**********************
   DYNASTY WARRIORS 3
Name Pronunciation Guide
by Wayne Molina (WayneTheGame)
wmolina8@earthlink.net
**********************

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Table of Contents
-----------------------------

    I.  Introduction
   II.
   III.  Basic Pronunciation Guide
   IV.  Pronunciation Guide
       1. Wei Kingdom
       2. Shu Kingdom
       3. Wu Kingdom
       4. Others
    V.  Conclusion

-------------------------
Introduction
-------------------------

Welcome to my first ever FAQ!  This FAQ is obviously for the excellent game
Dynasty Warriors 3, from Koei.

What's the point of this FAQ, you ask?  Well the English voice acting in the
game.. well to be frank, it sucks.  Very few, if any, of the in-game
pronunciations come close to what each name should be.  So I've taken it upon
myself to compile a list of how to properly pronounce each character's name.  I
hope you find it a good resource.

Please note that I do not speak Chinese.  The basis for the actual
pronunciations included in this guide is the Romance of Three Kingdoms TV
series (which is in Mandarin Chinese with English subtitles).  There's a chance
I could be wrong in my interpretation of the names.

I've organized this FAQ by kingdom, and further broken down each character as
follows:

IN-GAME PRONUNCIATION:  Self-explanatory.  How the name is pronounced by the
English voice actor.
ACTUAL PRONUNCIATION:  Again, self-explanatory.  How you should pronounce the
character's name
AKA:  This will include the character's style (familiar name), as well as any
particular title he/she is given in the novel 'The Romance of Three Kingdoms'
which the game is based on.

To read the online version of the novel, visit http://www.threekingdoms.com.  I
take no credit whatsoever for this website, and include it only to familiarize
those who may not be aware that DW3 is based on actual history and has an
amazing novel written about it.

--------------------------
Disclaimer
--------------------------

This guide in its entirety was written by me, and may not be used without my
permission.  If you want to use this guide, send me an email and ask my
permission;  I'll more than likely say yes.  Don't be a jerk and steal my stuff
and then pass it off as your own.

--------------------------
Basic Pronunciations
--------------------------

In order to help with the pronunciation (as well as help those who plan on
buying the novel; obviously I'm not including every single character who
appears), I've included this short basic guide to pronunciation.

VOWELS
A = 'ah' sound as in "hah"
E = 'eh' sound as in "men"

* While re-examining the TV series, I notice that when said with a Chinese
accent, the letter E sounds more like "uh" than "eh".  However for clarity this
guide will continue to utilise the "eh" pronunciation.

I = 'ee' sound as in "whee"

* In some cases, the I sound is 'ih' as in "sick".  I've noticed this
frequently occurs when the given name consists of a consonant followed by the
I.
U = 'oo' sound as in 'who'

In addition, there are the following special cases:

ZH gives a 'J' sound as in 'jury'
C gives a "Ts" sound
X gives an 'Sh' sound as in "shore"
Q gives a 'Ch' sound as in "cheese"
IU gives a 'yoo' sound as in "yoo-hoo'
AO gives an 'ow' sound
UI gives a 'way' sound
OU gives a 'oh'
EI gives an 'ay' sound as in "may"
UE gives a 'weh' sound

EXAMPLES
Cao Rui = 'Tsow Rway'
Yue Jin = 'Yweh Jin'
Li Jue = 'Lee Jweh'

--------------------------
Pronunciation Guide
--------------------------

[ WEI KINGDOM ]

CAO CAO
In-Game Pronunciation: 'Cow Cow'
Actual Pronunciation: 'Tsow Tsow'
AKA: Cao Mengde ('Mehng-deh'), Cao Ah Man ('Ah Mahn'), August Emperor Wu [of
Wei] (Wei Wudi -- 'Way Woo-dee'), Great Founder [of Wei] (Taizu -- 'Tie-zoo')

ZHANG LIAO
In-Game Pronunciation: 'Zang Lee-ow'
Actual Pronunciation: 'Jhang Lee-ow'
AKA: Wenyuan ('Wehn-ywan')

DIAN WEI
In-Game Pronunciation: 'Dee-ahn Way'
Actual Pronunciation: 'Dee-ahn Way'
AKA: Ziman ('Zee-mahn')

SIMA YI
In-Game Pronunciation: 'See-mah Yee'
Actual Pronunciation: 'Sih-mah Yih'
AKA: Zhongda ('Jong-dah'), August Emperor Xuan [of Jin] ('Shoo-wan')

ZHEN JI
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Zen Jee'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Jehn Jee'
AKA: Lady Zhen, August Empress Wen Zhao [of Wei] ('Wehn Jaow')

NOTE:  In the novel, Zhen Ji is always referred to as Lady Zhen.

XU ZHU
In-Game Pronunciation: 'Joo Zoo'
Actual Pronunciation: 'Shoo Joo'
AKA: Xu Chu ('Shoo Choo'), Zhongkang ('Jong-khang')

ZHANG HE
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Zang Hee'
Actual Pronunciation: 'Jahng Heh'
AKA: Junyi ('Joon-yih')

XIAHOU DUN
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Jee-a-ho Doon'
Actual Pronunciation: 'Shee-a-ho Doon')
AKA: Yuanrang ('Ywan-rahng')

XIAHOU YUAN
In-Game Pronunciation: 'Jee-a-ho Wahn'
Actual Pronunciation: 'Shee-a-ho Ywan'
AKA:

XU HUANG
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Joo Hwang'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Shoo Hwang'
AKA: Gongming

[ SHU KINGDOM ]

LIU BEI
In-Game Pronunciation: 'Loo Bay'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Lyoo Bay'
AKA: Liu Xuande ('Shoo-wan-deh'), August Emperor Zhao Lie [of Shu-Han] ('Jaow
Lee-eh')

GUAN YU
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Gwan Yoo'
Actual Pronunciatino:  'Gwan Yoo'
AKA: Guan Yunchang ('Yoon-chahng'), Lord Guan

ZHANG FEI
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Zang Fay'
Actual Pronunciation:  "Jahng Fay'
AKA: Yide ('Yee-deh')

ZHAO YUN
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Zaow Yoon'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Jaow Yoon'
AKA: Zhao Zilong ('Zih-long')

ZHUGE LIANG
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Joo-gay Lee-ahng'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Joo-geh Lee-ahng'
AKA: Zhuge Kongming, Sleeping Dragon (Wu Long -- 'Woo-long')

JIANG WEI
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Jee-ahng Way'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Jee-ahng Way'
AKA: Boyue ('Boh-yweh')

WEI YAN
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Way Yahn'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Way Yahn'
AKA: Wenchang ('Wehn-chang')

MA CHAO
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Mah Chow'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Mah Chow'
AKA: Mengqi ('Mehng-chee')

PANG TONG
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Pahng Tong'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Pahng Tong'
AKA: Shiyuan ('Shee-ywan'), Young Phoenix/Phoenix Fledgeling (Feng Chu --
'Fehng Choo')

HUANG ZHONG
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Hwang Zong'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Hwang Jong'
AKA: Hansheng ('Hahn-shehng')

[ WU KINGDOM ]

SUN JIAN
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Soon Jee-ahn'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Soon Jee-ahn'
AKA:  Wentai ('Wehn-tie'), Emperor Wu Lie [of Wu] ('Woo Lee-eh')

SUN CE
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Soon Say'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Soon Tseh'
AKA: Bofu ('Boh-foo'), King Huan of Changsha

SUN QUAN
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Soon Kwan'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Soon Chwan'
AKA: Zhongmou ('Jong-moh'), Great August Emperor [of Wu]

SUN SHANG XIANG
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Soon Shang Jyang'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Soon Shang Shee-ahng'
AKA: Lady Sun, Sun Ren

NOTE:  In the novel, Sun Shang Xiang is almost always referred to as Lady Sun. 
Her actual name is Sun Ren (I assume the novel uses Lady Sun to remind the
reader that she's female, since the given name Ren is also used for male
characters e.g. Cao Ren).  In addition, although I'm not entirely certain, I
believe that Shangxiang (which should be written as one word, although it
consists of two characters) is her style name.

TAISHI CI
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Tie-shee See'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Tie-shee Tsih'
AKA: Ziyi ('Zee-yee')

LU MENG
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Loo Mehng'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Loo Mehng'
AKA:

LU XUN
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Loo Zoon'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Loo Shoon'
AKA: Boyan ('Boh-yahn')

ZHOU YU
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Joh Yoo'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Joh Yoo'
AKA: Gongjin ('Gong-jihn')

HUANG GAI
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Hwang Guy'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Hwang Guy'
AKA:  Gongfu ('Gong-foo')

DA QIAO
In-Game Pronunciation:  "Dah Kee-ow'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Dah Chee-ow'
AKA: Lady Qiao

XIAO QIAO
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Shee-ow Kee-ow'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Shee-ow Chee-ow'
AKA: Lady Qiao

NOTE:  In the novel, both Da Qiao and her sister (Xiao Qiao) are referred to as
'The Two Qiaos', or, if they appear singly, as Lady Qiao (such as with Da Qiao,
right before Sun Ce's death).  Also, Da Qiao and Xiao Qiao aren't really their
names, but 'da' means big (as in older) and 'xiao' means little (as in
younger).


[ OTHERS ]

ZHANG JIAO
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Zang Jaow'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Jhang Jee-ow'
AKA: Zhang Jue ('Jweh')

NOTE:  In the novel, Zhang Jiao is named Zhang Jue, yet in the game series he's
always called Zhang Jiao.  I've included both names here for completeness.

DONG ZHUO
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Dong Jwoh'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Dong Jwoh'
AKA:  Zhongyin

LU BU
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Loo Boo'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Loo Boo'
AKA: Fengxian ('Fehng-shee-an')

NOTE:  As far as I can tell, the actual pronunciation for Lu Bu is something
like "Lee-w Boo" (almost as if it were Liu Bu), but in my copy of Three
Kingdoms it clearly indicates it's pronounced the same as the Lu in Lu Meng, so
for this guide's purposes it's 'Loo Boo'.

DIAO CHAN
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Dee-ow Chahn'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Dee-ow Chahn'
AKA:

YUAN SHAO
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Wahn Shaow'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Ywan Shaow'
AKA:  Yuan Benchu ('Behn-choo')

MENG HUO
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Mehng Hwoh'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Mehng Hwoh'
AKA:

ZHU RONG
In-Game Pronunciation:  'Zoo Rong'
Actual Pronunciation:  'Joo Rong'
AKA: Lady Zhurong, Madame Zhurong

FU XI
In-Game Pronunciation:  N/A
Actual Pronunciation:  'Foo Shee'
AKA:

NU WA
In-Game Pronunciation:  N/A
Actual Pronunciation:  'Noo Wah'

--------------------------
Conclusion
--------------------------

That wraps up the pronunciation guide.  Hopefully this will help people out by
showing the right way to say the character's names.  I just became so tired of
people thinking Cao Cao was pronounced 'Cow Cow'.  And don't even get me
started on Cao Pi...

Thank you for playing.. err I mean reading.  And remember, don't be a Yuan
Shao!  Listen to advice people give to you, or your immense army may be crushed
and you could die a lonely, lonely man.  ... Or not.

END

This document is 2002 by Wayne Molina.