predicted Zhuge Ke would die.
Appearances: 108, 109, 110
Zhang Qiu; Lifespan Unlisted
Served Cao Rui, sent to set a fire trap against Wu, burning many ships.
Appearances: 103
Zhang Tao; Lifespan Unlisted
Allied with Lady Guo and accused Empress Zhen of black magic with intent to hurt Cao Pi.
Appearances: 91
Zhang Te (Zichan); Lifespan Unlisted
Commanded the defence of Xincheng when it was under attack by Zhuge Ke.
Appearances: 108
Zhang Xiu; Lived AD ?–207
He fought Cao Cao after he took Zhang Ji’s widow as a wife. Served Wei with distinction.
Appearances: 1619, 2123, 60, 68, 120
Zhang Yan; Lived Unknown–
Leader of the Black Mountain Bandits. Tried but failed to aid Gongsun Zan.
Appearances: 11, 21, 33
Zhang Yi; Lived AD ?–208
Killed by Gan Ning as he cleared the road ahead for Cao Cao. Historically not at Chibi.
Appearances: 32, 33, 41, 50
Zhang Yun; Lived AD ?–208
Surrendered to Cao Cao with Cai Mao. Served as Cao’s Vice Admiral at Chibi.
Appearances: 40, 41, 45
Zhao Ang (Weizhang); Lifespan Unlisted
Along with Jiang Xu, Yang Fu and Ying Feng, he helped drive Ma Chao out of Longxi.
Appearances: 64
Zhao Fan; Lifespan Unlisted
Offered his sister-in-law to Zhao Yun, who refused as Yun doubted Fan’s loyalty.
Appearances: 52
Zhao Qu; Lifespan Unlisted
Shut Ma Chao out of Hanyang and murdered his family, became a general.
Appearances: 64
Zhao Yue; Lived AD ?–213
Father worried about his fate, kept hostage by Ma Chao and killed when Ang rebelled.
Appearances: 64
Zheng Lun; Lifespan Unlisted
Went underground to get behind Shu camp’s, later cut down by Liao Hua.
Appearances: 113
Zheng Mao (Linshu); Lived AD 189–273
Close adviser to Sima Shi, warns friend against Wei Feng. Literary advisor to Cao Zhi.
Appearances: 110
Zheng Wen; Lived AD ?–234
Officer under Sima Yi. Falsesly surrendered to Kongming. Executed by Kongming.
Appearances: 102
Zheng Xuan (Kangcheng); Lived AD 127–200
Loved wine, a leading scholar of his day but hated court life. Had many students.
Appearances: 1, 22
Zhi Xi (Yuansheng); Lifespan Unlisted
Court Physician, warned his friend Kong Rong about angering Cao Cao. Mourned his death.
Appearances: 40
Zhong Hui (Shiji); Lived AD 225–264
Close adviser of Sima Zhao. Later plotted rebellion and was killed by mutinous troops.
Appearances: 107, 110, 112, 115120
Zhong Jin; Lived AD ?–208
Used a large axe but was dismounted by Zhao Yun.
Appearances: 41, 42
Zhong Jing; Lived AD ?–211
Went to inspect a gate of Chang’an, he was was cut down by Pang De.
Appearances: 58
Zhong Shen; Lived AD ?–208
Had half his head cut off by Zhao Yun as Shen pursued the Shu general.
Appearances: 41, 42
Zhong Yao (Yuanchang); Lived AD 151–230
Famous calligrapher. Stirred up quarrel between Han Sui and Ma Teng, close to Cao Pi.
Appearances: 56, 58, 68, 69, 91, 94, 107
Zhong Yu (Zhishu); Lived AD ?–263
A senior law officer, warned Sima Zhao about his brother’s untrustworthy nature.
Appearances: 107
Zhou Tai; Lived AD ?–261
Wei governor in Yue territory. Helped to secure victory against Zhuge Dan.
Appearances: 111, 112
Zhu Fang; Lifespan Unlisted
General of Wang Jing, one of four sent to attack Jiang Wei, they are defeated.
Appearances: 110
Zhu Guang; Lived AD ?–214
Set up farms at Huan and provoked riots against Wu but Sun Quan attacked and took the city.
Appearances: 61, 67
Zhu Ling (Wenbo); Lifespan Unlisted
Said to be disliked by Cao Cao, his reputation was equal that of Xu Huang’s.
Appearances: 21, 58, 59
Zhu Zan; Lifespan Unknown
Officer of Cao Zhen, sent to raid the Shu camp but failed. Killed by Zhao Yun.
Appearances: 93, 94
Zhuge Dan (Gongxiu); Lived AD ?–258
Zhuge Liang’s cousin. Tried to rebel against Sima Zhao, but was executed.
Appearances: 110, 111, 112
Zhuge Qian; Lifespan Unlisted
Subordinate of Chang Diao in an attack on Zhu Huan.
Appearances: 85
Zhuge Xu; Lived ?–273
Imperial Inspector of Yongzhou before helping Deng Ai’s invasion of Shu.
Appearances: 116, 117
Zuo Ci (Yuanfang); Lived AD ?–306
Taoist named ‘Master Black Horn’. Trained in the occult at Emei Mountain.
Appearances: 68, 69

Kingdom of Shu

(Rulers: Liu Bei, Liu Shan)

Bao Su; Lived AD ?–257
Fictional officer of Jiang Wei. Acted as a decoy but was defeated and killed by Chen Tai.
Appearances: 111
Bo Shou; Lived AD ?–228
Shu officer. Died in the year following Kongming’s occupation of Hanzhong.
Appearances: 97
Cao Bao; Lived AD ?–196
Beaten and later slain by Zhang Fei. He caused Lü Bu’s attack on Xuzhou.
Appearances: 10, 14, 16
Chen Deng (Yuanlong); Lifespan Unknown
Spied on Lü Bu with his father, Gui, for Cao Cao. Joined Liu Bei, then surrendered to Cao.
Appearances: 11, 12, 14, 1619, 21, 22, 24
Chen Gui (Hanyu); Lifespan Unknown
Father of Chen Deng. Served Cao Cao and Liu Bei spying on Lü Bu, then under Cao.
Appearances: 1619, 21
Chen Qun (Changwen); Lived ?–238
Served Wei. Imperial Censor under Cao Cao. Supreme Commander under Cao Pi.
Appearances: 57, 58, 7880, 91
Chen Shi; Lived c.181–?
Rumored father of Chen Shou. Traded for Xiahou Shang at Hanzhong. Executed.
Appearances: 71, 98, 100
Chen Zhen (Xiaoqi); Lived AD 175–235
Local official, was sent as emissary to Wu, swearing oath of alliance with Sun Quan.
Appearances: 26, 28, 29, 81, 91, 98
Cheng Ji (Jiran); Lived AD ?–222
Advisor to Liu Bei. After Liu Bei’s defeat at Yiling he chose to die rather than surrender.
Appearances: 81, 84, 85
Cuan Xi; Lifespan Unlisted
A resident of Nanzhong. He later surrendered to Zhuge Liang, and his clan became powerful.
Appearances: 91
Deng Liang; Lifespan Unknown
Served Liu Shan. Surrended to Deng Ai on behalf of Liu Shan.
Appearances: 118
Deng Tong; Lived AD ?–228
Shu officer. Died in the year following Kongming’s occupation of Hanzhong.
Appearances: 97
Deng Xian; Lifespan Unlisted
One of the many generals that fights Liu Bei. Is killed by Huang Zhong in the novel.
Appearances: 62
Deng Zhi (Bomiao); Lived AD c.177–251
Served Zhuge Liang. Was responsible for restoration of alliance with Wu.
Appearances: 85, 86, 91, 92, 95, 96, 100, 105
Dilu Horse [Hex Mark]; Lived AD ?–214
Liu Bei’s horse. Saved Liu Bei at the river Tan. Killed at Fallen Phoenix Slope, along with Pang Tong.
Appearances: 34, 35, 63, 67 [p]
Ding Li; Lived AD ?–228
Shu officer. Died in the year following Kongming’s occupation of Hanzhong.
Appearances: 97
Ding Xian; Lifespan Unlisted
Officer of the Commissariat in Zhuge Liang’s second campaign against Wei.
Appearances: 91
Dong He (Youzai); Lived AD ?–221
Suggested asking Zhang Lu for aid against Liu Bei. Admired for his honesty and plain living.
Appearances: 64, 65
Dong Jue (Gongxi); Lived c.204–?
Brought troops to defend Saber Pass from Deng Ai and Zhong Hui.
Appearances: 87, 91, 99, 116, 117, 119
Dong Yun (Xiuzhao); Lived ?–246
Served Shu as a High Minister during Liu Shan’s reign.
Appearances: 85, 91, 105, 107, 115
Du Lu; Lifespan Unlisted
General at Yiling, cornered by Lu Xun’s forces and surrendered.
Appearances: 82
Du Qi; Lifespan Unlisted
Subordinate of Wang Lian, he rose up to become a high ranking officer.
Appearances: 91
Du Qiong (Boyu); Lived ?–250
A teacher of Qiao Zhou and famed scholar, generally avoided public affairs despite rank.
Appearances: 80, 85, 91, 100
Du Rui; Lifespan Unlisted
Supervised the creation of the Wooden Oxen in Gourd Valley.
Appearances: 102
Du Wei (Guofu); Lifespan Unknown
Faked illness, even faked being deaf, to avoid serving Liu Bei.
Appearances: 91
Du Yi; Lifespan Unlisted
Advisor for Zhuge Liang’s first Northern Campaign.
Appearances: 91
E Huan; Lifespan Unknown
General under Gao Ding. Captured by Shu forces.
Appearances: 87
Empress Gan; Lived AD ?–c.222
Concubine and later Empress of Liu Bei. She was a native of Pei.
Appearances: 15, 22, 2528, 34, 41, 42, 54, 85
Empress Mu; Lived AD ?–245
Consort and later Empress of Liu Bei. From Chenliu. Wu Yi’s sister.
Appearances: 77, 80, 85, 105
Empress Zhang [Xingcai]; Lived AD c.206–237
Zhang Fei’s daughter. Empress Zhang married to Liu Shan. Zhang Xingcai in Koei games.
Appearances: 85, 115
Fa Zheng (Xiaozhi); Lived AD 174–219
Served Liu Zhang then Liu Bei. Was integral to the foundation of Shu.
Appearances: 6065, 70, 71, 73, 77, 79
Fan Jian (Changyuan); Lived AD c.225–?
Secretary under Jiang Wei. Went with Liu Shan when Shu fell.
Appearances: 87, 91, 99, 102, 111, 119
Fan Jiang; Lifespan Unlisted
Assassinated Zhang Fei with Zhang Da and then fled to Wu.
Appearances: 81, 83
Fan Qi; Lifespan Unlisted
Center Army Center General during Zhuge Liang’s first Northern Campaign.
Appearances: 91
Fei Guan (Binbo); Lifespan Unlisted
Relative of Liu Zhang, he recommended Li Yan and later surrendered to Liu Bei.
Appearances: 64, 65
Fei Shi (Gongju); Lived AD ?–c.240
Gave refuge to Liu Zhang’s officers. Protested against Liu Bei becoming Emperor.
Appearances: 65, 73, 91
Fei Yi (Wenwei); Lived AD ?–253
Shu official. Took over affairs of state after Jiang Wan’s death.
Appearances: 65, 87, 91, 96, 99, 101105, 107
Feng Xi (Xiuyuan); Lived ?–222
Officer of Shu. Died fighting at the battle of Yiling.
Appearances: 8183, 84, 85
Fu Qian; Lived AD ?–263
Fu Tong’s son, served Shu. Captured Li Peng and Wang Zhen. Died in battle.
Appearances: 112115, 116
Fu Shiren (Junyi); Lived ?–222
Persuaded by Lü Meng to betray Guan Yu. Killed by Guan Xing after trying to return to Shu.
Appearances: 73, 75, 76, 83
Fu Tong; Lived AD ?–222
Central military advisor for the Shu forces. Died during the battle of Yiling.
Appearances: 81, 84, 85
Gao Ding (Yuan); Lived AD ?–225
Shu vassal that revolted in the southern Man region.
Appearances: 87
Gao Xiang; Lived AD c.194–?
Officer of Shu. Participated in many of Zhuge Liang’s northern campaigns.
Appearances: 91, 93, 95, 96, 102, 103
Gong Du; Lived AD ?–201
Joined Liu Bei. Former Yellow Scarve. Killed by Xiahou Yuan at Ru Nan.
Appearances: 2628, 31
Gong Qi; Lifespan Unlisted
Sent to stop a Wei relief force but was killed by Wang Shuang in a duel.
Appearances: 97
Gong Zhi; Lifespan Unknown
Advised Jin Xuan to surrender. When Jin Xuan returned defeated, Gong Zhi shot him.
Appearances: 52, 53
Gou An; Lifespan Unknown
Drunkard officer under Li Yan. Beaten for arriving late with supplies, and fled to Wei.
Appearances: 100, 101, 107, 108, 116
Guan Ping; Lived AD 178–219
Served Shu. Guan Yu’s son (adopted in novel). Executed with Guan Yu by Sun Quan.
Appearances: 28, 31, 39, 49, 57, 60, 62, 63, 65, 66, 7376, 77, 78
Guan Suo; Lifespan Unknown
Fictional son of Guan Yu. Greatly involved in Shu’s Southern Campaigns in the novel.
Appearances: 87, 89
Guan Xing (Anguo); Lived AD 193–2?
Son of Guan Yu. Served in Zhuge Liang’s northern campaigns.
Appearances: 74, 77, 78, 8185, 87, 91101, 102
Guan Yi; Lived ?–264
Son of Guan Xing by concubine. Died fighting Wei troops during Zhong Hui’s rebellion.
Appearances: 119
Lady Guan [Yinping]; Lived Unknown–
Daughter of Guan Yu. Sun Quan wanted to arrange a marriage between her and Sun Deng.
Appearances: 73
Guan Yong; Lifespan Unlisted
Given a army post for Zhuge Liang’s first Northern Campaign.
Appearances: 91
Guan Yu (Yunchang); Lived AD 160–219
Sworn brother of Liu Bei and Zhang Fei. First of the Five Tiger Generals.
Appearances: 1, 2, 57, 1122, 2428, 31, 3443, 45, 4953, 55, 56, 60, 63, 6567, 70, 7376, 77, 7883, 85, 94, 97, 110, 120
Guo Youzhi (Yanchang); Lived AD c.190–?
Described by Zhuge Liang as loyal and honest, advised Liu Shan on palace matters.
Appearances: 91
Han Xuan; Lived AD 163–c.209
Magistrate of Changsha. Wei Yan killed him and surrendered to Liu Bei.
Appearances: 41, 53, 70
Han Zhen; Lifespan Unlisted
Guarded Xiping Pass against the Qiang, sending word of attack to Zhuge Liang.
Appearances: 94
He Ping; Lifespan Unlisted
Sent by Yang Yi to beat drums as the Shu army retreated, fought Wei Yan.
Appearances: 105
He Zong (Chanying); Lived AD ?–c.230
Encouraged Liu Bei to become Emperor of the Han. Noted scholar of the Book of Changes.
Appearances: 80
Hu Ban; Lifespan Unknown
Son of Hu Hua. Helped Guan Yu during his 1,000 li journey from Cao Cao.
Appearances: 27, 73
Hu Ji (Weidu); Lifespan Unknown
Based in Hanshou, went to Chengdu to get help to repel Wei’s invasion.
Appearances: 91, 113, 115, 116
Hu Zhong; Lifespan Unlisted
Supervised the building of the Wooden Oxen with Du Rui.
Appearances: 102
Huang Chong; Lived c.222–263
Advised Zhuge Zhan to seize the high ground but was ignored. Killed by his soldiers.
Appearances: 117
Huang Hao; Lived AD ?–264
Eunuch in service to Liu Shan. His advice helped to destroy Shu.
Appearances: 112, 113, 115118, 119
Huang Quan (Gongheng); Lifespan Unlisted
Served Liu Zhang and later Liu Bei. Surrendered to Wei out of necessity.
Appearances: 60, 62, 64, 65, 8085
Huang Yueying; Lived AD ?–c.234
Zhuge Liang’s wife. Huang Chengyan’s daughter. Was very smart, but not beautiful.
Appearances: 117
Huang Zhong (Hansheng); Lived AD ?–220
Joined Liu Bei after Han Xuan’s defeat. One of the Five Tiger Generals.
Appearances: 53, 55, 56, 60, 6265, 7073, 77, 8182, 83, 91
Huo Jun (Zhongmiao); Lived AD 178–217
Held Jiameng against Liu Zhang’s generals before his countering and defeating them.
Appearances: 62, 65, 70
Huo Yi (Shaoxian); Lifespan Unlisted
Son of Huo Jun, was concerned about lack of defences at Chengdu.
Appearances: 119
Jian Yong (Xianhe); Lifespan Unlisted
Originally served Tao Qian. Persuaded Liu Zhang to surrender to Liu Bei.
Appearances: 18, 19, 22, 24, 28, 31, 35, 41, 45, 49, 63, 65
Jiang Bin; Lifespan Unknown
Served Shu as a general under Liu Shan. Later surrendered to Zhong Hui.
Appearances: 113, 115, 116
Jiang Shu; Lifespan Unknown
Jiang Wei highly prized his talent, was disgruntled and defected in Wei’s invasion.
Appearances: 112116
Jiang Wan (Gongyan); Lived AD ?–245
Served Shu starting with the Yi invasion. Trusted and influential. Died as Regent.
Appearances: 63, 65, 8789, 91, 96, 98, 101, 104, 105, 107
Jiang Wei (Boyue); Lived AD 202–264
Served Shu as Minister of War, eventually inheriting Zhuge Liang’s responsibilities.
Appearances: 92105, 107118, 119, 120
Jiang Xian; Lifespan Unlisted
Sent by Liu Shan to order Jiang Wei to surrender.
Appearances: 118
Yin Ji (Jibo); Lifespan Unlisted
Received favour comparable to Mi Zhu, helped compile the administrative code.
Appearances: 34, 40, 52, 63, 65, 67, 73, 76, 77, 80
Jin Xiang; Lifespan Unlisted
Tried to persuade his old friend Hao Zhao to defect, Zhao threatened to shoot him.
Appearances: 97
Jin Xuan (Yuanji); Lived AD ?–208
Served as Governor of Wuling. Defeated by Zhang Fei.
Appearances: 53
King Shamoke; Lived ?–222
Originally a tribal leader, he helped Liu Bei at Yiling but died fighting Wu.
Appearances: 8283, 84, 85
Lady Cui; Lifespan Unlisted
Wife of Liu Chen, she killed herself by running into a pillar to join her husband.
Appearances: 118
Lady Fan; Lifespan Unlisted
Window to dead brother of Zhao Fan. Zhao Yun declined to receive her in marriage from Fan.
Appearances: 52
Lady Hu; Lifespan Unlisted
Beaten to death by her husband’s troops over fears of an affair with Liu Shan.
Appearances: 115
Lady Li; Lived AD ?–263
Killed herself when her husband Ma Miao surrendered to Wei.
Appearances: 117
Lady Mi; Lifespan Unlisted
Consort of Liu Bei. Mi Zhu’s sister. Took her own life so Zhao Yun could save Liu Shan.
Appearances: 15, 22, 2528, 41, 42, 85
Lady Sun [Sun Shangxiang]; Lived AD c.189–?
Sun Quan’s sister. Married to Liu Bei by Sun Quan, but later returned to Wu.
Appearances: 7, 5456, 61, 77, 82, 83, 84
Lady Xun; Lived Unknown–
Mother of Xu Shu, she killed herself when her son defected to Wei.
Appearances: 36, 37
Lai Gong; Lifespan Unlisted
Driven away by Wu Ju, he later became a senior minister for Liu Bei.
Appearances: 80
Lai Min (Jingda); Lived AD c.163–c.260
Tested Fei Yi over a game of Weiqi, educated Liu Shan but may have been slightly crazy.
Appearances: 91
Lei Tong; Lived AD ?–218
Officer of Liu Zhang and, later, Liu Bei. Killed by Zhang He at Baxi.
Appearances: 6265, 69, 70
Leng Bao; Lifespan Unlisted
Fought Wei Yan and Huang Zhong, he was captured twice. He was executed the second time.
Appearances: 62, 63
Li Feng; Lifespan Unlisted
Son of Li Yan. Served Shu. Appointed as a senior advisor after his father was disgraced.
Appearances: 94, 101
Li Fu (Sunde); Lifespan Unknown
Chief Secretary. Sent by Liu Shan to check on the dying Zhuge Liang.
Appearances: 104, 105
Li Hu; Lifespan Unlisted
Sent with documents of kingdom to Deng Ai and to arrange the surrender.
Appearances: 118
Li Hui (De’ang); Lifespan Unlisted
Begged Liu Zhang not to let Liu Bei in, persuaded Ma Chao to surrender to Liu Bei.
Appearances: 60, 65, 91, 97
Li Qiu; Lived ?–263
Officer of Shu. Died defending Mianzhu during Deng Ai’s attack on the city.
Appearances: 117
Li Xin; Lifespan Unlisted
Officer of Shu. Achieved merit in Jiang Wei’s first northern campaign.
Appearances: 107
Li Yan (Zhengfang); Lived AD ?–234
A talented officer, exiled after he forged a decree to cover up failure of supplies.
Appearances: 64, 65, 85, 87, 91, 94, 100, 101, 104
Li Zhuan (Qinzhong); Lifespan Unlisted
Fond of practical jokes, admired by Liu Xuan but not given important tasks. Skilled scholar
Appearances: 91
Liang Qian; Lifespan Unlisted
General under Ma Zun, he had a few roles in Jiang Wei’s plans.
Appearances: 93
Liang Xu; Lifespan Unlisted
Originally of Wei, he submitted to Zhuge Liang and was made Governor of Tianshui.
Appearances: 92, 93
Liao Chun; Lifespan Unlisted
Served at Yiling, Jiang Wan recommended him for rank.
Appearances: 81
Liao Hua (Yuanjian); Lived c.185–264
Officer in service of Shu. Served through the full span of the Shu Kingdom.
Appearances: 27, 63, 65, 73, 74, 76, 77, 79, 91, 97, 99, 100, 102, 103, 106, 109, 113118, 119
Liao Li (Gongyuan); Lifespan Unlisted
Arrogant officer who neglected his duties, was demoted by Zhuge Liang.
Appearances: 104
Liu Ba (Zichu); Lived AD 173–222
Rescued Shu’s economy after Liu Bei’s troops had plundered the treasury.
Appearances: 62, 65, 91
Liu Bao; Lifespan Unlisted
Made Lord of Yangquan, one of the trusted men of the court.
Appearances: 80
Liu Bei (Xuande); Lived AD 161–223
First Emperor of Shu and sworn brother of Guan Yu and Zhang Fei.
Appearances: 1, 2, 57, 1128, 3145, 4749, 5158, 6074, 7684, 85, 8689, 91, 93, 97, 102106, 117120
Liu Chen; Lived ?–263
Liu Shan’s fifth son. Rather than surrender to Wei, he committed suicide.
Appearances: 118
Liu Du; Lived 168–?
Governor of Lingling. He surrendered to Liu Bei after his son was defeated.
Appearances: 52
Liu Feng; Lived AD 192–220
Liu Bei’s adopted son. Executed after the death of Guan Yu at Zhuge Liang’s suggestion.
Appearances: 36, 3941, 49, 52, 57, 6063, 65, 7073, 76, 77, 79
Liu He; Lived AD ?–228
Shu officer. Died in the year following Kongming’s occupation of Hanzhong.
Appearances: 97
Liu Li (Fengxiao); Lived ?–244
Third son of Liu Bei. Married to Ma Chao’s daughter.
Appearances: 77, 80, 85
Liu Mi; Lifespan Unlisted
Liu Feng’s guardian, he met Liu Bei after the latter had defeated Cao Ren.
Appearances: 36
Liu Ning; Lifespan Unlisted
Participated in Liu Bei’s attack on Wu, but was defeated and surrendered.
Appearances: 82
Liu Pan; Lifespan Unlisted
Attempted guerilla warfare against Sun Ce but was foiled by Taishi Ci.
Appearances: 53
Liu Pi; Lived AD ?–196
After rebelling with the Yellow Scarves, moved to Runan. Later joined Liu Bei.
Appearances: 2628, 31
Liu Qi; Lived AD ?–209
Eldest son of Liu Biao and legitimate heir of Jing. Became close friends with Liu Bei.
Appearances: 34, 35, 3943, 45, 49, 52, 53, 54
Liu Shan (Gongsi); Lived AD 207–271
Liu Bei’s son and the second Emperor of Shu. Destroyed Shu through ineptitude.
Appearances: 34, 41, 42, 54, 61, 73, 80, 81, 8587, 91, 96, 97102, 104, 105, 107, 108, 110119, 120
Liu Xian; Lifespan Unknown
Liu Du’s son. Defended Lingling with Xing Daorong against Liu Bei, but failed.
Appearances: 52
Liu Xuan (Wenheng); Lived AD 224–264
Son of Liu Shan, and his crown prince. Died during Zhong Hui’s rebellion.
Appearances: 119
Liu Xun; Lifespan Unlisted
Eldest son of Liu Zhang, held out against Liu Bei at Luocheng for a year.
Appearances: 62, 64
Liu Yan (Weishi); Lived AD ?–264
Former Administrator of Yizhou. Executed after accusing Liu Shan of seducing his wife.
Appearances: 91, 92, 115
Liu Yuanqi; Lifespan Unknown
Liu Bei’s uncle. Recognized Liu Bei’s ambition, and worked to maintain the family.
Appearances: 1
Liu Zhang (Jiyu); Lived AD ?–219
Son of Liu Yan. Governed Ba-shu before Liu Bei took his kingdom out from under his feet.
Appearances: 16, 21, 38, 54, 56, 57, 5965
Lü Bu (Fengxian); Lived AD ?–198
Said to be the finest warrior of the Three Kingdoms era. Executed by Cao Cao.
Appearances: 36, 8, 9, 1118, 19, 2022, 25, 31, 40, 43, 44, 48, 56, 59, 60, 93
Lü Kai (Jiping); Lived AD 194–241
Served Shu with Wang Kang. Was Kongming’s guide while battling against the Nanman.
Appearances: 8791
Lu Xun; Lived ?–263
Officer of later-Shu. Defeated Zhong Hui at Nanzheng, but was later killed by Xun Kai.
Appearances: 116
Lü Yi (Jiyang); Lived ?–251
Served Shu as Grand Administrator of Hanzhong during Zhuge Liang’s time.
Appearances: 65, 91
Ma Chao (Mengqi); Lived AD 176–222
Served Shu after fleeing from the north. Third of the Five Tiger Generals.
Appearances: 10, 5760, 64, 65, 69, 7074, 77, 79, 81, 8587, 91, 92
Ma Dai; Lifespan Unknown
Ma Chao’s cousin. He surrendered to Liu Bei with Ma Chao.
Appearances: 5759, 64, 65, 81, 8895, 97, 98, 100105
Ma Liang (Jichang); Lived AD 186–222
Administered Jing after Liu Bei took Shu. Nicknamed ‘White Eyebrows’.
Appearances: 52, 63, 65, 66, 73, 7577, 81, 8385, 87, 95
Ma Miao; Lifespan Unlisted
Surrendered Jiangyou castle prompting his wife to commit suicide.
Appearances: 117
Ma Su (Youchang); Lived AD 190–228
Ma Liang’s younger brother. Executed by Zhuge Liang after his failure at Jie Ting.
Appearances: 52, 65, 85, 87, 88, 91, 9495, 96, 99
Ma Yu; Lived AD ?–228
Shu officer. Died in the year following Kongming’s occupation of Hanzhong.
Appearances: 97
Ma Zhong (Dexin); Lived AD ?–234
Served Shu notably during the northern and southern campaigns.
Appearances: 8791, 99102
Meng Da (Zijing); Lived AD ?–228
Refused aid to Guan Yu. Defeated by Sima Yi. In novel, kills Xu Huang.
Appearances: 60, 62, 65, 7073, 76, 77, 79, 85, 86, 94, 95, 106
Meng Guang (Xiaoyu); Lifespan Unlisted
Raised concerns over Liu Xuan’s education, an arrogant but bright scholar.
Appearances: 80, 91
Meng Jie; Lifespan Unlisted
Ashamed of the Nanman revolt, he told Zhuge Liang how to cure his sick troops.
Appearances: 89
Mi Fang (Zifang); Lived Unknown–
Mi Zhu’s brother. Served all three kingdoms. Surrendered to Wu after threat of punishment from Guan Yu.
Appearances: 18, 22, 28, 31, 3941, 49, 63, 65, 73, 75, 76, 81, 83
Mi Zhu (Zizhong); Lived AD ?–221
Served Shu. Mi Fang’s brother. Died shortly after Mi Fang’s betrayal.
Appearances: 1114, 16, 18, 19, 21, 22, 24, 28, 35, 3941, 45, 49, 52, 56, 63, 65, 80
Ning Sui; Lifespan Unlisted
Officer in Shu’s later years. Offered Jiang Wei a plan that repelled Deng Ai.
Appearances: 116
Pan Jun (Chengming); Lived AD ?–240
Began his career under Liu Biao then Liu Bei. After Guan Yu’s death, served in Wu.
Appearances: 73, 75
Pang Rou; Lifespan Unlisted
Cousin of Pang De, his service to Shu cast doubts on Pang De’s loyalty.
Appearances: 74
Pang Tong (Shiyuan); Lived AD 179–213
Friend of Sima Hui’s and Shu’s “Fledgling Phoenix.” Killed by an arrow at Luocheng.
Appearances: 35, 36, 47, 48, 57, 6062, 63, 65
Pang Xi; Lifespan Unlisted
A friend of Liu Yan. Collected his grandchildren and brought them to Shu.
Appearances: 59
Pei Xu; Lifespan Unlisted
Sent to lure Cui Liang into battle by pretending to be Xiahou Mao’s messenger.
Appearances: 92
Peng He; Lifespan Unlisted
Messenger of Zhuge Zhan, he fought his way through Wei lines to get to Wu.
Appearances: 117
Peng Yang (Yongnian); Lived AD 178–214
Friend of Meng Da, plotted revolt against Liu Bei. Repented but still executed.
Appearances: 62, 63, 65, 79
Qiao Zhou (Yunnan); Lived AD c.201–270
Historian and teacher, advised Liu Shan to surrender. Opposed Jiang Wei and Huang Hao.
Appearances: 65, 80, 91, 101, 102, 105, 112, 115, 118, 119
Qin Mi (Zichi); Lived AD ?–226
Rebuked Jian Yong for his arrogance, thrown in jail for opposing the invasion of Wu.
Appearances: 65, 80, 81, 86
Red Hare [Chituma]; Lived AD ?–c.220
Lü Bu’s famed horse. “Among men, Lü Bu; among horses, Red Hare.” Novel: Later given to Guan Yu by Cao Cao.
Appearances: 3, 5, 8, 11, 19, 25, 2628, 42, 50, 74, 77
Ren Kui; Lived AD ?–218
Advised attacking Cao Hong early but the plan resulted in Kui’s death.
Appearances: 69
Shen Dan (Yiju); Lived AD ?–258?
Brother of Shen Yi. Governor of Shangyong. Surrendered from Wei to Shu to Wei.
Appearances: 73, 79, 94, 95
Shen Yi; Lifespan Unknown
Brother of Shen Dan. Friend of Meng Da. Surrendered from Wei to Shu then again to Wei.
Appearances: 79, 94, 95
Sun Qian (Gongyou); Lifespan Unlisted
Served Liu Bei. From Beihai. At death ranked General Who Upholds Loyalty.
Appearances: 12, 14, 16, 18, 19, 21, 22, 24, 2628, 31, 3436, 3942, 49, 51, 54, 55, 57, 65
Tian Yu (Guorang); Lived AD ?–c.250
General of Wei under Cao Rui. Dispatched to Xiangyang to counter Wu’s invasion.
Appearances: 103
Wang Fu (Guoshan); Lived AD ?–222
Warned Guan Yu about Lü Meng, Pang Jun and an ambush but was ignored.
Appearances: 73, 76, 77
Wang Han; Lifespan Unlisted
Defender of Yuecheng, surrendered on the loss of Hanzhong.
Appearances: 113, 115, 116
Wang Kang; Lifespan Unlisted
Defended Yongchang against Yong Kai’s attack, credited success to Lu Kai.
Appearances: 87
Wang Lian (Wenyi); Lived AD ?–223
Shu governor who did well economically. He warned Zhuge Liang of the risk of malaria.
Appearances: 87
Wang Mou (Yuantai); Lived Unlisted–
Governor of Bajun under Liu Zhang. Held various post in Shu.
Appearances: 80
Wang Ping (Zijun); Lived AD ?–248
Served Wei but later surrendered to Shu. Served in the northern campaigns.
Appearances: 7173, 8793, 95102, 105
Wei Yan (Wenchang); Lived AD ?–234
Talented commander. Killed Han Xuan and surrendered his territory to Liu Bei.
Appearances: 41, 53, 55, 56, 6065, 7072, 81, 8597, 99104, 105
Wu Ban (Yuanxiong); Lived AD 171–234
Vanguard at Yiling, led naval forces. Later senior general, helps defeat Sima Yi.
Appearances: 8184, 91, 98101, 102
Wu Lan; Lived AD ?–218
Served Liu Yan and Zhang then Liu Bei. Killed in battle with Cao Zhang.
Appearances: 6265, 69, 72
Wu Yi (Ziyuan); Lived AD ?–237
Younger sister married Liu Bei, a general of some renown.
Appearances: 6265, 77, 91, 92, 98102, 105
Xi Zheng (Lingxian); Lifespan Unlisted
Neither loved nor despised by Huang Hao. Advised Liu Shan in exile, left family behind.
Appearances: 91, 109, 115, 117, 119
Xiahou Ba (Zhongquan); Lived AD c.185–c.258
Xiahou Yuan’s son. Originally served Wei, betrayed to Shu. Attacked Didao with Jiang Wei.
Appearances: 102104, 106, 107, 109111, 113115
Xiahou Lan; Lifespan Unlisted
An acquittance of Zhao Yun from childhood, he surrendered and became an officer of military law.
Appearances: 39
Xiang Chong; Lived AD 1?–240
Given control of internal military affairs. Died fighting Hanjia barbarians.
Appearances: 91
Xiang Ju; Lifespan Unlisted
Inherited a marquisate following Xian’s abdication, supported petition for Liu Bei to be emperor.
Appearances: 80
Xiang Lang (Juda); Lived AD ?–247
Defended rear flank in the northern campaigns. Friend of Ma Su, didn’t report escape attempt.
Appearances: 63
Xie Xiong; Lifespan Unlisted
Offered his services to Zhuge Liang against Wang Shuang but was cut down.
Appearances: 97
Xu Ci (Rendu); Lifespan Unlisted
Expert in teachings of Zheng Xuan. Argued with Hu Qian, controlled Liu Shan’s harem.
Appearances: 80
Xu Jing (Wenxiu); Lived AD ?–222
Said to be an able critic. Liu Bei didn’t respect him but Liang always bowed to him.
Appearances: 65, 73, 77, 80
Xu Shu (Yuanzhi); Lived c.170–c.232-4
One of Sima Hui’s students. Served Liu Bei, then later, through trickery, Cao Cao.
Appearances: 3539, 41, 48
Xu Yun; Lifespan Unlisted
Participated in Zhuge Liang’s Northern Expedition.
Appearances: 91
Yan Yan; Lived Unknown–
Served Liu Zhang, but surrendered to Zhang Fei after being defeated by him.
Appearances: 6365, 7072, 81, 91
Yan Yu (Wenping); Lived 209–?
A respected figure in Shu, given command of the south. In novel, becomes Huang Hao’s man.
Appearances: 115
Yan Zhi; Lived AD ?–228
Reinforced Liu Bei after Yiling, died at Hanzhong when at service with Zhuge Liang.
Appearances: 97
Yang Hong (Jixiu); Lived AD ?–228
Argued with Li Yan, urged Zhuge Liang to follow orders and raise all forces for Hanzhong.
Appearances: 65, 80, 91
Yang Qun; Lived AD ?–228
Shu officer. Died in the year following Kongming’s occupation of Hanzhong.
Appearances: 97
Yang Yi (Weigong); Lived AD ?–235
Opposed old enemy Wei Yan. Later later stripped of rank for dissensitoius words.
Appearances: 91, 97, 98, 101, 102, 104, 105
Yang Yong (Zizhao); Lived AD ?–235
Rebuked Zhuge Liang for overseeing every aspect of the administration personally.
Appearances: 103
Yin Chun; Lifespan Unlisted
Supported Liu Bei’s claim to become Son of Heaven.
Appearances: 80
Yin Mo (Siqian); Lived AD ?–c.240
Learnt from Sima Hui, had great knowledge of the classics, appointed tutor of Liu Shan.
Appearances: 80, 91
Yin Shang; Lifespan Unlisted
Friend of Jiang Wei in Tianshui. Surrendered Tianshui to Shu, made Prefect of Jicheng.
Appearances: 92, 93
Yong Kai; Lived AD ?–225
Along with Gao Ding and Zhu Bao, rebelled in Southern Yizhou.
Appearances: 86
Yuan Lin; Lifespan Unlisted
Participated in Zhuge Liang’s northern expedition as Foreward General.
Appearances: 91
Zhang Bao; Lifespan Unlisted
Fought against Wei and Wu, killing many generals. Died in the Northern Campaigns.
Appearances: 8185, 87, 9199
Zhang Da; Lived AD ?–221
Officer of Zhang Fei, he was beaten harshly so murdered Zhang Fei then fled to Wu.
Appearances: 81, 83
Zhang Fei (Yide); Lived AD c.167–221
Sworn brother of Liu Bei and Guan Yu. Second of the Five Tiger Generals.
Appearances: 1, 2, 57, 1122, 24, 25, 28, 31, 3443, 45, 4953, 5557, 60, 61, 6365, 6973, 7678, 80, 81, 83, 85, 120
Zhang Jun; Lifespan Unlisted
Sent to pacify the people and spread news of Shu’s surrender.
Appearances: 118
Zhang Nan (Wenjin); Lived ?–222
Commander of the vanguard against Wu, killed in the defeat that followed.
Appearances: 8183, 84, 85
Zhang Ni (Boqi); Lived AD 175–254
Wounded by Wang Shuang. Died rescuing Jiang Wei, suffered from arthritis.
Appearances: 87, 88, 90, 91, 93, 97102, 105, 109, 111
Zhang Shuang; Lifespan Unlisted
Took part in pushing Liu Bei to become emperor.
Appearances: 80
Zhang Song (Yongnian); Lived AD ?–212
Officer of Liu Zhang and Shu. Aided Liu Bei in Ba-Shu. Angered Cao Cao in Sanguo Yanyi.
Appearances: 60, 62, 63
Zhang Yi (Bogong); Lived AD ?–264
Urged Jiang Wei to concentrate on internal affairs. Strict governor, it caused revolt.
Appearances: 64, 65, 71, 80, 81, 8790, 9395, 97, 99103, 109, 110, 113117, 119
Zhang Yi (Junsi); Lived AD 157–230
Looked after affairs when Zhuge Liang was at war. Held hostage by Wu.
Appearances: 91
Zhang Zhu; Lifespan Unlisted
Reported Cao Cao’s arrival at Hanzhong, needed rescuing by Zhao Yun after being wounded.
Appearances: 71
Zhang Zun; Lived AD ?–263
Advised Zhuge Shan not to ride out, killed by Deng Ai’s attack.
Appearances: 117
Zhao Fan; Lifespan Unlisted
Offered his sister-in-law to Zhao Yun, who refused as Yun doubted Fan’s loyalty.
Appearances: 52
Zhao Guang; Lifespan Unlisted
Died during an expedition under Jiang Wei.
Appearances: 97
Zhao Lei; Lived ?–219
Said to be loyal and trust-worthy, he died fighting Wu with Guan Yu and Guan Ping.
Appearances: 73, 76, 77
Zhao Rong; Lifespan Unlisted
Fought at Yiling, in the novel fights in two northern campaigns.
Appearances: 81, 84
Zhao Tong; Lifespan Unlisted
Eldest son of Zhao Yun. Inherited his father’s title.
Appearances: 97
Zhao Yun (Zilong); Lived AD c.168–229
Served Shu. Highly trusted by Liu Bei. Fourth of the Five Tiger Generals.
Appearances: 7, 11, 21, 28, 31, 3436, 3943, 45, 4954, 56, 57, 60, 61, 63, 65, 7073, 77, 80, 81, 8496, 97
Zhao Zhi; Lived Unlisted–
Versed in the Book of Changes. Wei Yan consulted him about a dream.
Appearances: 104
Zhao Zuo; Lifespan Unlisted
Joined in the petition for Liu Bei to become Emperor.
Appearances: 80
Zhou Cang; Lived AD ?–219
Yellow Scarves leader turned subordinate of Guan Yu. Fictional.
Appearances: 28, 31, 49, 63, 65, 66, 74, 77
Zhou Qun (Zhongzhi); Lifespan Unlisted
Predicted the Han’s fall, Liu Biao’s death, success with pain at Hanzhong among others.
Appearances: 65
Zhu Bao; Lived AD ?–225
Rebelled against Shu with Yong Kai and Gao Ding. Killed when Gao Ding defected.
Appearances: 87
Zhuge Jun; Lifespan Unknown
Zhuge Liang’s younger brother, worked his way up in Shu.
Appearances: 3638
Zhuge Liang (Kongming); Lived AD 181–234
Mastermind of Shu’s rise as a great power. Also known as ‘Sleeping Dragon’.
Appearances: 9 [p], 3546, 4857, 6067, 7073, 7682, 84103, 104, 105106, 111, 113, 115117, 119, 120
Zhuge Shang; Lived AD 246–263
Died with his father on the battlefield against Deng Ai at only nineteen years old.
Appearances: 117, 118
Zhuge Zhan (Siyuan); Lived AD 227–263
Zhuge Liang’s son. Died along with his son defending Shu from Deng Ai.
Appearances: 105, 117, 118
Zhuo Ying; Lifespan Unlisted
Sent to reinforce Zhang Ren, surrendered to Zhao Yun when Zhang Ren was captured.
Appearances: 64, 65
Zong Yu (Deyan); Lived c.187–263
Shu official. Sent to Wu to ask about Wu’s increased border guard after Zhuge Liang died.
Appearances: 105

Kingdom of Wu

(Rulers: Sun Jian, Sun Ce, Sun Quan, Sun Liang, Sun Xiu, Sun Hao)

Bian Hong; Lived AD ?–204
Part of Sun Yi’s escort, he assassinated his master after dusk. Executed by his co-conspirators.
Appearances: 38
Bu Chan (Zhongsi); Lived AD 222–272
Served Wu. Bu Zhi’s son. Surrendered his city to Jin. Killed by Lu Kang.
Appearances: 120
Bu Zhi (Zishan); Lived AD 180–247
Served Sun Quan. Accurately predicted Guan Yu’s invasion of Jing.
Appearances: 43, 44, 68, 73, 83
Cai He; Lived ?–208
Cai Mao’s brother. Surrendered to Wu before Chibi, but executed by Zhou Yu.
Appearances: 34, 46, 47, 49
Cai Lin; Lifespan Unknown
Officer of Zhuge Ke, he defected to Wei with his entire company at Xincheng.
Appearances: 108
Cai Zhong; Lived AD ?–208
Cai Mao’s cousin. Surrendered to Wu before Chibi, but was killed by Gan Ning.
Appearances: 34, 46, 47, 49, 50
Cen Hun; Lived AD ?–280
Eunuch and favourite of Sun Hao, he was killed and eaten by palace officials.
Appearances: 120
Chen Wu (Zilie); Lived AD 1?–215
Served Sun Ce as Commandant. Surrounded at Hefei and fought to his death.
Appearances: 15, 49, 51, 55, 61, 67, 68
Cheng Bing (Deshu); Lived c.172–c.225
Advisor to Sun Quan. Sent as diplomat, with Zhang Fei’s head, to Liu Bei at Yiling.
Appearances: 38, 43, 83
Cheng Pu (Demou); Lived AD ?–c.210
Served three generations of the Sun family. From Tuyin in Youbeiping.
Appearances: 57, 15, 29, 39, 44, 45, 4953, 56, 67, 75
Cheng Zi; Lifespan Unlisted
Son of Cheng Pu, went instead of his father to the war meeting at Chi Bi.
Appearances: 44
Chunyu Dan; Lived Unknown–
Sent by Lu Xun to test Liu Bei’s encampments. Is defeated and wounded.
Appearances: 84
Cui Yu; Lifespan Unlisted
Went to Sun Huan’s aid instead of Zhu Ran but was captured and executed.
Appearances: 82
Da Qiao; Lifespan Unknown
Elder of Wu’s Qiao Sisters. Sister to Xiao Qiao. Married to Sun Ce.
Appearances: 29, 44, 48, 54
Dai Yuan; Lived AD ?–204
Killed Sun Yi, Bian Hong and Sun He before he was assassinated.
Appearances: 38
Deng Cheng; Lifespan Unlisted
Received the royal seal of the deposed Sun Liang.
Appearances: 113
Ding Feng (Chengyuan); Lived AD ?–271
Famous Wu officer, assassinated Sun Chen with Zhang Bu. Defeated Wei at Dongxing.
Appearances: 38, 44, 49, 51, 55, 56, 75, 76, 83, 84, 86, 108, 117, 119, 120
Ding Feng; Lifespan Unknown
Served Sun Xiu under Ding Feng with Sun Yi. Dispatched to aid Zhuge Zhan.
Appearances: 117
Dong Chao; Lifespan Unlisted
Sent as Imperial Envoy to request Sun Xiu take the throne.
Appearances: 113
Dong Xi (Yuandai); Lived AD ?–217
Historically killed two generals, drowned with his ship, refusing pleas to leave it.
Appearances: 15, 38, 53, 67, 68
Du Lu; Lifespan Unlisted
General at Yiling, cornered by Lu Xun’s forces and surrendered.
Appearances: 82
Empress Quan; Lived AD ?–c.301
Described as sensitive and beautiful, she was Sun Liang’s empress.
Appearances: 113
Fan Jiang; Lifespan Unlisted
Assassinated Zhang Fei with Zhang Da and then fled to Wu.
Appearances: 81, 83
Fu Shiren (Junyi); Lived ?–222
Persuaded by Lü Meng to betray Guan Yu. Killed by Guan Xing after trying to return to Shu.
Appearances: 73, 75, 76, 83
Fu Ying; Lifespan Unlisted
General of Sun Yi, avenged his master’s murder by killing Gui Lan.
Appearances: 38
Gan Ning (Xingba); Lived AD 175–c.219
Known to be brave and strong. Served Huang Zu, then Wu. Died of illness.
Appearances: 38, 39, 4547, 4951, 53, 56, 6668, 82, 83
Gan Xiu; Lifespan Unlisted
Old man who warned Sun Xiu to “move faster, for things may change swiftly.”
Appearances: 113
Ge Ding; Lived AD ?–208
Served Taishi Ci, tried to kill Zhang Liao but was caught by Li Dian.
Appearances: 53
Gu Li (A-li); Lifespan Unlisted
Bodyguard, helped Sun Quan across a broken bridge at Hefei. Admired by Sun Quan.
Appearances: 67
Gu Yong (Yuantan); Lived AD 168–243
Studied under Cai Yong. Convinced to join Wu by Zhang Hong. Became Prime Minister.
Appearances: 29, 38, 43, 44, 56, 61, 65, 68, 73, 82, 83, 86, 96, 98
Gui Lan; Lived AD ?–204
Killed Sun Yi, Bian Hong and Sun He before he was executed by Sun Yi’s officials.
Appearances: 38
Han Dang (Yigong); Lived AD c.156–227
Veteran general in service to the Sun family. Served three generations.
Appearances: 57, 15, 29, 44, 45, 4851, 55, 61, 67, 75, 76, 8284
Han Zong; Lifespan Unlisted
Sent by Hu Zun to attack Wu forts but was killed in a raid by Ding Feng.
Appearances: 108
He Zhi; Lifespan Unknown
Grandson of He Qi. Son of He Da. Sun Hao’s Minister of the Interior.
Appearances: 120
Hu Chong; Lived AD c.210–?
Persuaded Sun Hao not to commit suicide but to surrender to Jin instead.
Appearances: 120
Hua He (Yongxian); Lived AD ?–276
Told Sun Hao not to attack but to gain the love of the people. Left court bemoaning Wu’s fate.
Appearances: 119, 120
Hua Xin (Ziyu); Lived AD 157–231
Head of “The Dragon”, a group of three scholars. Promoted Emperor Xian’s abdication.
Appearances: 29, 56, 66, 69, 78, 79, 80, 91, 94, 99
Huan Jie (Boxu); Lived AD ?–c.223
Negotiated the return of Sun Jian’s body. Involved with Xian’s abdication.
Appearances: 7, 8, 79, 80
Huan Yi; Lifespan Unlisted
Killed by Sun Chen for claiming that Sun Liang should not be deposed.
Appearances: 113
Huang Gai (Gongfu); Lived AD c.145–c.208
Veteran general in Wu. Came up with the “Bitter Meat Plan” for Chibi.
Appearances: 57, 15, 43, 44, 46, 47, 49, 50, 55, 67
Jia Hua; Lifespan Unlisted
Officer of Wu. Guarded Sun Quan at the battle of Hefei.
Appearances: 53, 54
Jiang Qin (Gongyi); Lived AD 168–219
Led the volunteer forces that joined Sun Ce in the battle of Qu’e.
Appearances: 15, 44, 45, 49, 51, 56, 67, 68, 75, 76
Jiang Yan; Lifespan Unlisted
Warned Zhuge Ke not to attack Wei due to white mist and was stripped of rank.
Appearances: 108
Jiao Yi; Lifespan Unlisted
Advisor of Zhuge Dan, slipped over the walls and surrendered to Wei.
Appearances: 112
Kan Ze (Derun); Lifespan Unlisted
Delivered Huang Gai’s false letter of defection to Cao Cao.
Appearances: 38, 46, 47, 49, 66, 83
Lady Pan; Lived AD ?–253
Wife of Sun Quan, the Lord of Wu. Was a native of Juzhang in Kuaiji.
Appearances: 108
Lady Sun; Lifespan Unlisted
Quan Shang told her of Sun Liang’s plot against Sun Chen. She warned Chen.
Appearances: 113
Lady Sun [Sun Shangxiang]; Lived AD c.189–?
Sun Quan’s sister. Married to Liu Bei by Sun Quan, but later returned to Wu.
Appearances: 7, 5456, 61, 77, 82, 83, 84
Lady Wang; Lifespan Unlisted
Second only to Madam Bu, Sun Luban slandered her to death.
Appearances: 108
Lady Wu; Lived AD ?–202
Mother of Sun Quan and Sun Ce. Wife to Sun Jian. Endorsed marriage of lady Sun.
Appearances: 7, 29, 38, 54, 55, 61
Lady Xu; Lifespan Unknown
Wife of Sun Quan, the Lord of Wu. Was a native of Fuchun in Wu Commandary.
Appearances: 108
Lady Xu; Lived Unlisted–
Wife of Sun Yi, versed in the Book of Changes. Helped avenge her husband’s murder.
Appearances: 38
Li Yi; Lifespan Unknown
General of Sun Huan. Slain by Guan Xing in the novel.
Appearances: 82
Ling Cao; Lived AD ?–203
Served Wu. Was killed in one of Gan Ning’s arrow attacks fighting Huang Zu.
Appearances: 15, 38, 39
Ling Tong (Gongji); Lived AD 189–217
Served Wu. Resented Gan Ning for killing his father, Ling Cao, but later forgave him.
Appearances: 38, 39, 44, 4951, 53, 56, 67, 68, 8284
Liu Cheng; Lifespan Unlisted
Guarded the gates of the palace. Executed by Sun Chen for taking part in Sun Liang’s plot.
Appearances: 113
Liu Lüe; Lifespan Unlisted
General under Zhuge Ke, defended against Wei.
Appearances: 108
Liu Ning; Lifespan Unlisted
Participated in Liu Bei’s attack on Wu, but was defeated and surrendered.
Appearances: 82
Liu Ping; Lifespan Unlisted
Officer of Wu. Was executed by Sun Hao for objecting to his cruelty.
Appearances: 120
Liu Zan (Zhengming); Lifespan Unlisted
Father of Liu Lue. Marched to meet Wei’s invasion on Zhuge Ke’s orders.
Appearances: 108
Liu Zhang (Jiyu); Lived AD ?–219
Son of Liu Yan. Governed Ba-shu before Liu Bei took his kingdom out from under his feet.
Appearances: 16, 21, 38, 54, 56, 57, 5965
Lou Xuan (Chengxian); Lifespan Unlisted
Executed for rebuking Sun Hao about his tyranny.
Appearances: 120
Lü Ba; Lifespan Unlisted
Son of Lü Meng, was given hereditary nobility.
Appearances: 77
Lü Dai (Dinggong); Lived AD 161–256
General of Wu. Executed the last vestiges of the Shi clan in Jiao province.
Appearances: 108
Lü Fan (Ziheng); Lived AD ?–228
Was an aide to Yuan Shu, but left for Sun Ce. Suggested Lady Sun’s marriage.
Appearances: 15, 29, 44, 54, 76, 77, 85
Lu Ji (Gongji); Lived AD 188–219
During his youth, he was said to have stolen an orange from Yuan Shu to give to his mother.
Appearances: 38, 43
Lu Jing (Shiren); Lived AD 249–280
The second son of Lu Kang and Wu Grand Admiral. Died in battle with Jin forces.
Appearances: 120
Lü Ju (Shiyi); Lived AD ?–256
Second son of Lü Fan and an officer of Wu. Killed by Sun Chen.
Appearances: 108, 111, 113
Lu Kai (Jingfeng); Lived AD 198–269
Together with Wan Yu, shared the responsibility of Prime Minister under Sun Hao.
Appearances: 120
Lu Kang (Youjie); Lived AD 226–274
Lu Xun’s second son. Known to be as capable a commander as his father.
Appearances: 119, 120
Lü Meng (Ziming); Lived AD 178–220
Served Wu. Originally a skilled warrior, turned out to be a scholar as well.
Appearances: 38, 44, 4951, 56, 61, 6668, 73, 75, 76, 77, 82, 83, 103, 110
Lu Su (Zijing); Lived AD 172–217
Brilliant and insightful Wu commander. Was ambassador to Shu.
Appearances: 29, 39, 4249, 5154, 5658, 66, 67, 69
Lu Xun (Boyan); Lived AD 183–245
Famous and brilliant Wu commander that defeated Liu Bei at Yiling.
Appearances: 38, 44, 49, 50, 53, 68, 75, 8387, 9698, 102, 103, 108, 119
Luo Tong (Gongxu); Lived AD 193–228
Vassal of Sun Quan, famed for being a poor yet honourable man, loyal to his step mother.
Appearances: 38, 43
Ma Zhong; Lived AD ?–222
Captured Guan Yu and Guan Ping. Executed to satiate Liu Bei in the novel.
Appearances: 77, 81, 83
Meng Zong (Gongwu); Lived AD ?–271
One of the 24 paragons of filial piety, almost executed for leaving post to attend funeral.
Appearances: 113
Mi Fang (Zifang); Lived Unknown–
Mi Zhu’s brother. Served all three kingdoms. Surrendered to Wu after threat of punishment from Guan Yu.
Appearances: 18, 22, 28, 31, 3941, 49, 63, 65, 73, 75, 76, 81, 83
Pan Jun (Chengming); Lived AD ?–240
Began his career under Liu Biao then Liu Bei. After Guan Yu’s death, served in Wu.
Appearances: 73, 75
Pan Zhang (Wengui); Lived AD 171–234
Served Wu. Led the forces which captured Guan Yu and his son, Guan Ping.
Appearances: 38, 44, 49, MR:50, 51, 55, 61, 67, 75, 77, 81, 82, 83
Puyang Xing (Ziyuan); Lived AD ?–265
Supported Sun Hao after Sun Xiu died, helping to elevate him to Emperor.
Appearances: 120
Qiao Xuan (Gongzu); Lived AD 110–184
Recognised Cao Cao’s talent and predicted Han would collapse. Noble offical.
Appearances: 1, 44, 48, 54
Quan Cong (Zihuang); Lived AD ?–249
Son of Quan Rou and son-in-law of Sun Quan. Served Wu as general and advisor.
Appearances: 96, 105
Quan Duan; Lifespan Unlisted
Defended Shouchun during Zhuge Dan’s rebellion, but surrendered to Wei.
Appearances: 111, 112
Quan Yi; Lifespan Unlisted
Tries to cut way into Shouchun but sees defeat is inevitable. Defects and persuades family to do so.
Appearances: 112
Quan Ji; Lived AD ?–258
Brother-in-law of Sun Liang. Ordered to kill Sun Chen by Sun Liang, but was executed.
Appearances: 113
Quan Shang; Lifespan Unlisted
Father of Quan Ji. Was killed after his wife revealed his son’s plot against Sun Chen.
Appearances: 113
Quan Wei; Lifespan Unlisted
Quan Duan’s son. Aided Zhuge Dan’s rebellion, but had to surrender.
Appearances: 112
Quan Yi; Lifespan Unlisted
Quan Cong’s son. Sent to aid Zhuge Dan’s rebellion, but surrendered to Wei.
Appearances: 108, 111, 112
Shang Guang; Lifespan Unlisted
Soothsayer who predicted Sun Hao would conquer Jin.
Appearances: 120
Shen Ying; Lived AD ?–c.280
General of the Left under Sun Hao who was slain during Jin’s conquest of Wu.
Appearances: 120
Shi Ji; Lived AD ?–221
Sent out by Pan Zhang to duel Huang Zhong but was killed.
Appearances: 83
Shi Shuo; Lifespan Unlisted
Imperial Guard under Sun Xiu who reported Sun Chen’s rebellion.
Appearances: 113
Song Qian; Lifespan Unlisted
Served Wu. In the novel, is killed by Li Dian at Hefei, but historically fights at Yiling.
Appearances: 53
Su Fei; Lifespan Unlisted
Convinced Gan Ning to leave Huang Zu and join Sun Quan.
Appearances: 38, 39
Sun Ce (Bofu); Lived AD 175–200
Sun Jian’s oldest son. Built the foundation of the Wu kingdom.
Appearances: 7, 8, 1518, 21, 28, 29, 38, 42, 44, 48, 57, 68, 82, 83, 97, 120
Sun Chen (Zitong); Lived AD 231–258
Executed a number of Wu officials and abused his authority, deposed Sun Liang.
Appearances: 111, 112, 113
Sun Deng (Zigao); Lived AD 209–241
Set to be Quan’s successor, but died young. Kind and sought out goodness.
Appearances: 98, 108
Sun En; Lifespan Unlisted
Relative of Sun Chen, he was sent to escort Sun Xiu to take the throne.
Appearances: 113
Sun Gan; Lifespan Unlisted
Got rank thanks to Sun Chen and was executed when Chen was killed.
Appearances: 113
Sun Gao; Lifespan Unknown
Old general of Sun Yi, avenged the death of his master.
Appearances: 38
Sun Hao (Yuanzong); Lived AD 242–283
Last Emperor of Wu. Destroyed the country through tyranical rule and wasteful projects.
Appearances: 113, 120
Sun He (Zixiao); Lifespan Unlisted
Heir to Sun Quan but quarrelled with his brother Sun Ba. Dismissed by his father.
Appearances: 108, 120
Sun He (Bohai); Lived AD ?–204
Investigated Sun Yi’s death but was assassinated. Adopted into Yu clan by Sun Jian.
Appearances: 82
Sun Huan (Shuwu); Lived AD 196–?
Part of invasion of Jing. Trapped at Yiling, he holds out until Lu Xun achieves victory.
Appearances: 8284
Sun Ji; Lifespan Unlisted
Officer of Wu. Took over Lu Kang’s position when Kang was removed from office.
Appearances: 120
Sun Jian (Wentai); Lived AD 155–192
Father of Sun Ce, Sun Quan, and the kingdom of Wu.
Appearances: 2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 15, 21, 39, 42, 46, 82, 120
Sun Jiao (Shulang); Lived c.180–219
Held off Cao Cao’s forces at Ruxukou. A generous and honourable man.
Appearances: 75
Sun Jing (Youtai); Lifespan Unlisted
Raised up the troops that would be Jian’s personal guard. Helped defeat Wang Lang.
Appearances: 7, 15, 29, 39, 75, 108
Sun Ju; Lifespan Unlisted
Held high office due to being related to Sun Chen.
Appearances: 113
Sun Jun (Ziyuan); Lived AD 218–256
Joined Teng Yin in assassinating Zhuge Ke, later controlled the court.
Appearances: 108, 110, 111, 113
Sun Kai; Lifespan Unlisted
Relative of Sun Chen, sent as Imperial Envoy to Sun Xiu.
Appearances: 113
Sun Kuang (Jizuo); Lived AD c.185–c.205
Married daughter of Cao Ren, died at twenty without having held office.
Appearances: 7, 29
Sun Lang (Zaoan); Lifespan Unknown
The fifth son of Sun Jian. Led a command at Dongkou but accidentally burned his own camp.
Appearances: 7
Sun Liang (Ziming); Lived AD 243–260
Became Emperor, but was dethroned by Sun Chen after failed attempt to remove Chen.
Appearances: 108, 111, 113
Sun Luban (Dahu); Lifespan Unknown
Lover of Sun Jun. Caused deaths of Lady Wang, Princess Zhu and Sun He.
Appearances: 108
Sun Quan (Zhongmou); Lived AD 182–252
Sun Jian’s second son. Sun Ce’s brother. Long-lived first Emperor of Wu.
Appearances: 7, 15, 29, 31, 34, 3840, 4247, 4958, 6063, 6568, 73, 7588, 9699, 102, 103, 105, 106, 108, 110, 120
Sun Shao (Gongli); Lived AD 188–241
Disobeyed Xu Sheng to fool opposing Wei forces. Maintained strong defense against Wei.
Appearances: 7, 86, 102
Sun Wan; Lifespan Unlisted
Son of Sun Xiu, and intended heir. Puyang Xiang and Zhang Bu enthroned Sun Hao.
Appearances: 120
Sun Xin; Lived ?–280
In command of navy, lured out by Du Yu. Met the attack of Zhou Zhi but was killed.
Appearances: 120
Sun Xiu; Lifespan Unlisted
Surrendered to Jin and served as Cavalry General. Wept at the fall of Wu.
Appearances: 120
Sun Xiu (Zilie); Lived AD 235–264
Overthrew Sun Chen but neglected state affairs. Wish for heirship ignored.
Appearances: 113, 117119, 120
Sun Yi; Lifespan Unlisted
Was sent to aid Jiang Wei during the fall of Shu but was too late.
Appearances: 117, 119
Sun Yi (Shubi); Lived AD 183–203
Once a rival to Sun Quan. Assassinated by Bian Hong and others at a banquet.
Appearances: 7, 38
Sun Yu; Lifespan Unlisted
Brother of Sun Quan, is used to support Zhou Yu’s attack on Liu Zhang.
Appearances: 57
Sun Yu (Zhongyi); Lived AD 176–215
Served Wu. Sun Jing’s second son and cousin to Sun Quan.
Appearances: 57
Taishi Ci (Ziyi); Lived AD 166–206
Served Liu Yao, then Wu. Helped save Kong Rong from the Yellow Scarves.
Appearances: 11, 15, 44, 45, 49, 50, 53
Taishi Xiang (Yuanfu); Lifespan Unlisted
Held various posts in Wu. In novel, looked after by Quan after Ci’s death.
Appearances: 53
Tan Xiong; Lifespan Unlisted
General of Sun Huan. Fights at Yiling, wounds Zhang Bao’s horse.
Appearances: 82
Tang Zi; Lifespan Unlisted
Served Wu then surrendered to Wei. Collected ships for Zhong Hui.
Appearances: 108, 111, 112, 115
Tao Jun; Lifespan Unlisted
A general of Wu. During Jin’s invasion, sent to meet the invading Jin forces.
Appearances: 120
Teng Yin (Chengsi); Lived AD c.203–256
Minister of Wu. Argued to Sun Jun that Zhuge Ke should be put to death.
Appearances: 108, 111, 113
Wan Yu; Lifespan Unlisted
Advised Puyang Xing to make Sun Hao Emperor after Sun Xiu’s death.
Appearances: 120
Wang Dun; Lived AD ?–256
Minister of Wu who was executed by Sun Chen.
Appearances: 111, 113
Wei Miao; Lifespan Unlisted
Helped Sun Xiu against Sun Chen, warning the Wu ruler of the danger he was in.
Appearances: 113
Wu Can (Kongxiu); Lived AD 187–248
Was promoted into office by Sun He. Helped to pacify the Shanyue.
Appearances: 38
Wu Guotai [Lady Wu]; Lived Unknown–
Fictional sister to Lady Wu, wife to Sun Jian. Mother figure to Sun Quan and Lady Sun after Lady Wu’s death.
Appearances: 7, 43, 44
Wu Jing; Lived ?–203
Lady Wu’s younger brother. Served Sun Jian, then Yuan Shu, then Sun Ce.
Appearances: 15, 38
Wu Yan; Lived AD ?–280
General of the Flying Cavalry, fled when his position was untenable. Du Yu executed him.
Appearances: 120
Wu Yan (Shize); Lived Unknown–
Held out in his city of Jianping until Sun Hao surrendered.
Appearances: 120
Xia Xun; Lifespan Unlisted
Marching General under Han Dang, was scared by Zhang Bao and unhorsed.
Appearances: 83
Xiao Qiao; Lifespan Unknown
Younger of Wu’s Qiao Sisters. Sister to Da Qiao. Married to Zhou Yu.
Appearances: 44, 48, 54, 56, 57
Xie Jing; Lived AD ?–222
Duels Zhang Bao for 40 bouts before retreating. Described as brave, killed by Zhang Bao.
Appearances: 82
Xu Gong; Lived ?–200
Prefect of Wu Territory. Executed by Sun Ce for having relations with Cao Cao.
Appearances: 29
Xu Sheng (Wenxiang); Lived AD ?–c.225
Served in Chibi and Wu’s invasions into Wei. Tricked Cao Pi with a fake wall.
Appearances: 38, 49, 51, 55, 56, 67, 68, 75, 76, 8284, 86, 96
Xu An; Lived AD ?–238
Sent to bribe Gongsun Yuan to Wu’s side, he was executed by the ruler to appease Wei.
Appearances: 106
Xue Rong; Lifespan Unlisted
Suggested that Sun Hao should follow the example of Liu Shan and surrender.
Appearances: 120
Xue Xu; Lifespan Unlisted
An envoy to Shu, warned Sun Xiu that Shu was doomed. Led armies against Jin.
Appearances: 113
Xue Zong (Jingwen); Lived AD ?–243
Took part in conquering Vietnam, skilled in debate and composition.
Appearances: 38, 43
Yan Jun (Mancai); Lived AD ?–219
Refused appointment as Lu Su’s successor. He was unable to ride a horse.
Appearances: 38, 43
Yong Kai; Lived AD ?–225
Along with Gao Ding and Zhu Bao, rebelled in Southern Yizhou.
Appearances: 86
Yu Fan (Zhongxiang); Lived AD ?–223
Advisor to Wang Lang. Surrendered to Sun Ce. Convinced Mi Fang, Fu Shiren to defect to Wu.
Appearances: 15, 29, 43, 75
Yu Quan; Lived AD ?–254
Served as commander in Wu during Sun Liang’s reign. Helped support Zhuge Dan.
Appearances: 111, 112
Zhang Bu; Lived AD ?–264
With Puyang Xing, enthroned Sun Hao over Wen. Executed Sun Chen with Ding Feng.
Appearances: 113, 120
Zhang Cheng (Zhongsi); Lived AD 178–244
Friend of Zhuge Jin among others. Sent with Sun Shao to Guangling to capture Huaiyang.
Appearances: 102
Zhang Da; Lived AD ?–221
Officer of Zhang Fei, he was beaten harshly so murdered Zhang Fei then fled to Wu.
Appearances: 81, 83
Zhang Hong (Zigang); Lived AD 153–229
Minister who served Wu. Suggested changing the capital to Sun Quan.
Appearances: 15, 29, 38, 44, 53, 61
Zhang Mi; Lifespan Unlisted
Envoy to Gongsun Yuan, an idea Zhang Zhao protested against, executed by Yuan.
Appearances: 106
Zhang Ti (Juxian); Lived AD ?–280
Wu’s last Prime Minister. Refused surrender to Jin and marched out to die on the battlefield.
Appearances: 120
Zhang Wen (Huishu); Lived AD ?–230
Was an admired man of moral quality, sacked for recommending an overzealous friend.
Appearances: 38, 43, 86
Zhang Xiang; Lifespan Unlisted
Wu Leader of the Van who surrendered to Jin.
Appearances: 120
Zhang Xiu (Shusi); Lived AD 205–245
Advised Sun Deng with Zhuge Ke, Gu Tan, and Chen Biao. Lost faction struggle.
Appearances: 98
Zhang Yue; Lived AD ?–253
Officer who served in Zhuge Ke’s personal police force. Killed by Sun Jun.
Appearances: 108
Zhang Zhao (Zibu); Lived AD 156–236
Served Wu. Highly trusted internal administrator.
Appearances: 15, 17, 29, 38, 39, 4346, 53, 55, 61, 62, 6568, 73, 75, 77, 82, 83, 86, 98
Zhao Zi (Dedu); Lifespan Unlisted
A man of wide learning, he was sent to offer thanks for Quan being made king, using it as an occasion to praise Wu.
Appearances: 82
Zhou Fang (Ziyu); Lived AD ?–c.260
Trapped Cao Xiu, allowing the Wu army to score a great victory.
Appearances: 96
Zhou Ping; Lived AD ?–221
Went to aid Xia Xun but was disconcerted by his death and slain by Guan Xing.
Appearances: 83
Zhou Shan; Lifespan Unlisted
Took part in the kidnap plot against Liu Shan and Lady Sun but was killed by Zhang Fei.
Appearances: 61
Zhou Tai (Youping); Lived AD 163–225
Wu officer who Saved Sun Quan’s life, and was loved dearly in return.
Appearances: 15, 44, 48, 4951, 55, 61, 67, 68, 75, 76, 78, 8284
Zhou Xun; Lived Unknown–
The eldest son of Zhou Yu. Said to have inherited his father’s ability, but died at age 17.
Appearances: 57
Zhou Yin; Lived AD ?–239
The second son of Zhou Yu. Exiled for misdeeds, later pardoned.
Appearances: 57
Zhou Yu (Gongjin); Lived AD 175–210
Skilled war commander of Wu. Commanded Wu forces at the Battle of Chibi.
Appearances: 15, 29, 38, 39, 4356, 57, 60, 75, 77, 8284
Zhu En; Lifespan Unknown
Officer who served in Zhuge Ke’s personal police force.
Appearances: 108
Zhu Huan (Xiumu); Lived AD 176–238
Possibly a little mad, murdered the servants of Quan Yi. Destroyed Cao Ren at Ruxu.
Appearances: 38, 85, 96
Zhu Ran (Yifeng); Lived AD 182–249
Served Wu. Was the son of Zhu Zhi’s sister. Studied together with Sun Quan.
Appearances: 82, 84
Zhu Yi (Jiwen); Lived AD ?–257
A general of Wu and the son of Zhu Huan. Executed by Sun Chen for numerous defeats.
Appearances: 111, 112
Zhu Zhi (Junli); Lived AD 156–234
Served through three generations of the Sun family. Magistrate in Wu County.
Appearances: 15, 44
Zhuge Jin (Ziyu); Lived AD 174–241
Zhuge Liang’s older brother in service to Wu. Highly trusted by Sun Quan.
Appearances: 29, 37, 4245, 53, 66, 67, 73, 76, 81, 82, 85, 96, 98, 102, 103, 108
Zhuge Jing (Zhongsi); Lifespan Unlisted
Sent to Wu as a hostage, he became a prominent commander under Sun Hao.
Appearances: 111
Zhuge Ke (Yuanxun); Lived AD ?–253
Served Wu as Imperial Guardian. Son of Zhuge Jin. Murdered by Sun Jun.
Appearances: 98, 108, 113
Zhuge Jing (Zhongsi); Lifespan Unlisted
Discusses plans of defence but on seeing Jin army, runs away weeping.
Appearances: 120
Zu Lang; Lifespan Unknown
Chieftain of Danyang. Defeated Sun Ce but later joined his army.
Appearances: MR:15
Zu Mao (Darong); Lived Unlisted–
One of Sun Jian’s first four commanders. Tricked Hua Xiong in order to save Sun Jian’s life.
Appearances: 5
Zuo Xian; Lifespan Unlisted
Reminds Sun Quan of how well Cao Cao treated Guan Yu, to no avail.
Appearances: 77

Other Kingdoms

(Rulers: Yuan Shao, Yuan Shu, Liu Biao, Liu Zheng, Dong Zhuo, etc.)

Ahuinan ; Lived AD ?–225
Served and executed by Meng Huo. Marshal of the Third Cave. Captured by Zhang Yi.
Appearances: 87, 88
Bao Long; Lived AD ?–209
Served Zhao Fan. Fell two tigers with a few arrows. Executed by Zhao Yun.
Appearances: 52
Bao Zhong; Lived AD ?–190
Served Bao Xin, his brother. Died in battle with Hua Xiong.
Appearances: 5
Bei Yan; Lived AD ?–238
Served Gongsun Yuan. Defeated by Sima Yi. In novel, fell in a duel against Xiahou Ba.
Appearances: 106
Bian Rang (Wenli); Lived AD ?–195
Governor of Jiujiang. Killed by Xiahou Dun reinforcing Tao Qian against Cao Cao.
Appearances: 10, 22
Cai Yong (Bojie); Lived AD c.135–192
Advised Emperor Ling’s court. Hated the eunuchs. Died honoring Dong Zhuo.
Appearances: 1, 3, 4, 9, 29, 40, 71
Cao Jie (Yuanwei); Lived AD ?–181
The Chief of the Ten Regular Attendants under Emperors Huan and Ling of Han.
Appearances: 1, 3
Cao Teng (Jixing); Lifespan Unknown
Adopted Cao Song (formerly Xiahou), father of Cao Cao, into the Cao family. Eunuch.
Appearances: 1, 22
Cao Xing; Lived ?–196
Slain by Xiahou Dun in battle, who lost an eye to the archery of this man.
Appearances: 11, 12, 18
Ce Xian; Lifespan Unlisted
Xiongnu, he married Cai Yan after his tribe attacked Chang An.
Appearances: 33
Cen Bi; Lived AD ?–203
Tried to taunt Yuan Shang into a duel but got Lü Kuang instead and was soon killed.
Appearances: 32
Cen Zhi (Gongxiao); Lifespan Unknown
One of the Eight Paragons of Jiangxia. From Nanyang.
Appearances: 6
Chen Dan (Hangong); Lived AD ?–185
Loyal Minister that, due to slander by the eunuchs, was arrested and died in jail.
Appearances: 2
Chen Fan; Lived ?–168
Served Emperor Ling of Han as Imperial Guardian. Died opposing the eunuchs.
Appearances: 1, 2
Chen Heng; Lived AD ?–195
Van leader with Xue Li under Liu Yao. Shot by Jiang Qin when ambushed by Sun Ce.
Appearances: 15
Chen Ji; Lived AD ?–197
Served Yuan Shu guarding Shouchun, but died after his defeat there by Cao Cao.
Appearances: 17
Chen Jiu; Lived AD ?–208
Chief Controller, led Huang Zu’s navy but was killed by Lü Meng.
Appearances: 38
Chen Lan; Lived AD ?–209
Serves Yuan Shu, then later joined the Songshan Bandits with Lei Bo.
Appearances: 1517, 21
Chen Sheng; Lived AD ?–191
Rode out aid the exhausted Zhang Hu but was shot in the face by Sun Jian.
Appearances: 7
Chen Sun; Lived AD ?–207
Began pillaging the people of Jiangxia. Zhang Fei killed him in one blow.
Appearances: 34
Chen Wei; Lifespan Unknown
Served Han as High Minister. Advisor to Li Ying. Mocked in jest by young Kong Rong.
Appearances: 11
Chen Xiang (Zhonglin); Lifespan Unknown
One of the Eight Paragons of Jiangxia. From Runan.
Appearances: 6
Chen Ying; Lived ?–209
Officer of Zhao Fan. Fought with Zhao Yun, but was later executed by him.
Appearances: 52
Chen Yuan; Lifespan Unknown
Officer of Yang Hu, advised against drinking wine sent by Lu Kang.
Appearances: 120
Cheng Kuang; Lived ?–189
One of the Ten Regular Attendants. Killed by Yuan Shao and Cao Cao.
Appearances: 1, 3
Cheng Lian; Lived AD ?–198
General noted for his courage under Lü Bu. In novel, killed by Yue Jin.
Appearances: 11, 12
Cheng Yi; Lived ?–211
One of Han Sui’s Eight Knights. Attacked Chang’an with Ma Chao. Killed by Xiahou Yuan.
Appearances: 58
Cheng Yuanzhi; Lived ?–184
Served Yellow Scarves as a chieftain. Killed by Guan Yu.
Appearances: 1
Chong Fu (Yingbo); Lived AD ?–191
Served Han as Minister of Ritual. Killed by Li Jue and Guo Si’s troops.
Appearances: 9
Chong Ji; Lived AD ?–201
Served Han as Changshui Commandant. Friend of Dong Cheng. Executed by Cao Cao.
Appearances: 20, 21, 23, 24
Chong Shao (Shenfu); Lived ?–194
Han Court Counsellor. Helped Ma Teng and Han Sui. Killed by Li Jue and Guo Si.
Appearances: 10
Chunyu Qiong (Zhongjian); Lived AD 146–200
Served Yuan Shao. Mutilated by Cao Cao after failing Yuan Shao at Guandu.
Appearances: 3, 22, 30
Cui Lie (Weikao); Lived AD ?–191
Commandant of the Capital Gates. Cui Yi’s brother. Killed by Li Jue and Guo Si’s troops.
Appearances: 3, 9
Cui Yi; Lifespan Unknown
Served Han under Emperor Ling. Cui Lie’s brother.
Appearances: 3
Cui Yong; Lifespan Unknown
Served Guo Si. Killed by Xu Huang after taunting Yang Feng.
Appearances: 13
Cui Jun (Zhouping); Lifespan Unknown
One of Zhuge Liang’s close childhood friends. Friend of Xu Shu as well. From Boling.
Appearances: 37, 113
Dailaidongzhu ; Lifespan Unknown
Younger brother of Zhurong. Participated in the battle against Zhuge Liang.
Appearances: 90
Deng Long; Lifespan Unlisted
Attempted to attack Zhou Yu at Chaisang, Deng Long was defeated and captured.
Appearances: 38
Deng Mao; Lived ?–184
Served Yellow Scarves under Cheng Yuanzhi. Killed by Zhang Fei.
Appearances: 1
Deng Yu (Zhonghua); Lived 2–58
Han Dynasty general and statesman. Major contributor to Emperor Guangwu’s effort to reestablish the Han.
Appearances: 43, 85, 106
Diaochan [Sable Cicada]; Lived AD c.173/6–?
Wang Yun’s adopted daughter. Helped to kill Dong Zhuo. Fictional.
Appearances: 8, 9, 16, 19
Ding Guan; Lifespan Unknown
Served Han as Imperial Secretary. Opposed Dong Zhuo’s change of Emperors.
Appearances: 4
Ding Yuan (Jianyang); Lived AD ?–189
An excellent horseman and archer, assassinated by Lü Bu on Dong Zhuo’s orders.
Appearances: 3
Dong Chong; Lived AD ?–189
Served Han as General of the Flying Cavalry. Lady Dong’s brother.
Appearances: 2
Dong Huang; Lived AD ?–192
Privy Counsellor under Dong Zhuo. Dong Zhuo’s nephew. Killed by Huangfu Song.
Appearances: 8, 9
Dong Min (Shuyin); Lived AD ?–192
Served Dong Zhuo as Lord of Hu. Dong Zhuo’s brother. Killed by Huangfu Song.
Appearances: 3, 8, 9
Dong Zhuo (Zhongying); Lived AD ?–192
Siezed control of Luoyang and the Han government before being killed by Lü Bu.
Appearances: 18, 9, 1011, 13, 15, 19, 20, 22, 24, 30, 33, 38, 44, 56, 73, 93, 109, 120
Dongtuna ; Lifespan Unknown
Fought against Zhao Yun and Wei Yan. Captured by Zhang Ni.
Appearances: 87, 88
Dou Wu; Lived ?–168
Served Emperor Ling of Han as Regent-Marshal. Died opposing the eunuchs.
Appearances: 1, 2
Du Yuan; Lived AD ?–200
Found Liu Bei’s wives but when he refused to let them go, Liao Hua killed him.
Appearances: 27
Duan Gui (Ziyin); Lived AD ?–189
One of the Ten Regular Attendants. Killed by Min Gong searching for Emperor Ling.
Appearances: 1, 2, 3
Ehe Shaoge; Lifespan Unlisted
Sent with Chen Tai, he was tricked and fell into a pit. Committed suicide.
Appearances: 109
Emperor Guangwu [Liu Xiu]; Lived 5 BC–AD 57
Emperor Guangwu restored the Han Dynasty in AD 25, making him the first Emperor of the Later Han.
Appearances: 1, 6, 10, 12, 13, 15, 29, 37, 38, 80, 120
Emperor Huan [Liu Zhi]; Lived AD 132–168
Emperor Huan of the Han. Destroyed the Liang family, but empowered the eunuchs.
Appearances: 1, 22, 27, 31, 37, 57, 93
Emperor Ling [Liu Hong]; Lived AD 156–189
Emperor Ling of Han (AD 156–189). Ruled through the Yellow Turban Rebellion.
Appearances: 1, 2, 4, 36, 37, 57, 93
Emperor Shao [Liu Bian]; Lived AD 173–190
Emperor Shao of Han (AD 189). Deposed and poisoned by Dong Zhuo.
Appearances: 24, 6
Emperor Xian [Liu Xie] (Bohe); Lived AD 181–234
Son of Emperor Ling. Reigned AD 189–220. Forced to abdicate by Cao Pi.
Appearances: 14, 6, 9, 10, 13, 14, 17, 2026, 31, 33, 34, 38, 54, 56, 57, 59, 66, 68, 69, 73, 79, 80, 115
Empress Dowager Dong; Lived AD ?–189
Of poor background, encouraged Ling to sell ranks. Lost to He family in political clash.
Appearances: 2, 3, 4
Empress Feng; Lifespan Unlisted
Yuan Shu’s fondness for her ended with her murdered by the other wives.
Appearances: 17
Empress Fu Shou; Lived AD ?–214
Wife of Emperor Xian. From Langya. Daughter of Fu Wan. Executed by Cao Cao.
Appearances: 20, 24, 66, 78
Empress He; Lived AD c.160–189
Emperor Shao’s mother. He Jin’s half-sister. Died of grief or through suicide.
Appearances: 24
Lady Wuyang; Lived AD ?–189
Mother to He Miao, He Jin’s brother. Killed by Dong Zhuo.
Appearances: 2
Fan Chou; Lived AD c.135–192
Controlled the Han court alongside Li Jue and Guo Si. A brave general, killed by Li Jue.
Appearances: 3, 5, 9, 10
Fan Kang (Zhongzhen); Lifespan Unknown
One of the Eight Paragons of Jiangxia. From Bohai.
Appearances: 6
Fan Neng; Lifespan Unknown
Served Liu Yao. Died after Sun Ce shouted at him in battle.
Appearances: 15
Fan Pang (Mengbo); Lived AD 137–169
One of the Eight Paragons of Jiangxia. From Runan.
Appearances: 6
Fang Yue; Lived ?–190
A famous officer from Henei, he served Wang Kuang. Killed by Lü Bu.
Appearances: 5
Feng Dan (Shaozhou); Lived ?–286
Close to Sima Yan and part of Jia Chong’s clique. Opposed Yang Hu’s proposal to attack Wu.
Appearances: 120
Feng Fang; Lifespan Unknown
Father of Yuan Shu’s wife, a Han offical willing to slander those that excluded him.
Appearances: 17
Feng Ji (Yuantu); Lived AD c.153–203
Vassal of Yuan Shao. Supported Yuan Shang as Shao’s successor.
Appearances: 7, 22, 30, 31, 32
Feng Xu; Lived AD ?–184
One of the Ten Regular Attendants. An agent of Zhang Jue of the Yellow Scarves.
Appearances: 1, 2
Fu De; Lifespan Unlisted
Brother of Empress Fu, carried her into a boat when they attempted to escape Li Jue.
Appearances: 13
Fu Wan; Lived AD ?–209
Married a Princess, took a lesser position in Cao Cao’s court.
Appearances: 20, 78
Gan Ji; Lived ?–200
A Taoist priest. In the novel, sent to execution by Sun Ce and said to have cursed him to death.
Appearances: 29
Gao Gan (Yuancai); Lived AD ?–206
Nephew of Yuan Shao. Defeated Li Dian and Yue Jin at Huguan Pass.
Appearances: 31, 32, 33
Gao Pei; Lived ?–211
Officer of Liu Zhang. Executed after an attempt to assassinate Liu Bei.
Appearances: 61, 62
Gao Sheng; Lived ?–184
Yellow Scarf officer. Fought with Liu Bei at Quyang, but was slain by Zhang Fei.
Appearances: 2
Gao Shun; Lived ?–198
Defeated Xiahou Dun. Caught and executed by Cao Cao at Xiapi.
Appearances: 11, 12, 1418, 19
Ge Yong; Lifespan Unlisted
Leader of the van, he was killed in the first encounter by Deng Ai.
Appearances: 110
Geng Wu (Wenwei); Lived AD ?–191
Opposed Han Fu’s plans to surrender, Yuan Shao had him executed.
Appearances: 7
Gong Jing; Lifespan Unknown
Imperial Protector of Qingzhou. Attacked by the Yellow Scarves. Supported by Liu Bei.
Appearances: 1
Gongsun Du (Shengji); Lived AD c.150–204
Established an independent government in Liaodong, expanding against several tribes.
Appearances: 33, 106
Gongsun Huang; Lived AD ?–238
Sent as hostage to Wei, warned of the likelihood of war. Executed when war did happen.
Appearances: 106
Gongsun Kang; Lived AD ?–c.220
Executed the Yuan sons, extended power in Korea and restored communication with Japan.
Appearances: 33, 106
Gongsun Yue; Lived AD ?–191
Assassinated by Yuan Shao after a diplomatic mission. Served as envoy to Yuan Shu.
Appearances: 7
Gongsun Zan (Bogu); Lived AD ?–199
Magistrate of Beiping. Fought Yuan Shao. Committed suicide with his family.
Appearances: 1, 2, 57, 11, 12, 18, 21, 22, 28, 31, 120
Guan Ding; Lifespan Unknown
Father of Guan Ping, housed Guan Yu while Sun Qian went to Yuan Shao.
Appearances: 28
Guan Hai; Lived ?–193
Former member of the Yellow Scarves. Besiged Beihai and was killed by Guan Yu.
Appearances: 11
Guan Ning (Youan); Lived AD 158–241
Former friend of Hua Xin. Tail of “The Dragon”, a group of scholars. Became a hermit.
Appearances: 66
Guan Ning; Lifespan Unknown
Brother of Guan Ping. Was a student when Guan Yu came to the farm.
Appearances: 28
Guo Chang; Lifespan Unlisted
Old man who sheltered Guan Yu from the storm. His son tried to steal Red Hare.
Appearances: 28
Guo En; Lifespan Unlisted
Murdered his aunt for some grain, he and his brothers were then made lame.
Appearances: 69
Guo Sheng; Lived ?–189
Warned close friend He Jin about Jian Shi’s plot. Killed by Yuan Shao and Cao Cao.
Appearances: 13
Guo Si (Duo); Lived AD 146–197
Served Dong Zhuo. Later took control of the imperial court with Li Jue.
Appearances: 3, 5, 6, 911, 13, 14, 17, 20, 57, 93, 112, 120
Guo Tu (Gongze); Lived AD ?–205
Vassal of Yuan Shao. Supported Yuan Tan as Shao’s successor.
Appearances: 22, 26, 28, 3032, 33
Han Fu (Wenjie); Lived AD 149–191
Surrendered to Yuan Shao but was abused. Fled to Zhang Miao and later committed suicide.
Appearances: 5, 7
Han Heng (Zipei); Lifespan Unlisted
Refused to join leader Chu in serving Cao Cao due to kindness received from the Yuans.
Appearances: 33
Han Meng; Lifespan Unlisted
Described as valiant, he tried to escort supplies to Guandu but was defeated.
Appearances: 22, 30
Han Rong; Lived Unlisted–
Sent as envoy to Yuan Shao by Dong Zhuo and then to Li Jue by Emperor Xian.
Appearances: 13
Han Song (Degao); Lived AD c.154–?
A tactician of Liu Biao, he served as one of Biao’s ministers.
Appearances: 23, 42
Han Xian; Lived AD 159–197
White Wave Rebel. Helped Emperor Xian. Served Yuan Shu, Lü Bu. Killed by Bei’s men.
Appearances: 13, 14, 17
Han Xun (Juzi); Lived AD ?–200
Cavalry officer at Wuchao, beheaded by Cao Cao.
Appearances: 30
Han Yin; Lived AD ?–196
Sent by Yuan Shu to Lü Bu as a messenger for marriage, and later executed.
Appearances: 16, 17
Han Zhong; Lived ?–184
A member of the Yellow Scarves. Fought with Zhu Jun and Liu Bei at Wan, but was killed.
Appearances: 2
Hao Meng; Lifespan Unknown
Served under Lü Bu. Helped fight Cao Cao at Puyang.
Appearances: 11, 12
He Jin (Suigao); Lived AD 135–189
Grand Administrator in the Han courts, but was assassinated by the eunuchs.
Appearances: 1, 2, 3, 4, 13 [p], 22, 120
He Man; Lived AD ?–196
Nicknamed ‘The Shooting Devil’ in novel. Yellow Scarves commander. Executed by Cao Cao.
Appearances: 12
He Meng; Lifespan Unlisted
Officer of Lü Bu’s. Rebelled, but was defeated by Gao Shun.
Appearances: 18, 19
He Miao; Lived AD 133–189
Empress He’s older half-brother. Later killed by Wu Kuang.
Appearances: 2, 3
He Yi; Lifespan Unknown
Yellow Scarves commander. Captured Runan after the Yellow Scarves rebellion.
Appearances: 12
He Yong (Boqiu); Lifespan Unknown
Recognised Cao Cao and Xun Yu as men who could deal with the troubles.
Appearances: 1, 2
Hou Cao; Lifespan Unlisted
Stole fifteen horses to sell to Liu Bei but was killed by Hou Cheng.
Appearances: 19
Hou Lan; Lived AD ?–172
One of the Ten Regular Attendants. Tried to make off with Emperor Shao.
Appearances: 1, 3
Hu Cai; Lived AD ?–197
Bandit leader who helped the escaping Xian but was killed in battle.
Appearances: 13
Hu Che’er; Lifespan Unknown
Advisor to Niu Fu. He betrayed him and sided with Lü Bu, who executed him.
Appearances: 9
Hu Hua; Lifespan Unknown
Father of Hu Ban. Retired officer of the court under Emperor Huan. Met Guan Yu.
Appearances: 27, 73
Hu Juer; Lifespan Unlisted
Served Zhang Xiu. Stole Dian Wei’s weapons as part of Jia Xu’s plan to defeat Cao Cao.
Appearances: 16
Hu Miao; Lifespan Unknown
Privy counselor to Emperor Xian. Tried to calm an angry Huangfu Li to protect him.
Appearances: 13
Hu Zhen (Wencai); Lived AD 146–190
He led 5,000 men against Sun Jian but was killed by Cheng Pu after a few bouts.
Appearances: 5
Hua Tuo (Yuanhua); Lived AD 110–207
A famous doctor from the Three Kingdoms period. Killed trying to avoid treating Cao Cao.
Appearances: 15, 29, 75, 78
Hua Xiong; Lived AD ?–191
Brave general in service to Dong Zhuo. Died in battle with Sun Jian.
Appearances: 5
Huan Jia; Lifespan Unlisted
Sent by Hu Zun to attack fort, was run through by Ding Feng’s spear in a surprise attack.
Appearances: 108
Huang Chengyan; Lifespan Unknown
Father of Zhuge Liang’s wife. A prominent scholar of the Later Han Dynasty.
Appearances: 37, 84, 117
Huang Shao; Lived AD ?–196
Yellow Scarves commander. Served with He Yi and He Man. Executed by Cao Cao.
Appearances: 12
Huang Wan; Lived AD 141–192
Sacked for opposing Dong Zhuo’s moving the capital, aided Wang Yun’s plot.
Appearances: 6, 9
Huang Zu; Lived AD ?–208
Served under Liu Biao. Later killed by Gan Ning at Xiakou.
Appearances: 7, 8, 18, 23, 29, 38, 39
Huangfu Li; Lifespan Unknown
Served Emperor Xian. Charged with making peace between Li Jue and Guo Si.
Appearances: 13
Huangfu Song (Yizhen); Lived ?–195
Imperial Commander under Han. Fought heavily against the Yellow Turban Rebellion.
Appearances: 1, 2, 9
Ji Ling; Lived AD ?–199
Served under Yuan Shu. A fierce warrior who was killed by Zhang Fei.
Appearances: 1417, 21
Ji Ping; Lived AD ?–218
Court physician from Luoyang. Forced to commit suicide by Cao Cao.
Appearances: 23, 69, 78
Jian Shuo; Lived ?–189
One of the Ten Regular Attendants. Killed by fellow eunuch Guo Sheng.
Appearances: 1, 2
Jiang Qi (Yiqu); Lifespan Unlisted
Sent to reinforce Wuchao, he was surprised and cut down by Zhang Liao.
Appearances: 30
Jiang Yiqu; Lifespan Unlisted
Officer of Yuan Shao. Comforted Yuan Shao after his defeat at Guandu.
Appearances: 31
Jin Shang; Lived AD ?–197
Imperial Protector of Yangzhou. Executed after declining office from Yuan Shu.
Appearances: 17
Jinhuansanjie ; Lifespan Unknown
An officer of Meng Huo, he died fighting the Shu army during their attack.
Appearances: 87
Ju Gu; Lived AD ?–204
Maintained Handan. Defeated by Zhang Liao and shot while fleeing.
Appearances: 32
Ju Shou; Lived ?–200
Urged caution when attacking Cao Cao but was ignored and demoted.
Appearances: 7, 22, 2527, 30, 31, 32
King Cheliji; Lifespan Unknown
Fictional. King of Western Qiang. Ally of Cao Rui.
Appearances: 94
King Duosi; Lifespan Unlisted
Officer of Meng Huo. Said to be the wisest man in all of Nanman.
Appearances: 89, 90
King Kebineng; Lived AD ?–235
Unifier of the Xianbei tribe. Fought often with Wei until he was assassinated.
Appearances: 85
King Meng Huo; Lifespan Unknown
Ruled Nanman after Shamoke’s death. Captured and released seven times by Kongming.
Appearances: 8591
King Mulu; Lived ?–225
A Nanman chieftan. Initially drove back Zhuge Liang’s armies with his magic.
Appearances: 90
King Wutugu; Lived ?–225
Ruled the cave dwelling Wuguo Kingdom in south China. Twelve spans tall.
Appearances: 90
Kong Yu (Shiyuan); Lived AD ?–c.172
One of the Eight Paragons of Jiangxia. Scholar who took a moral line on when to serve.
Appearances: 6
Kong Zhou (Gongxu); Lifespan Unlisted
Known for his eloquent way of speaking. He joined alliance against Dong Zhuo.
Appearances: 5
Kuai Liang (Zirou); Lifespan Unlisted
Adviser of Liu Biao. Came up with the plan that resulted in Sun Jian’s death.
Appearances: 68, 18, 23, 34
Lady Cao; Lifespan Unlisted
Dies early with no children.
Appearances: 16
Lady Chen; Lifespan Unlisted
Wife of Liu Biao and mother of Liu Qi.
Appearances: 34
Lady Dong; Lived AD c.102–192
In the novel, has bad dream and warns Dong Zhuo against going to capital.
Appearances: 9
Lady Dong; Lived AD ?–200
Arrested and executed due to her father’s plots against Cao Cao despite being pregnant.
Appearances: 24
Lady Jin; Lifespan Unlisted
Wife of Jin Yi, left at home during the revolt. Accidentally told Wang Bi that Jin Yi was leading revolt.
Appearances: 69
Lady Kai; Lifespan Unlisted
Sent to split Li Jue and Guo Si up, she spread rumours that Guo Si was having an affair.
Appearances: 13
Lady Liu; Lifespan Unknown
Yuan Shao’s wife. Mother of Yuan Shang.
Appearances: 3033
Lady Qiong; Lifespan Unlisted
Slandered Li Jue and helped create a split between the two leaders.
Appearances: 13
Lady Tang Ji; Lived Unknown–
Favorite concubine of Liu Bian, danced for him as he died. Daughter of Tang Mao.
Appearances: 4
Lady Wang; Lived AD ?–181
Mother of Liu Xie (Emperor Xian). Concubine to Emperor Ling. Poisoned by Empress He.
Appearances: 2
Lady Yan; Lifespan Unlisted
Warns Lü Bu about attacking Cao Cao and points out problems in Chen Gong’s plan.
Appearances: 16, 19
Lady Yang; Lived AD ?–c.213
Admired Wang Yi so convinced Ma Chao to trust Zhao Ang. Ang’s revolt led to her death.
Appearances: 64
Lady Zhurong; Lifespan Unknown
Wife of King Meng Huo. Said to be descended from the Goddess of Fire.
Appearances: 90
Lady Zou; Lifespan Unknown
Former wife of Zhang Ji. Caught Cao Cao’s fancy while staying with Zhang Xiu.
Appearances: 16
Lei Bo; Lived 160–?
Serves Yuan Shu, then later leaves to join the Mt. Songshan Bandits with Chen Lan.
Appearances: 1517, 21
Lei Xu; Lifespan Unlisted
General of Zhang Xiu, aided in fight against Cao Cao.
Appearances: 17
Li Bie; Lifespan Unlisted
Nephew of Li Jue, fell out of his saddle at Li Xian’s death and was killed by Xu Chu.
Appearances: 14
Li Feng; Lived AD ?–197
Served Yuan Shu guarding Shouchun, but died after his defeat there by Cao Cao.
Appearances: 17
Li Feng; Lived ?–194
Served Lü Bu. Killed by Xu Chu after neglecting his post in Yanzhou.
Appearances: 11, 12
Li Gui; Lifespan Unlisted
Advised Liu Cong to hand over power to Liu Qi, rebuked Cai Mao for his actions.
Appearances: 40
Li Jue (Zhiran); Lived AD ?–198
Served Dong Zhuo. Later took control of the imperial court with Guo Si.
Appearances: 3, 5, 6, 911, 13, 14, 16, 17, 20, 57, 93, 112, 120
Li Meng; Lifespan Unlisted
Helped Li Jue take Chang’an but was later executed by Ma Teng.
Appearances: 9, 10
Li Ru; Lifespan Unlisted
Served Dong Zhuo as an advisor. Died with his lord’s ambitions.
Appearances: 38, 9
Li Su (Weigong); Lived AD ?–191
Using Red Hare and other gifts he persuaded Lü Bu to kill Ding Yuan and join Dong Zhuo.
Appearances: 3, 5, 9
Li Xian; Lifespan Unknown
Nephew of Li Jue. Helped Li Jue smuggle out the Emperor. Killed by Xu Chu.
Appearances: 13, 14
Li Yiqi; Lifespan Unlisted
Immortal who warned Liu Bei what would happen should he attack Wu.
Appearances: 81
Li Ying; Lifespan Unlisted
Governor of Henan. Visited and impressed by a young Kong Rong.
Appearances: 11
Li Yue; Lifespan Unlisted
A noted bandit, he helped Xian escape Li Jue’s clutches but then abused his position.
Appearances: 13, 14
Liang Gang; Lived AD ?–197
Served Yuan Shu guarding Shouchun, but died after his defeat there by Cao Cao.
Appearances: 17
Liang Xing; Lived AD ?–212
One of Han Sui’s Eight Knights. Killed by Ma Chao in an attempt to protect Sui.
Appearances: 58, 59
Liu An; Lifespan Unlisted
Hunter who fed Liu Bei his wife when An was unable to find a meal for his guest.
Appearances: 19
Liu Biao (Jingsheng); Lived AD 142–208
Inspector of Jing province under the Han. Opposed the Sun family militarily.
Appearances: 68, 1519, 2123, 28, 29, 3136, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43, 44, 5054, 56, 57, 61, 62, 68, 93, 120
Liu Bin; Lifespan Unlisted
Governor who tested out Guan Lu’s ability, asking him what was in the box.
Appearances: 69
Liu Dai (Gongshan); Lived AD 147–192
Governor of Yan. Attacked the Qingzhou Yellow Scarves, but was killed.
Appearances: 5, 6, 15
Liu Fan; Lived ?–194
Han Left Imperial Corps Commander. Helped Ma Teng. Killed by Li Jue and Guo Si.
Appearances: 10
Liu Fu; Lived AD ?–238
Sent to negotiate surrender but was executed by Sima Yi.
Appearances: 106
Liu Gui; Lived AD ?–213
Sent to hold Luocheng, he advised visiting a local sage. Cut down by Zhang Yi.
Appearances: 62, 63, 64
Liu Hui; Lifespan Unlisted
Shielded Liu Bei from the law then recommended him to Liu Yu.
Appearances: 2
Liu Jun; Lifespan Unlisted
Attacked Mianzhu while Liu Bei welcomed Ma Chao. Killed by Zhao Yun.
Appearances: 65
Liu Mao; Lived AD ?–210
A favourite of Liu Yan, illness incapacitated when Zhang took control.
Appearances: 77
Liu Tao (Ziqi); Lived AD ?–185
Accused the eunuchs of bringing down the Han and was murdered.
Appearances: 2
Liu Wan; Lifespan Unlisted
A diplomat, he predicted great things of Sun Quan.
Appearances: 29
Liu Yan; Lifespan Unlisted
Son of Liu Yan, he was betrothed to Wu Yi’s sister but died in his youth.
Appearances: 77
Liu Yan (Junlang); Lived AD ?–194
Liu Zhang’s father. Magistrate in the Yi territory after fighting Yellow Scarves.
Appearances: 1, 77
Liu Yao (Zhengli); Lived AD 157–198
Imperial Inspector of Yangzhou. Liu Dai’s brother. Defeated by Sun Ce, then died of illness.
Appearances: 11, 15, 97, 120
Liu Yu (Boan); Lived AD ?–193
Governor of Youzhou during the Later Han. Quelled Zhang Ju’s rebellion.
Appearances: 2
Liu Ziyang; Lifespan Unlisted
Attempted to recruit his friend Lu Su for his lord.
Appearances: 29
Lord Kou; Lived Unknown–
Father of Liu Feng, who Liu Bei adopted as his heir. His family held a county fief in Changsha.
Appearances: 36
Lü Boshe; Lived AD ?–c.189
Friend of Cao Song. Killed by the fleeing Cao Cao.
Appearances: 4
Lu Gong; Lifespan Unlisted
A warrior of great strength, he killed Sun Jian but was killed by Cheng Pu.
Appearances: 7
Lu Kang (Jining); Lived AD c.125–c.195
Criticised Emperor Ling and the eunuchs, held out for two years despite facing Sun Ce.
Appearances: 15
Lu Kui; Lived AD ?–191
Served Han as Court Steward. Killed by Li Jue and Guo Si’s troops.
Appearances: 9
Lü Weihuang; Lived AD ?–200
Officer of Yuan Shao. Guarded Wuchao as a lieutenant of Chunyu Qiong.
Appearances: 30
Lu Zhi (Zigan); Lived ?–192
Imperial Corps Commander in service of Han. Was Liu Bei’s teacher and friend.
Appearances: 13
Lun Zhi; Lived AD ?–c.238
He was beheaded for criticizing Gongsun Yuan’s plan to revolt.
Appearances: 106
Ma Han; Lifespan Unlisted
Went to face Liu Bei but was slain by Zhao Yun.
Appearances: 65
Ma Midi (Wengshu); Lived AD ?–194
Sent as envoy to stop the war between Yuan Shao and Gongsun Zan.
Appearances: 7, 9
Ma Rong; Lifespan Unlisted
A scholar with extravagant tastes, he tutored Zheng Xuan.
Appearances: 22
Ma Wan; Lifespan Unlisted
Served under Han Sui. Tried to protect Han Sui from Ma Chao, but failed.
Appearances: 58, 59
Ma Yu; Lived ?–194
Han Privy Counsellor. Helped Ma Teng and Han Sui. Killed by Li Jue and Guo Si.
Appearances: 10
Ma Yuan (Wenyuan); Lived 14 BC–49
General of the Han who campaigned against the Vietnamese. Ma Teng was descended from him.
Appearances: 60, 89
Ma Yuanyi; Lived AD ?–184
Follower of Zhang Jue and the Yellow Scarves. Torn asunder by chariots for treason.
Appearances: 1
Mangyachang ; Lived ?–225
Second in command to the Nanman’s armies. Killed by Ma Dai.
Appearances: 87, 88
Meng You; Lifespan Unlisted
Meng Huo’s brother. Captured by Zhuge Liang.
Appearances: 8890
Mi Dang; Lifespan Unlisted
Allies with Jiang Wei against Wei but is tricked by Chen Tai and defeated.
Appearances: 109
Mi Heng (Zhengping); Lived AD 176–200
Reputable scholar. Infuriated Cao Cao’s officers with his audacious ways.
Appearances: 23, 40, 60
Min Chun (Bodian); Lived AD ?–191
Opposed surrendering to Yuan Shao and was executed.
Appearances: 7
Min Gong; Lifespan Unknown
Han commander in the Henan district. Killed eunuch Duan Gui. Helped Emperor Shao.
Appearances: 3
Mu Shun; Lifespan Unlisted
General of Governor Zhang Yang. Killed by Lü Bu in a duel.
Appearances: 5
Mu Shun; Lived ?–214
Plotted to save Emperor Xian with Empress Fu and Fu Wan. Executed by Cao Cao.
Appearances: 66
Niu Fu; Lived AD ?–191
Fought against Lü Bu and Li Su, after Dong Zhuo’s death. Killed by Hu Che’er.
Appearances: 3, 9
Ou Xing; Lifespan Unlisted
Rebelled against the Han in Changsha. Defeated by Sun Jian.
Appearances: 2
Pan Feng; Lived ?–190
Officer of Han Fu. Wielded a giant axe and fought with Hua Xiong, but was killed.
Appearances: 5
Pan Yin; Lifespan Unlisted
Warned He Jin of Jian Shou’s plot and then of the Emperor’s death.
Appearances: 2
Pang Degong (Shanmin); Lifespan Unlisted
A famed scholar. Uncle of Pang Tong.
Appearances: 35
Pang Shu; Lived AD ?–194
Sheltered Lü Bu and his family in Chang’an. Executed by Li Jue and Guo Si.
Appearances: 11, 19
Pei Xiu (Jiyan); Lived AD 224–271
Expert cartographer, close adviser to Sima Zhao and Sima Yan.
Appearances: 112, 119
Pei Yuanshao; Lived AD ?–200
Former Yellow Scarve killed by Zhao Yun during an attempt to steal his horse.
Appearances: 28
Peng An; Lifespan Unlisted
Sent to duel Xu Huang, he was promptly killed.
Appearances: 33
Peng Bo; Lifespan Unlisted
Warned Dong Zhuo that killing Lu Zhi would greatly upset the people.
Appearances: 3
Pujing [Universal Purity]; Lifespan Unknown
Monk. Warned Guan Yu of Bian Xi’s plot. Later helped Guan Yu’s spirit to find peace.
Appearances: 27, 77
Qiao Mao (Yuanwei); Lived AD ?–190
Forged decree against Dong Zhuo. Was killed by his enemy Liu Dai.
Appearances: 5, 6
Qiao Rui; Lived AD ?–197
Officer of Yuan Shu. Fought with Cao Cao’s forces, but was killed by Xiahou Dun.
Appearances: 15, 17
Qin Qingtong; Lifespan Unknown
Servant of Dong Cheng. Punished for talking with Yun Ying. Betrayed him to Cao Cao.
Appearances: 23
Qu Yi; Lived Unlisted–
Defeated Han Fu, Yufuluo and destroyed Gongsun Zan. Became arrogant and was executed.
Appearances: 7
Shan Zichun; Lifespan Unlisted
Debated with Guan Lu about the Book of Changes and lost.
Appearances: 69
Shen Pei (Zhengnan); Lived AD ?–204
Served Yuan Shao with loyalty. After Shao’s death, sided with his youngest son, Shang.
Appearances: 13, 14, 22, 26, 27, 30, 31, 32
Shisun Rui (Junce); Lived AD ?–195
Urged Wang Yun to action but claimed no credit so life was spared when city fell.
Appearances: 9
Sima Hui (Decao); Lived AD c.173–208
Named ‘Water Mirror’ by Pang Degong. Former teacher of Zhuge Liang and Pang Tong.
Appearances: 3538
Sima Jun (Yuanyi); Lived AD ?–115
Grandfather of Sima Yi. Governor of Yingchuan.
Appearances: 39, 119
Sima Zhou (Zijiang); Lived AD 227–283
Led the force to which Sun Hao offered his seal and surrendered.
Appearances: 120
Song Guo; Lifespan Unknown
Proposed to Yang Feng that they should betray Li Jue. Overheard and killed by Li Jue.
Appearances: 13
Song Zhong (Zhongzi); Lifespan Unknown
Scholar under Liu Biao with Qimu Kai. Sent by Liu Cong to surrender to Cao Cao.
Appearances: 40
Su Shuang; Lifespan Unknown
Horse trader from Zhongshan with Zhang Shiping. Supplied Liu Bei’s first armed force.
Appearances: 1
Sui Gu (Botu); Lived AD ?–199
Killed Yang Chou who had killed Zhang Yang. Turned to Yuan Shao but killed in battle.
Appearances: BT:19
Sui Yuanjin; Lived AD ?–200
Part of the defenders of Yuan Shao’s supply camp, captured and executed.
Appearances: 30
Sun Zhong; Lived ?–184
Fought with Zhu Jun and Liu Bei at Wan, but was killed by Liu Bei.
Appearances: 2
Tadun ; Lived AD ?–c.207
A Wuhuan chief. Slain in battle with Zhang Liao’s troops.
Appearances: 33, 40
Tan Fu (Wenyou); Lifespan Unknown
One of the Eight Paragons of Jiangxia. From Shanyang.
Appearances: 6
Tang Bin (Ruzong); Lifespan Unlisted
General of Jin who participated in the conquest of Wu. Described as fast as an elk.
Appearances: 120
Tang Zhou; Lifespan Unknown
Follower of Zhang Jue. Betrayed his plans to the Han, and got Ma Yuanyi beheaded.
Appearances: 1
Tao Qian (Gongzu); Lived AD 132–194
Inspector of Xuzhou. Fought violently with Cao Cao. Died of illness.
Appearances: 5, 10, 11, 12, 15, 120
Tian Feng (Yuanhao); Lived AD ?–200
Served Yuan Shao, who ignored his advice. Killed himself after being slandered by Feng Ji.
Appearances: 7, 22, 24, 25, 27, 30, 31
Tian Kai; Lived AD ?–199
Appointed Lieutenant Governor of Qingzhou by Gongsun Zan. Fought against Cao Cao.
Appearances: 11
Tu An; Lived AD ?–225
Defeats Shu army 15 times but it is all a ploy to make Nanman careless.
Appearances: 90
Wang Chang; Lifespan Unknown
Member of Li Jue’s Tiger Army. Wouldn’t arrest Huangfu Li for ethical reasons.
Appearances: 13
Wang Fang; Lifespan Unlisted
Opened the gates of Chang’an, later fought Ma Teng and was killed by a young Ma Chao.
Appearances: 9, 10
Wang Fu [Wang Zifu] (Ziyou); Lived AD ?–200
Part of the ‘Jade Girdle’ plot to kill Cao Cao. Courtier of Dong Cheng. Executed by Cao.
Appearances: 20, 21, 23, 24
Wang Jian; Lived AD ?–238
Sent as envoy to Sima Yi to sue for peace but was executed. Sima Yi called him senile.
Appearances: 106
Wang Jun (Shizhi); Lived AD 206–285
Commander of the force that conqured Wu.
Appearances: 120
Wang Kuang (Gongjie); Lived AD ?–190
Took heavy losses against Dong Zhuo. Despised material things but could be violent.
Appearances: 5
Wang Lei; Lived AD ?–211
Minister of Liu Zhang. Strongly advised Zhang to not allow Liu Bei into Yi.
Appearances: 60
Wang Li; Lifespan Unlisted
Court astrologer and Emperor Xian’s teacher, foretold the Han would be replaced by Wei.
Appearances: 14
Wang Mai; Lifespan Unlisted
Officer of Zhong Hui during the conquest of Shu.
Appearances: 116
Wang Qi; Lived AD ?–192
Served Han as Commandant of the Exemplary Cavalry. Killed by Li Jue and Guo Si’s troops.
Appearances: 9
Wang Rong (Junchong); Lived AD 234–305
A child prodigy, one of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove, noted for his meanness.
Appearances: 120
Wang Wei; Lifespan Unlisted
Served Liu Biao and Liu Cong loyally. Died protecting Cong from Cao Cao.
Appearances: 34, 41
Wang Ye; Lifespan Unlisted
Taken into Cao Mao’s confidence but betrayed it to Sima Zhao.
Appearances: 114
Wang Yuanji; Lived AD 217–268
Empress dowager during Jin Dynasty. Wife of Sima Zhao and mother of Sima Yan.
Appearances: 119
Wang Yun (Zishi); Lived AD 137–192
Diaochan’s father. Orchestrated the plot which resulted in Dong Zhuo’s death.
Appearances: 3, 4, 8, 9, 10, 13, 120
Wang Ze; Lifespan Unlisted
Sent as an envoy to reward Lü Bu and get him to make peace with Liu Bei.
Appearances: 16
Wang Zhao; Lived AD ?–203
Fictional officer under Yuan Tan. Killed after only a few bouts by Xu Huang.
Appearances: 32
Wei Hong; Lifespan Unknown
Of a wealthy family, he gave his property to Cao Cao to raise troops to restore the Han.
Appearances: 5
Wei Zhongdao; Lived AD ?–c.190
Cai Yan’s first husband.
Appearances: 71
Wen Chou; Lived AD ?–200
A fierce general in service under Yuan Shao. Killed in battle with Cao Cao.
Appearances: 57, 22, 2628, 41, 45, 49, 77
Wei Yan; Lifespan Unlisted
Sent to offer the Heir Apprant as hostage to Sima Yi but was refused.
Appearances: 106
Wu Anguo; Lifespan Unlisted
Served Kong Rong. Wielded an iron mace. Maimed by Lü Bu after fighting ten bouts.
Appearances: 5
Wu Fu (Deyu); Lived AD ?–190
Famed for his bravery and sense of honour, he failed in an attempt to murder Dong Zhuo.
Appearances: 4
Wu Gang; Lifespan Unknown
Adviser to Zhuge Dan. Took Dan’s son to Wu to ensure Wu support.
Appearances: 111
Wu Ju (Yuanda); Lived AD ?–211
Made Prefect of Cangwu through Liu Biao’s backing. Old friend of Liu Bei. Killed by Bu Zhi.
Appearances: 42
Wu Kuang; Lifespan Unlisted
Officer of He Jin, he aided Yuan Shu in breaking the gates and killed He Miao.
Appearances: 3
Wu Qiong (Deyu); Lived AD ?–190
Advised Dong Zhuo to recruit worthy men and acted as a spy for Yuan Shao.
Appearances: 4, 6
Wu Shi (Zilan); Lived AD ?–200
Part of the ‘Jade Girdle’ plot to kill Cao Cao. Friend of Dong Cheng and Wang Zifu. Executed by Cao.
Appearances: 20, 21, 23, 24
Wu Xi; Lifespan Unlisted
Set fire to Emperor Xian’s lodgings but later turned and killed Guo Si.
Appearances: 17
Xi Ni; Lived AD ?–225
Defeats Shu army 15 times but it is all a ploy to make Nanman careless.
Appearances: 90
Xia Yun; Lived ?–189
One of the Ten Regular Attendants, greatly favoured by Dowager Dong and Emperor Ling.
Appearances: 1, 3
Xin Ming; Lifespan Unlisted
Dispatched with fifty thousand troops to Liyang.
Appearances: 30
Xin Ping (Zhongzhi); Lived AD c.165–204
An officer of Han Fu, he later served the Yuan’s loyally when Fu fled.
Appearances: 7, 31, 32, 33
Xing Daorong; Lived ?–208
A hardy commander of Liu Du. Killed by Zhao Yun.
Appearances: 52
Xu Chang; Lived AD ?–174
Raised revolt against the Han but was put down by Zang Min and Sun Jian.
Appearances: 2
Xu Rong; Lived AD ?–192
Defeated Cao Cao and Sun Jian in battle, but never able to press it home.
Appearances: 6
Xu Shao (Zijiang); Lived AD 150–195
A specialist of personalities living in Runan. Praised Cao Cao. Later served Liu Yao.
Appearances: 1
Xu Xun; Lifespan Unlisted
Yuan Shao claimed he was sent to supervise Cao Cao’s restoration of the Han court.
Appearances: 22
Xu Zhao [Shao]; Lived AD ?–174
Son of Xu Chang. Killed by Sun Jian along with his father.
Appearances: 2
Xue Lan; Lived AD ?–195
Defeated and killed Li Qian but was defeated and executed himself by Cao Cao a year later.
Appearances: 11, 12
Xue Li; Lived ?–195
Served Liu Yao with Zhang Ying. Killed by his former ally Ze Rong.
Appearances: 15
Xun Chen (Youruo); Lived AD c.161–?
Younger brother of Xun Yu. Advised Han Fu on administration. Later served Yuan Shao.
Appearances: 7, 22, 26
Xun Shuang (Ciming); Lived AD 128–190
Fast tracked by Dong Zhuo, he calmed Zhuo down when Yang Biao angered him.
Appearances: 6
Xun Zheng; Lifespan Unlisted
Declared Guan Yu unworthy of facing Ji Ling but was killed in one blow.
Appearances: 14
Yadan ; Lifespan Unknown
Fictional. Prime Minister to King Cheliji of the Western Qiang.
Appearances: 94
Yan Baihu [White Tiger Yan]; Lifespan Unknown
Fought with Sun Ce, but was defeated. Killed by Dong Xi.
Appearances: 15
Yan Gang; Lived AD ?–192
Officer of Gongsun Zan. Led Zan’s army at Jieqiao, but was killed by Qu Yi.
Appearances: 7
Yan Liang; Lived AD ?–200
A fierce general in service under Yuan Shao. Beheaded by Guan Yu.
Appearances: 57, 13, 22, 2528, 41, 45, 49, 77
Yan Xiang; Lived Unknown–
Senior member of Yuan Shu’s staff. Objected to Yuan Shu’s plans to assume the imperial title.
Appearances: 17
Yan Yu; Lived AD ?–197
Killed by an enraged Sun Ce after suggesting that Sun Ce join Yan Baihu.
Appearances: 15
Yan Zheng; Lifespan Unlisted
Officer of Zhang Bao. Killed Bao when defeat was inevitable.
Appearances: 2
Yang Ang; Lived ?–215
Fought under Ma Chao and aided Zhang Wei in building strong defences against Cao Cao.
Appearances: 67
Yang Bo; Lifespan Unlisted
Jealous of Ma Chao, prevented marriage alliance between Zhang Lu and Ma Chao.
Appearances: 64, 65
Yang Chou; Lived AD 159–198
Killed his former lord Zhang Yang, for Cao Cao, but in turn was killed by Sui Gu.
Appearances: 19
Yang Dajiang; Lifespan Unlisted
Acted as an advisor, warned Yuan Shu against attacking Sun Ce.
Appearances: 1517
Yang Feng; Lived AD 153–197
Betrayed Li Jue to help Emperor Xian. Served Yuan Shu then Lü Bu. Killed by Bei’s men.
Appearances: 13, 14, 17
Yang Feng; Lifespan Unknown
Man chieftain. Ally of Meng Huo, who later betrayed to help Zhuge Liang.
Appearances: 89, 90
Yang Hu (Shuzi); Lived AD 2?–278
A talented Jin officer. Held Xiang Yang. Formed a friendship with Lu Kang of Wu.
Appearances: 120
Yang Huai; Lived AD ?–212
Officer of Liu Zhang. Executed after an attempt to assassinate Liu Bei.
Appearances: 61, 62
Yang Ji; Lived AD ?–291
Champion General under Jin. Controlled the field armies during the invasion of Wu.
Appearances: 120
Yang Ling; Lifespan Unlisted
Goes to fight Guan Yu, taunts him but is killed in a few bouts.
Appearances: 53
Yang Mi; Lifespan Unknown
Imperial Corps Commander. Persuaded Guo Si not to kill Yang Biao.
Appearances: 13
Yang Qi; Lived AD ?–c.195
Advised through Li Jue and Guo Si’s abuse, recommended Jia Xu. Plotted against Li Jue.
Appearances: 13
Yang Qiu; Lifespan Unlisted
Sent by Han Sui to Cao Cao as an envoy of peace. Surrendered when under siege.
Appearances: 58, 59
Yang Ren; Lived ?–215
Fought well against Cao Cao’s forces at Yangping, lured out and killed in battle.
Appearances: 67
Yang Song; Lived ?–215
Vassal of Zhang Lu. Known to be greedy, he betrayed Zhang Lu.
Appearances: 64, 65, 67
Yin Kai; Lived AD ?–204
Mantained supplies for Yuan Shang. Killed by Xu Chu in the novel.
Appearances: 32
Yin Kui; Lifespan Unlisted
An expert in astrology, he predicted a Perfect Man would rise, later thought to mean Cao Cao.
Appearances: 31, 32, 37
Yu Mi; Lived ?–194
An officer of Liu Yao. Defeated in a duel with Sun Ce and died.
Appearances: 15
Yu She; Lifespan Unlisted
Served as a commander under Yuan Shu. Killed by Hua Xiong.
Appearances: 5
Yuan Feng (Zhouyang); Lifespan Unknown
Father of Yuan Shu and possibly Yuan Shao. Minister of Agriculture in service to Han.
Appearances: 2
Yuan Shang (Xianfu); Lived c.177–207
A handsome man, won his father’s favor but lost to Cao Cao. Executed by Gongsun Kang.
Appearances: 3032, 33, 106
Yuan Shao (Benchu); Lived AD c.142–202
Childhood friend, and later enemy of, Cao Cao. Defeated at Guandu.
Appearances: 27, 10, 11, 1316, 18, 19, 2131, 32, 33, 38, 40, 4345, 4850, 56, 60, 68, 91, 93
Yuan Shu (Gonglu); Lived AD ?–199
Relative of Yuan Shao. Declared himself Emperor, but soon after died.
Appearances: 3, 59, 11, 1417, 1920, 21, 43, 44, 48, 56, 60, 93
Yuan Tan (Xiansi); Lived AD ?–205
A famed general but a poor governor, fought against Shang for the succession.
Appearances: 24, 3032, 33
Yuan Wei (Ciyang); Lived AD ?–190
A famed minister, aided He Jin’s avengers. Killed by a vengeful Dong Zhuo.
Appearances: 2, 4, 5
Yuan Xi (Xianyi); Lived AD ?–207
Eventually took in Shang, driven out by revolt. Executed by Gongsun Kang.
Appearances: 31, 32, 33, 106
Yuan Yi (Boye); Lived AD ?–192
Admired by Zhang Chao and Cao Cao. Defeated by Yuan Shu and killed by his own men.
Appearances: 5
Yuan Yin; Lifespan Unlisted
Defended Yuan Shu’s belongings after Shu’s death, but was killed by Cao Cao.
Appearances: 21
Yue Jiu; Lived AD ?–197
Served Yuan Shu guarding Shouchun, but died after his defeat there by Cao Cao.
Appearances: 17
Yueji ; Lived AD ?–227
Fictional. Marshal under King Cheliji of the Western Qiang. Killed by Guan Xing.
Appearances: 94
Yun Ying; Lifespan Unknown
Concubine of Dong Cheng. Her interactions with Qin Qingtong got Cheng killed.
Appearances: 23
Zang Min; Lifespan Unlisted
Governor of Kuaiji. Recommended Sun Jian to the court after Jian quelled Xu Chang’s rebellion.
Appearances: 2
Ze Rong; Lived AD ?–195
Buddhist, fought against Sun Ce, had a record of betrayal and murder.
Appearances: 15
Zhang Bao; Lived AD ?–184
Yellow Scarves leader and Zhang Jue’s brother. Self-titled ‘Lord of Earth’.
Appearances: 1, 2, 28
Zhang Chao; Lived AD ?–195
Was a member of the anti-Dong Zhuo coalition, held out for months against Cao Cao.
Appearances: 5, 11, 12
Zhang Chun; Lived AD ?–189
Passed over for promotion, he led the Wuhuan in revolt. After initial success, Liu Yu turned up and Chun was betrayed.
Appearances: 2
Zhang Heng; Lifespan Unlisted
One of Han Sui’s Eight Knights.
Appearances: 58
Zhang Hu [Tiger Zhang]; Lifespan Unknown
Marched out with Huang Zu to oppose Sun Jian. Killed by Han Dang after 30 bouts.
Appearances: 7
Zhang Hua (Maoxian); Lived AD 232–300
Played Go with Sima Yan, approved invasion of Wu. Talented poet, became Prime Minister.
Appearances: 120
Zhang Ji; Lived AD ?–196
Junior partner under Li Jue, attacks Liu Biao in bid for supplies but dies due to arrow.
Appearances: 3, 5, 9, 10, 13, 16
Zhang Ju; Lifespan Unlisted
Led revolt against the Han, he ravaged the northeast and declared himself ruler.
Appearances: 2
Zhang Jue; Lived AD 140–184
Founder of the Yellow Scarves. Self-titled ‘Lord of Heaven’.
Appearances: 1, 2, 28, 29
Zhang Jun; Lived AD ?–184
Blamed the Yellow Turban revolt on the eunuchs. Arrested and flogged on false charges.
Appearances: 2
Zhang Kai; Lifespan Unlisted
Entered Tao Qian’s service after the Yellow Scarf uprising. Killed Cao Cao’s family.
Appearances: 10, 11
Zhang Liang; Lived AD ?–184
Yellow Scarves leader and Zhang Jue’s brother. Self-titled ‘Lord of Man’.
Appearances: 1, 2
Zhang Niujiao [Oxhorn Zhang]; Lived Unlisted–
Bandit leader. After his death from a flying dart, command of his force passed to Zhang Yan.
Appearances: 3
Zhang Rang; Lived ?–189
Most influential of the Ten Regular Attendants. Drowned himself to avoid capture.
Appearances: 13, 115
Zhang Ren; Lived AD ?–213
Remained loyal to Liu Zhang. Executed by Liu Bei. In novel, Pang Tong died in his ambush.
Appearances: 6063, 64
Zhang Shang; Lifespan Unlisted
General of Jin who killed Lu Jing.
Appearances: 120
Zhang Shiping; Lifespan Unknown
Horse trader from Zhongshan with Su Shuang. Supplied Liu Bei’s first armed force.
Appearances: 1
Zhang Su; Lifespan Unlisted
Governor of Guanghan, discovered the treachery of his brother Zhang Song and warned Liu Zhang.
Appearances: 62
Zhang Wei; Lifespan Unlisted
Zhang Lu’s younger brother. Beheaded after a brilliant battle with Xu Chu.
Appearances: 59, 65, 67
Zhang Wen (Boshen); Lived AD ?–191
First ever Han Excellency appointed when out of the capital, struggled to deal with Han Sui.
Appearances: 8
Zhang Wu; Lived AD ?–207
Began pillaging the people of Jiangxia. Zhao Yun killed him with a spear thrust.
Appearances: 34
Zhang Xian; Lifespan Unlisted
Killed by Xu Chu in the third bout.
Appearances: 17
Zhang Xun; Lived AD ?–?
Fought against Lü Bu but was betrayed by Yang Feng. Escorts Yuan family south.
Appearances: 15, 17
Zhang Yang (Zhishu); Lived AD 151–198
A good and generous man, attempted to aid Emperor Xian but wasn’t trusted by other generals.
Appearances: 5, 11, 13, 14, 19, 22
Zhang Yin; Lifespan Unlisted
Prepared Emperor Xian’s abdication to Cao Pi.
Appearances: 80
Zhang Ying; Lived ?–195
Served Liu Yao with Xue Li. Lost in battle to Sun Ce twice. Killed by Chen Wu.
Appearances: 15
Zhang Zhongjing; Lived AD 150–219
Also known as Zhang Ji. Famous physician from the Eastern Han Dynasty.
Appearances: 60
Zhao Cen; Lifespan Unknown
Occupied River Si Pass for Dong Zhuo. Retreated when Dong Zhuo abandoned Luoyang.
Appearances: 5, 6
Zhao Hong; Lived AD ?–184
Fought with Zhu Jun at Wan, held out for eight months but was killed by Sun Jian.
Appearances: 2
Zhao Qi (Binqing); Lived AD c.110–201
Sent to bring peace between Yuan Shao and Gongsun Zan, he served in many positions.
Appearances: 7
Zhao Rui; Lived AD ?–200
Escorted supplies but was defeated and killed by Cao Cao’s raid.
Appearances: 30
Zhao Yan; Lifespan Unlisted
Able to use esoteric arts to win a battle against bandits. Kept Xian informed, executed by Cao Cao.
Appearances: 20, 22
Zhao Zhong; Lived ?–189
Emperor Ling considered him as a mother, slandered Huangfu Song, Lu Qiang and Fu Xie.
Appearances: 1, 2, 3
Zheng Bao; Lived AD ?–199
Bandit leader, he tried to force Liu Ye into service. Murdered by Liu Ye.
Appearances: 29
Zheng Du; Lifespan Unlisted
Advised Liu Zhang to adopt a scorched earth policy and was then sacked.
Appearances: 64, 65
Zheng Tai (Gongye); Lived AD 151/2–192
Opposed inviting Dong to capital. Advised Dong Zhuo not to conscript too many troops.
Appearances: 2, 3
Zhou Bi (Zhongyuan); Lived AD ?–190
Executed for bad advice, Dong Zhuo later regretted it. Protected Yuan Shao and acted as his agent.
Appearances: 4, 6
Zhou Huan (Wenming); Lived AD ?–192
Part of Wang Yun’s government, killed by Li Jue and Guo Si’s troops.
Appearances: 9
Zhou Xin (Daming); Lived AD 159–196
Well read, he resigned his position rather then have Yuan Shu to harm his people.
Appearances: 15
Zhou Zhi; Lifespan Unlisted
Fought against Wu. Ambushes and kills Sun Xin then kills Shen Rong in a raid.
Appearances: 120
Zhu Jun (Gongwei); Lived ?–195
Han minister who fought against the Yellow Scarves with Liu Bei and Sun Jian.
Appearances: 1, 2, 10, 13
Zhuge Gui (Zigong); Lived AD ?–c.193
Zhuge Liang’s father. Descended from Zhuge Feng. Governor’s deputy in Taishan.
Appearances: 36
Zhuge Xuan; Lived ?–195
Served Yuan Shu as Grand Administrator of Yuzhang. Later driven out by Zhu Hao.
Appearances: 36
Zong Bao; Lifespan Unlisted
Slain in a few bouts by the Yellow Turban general Guan Hai.
Appearances: 11
Zou Jing; Lifespan Unknown
Served as Commandant under Liu Yan. Fought the Yellow Scarves with Liu Bei.
Appearances: 1
Zu Bi; Lived AD ?–220
Keeper of the Imperial Seal under Emperor Xian. Executed before Xian was deposed.
Appearances: 80
Zuo Feng; Lifespan Unknown
Eunuch of Han. Sent to evaluate Lu Zhi. Demanded a bribe, then lied about his merit.
Appearances: 1
Zuo Ling; Lifespan Unlisted
At Li Jue’s orders, with Jia Xu, restrained Emperor Xian. Slandered Duan Wei.
Appearances: 13

Historical Biographies

(Novel appearances of other historical personages.)

Bai Qi; Lived ?–257 BC
General of Qin, rumored to have been undefeated. Conquered the state of Chu.
Appearances: 118
Bei Dou; Lifespan Unknown
God in Koei’s Three Kingdoms. Reference to Star God/Lunar House Beidou (in Big Dipper).
Appearances: 69
Bian He; Lived c.800 BC–?
Historically, a statesman of Chu. Discovered the jade from which the imperial seal was crafted.
Appearances: 6
Cao Shen; Lived ?–190 BC
Prime Minister under Liu Bang. Ancestor of Cao Cao.
Appearances: 43, 73, 105
Chen Ping; Lived ?–c.178 BC
Former Han. A minister who served under Liu Bang.
Appearances: 23, 33 [p], 43, 85, 97, 103
Chong’er [Duke Wen of Jin]; Lived 697–628 BC
Spring and Autumn Period. Chong’er, literally “Double Ears”, came to lead state of Jin.
Appearances: 39, 77
Confucius [Kong Qiu] (Zhongni); Lived 551–479 BC
Founder of Confucianism. Kong Rong was descended from him.
Appearances: 11, 23, 29, 35, 40, 56, 60, 62, 80, 105, 114, 116
Emperor Shun; Lived c.2300–c.2200 BC
Ancient Chinese Emperor. One of the Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors. Ruled for a half-century.
Appearances: 8, 17, 34, 80, 96, 100, 106
Fan Li; Lived Unlisted–
Spring and Autumn Period. Advisor in the state of Yue. Resigned after Yue defeated Wu.
Appearances: 33, 44, 79, 119
Geng Yan; Lived Unlisted–
Historic reference from chapter 43 of Romance of the Three Kingdoms.
Appearances: 43
Guan Yiwu (Zhong); Lived 725–645 BC
Famed prime minister of the state of Qi in the Spring and Autumn period.
Appearances: 36, 37, 38, 43, 57, 93, 104, 118
Han Xin; Lived ?–196 BC
Reknowned commander who served Xiang Yu and later Liu Bang. Rose from a childhood of destitution.
Appearances: 30, 43, 71, 73, 85, 91, 96, 118, 119
Huo Guang (Zimeng); Lived ?–68 BC
Minister of the Western Han. First minister to depose an emperor.
Appearances: 109
Jiang Ziya [Lü Wang] (Ziya); Lived Unknown–
Zhou Dynasty. Legendary historical figure. Resided by the Weishu River 3,000 years ago.
Appearances: 36, 37, 38, 43, 61, 77, 79, 85, 88, 98, 105, 119
Lady Xi Shi; Lived c.506 BC–?
Spring and Autumn Period. One of the Four Beauties of Ancient China. Lived in Zhuji, capital of Yue.
Appearances: 44, 65
Li Yiji; Lived ?–204 BC
Convinced the state of Qi to surrender to Han. Han Xin attacked Qi anyway, resulting in Yiji’s death.
Appearances: 86
Lian Po; Lived Unlisted–
A general of Zhao in the Warring States Period.
Appearances: 70
Lin Xiangru; Lived Unlisted–
A minister of the state of Zhao in the Warring States Period. Negotiated the return of the He’s Jade.
Appearances: 60, 66 [p]
Liu Ai; Lifespan Unlisted
Chief Clerk to Dong Zhuo. A famous historian who authored the Lingdi Ji.
Appearances: 14
Liu Bang [Gaozu]; Lived 247–195 BC
Founder of the Han dynasty. Fought with Xiang Yu for control of China and eventually won.
Appearances: 1, 2, 6, 12, 14, 1718, 20, 22, 2931, 37, 38, 43, 54, 65, 73, 79, 80, 82, 91, 97, 112, 120
Liu Hong; Lifespan Unknown
Liu Bei’s father. Son of Liu Xiong, said to be descended from Emperor Jing of Han.
Appearances: 1, 20
Liu Sheng; Lived ?–112 BC
Liu Bei’s ancestor. Prince of Jing of Zhongshan. Son of Emperor Jing of Han.
Appearances: 1, 20, 36, 43, 54
Liu Xiong; Lifespan Unknown
Liu Bei’s grandfather. Said to be descended from Emperor Jing of Han.
Appearances: 1, 20
Mencius [Meng Ke]; Lived 372–289 BC
Chinese philosopher. Often considered to the most famous Confucian outside Confucius himself.
Appearances: 23, 37, 60
Nan Dou; Lifespan Unknown
God in Koei’s Three Kingdoms. Reference to Star God/Lunar House Nandou (in Sagittarius).
Appearances: 69
Pang Juan; Lived ?–342 BC
General of the state of Wei in the Warring States Period.
Appearances: 109
Shensheng [Prince Shensheng of Jin]; Lived ?–656 BC
Spring and Autumn Period. Half-brother to Chong’er, eldest son of Duke Xian of Jin.
Appearances: 39, 79
Su Qin; Lived 380–284 BC
Su Qin was an influential political strategist during the Warring States Period.
Appearances: 43, 45
Su Shi [Su Dongpo] (Zizhan); Lived AD 1037–1101
Song Dynasty writer, poet, artist, calligrapher, pharmacologist and statesman.
Appearances: 34
Sunzi [Sun Wu]; Lived c.544–c.496 BC
Great strategist of the Warring States Period. The Sun family of Wu claimed decent from him.
Appearances: 103, 107
Wang Mang (Jujun); Lived 45 BC–AD 23
Minister of the Western Han. Userped the throne from Ruzi. Killed in a rebellion.
Appearances: 1, 6, 30, 37, 43, 56, 80, 109
Weizi (Viscount of Wei); Lived Unknown–
Shang Dynasty. Related to the corrupt Zhou Xin, quit in disgust and went into exile.
Appearances: 30
Wu Qi; Lived 440–381 BC
Minister of Chu in the Warring States Period. His reforms made Chu a great power.
Appearances: 60, 103
Xiang Yu [Xiang Ji]; Lived 232–202 BC
Founder of the state of Chu. Warred with Liu Bang but was defeated.
Appearances: 18, 2931, 43, 82, 109, 112
Xiao He; Lived ?–193 BC
First Prime Minister of the Western Han. Greatly aided Liu Bang’s rise to power.
Appearances: 73, 105 [p]
Yao [Yi Fangxun]; Lived 2358–2258 BC
A sage-king and one of the Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors.
Appearances: 105
Yi Yin; Lived 1648–1549 BC
Honored official of the Shang Dynasty. Helped Tang of Shang to defeat King Jie of Xia.
Appearances: 3, 8, 43, 56, 68, 105, 109
Yu Rang; Lived ?–c.450 BC
Assassin from the Warring States period. Disfigured himself to avenge Zhi Yao.
Appearances: 25, 29 [p]
Yue Yi; Lived Unlisted–
Minister of the states of Zhao and Yan in the Warring States era. Also known as Lord Guojun.
Appearances: 36, 37, 43, 57, 79, 93, 104, 113, 118, 120
Zhang Liang (Zifang); Lived 262–189 BC
Western Han. Renowned strategist and statesman. One of the “Three Heroes of the early Han Dynasty.”
Appearances: 20, 36, 37, 43, 61, 71 [p], 88, 97, 112, 119
Zhang Yi; Lived ?–310 BC
Strategist from the Warring States period. Born in the State of Wei. See also Su Qin.
Appearances: 43, 45
Zhuang Zi [Nan Hua]; Lived 370–301 BC
Old Taoist Sage from Mt. Hua that gave Zhang Jue the Way of Peace (太平要術).
Appearances: 1
Zhuge Feng (Shaoji); Lifespan Unlisted
Commander in the Western Han Dynasty. Ancestor of Zhuge Liang.
Appearances: 36

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March 7, 2014