Kongming’s Archives –> Three Kingdoms II –> FAQs and Walkthroughs Author: admtanaka; FAQ: three_kingdoms_ii_a.txt; Ver. 1.13


Romance of the Three Kingdoms II

A Guide by Greg Hartman

Contact: good_catholic_boy@yahoo.com

         aolim: goodcatholicboy9

-please do not contact me if you are lame

-if you are emailing me, please put something in the topic to indicate

that you are asking about this faq.  i am very wary of emails from 

people i don't know (you should be also).  generally, better to contact

me via my screenname, i don't mind


Version History

Version 1.0 (6/25/03)

Version 1.1 (7/10/03)

     -fixed minor error in "threat" command section

     -fixed many typos, syntax, and other annoying errors

     -added more misc tips/strategies

Version 1.11 (8/03/03)

     -several very minor syntax errors corrected

     -error in "trust" section corrected 

     -(very) brief credits section added

Version 1.12 (1/03/04)

     -correction about adviser intel (section V, 7)

     -addition to credits section

     -minor typographical corrections

     -minor correction about difficulty levels

     -yet one more refinement on the 'threat' section

Version 1.13 (1/04/04)

     -glaring typo corrected



I. Intro, etc

II. Setting up a game

III. The Command Screen

IV. War

V. Misc tips and tricks

VI. Credits


I. Intro

     In my opinion, RoTK2 is probably the best version of Romance that

was released for the SNES.  Certainly as the series progressed the games 

became more complete and thorough, but none has the playability of RoTK2.

Certainly there are faults, both in gameplay and realism, but in the end 

the game manages to outshine them.  I personally feel that as the Romance

series progressed Koei tended to lean more towards flashier graphics and 

less towards refining gameplay.  

     This, incidentally, is my first ever faq/walkthrough/etc, so I 

would greatly appreciate any feedback (even if it's "this faq stinks"),

so long as it is honest.  If you have any additional info to share, 

send it to me and I will post it in the guide, with proper credit of



II.  Setting up a Game

There are Six Scenarios from which you can choose to play. 

1. Dong Zhuo Triumphs in Louyang - 189 AD

     Probably the scenario with the most parity between rulers.  Sun 

Jian (province 21), Cao Cao (pr 9), and Yuan Shao (pr 6) all are 

probably the most powerful from the opening of the scenario and are 

the most suitable choice for beginners.  Although Dong Zhuo 

(pr 10, 11, 12), starts with the most overall soldiers and lands he can 

be somewhat of a challenge due to his generally crummy followers

and low charm rating.  Liu Yan (pr 33, 30, 32) is also good for a 

beginner because he starts out quite powerful and far away from any 

other major opponent.  Liu Biao (pr 20), Tao Quian (pr 16), and Yuan

Shu (pr 19) are on somewhat of a middle ground, while Gongsun Zan (pr 3)

Liu Bei (pr 4) and Ma Teng (pr 14) are the scenario's challenges.  Of

these three, however, the only one who is really hard to play as is 

Gongsun Zan; Ma Teng starts off completely isolated and unthreatened and

Liu Bei isn't threatened by anyone powerful off the start and begins 

with Guan Yu and Zhang Fei, two of the best warriors in the game. Hain 

Fu (pr 7, called Han Fu in all other Romance games), Kong Rong (pr 8),

Wang Lang (pr 24), and Liu Yong (pr 28) are all unplayable in this 

scenario, although i'm not sure why.  They all pretty much stink, so 

I guess only someone who was a real veteran would want to play as them


2. Rivals Struggle for Power - 194 AD

     Another reasonably balanced scenario, although less so than the

first.  Cao Cao (pr 10,11) is probably the most powerful overall and 

thus the easiest ruler to be.  Sun Ce (pr 24) is another good strong 

choice. Yuan Shao (pr 6,7) is reasonably strong but many of his officers

suffer from mediocrity.  Liu Zhang (pr 33,32,34) is in basically the 

same position that Liu Yan was in last scenario and is yet another 

strong choice, as is Ma Teng (pr. 14) who has gained a ton of followers

since the first scenario.  Liu Biao (pr 20,21), Liu Bei (pr 16) and Yuan

Shu (pr 19, 17) are pretty much in the middle of the road. Lu Bu (pr 9)

starts decent, but stinks as a ruler and is hard to do much with.  Li

Jue (pr 12) is pretty much awful and makes a very tough game.  Gongsun

Zan (pr. 3) is tough too, but at least he starts with Zhao Yun, another

of the best generals in the game.  Zhang Lu (pr 29), Kong Rong (pr 8),

Yang Feng (pr 5), and Liu Yong (pr 28) are all unplayable.  This is 

somewhat disappointing because Zhang Lu could make an interesting 

(but challenging) play.  Again this scenario is balanced, so if you play

well it is completely possible to win with just about any ruler.

3. Aged Liu Bei Hides - 201 AD

    This scenario is actually still relatively balanced, although all

the major rulers have quite a lot of power.  Once again, Cao Cao 

(purple) is the strongest on the map and the best choice for an easy

game.  After him, Sun Quan (red) is probably the next strongest.  Liu 

Bei (green) has only one province, but it is pretty stacked with good

officers and is, overall, not a bad choice either.  Liu Zhang (orange)

and Ma Teng (purple spotted blue) are still good choices, as they can't

really get threatened from the start.  Liu Biao (blue spotted green) has

4 provinces, but they're not that awesome.  He's still easily as good a

choice as Liu Bei though.  Yuan Shao (yellow) might look tempting, but 

he's actually pretty crummy in this scenario.  He personally won't live

very long, and Cao Cao usually let's him have it fairly early into the

game.  His officers are still pretty weak compared to the other rulers.

Zhang Lu is selectable in this scenario and is good for a challenge

that is more or less doable.

4. Cao Cao Covets Control of China - 208 AD

     This scenario throws parity out the window.  Completely.  Cao Cao

is by far the most powerful ruler, ruling essentially all of northern

China.  After him Sun Quan (red) is probably the most powerful, followed

by Liu Zhang (orange) and Ma Teng (purple/blue).  Liu Bei still only

has one province (19) but it's full of generals and has a bunch of good

hidden officers, making him a reasonable choice.  Liu Biao has been 

replaced in this scenario by Han Xuan (pr 21), Zhao Fan (pr 22), Liu Du

(pr 23), and Jin Xuan (pr 20).  All of these rulers stink, although some

do have decent officers (especially Han Xuan, who has Huang Zhong).

Incidentally, if you want a challenge (and i mean a challenge) try 

playing as Jin Xuan.  It's next to impossible to win with him. Zhang Lu 

(pr 29, still) is tough, but still a little better than the chumps in Liu 

Biao's old lands. 

5. Nation Breaks into Three Divisions - 215 AD

     Well this scenario goes back to relative parity once again.  Cao 

Cao (purple) is still clearly the strongest, but Liu Bei and Sun Quan

(green and red, respectively) are still reasonably close to him.  Just

by looking at the map you should be able to tell that Meng Huo (yellow)

is going to be a tough play.  I prefer playing this scenario to the next

because the conflict that takes place around the central province (19)

is actually relatively interesting.  

6. The Three-Way Contest - 220 AD

     This scenario is really very similar to the last one.  Cao Pi has

succeeded Cao Cao and gained control of provinces 19 and 20.  Sun 

Quan is still more powerful than Liu Bei, and probably an easier choice

Meng Huo remains in the south, still very weak compared to the other 

rulers.  In all honesty i almost never play this scenario, it just 

doesn't do it for me.

     Once you pick your scenario and ruler you'll be asked for a 

difficulty level (1-3).  The differences between difficulties can be 

subtle, yet they are definitely significant.  Firstly, I notice almost

no difference in AI between difficulty levels.  This does not 

necessarily mean, however, that the computer controlled rulers don't get

soldiers faster on the higher difficulty levels (they might, it's been

a long time since i've played an entire game on 1, so i don't know). 

I suspect though that their armies get bigger more quickly on higher 

levels, but this probably comes from getting larger bonuses from the

game randomly.

     What's this about bonuses, you might ask?  Well, basically, the 

game cheats.  Computer rulers gain either gold or rice at the game's 

discrection throughout the game.  The amount of these bonuses varies 

depending on the ruler.  For example, Cao Cao, whom the computer plays

the best, gets the largest bonuses.  Dong Zhuo, whom the computer plays

quite poorly, gets a low bonus (so low it might actually be negative).

Regardless, the game is always awful about buying arms, even on the 

highest difficulty levels, so use this to your advantage in war.  I 

notice no difference in diplomacy based on difficulty either.

     So what are the differences then?  The biggest difference that I 

can see takes place in battle.  Generally, it would seem that your

troops become less and less effective as the difficulty level raises.

My own belief is that on the lowest difficulty, your troops are given

a mild advantage independent of all other factors, on the middle 

difficulty, no advantage is assigned to either you or the computer, and

that on the highest difficulty, the computer is assigned an advantage.

This is a huge pain on the highest difficulty level, especially when

you are conquering a ruler that has a high war ability. Taking Lu Bu

off of the defending castle, for example, will likely take at least 500

men, and that's if they are really good generals attacking 

simultaneously.  On the other hand if you have a really good general

defending a castle on the lowest difficulty level you will probably

never lose the city.  Another significant disparity between the skill 

levels is how quickly and efficiently the computer rulers train their

troops.  On the lowest level, they tend not to do a very good job; on the

higher levels, the computer's troops get trained almost as quickly as the


     There are also other more subtle differences.  Domestic qualities

of your province (land value, flood control, people's loyalty) go up 

much more slowly on the third level than they do on the first.  I also

find it generally more difficult to recruit generals from other rulers

on a difficulty that isn't 1.  Finally, the chances of successfully 

using the spy commands, especially 'tiger-wolf,' seem to be lower on 

the higher levels.  In total, changing the difficulty seems to change

very little besides a multiplier here and there.  I guess it's the 

easiest way to program varying difficulties without expending too much


     Lastly, you will be asked if you want to view other province's 

wars.  I generally always set this to yes, because, of course, the 

results of the wars are different when they are simulated.  The biggest

single change you'll notice is that damage done to units is much less

averaged off.  For example, if Cao Cao conquers Kong Rong and you watch

the battle, one unit might take 30 damage, another 20, and another 10.

If you simulated the battle they would all take 20 damage.  In all 

reality, it's not too critical if you view battles or not, it's simply

a matter of personal preference.


III.  The Command Screen

     The game turns progress in months, with each province being able

to strategize once a month.  All the leaders go in a particular order

that is closely based on total troop strength that is calculated in the

beginning of the month.  The ruler with the lowest strength plots his

strategy first, the ruler with the most plots his last.  There are

other factors that influence this order, such as total officers and 

total provinces (i think), but troop totals play the largest role.  It 

is a big advantage to go last, by the way, especially in the later

scenarios where many of the rulers have many provinces.  This is because

of how the 'tiger-wolf' spy tactic works.  If you go first, for example,

you might incite a rebellion successfully against one of your rivals

(that is, trick one of his governors to become a ruler in his own right)

but if he goes after you, he can (and occasionally will) just switch the

governor to get around your plot.  If your turn of the month is after

the ruler whom you plotted against, he won't go again until the next month,

and his governor will have already rebelled before he can transfer him out.

     Regardless, once it is your turn to go you'll be greeted by the 

command screen, which has all of your province's info in a little box in

the center of the screen and all of your possible commands listed at the


A. Explanation of Provincial Info

1. In the upper left corner of the screen is a little yellow crown with

a name next to it.  This is the name of the ruler of your empire.

2. Just below your ruler's name is a little blue symbol that is 

apparently a kind of hat (it looks more like a box to me).  Regardless, 

this is the name of the governor of the particular province.  If this

is your capital (home province) the names for both ruler and governor

will be the same.

3. To the right of the governor and ruler's names will be a picture of

the governor of this particular province.  If this is your capital, it

will be a picture of your ruler (obviously).  As a side note, it is

possible to generally tell if an officer is "good" based on his picture.

The game comes with several generic looking faces that go with many

of the mediocre officers in the game.  Most of the really talented

officers have their own unique mug shots.  Of course, some of the really

lousy officers have pictures too (Cao Bao comes to mind) so this method

isn't foolproof, but it's still a good general gauge.

4. To the right of the governor's picture will be the date and season,

the province number and name (really only the number is important) and,

if you have your advisor in this province, a picture of a scroll and

his name.  Note that in this game, unlike other Romance of the Three

Kingdoms games, you can only have one advisor throughout your entire

empire.  He absolutely should be in your capital.  Keep your advisor and

ruler together at all times, because most of the commands you need an 

advisor for can only be used in your home province anyway.

The following info is in that large tan box in the middle of the screen

5. Pop. stands for the population of the province divided by 100.  3500

thus becomes 350,000, in real numbers.  Generally, the higher this

number the better. The more people you have, the more taxes you collect.

Drafting, the plague, warfare, and floods will decrease your province's 

population. Every January it will increase (by a percentage, i think).

Most of the really high population provinces are in central China. (19

20, 10, 21). There are, however, other high population cities in other 

places (23 and 22, for example).  Population matters a lot, so try and 

get large provinces. Incidentally, when i talk about populations or 

soldiers or rice, i will be using the onscreen numbers, and not the 

actual numbers; don't be confused.

6. Soldr. - The amount of soldiers divided by 100.  Early in a scenario

(i mean like the first year or two) you are reasonably safe from attack

and sometimes ready to expand, with 300 soldiers.  Of course this varies

depending on who is bordering you, but early in the game 300 is a lot.

Because of the way battles work, if you have more than 500, you are

very safe from invasion, because the attackers can never bring more than

5 generals/500 troops unless they arrange a joint attack.  The computer

will almost never attack a city with more than 500 troops because of this. 

7. Gold - Amount of gold in the province.  Gold is used to hire troops,

buy arms/food/horses, reward/recruit officers, etc.  You gain gold from

taxes in January.

8. Rice - barrels of food in the province.  For every month of warfare

1 soldier needs 1 barrel of rice.  Therefore if you have 500 troops and

100 rice in a city you are in a lot of trouble if someone attacks you.

The computer will exploit a situation like this, so make sure that you

always, always, always have at least much rice as soldiers in a city.

You gain rice from your harvest in July.

9. PL - people's loyalty.  The most important of the domestic qualities

in a city, it is also the easiest to raise.  Giving food to the people 

will raise it; drafting, getting attacked, collecting a special tax, or

a disaster will lower it.  Do not let it fall below like 30, because if

it does your people might riot (especially if your governor's charm or

your ruler's trust are low).  Generally, get this value to at least the

high 80s by july of the first year of your scenario and keep it around 

100 the rest of the game (not hard at all).  It affects how much rice

you collect in tax in July and how much gold you collect in January.

10. Gnls - Total number of generals in the province, counting the ruler

and advisor, but not free generals.

11. Land - Land value in the province.  This increases when you invest

money into the land value under the internal affairs command group, and

decreases when you are attacked or a natural disaster befalls your 

province, such as locusts.  I lost the manual a long time ago, but I 

seem to remember it claiming that this only affected your harvest in 

July, and, well, that's wrong. High land value also yields high gold

collections in January.  It maxes out at 100, and you should have no

problem reaching that within a year or two, depending on how many troops

you are hiring and your difficulty level.

12. FlCl - Flood Control (great abbreviation guys).  This basically

functions the same as land value, except that it also controls how much

damage your province takes as a result of floods or typhoons.  For some

reason it also increases both your harvest and gold collection.

Keep it high, but it's not super super critical.

13. Hrse - amount of horses in your province.  Horses are not used for

warfare, but are given to individual generals either to reward them or

to persuade them to join your army.  Horses cost exactly 100 gold to 

buy and cannot be transferred from one province to another.  Generally,

I use them to reward officers early in the game to save money, but 

then never buy them again for reasons i'll describe later.  There are

better things to spend 100 gold on.

14. Trst - Trust in your ruler.  This number is the same for all of your

lands, and is complicated to explain.  It starts at 50 for all rulers.

This value affects a lot of different things.  Most importantly, it 

affects how your officers think of you.  If this value is low, their 

loyalties will drop just about every turn, even if they have high

compatibility with your leader (i'll get to compatibility later). You 

will also find it much harder to recruit officers from other leaders

and very difficult to form alliances with anyone (not as important as it

sounds).  When trust reaches about 75 all your officers loyalty will not

go down.  Ever.  I shouldn't say that.  They won't go down unless 

another ruler uses some type of spy plot against you, which is rare.

The problem with trust is that it goes down really easily and is hard

to increase.  The only actions that will increase trust are sending

reinforcements to an ally when he is attacked (fairly big increase, 

especially if you send a lot of troops and succeed in defending the

province) or being part of a joint invasion that another ruler has set

up.  Let me repeat this.  If you ask someone to help you by joining your

attack on another province your trust will *not* go up.  Only if he asks

you and you actually come through on your word.  You'll also get a three

point trust increase if you choose not even to read a message intercepted

through your province, provided the messenger is from your ally.  This,

of course, requires you to trust either that your ally isn't trying to

plot against you or that all your followers are loyal enough not to be

affected by a plot.

     A ton of things make trust go down.  Collecting a special tax will

always drop it.  Never, ever collect a special tax, it's essentially

selling your trust for pennies.  Anytime someone sends you a diplomatic

messenger, you'll have the option of accept, refuse and capture.  If

you ever choose capture you will lose trust (not much, like 3 or 4 - 

sometimes it's still worth it to try and capture someone if you know

they are a good officer with very low war ability).  Generally, if you

don't want to ally with someone, show some restraint and just refuse.

If someone going through your province and gets intercepted by you and

he is an officer of your ally you can't try and capture him without 

losing trust, even if he is attempting to recruit one of your officers!

In this case, just seize the letter.  If your ally is caught trying to

recruit your enemies' followers, you can't do anything except ignore it

without losing trust.  If the messenger does not belong to your ally, 

there is more flexibility - you can capture those that are going after

your followers and seize the letter from those recruiting elsewhere (you

might even be able to try and capture him, i'm not sure) without a trust


     Many diplomatic actions reduce trust.  Attacking someone you are

allied with obviously lowers it a lot, as does betraying your ally in

combat (again, show some restraint).  Unfortunately, all these rules

(including the ones above) apply to both rulers you are allied with and

those with whom you have marriages with, whether or not you initiated 

it.  On top of this, all marriages are permanent, and cannot be 

cancelled for any reason.  In short, if you have a marriage with 

someone, you will never be able to conquer them without destroying

your trust rating. This means that you won't be able to win the game 

without ruining your trust.  This means don't agree to marriages ever.

No matter what.  Finally, recruiting from your allies excessively or

carrying out spy missions against them (especially against their 

governors) lowers your trust.  The same applies for rulers you have 

arranged marriages with.  Stinks, doesn't it?  Well there is one good 

part about trust, and that is that if you find the hereditary seal your 

trust will automatically max out at 100.  Unfortunately you won't find 

the seal until you've conquered at least half of China, so you still 

have to behave yourself for most of the game.

15. Cost - This is the number of barrels of rice you have to sell in

order get 100 gold.  When selling a lower number is obviously better, 

when buying a larger one is better.  The highest i've ever seen it is

88.  The lowest i've seen it ever is like 15, which is amazingly

good if you have a lot of rice in your territory. "Good" prices for

selling are the 30s.  "Fair" selling prices are in the 40s.  Keep in 

mind that even if you have an awesome rate, there still might be no

merchants in your territory.  To my knowledge prices are random, but 

they tend to hover around one number for a while before changing more


16. FrGl - Free Generals that are in your province.  A Free general is a 

general that is not currently serving any particular ruler.  A free 

general can appear in your province in three ways.  First, he can be

uncovered by using the search command.  Other times free generals from

other provinces will wander into your land.  Finally, sometimes the 

computer will hide a general in your province to act as a spy.  They 

only do this when they really hate you, and it is not hard at all to 

figure out what they are doing if you know what followers he has 

(oftentimes they'll send someone that is so obviously their follower that

it's funny).  If you are uncomfortable about recruiting someone you can

always wait a few turns.  Hidden generals never move from province to

province, whereas free generals will move after a certain number of 

turns.  Of course, if you don't trust someone and then he wanders 

somewhere else you can't recruit him.  It's almost always safe to recruit

these guys, unless of course the general happens to be your hated enemy's


B. The Commands

1. View Commands

1a. Province - views another province.  If you are viewing one of your

own provinces, it won't expend an officer's turn.  If you are viewing an

enemy's province, it will expend a turn.  Everyone views a province 

equally well, so use your worst general to view if you can.

1b. General - views a general in this city, bringing up a list of 

officers and finally the general info box.  This never uses up a turn. 

Some quick notes on what each of the numbers mean:

lylty - how loyal the officer is to you.  Generally, an officer is very

unlikely to leave you if his loyalty rating is higher than 90.  It is

still reasonably likely that someone will leave you if their loyalty is

in the 80s, so make sure to reward often.  Incidentally, you should 

never attack anywhere with officers whose loyalties are not in the 90s,

because the game is extremely proficient at bribing them.  Finally, it

is also not advised to attack anywhere with either Lu Bu or Wei Yan 

(especially Lu Bu) because these two clowns will desert you like it's

their job once they get into a battle.  If loyalty ever falls to around

30 there is a good chance the officer will just leave you and become a 

free general.  If loyalty sits around 60 for a while eventually one of

the computer rulers will recruit him from you.  Reward often.

arms - the arms rating of his unit.  If he has no soldiers at all this

will be 100.  Basically this is the percentage of soldiers in his unit

that have arms.  It is really easy to keep this at 100, just send him

to the market one turn and have him buy the maximum amount of arms.  The

only way it goes down is if soldiers die in combat.  The computer tends

not to buy arms until quite late in the game, so use this to your 

advantage in war.

skill - the training level of his soldiers.  Never attack unless this is

100.  Skill is generally pretty easy to raise with the train command,

so make sure to max it out as soon as possible.

soldr - the number of soldiers assigned to this general's unit. The max

is 100.

intel - the officer's intelligence.  An intel of 80 or above allows 

the general to become your state's advisor.  High intel also makes

improving land or flood control of a state go more quickly.

war - how effective your general is at leading troops in the field and

also how good he is at personal combat.  War ability also affects how

effective your officer is at training soldiers or moving goods between


charm - how charming your officer is.  Charm is used for giving to the 

people and for rewarding or recruiting officers.  Most of the time, 

officers with high intel also have reasonably high charm, but this does

not hold true always.

age - the officer's age.  Officers have a high chance of passing away

when they are older, although many officers die in specific years due

to "evil omens."

Years of service seems mostly irrelevant and is probably just for your

own personal reference.  It would seem that more years of service would

lead to the officer being more loyal, but i don't notice any direct

correlation myself.  Years of service only count from the start of the

scenario you are playing.  Thus even though Xiahou Dun has been serving

Cao Cao for 5 years by 194 AD, if you start playing the second scenario

his years of service will start at 1.

1c. Summary One - lists all the officers in the province and displays

their loyalty, intel, war ability, and charm.  It never uses up someone's

turn to use it.

1d. Summary Two - lists all the officers in the province and displays

their years of service, arms level, training level, and number of 

soldiers.  Very useful, and never uses up anyone's turn to view it.

1e. Territory - lists all the provinces in your empire, their governors,

the amount of rice and food, how many soldiers are stationed there,

the people's loyalty and the number of your officers present.  Provinces

with an asterick by their number are delegated to the control of their

governor.  This is another free command.

2. Army Commands

2a. Hire - hires soldiers in the current province.  It uses up one 

officer's turn; his abilities do not affect how well he drafts the

troops. Every soldier you hire costs 10 gold and 1 rice, and lowers both

the population and the people's loyalty.  After you hire the soldiers

you will be brought to the assign screen.  The total amount of troops in

a province can never outnumber the population.  This means if there are

only 750 people living in a province, you can't draft any soldiers that 

would raise your army's size to over 750.  The only exception to this 

rule is if you move an army into a really small province (ie. move 1000 

soldiers into a province with 500 civilians).  You can have this large of

an army present, but you won't be able to draft any new recruits.

2b. Assign - reassigns soldiers amongst your officers.  Generally it is

best to assign the most soldiers to your most loyal followers first (use

the buttons on the right to sort the generals however you see fit).  If

all your officers are very loyal (or at least equally loyal) give 

soldiers to the men with the highest war ability, as they are by far

the most effective fighters.  Having one unit led by an officer with a 

high intel is also a good idea, because these officers excel at fire 

tricks. This command uses an officer's turn and any general is as good as

the next at reassigning.

2c. Train - trains the soldiers that are in your province.  You do not

need to have officers assigned to a general in order for him to train.

The more officers you have training and the higher their war abilities,

the greater the resulting increase in skill. All officers who participate

in the training will have used up their turn.

2d. War - invade a neighboring province. First select a province to 

attack, then who will go.  You will then be asked to pick someone to 

command the unit.  Generally you want someone with at least decent war

ability to command because if your commanding unit gets badly beaten and

has to retreat you will lose the battle.  Do not let Lu Bu or Wei Yan

command  your army, ever.  Also do not let anyone whose loyalty is not

very high command, because if the enemy bribes him you automatically

lose the battle.  For more on war see the battle section. Obviously, 

going to war uses up the officer's turn.

3. "Person" Commands

3a. Recruit - this command attempts to recruit an officer to join your

ruler's army.  If this is the home province you can recruit any officer

from any other ruler, if this is not your capital you can only

recruit free officers who are in your province.  Obviously, officers with

lower loyalties are easier to recruit.  I usually don't even try to 

recruit someone unless his loyalty is in the lower 80s or less, as the

success rate will be quite low.  After you pick the officer you want to

recruit you will be asked which method you will use to recruit him.  

'Personal Appeal' requires sending your ruler, 'horse' requires having at 

least one horse to give, 'gold' requires having 100 gold to give the

officer, and 'letter' requires nothing. The manual claims (i think) that

using a horse is better if the person you are trying to recruit has a 

high war ability, that personal appeal is better if he has high intel, 

and that letter is better if he has high charm.  Some other guides agree

with this.  I do not.  I notice no difference in success rate at all

between any of the different methods, so I always use a letter. 

      Many factors seem to affect whether or not your attempt to recruit

an officer is successful.  The officer's loyalty is obviously the major

factor, but others seem to be important.  The messenger plays a role, and

although they are sorted by charm, I have noticed that the guy with the

highest charm is not always the best at recruiting officers, so if

you are serious about recruiting somebody you should try sending several

different messengers. Compatibility is also very important.

***A Quick note about compatibility:

     Compatibility affects a lot of different factors when it comes to

personel in this game.  Unfortunately, there is no onscreen number that

shows any particular officer's compatibility with your ruler or other

officers, so you'll have to figure it out mostly through trial and error.

Compatibility greatly affects how loyal officers are to you. Example: Guan

Yu, who has very high compatibility with Liu Bei is captured by Dong

Zhuo (fairly unlikely).  Cao Cao then recruits Guan Yu from Dong Zhuo, 

since his loyalty is probably about 20.  Guan Yu has poor compatibility

with Cao Cao, so his loyalty is very likely low (probably about 60).  Ma

Teng then recruits Guan Yu off of Cao Cao.  Ma Teng and Guan Yu are very

compatible, so Guan Yu's loyalty will probably start either in the high

80s or low 90s with Ma Teng.  Compatibility also affects how often a

general's loyalty decreases, and how much it decreases when it does.  

Officers with very low compatibility decrease in loyalty very quickly.

     So how can you tell who is compatible with whom?  This is slightly

more complicated.  As far as I can tell every general in the game leans

at least slighty towards one of the three kingdoms: Shu (Liu Bei), Wu

(Sun Jian/Ce/Quan) or Wei (Cao Cao/Pi).  Guan Yu, for example, is very

strongly Shu, so any other leader who is strongly Shu, like Ma Teng, is 

a ruler Guan Yu will get along with.  Someone who is less strongly tied

to a particular kingdom, Ji Ling, for example, won't have a high loyalty

immediately after being recruited with any leader, but it won't be low

either.  Yuan Shao, Liu Biao, and Dong Zhuo are probably the most 

important "neutral" compatibility rulers, although Liu Biao is somewhat

pulled between both Wei and Shu.  In the long run, once you know who to

recruit, it is an advantage to be a ruler that is strongly either Wei, 

Wu, or Shu.  Most of the best generals are strongly tied to one of the

three kingdoms, and if you can recruit the right ones you will have to

worry less about loyalties.

     I still haven't answered the question.  The best way to check an

officer's compatibility is to play scenario 5 or 6 and see who he ends 

up with at the end of the game.  For example, if you play as Liu Bei in

scenario 5, you'll notice that he has many of Liu Zhang's old followers.

It is safe to assume, then, that these officers are compatible with Liu

Bei in all other scenarios, and, also, that Liu Zhang, as a ruler, is

fairly strongly Shu.  Thus Liu Zhang's followers would be loyal to Liu

Bei, and people that are supposed to follow Liu Bei in later scenarios

(like Zhuge Liang) will be loyal to Liu Zhang, whether or not there is

historical reason for them to do so.

     Anyway, back to recruiting; compatibility with your ruler will play

a large role in how successful you are in recruiting any given general.

I suspect that the messenger's compatibility may also play a role, but

I am less sure about this.  Trust also plays a major role in your 

chances, but it might only be your trust relative to the other ruler.

This is actually usually bad, because the game also cheats with trust,

giving the best rulers, like Cao Cao, trust bonuses as time goes on.  He

will still be penalized for breaking treaties and the like, of course,

but in times of peace his trust will go up seemingly for no reason.

     Recruiting always uses an officer's turn, even if after hearing your

adviser's advice you decide not to send your messenger.  For best

results, be fairly persistent while recruiting, try using several

different generals. Whew.

3b. Search - searches the province for free generals that are in hiding.

I'm pretty sure that new generals go into hiding every January, so it's

probably best to search then.  Searching doesn't use a turn if, after

hearing your adviser's opinion on the matter, you decide not to search;

otherwise it will use the selected general's turn.  For the most part, 

any general will do.

3c Appoint

   1. Governor - appoints someone the governor of a province.  When you

conquer a new province the commander automatically becomes the governor;

this command will let you appoint someone else to replace him.  Charm

and war ability are the only abilities that matter for a governor for

the most part.  If the province can't get attacked and you are only

going to have one officer in the province, however, intel is more 

important than war ability.  If the province gets attacked the governor

will be the commander on the defensive side and will almost always be

guarding the castle, so he should be at least competant at war if you 

are in danger of being attacked.

   2. Advisor - appoints someone the advisor of your empire.  You can

only have one advisor, and it usually should be the person who has the

highest intel throughout your state.  Your advisor should always be

in the same province as your ruler, as it will make recruiting and spying

much easier.  You can appoint anyone with an intel of 80 or higher

advisor, and even if 80 is the highest intel anyone has, you should 

definitely have an advisor, because even if you never listen to him he

can still let you know if one of your governors has a tendency towards

rebelling or if a spy is in your midst.  At 80 though, don't bother

listening to much of what your advisor has to say otherwise, as it's

mostly random garbage.  A useful advisor will have an intel of at least 

90, probably better 95. If an advisor doesn't have an intel of at least 

90 he will be wrong so often so as not to be useful.  Even with very high

intels advisors can still be wrong several times consecutively (i've seen

Pang Tong be wrong 4 times in a row and his intel is 98).  Zhuge Liang is

the only officer in the game with a perfect 100 in intel, and he is never 

wrong.  Get him if at all possible. Neither of these commands requires 

you to expend a turn.

3d Dismiss

   1. General - fires a general from your service.  He will become a 

free general in either your province or a neighboring one. The only time

you will ever really fire a general is if your advisor has alerted you

that he can no longer be trusted (usually because he is actually a spy

for one of the other rulers).  You can also fire someone with really low

loyalty in hopes of recruiting them again, but this is rarely worth it

unless their loyalty is somewhere around 20 or 30.

   2. Advisor - relieves your advisor of his duties.  This command is

essentially useless; you don't need to fire your current advisor to 

appoint a new one, and if you don't have someone else to appoint you 

shouldn't be dismissing your current advisor. Neither of these commands

require you to expend someone's turn.

3e. Delegate

   1. Delegate - Delegates a province to be ruled by the governor.  You

will no longer have to control the province.  This is useful when you 

have a lot of provinces that can't be attacked where you'd only be

hitting done anyway.  Generally, i delegate all the provinces that can't

be attacked and only control the ones that border my enemies.  You have

four choices for policies "full command" (which in this game is the same

as "balanced"), "internal" (focuses on improving the province), 

"personel"(focuses on getting/rewarding officers), and "military" (self-

explanatory).  If you have just one officer in the province it doesn't

much matter which one you pick.  If you think that you'll save yourself

a ton of time by sending a bunch of disloyal generals into one province

and delegating it on "personel" you're going to be disappointed.  Even

on this setting the delegated governor is still terrible about keeping

your loyalties decent.  I usually just pick "full command."  You can 

also order the province to send goods to a particular state (useful) or

to attack an enemy territory (not useful -  you won't be impressed by

their performance).

   2. Cancel - ends delegated orders for a province.  You will regain

control of it.  The only way to change policies is to cancel and 

redelegate it. Neither of these commands requires a turn to be spent.

3f. Reward (uses governor/ruler's turn) - you have two basic choices 

(three if you have an advisor).  Gold allows you to give up to 100 gold

to one of your officers.  How much their loyalty goes up is based on

your governor's charm and how much money you choose to give.  Horse is 

very similar to gold.  Giving a horse does about the same thing as giving

100 gold.  Giving writings to a follower does not affect his loyalty at

all, but it will increase his intel by one point, up to the level of your

advisor (minus one).  Thus if you have Zhuge Liang as your advisor 

(intel 100) you could in theory raise Cao Bao's (or any other officer's)

intel to 99.  Rewarding is probably what you will be doing more often

than anything else.  Unless you need your ruler to do something else that

turn (like buy arms) he should probably be rewarding someone, unless of

course everyone's loyalty is 100.  Rewarding with writings is more or 

less a waste of time, as intel is not really worth raising (after all,

you already have an advisor that is better than you could make someone


4. Trade

4a. Sell Rice - Sells rice for gold at the rate displayed as "cost." A 

rate of 50 means that you have to sell 50 rice to make 100 gold. Uses

an officer's turn, anyone will do.

4b. Buy Rice - Buys rice for gold at the rate displayed as "cost." A 

rate of 50 means that you will have to pay 100 gold for 50 rice.  This 

also uses an officer's turn, anyone will do.

4c. Buy Horse - Buys horses at 100 gold/horse.  In my opinion it's not

worth it since I don't see any advantage in buying horses, but some

may disagree. It uses someone's turn, anyone will do.

4d. Buy Arms - Buys arms at the price of 1 arm/1 gold. You have to send

the person you want to have the arms to the store to buy them himself.

This is very important, as it adds a lot to your unit's ability to fight

in a war.  It uses your turn to buy your unit arms.

5. Int. Afrs

5a. Land - invest money into developing the land value of your province.

This is important for both your harvest and your tax collection in 

January.  The higher the intel of the person investing, the more 

successful it will be.  All officers involved in developing land use

their turns.

5b. Flood - invest money into developing the flood control of your

province.  This is important for harvests, tax collection, and actually

controlling damage due to floods.  The higher the intel of the people

investing, the more successful it will be.  All officers involved

use their turns.

5c. Give - gives food to the people in order to raise their loyalty to

your ruler.  This increases both harvest and tax collections in 

January.  The charm of the officers giving food as well as the charm of

your governor will determine how big of an increase the people's loyalty

will experience.  Officers that give food will use their turns.

5d. Tax - collect a special tax from your people.  This will lower your

people's loyalty and also your trust.  Never, ever, ever do this.  It's

not worth sacraficing your trust for a few hundred gold and a few hundred


6. Diplomacy

6a. Ally - attempt to ally with another ruler.  Allies are less likely

to attack you (to varying degrees depending on the other ruler), and 

can assist you in battle either by helping you invade another province

or by sending reinforcements to you should you be attacked.  Alliances 

are most helpful when you are trying to build your trust, relatively 

weak (overall or on a particular front), or need some help to invade a

particularly nasty province, such as Liu Biao's capital, which always

seems to have at least 1000 troops.  Alliances can be broken at any time

with no penalty to trust, provided that you use the Cancel command,

rather than simply attacking your former ally. The officer you choose as

envoy will use his turn.

6b. Joint - attempt to plan a joint attack on a third ruler's province.

Even if the ruler agrees to help you he might decide at the last second

not to send any men.  Remember when you do attack that you'll need to 

send enough food to supply both your men as well as his.  Assuming

your victory, you will give him 10% of the gold and rice in the conquered

province in appreciation for his support.  He will gain trust, you will

not.  Your envoy will use his turn.  You must already be allied with the

ruler you plan on asking to help in your invasion.  After getting an 

acceptance from the other ruler, you can either attack the same turn or

the next.  After your next turn has passed, the agreement will expire.

There is no penalty for planning a joint invasion and not actually

launching the attack.

6c. Marry - attempt to set up a marriage between your family and the 

family of another ruler.  This is almost always a terrible idea.  A

marriage seems to function as a permanent alliance with the ruler without

any of the benefits, such as joint attacks.  Your trust will reduce as if

you were allied with the ruler if you were to attack him.  Marriages

are permanent and cannot be cancelled. Your envoy will lose his turn.

If you seal the marriage, the other ruler's hostility towards you will

drop dramatically, but it's really not worth it.

6d. Gift - offer a gift to a ruler.  It will always be accepted.  Gifts

are anywhere between 100 and 1000 gold.  The higher the charm of your 

messenger, the lower the ruler's hostility towards you will become.  

Although this is a good (and more or less the only) way of reducing a

rival ruler's hostility towards you, it's not especially useful.  If you

are powerful enough the computer rulers will probably ask you to ally,

and if you aren't powerful enough you're better off spending money on

making yourself powerful rather than giving it to your rival so he can 

hire troops to invade you.  The deliverer of the gift will use his turn.

It is occasionally useful to give gifts in order to secure a strong ally

for use in a joint attack, but otherwise try to avoid giving gifts.

6e. Cancel - cancel an alliance with a ruler.  There is no penalty for

doing this at all, besides his hostility increasing.  There is no

penalty in trust if you cancel an alliance and attack your former ally

in the same turn.  This is the only way to cancel an alliance without

losing trust.  You don't need to use an officer to cancel an alliance.

6f. Threat - Threaten a ruler in hopes that they will surrender to you.

This almost never works unless your trust is high, the ruler is 

pathetically weak and you are super powerful. It also seems to work well

if the other ruler has almost no provisions.  I imagine compatibility is

also a factor, since you are essentially recruiting another ruler.  If he

surrenders, his province becomes yours and he becomes your officer.  If

you fail, he's likely to try and capture the envoy.  The envoy will lose

his turn.  The only reason to do this is if you are just dying to have 

Liu Yong (or equivalent) as an officer.  I have heard (although i haven't

really looked into it) that none of the three kingdoms rulers will ever

surrender, no matter how bad their situation is.  Finally, if a ruler

does surrender to you, make sure not to make him a governor, since they

always seem to be apt to rebel.

7. Spy

7a. Hide General - This command allows you to hide a general who has 100

loyalty in one of your rival's provinces.  The hidden general becomes a 

free general in the other ruler's province and will probably be recruited

in a few turns.  Hiding a general is actually a very good way to weaken

an opponent.  Hidden generals lower all of the loyalties in the other

ruler's province very quickly.  On top of this, if you invade an enemy

and he assigns soldiers to your spy, your spy can immediately change 

sides, just bribe him with 0 gold.  Don't be stupid and hide a general

who already has troops assigned to him.  The computer will just hire him

anyway and resassign the soldiers, making you look like a dummy.  The 

verify option allows you to send a message to the general to make sure

he's still going along with the plot.  Withdraw allows you to remove the

general without invading.  Rulers that are "good" or have an advisor with

a high intel are more likely to figure out what is going on and dismiss

your general.  In this case he'll just return to your province.  The only

problem with hiding a general is that sometimes another computer warlord

will just recruit him off the first ruler.  This is stupid and should 

have been accounted for somehow, but it isn't.  Oh well. Rarely, but

occasionally, your general will like it better where he's hidden and just 

stay there as an officer.  Make sure you hide someone you have high

compatibility with.

7b. Rival Tigers - This plot is supposed to raise hostilities between

two enemy rulers, in hopes that they will attack each other.  It's more 

or less pointless.  Even if it works on both leaders, their hostilities

barely move, and the game so rarely attacks after a certain point that

you'll probably never use this.  I can't remember the last time I even

bothered to try it.  There are better things to do with your time. 

Especially since it takes up two officers' turns.

7c. Tiger Wolf - This is probably the most rewarding spy tactic in the

game.  Basically you find one of your rival's governors and trick him 

into rebelling against his ruler and establishing his own empire.  Now,

very rarely do these new rulers ever do much of anything, but they are

very annoying, especially if they occur in the middle of someone's 

territory.  Given enough effort on your part to persuade them, you can

get a lot of officers to actually rebel.  Scenario 4 is perfect for this

because Cao Cao has so many provinces compared to the other rulers.  The

rules for this are very similar to recruiting, once you get your 

advisor's opinion on the success of you mission, your general will have

used his turn whether or not you send him.  Definitely worth trying 


7d. Betrayal - This is an attempt to convince one of your rival's

officers to switch to your side upon your invasion of his ruler's land.

It is reasonably successful and also relatively powerful, especially if

you are attacking a province with more than 700 soldiers.  It is fairly

tricky to get someone with a loyalty higher than the 70s to agree to do

it.  Unless of course it's Lu Bu or Wei Yan.  But if it's them you 

can probably just bribe them without bothering with the plot.  It uses

officers turns the same way as tiger-wolf.

7e. Forgery - Here you send a forged letter to an officer in an attempt

to lower his loyalty with the ruler.  This is most effective if done 

several times a month for several consecutive months, then either 

recruiting the officer or arranging a betrayal.  On difficulty 1 or 2 

it's not really worth the effort as it takes a lot of time and manpower

to work effectively and it's usually easier just to capture the general

in battle.  On 3 it might be more worth it, especially if he is an 

officer with a very high war ability.  It also uses officers' turns like


8. Move Commands

8a. Move General - moves a general and all soldiers assigned to him to

another province.  If you move into an empty province you will gain 

control of it and have to appoint a governor.

8b. Move Goods - transports money and/or rice to another friendly

province.  If you select a general with poor war ability to do it, the

chances for the goods to be stolen by either bandits or another ruler 

(assuming, of course that you are going through his territory) raises

dramatically.  The computer chooses the path your general will take, and

it seems to be pretty much the fastest way, even if it is through an 

enemy's territory.  


IV. War

A. The Commands

1. Move

   1a. Normal - moves your unit in the desired direction.  You stop 

moving no matter how much mobility remains if you move adjacent to an

enemy unit or get ambushed.  Your mobility depends on the training

level of your men, and maxes out at 6 (100 skill).  Fields take two

mobility; forests, hills, and the castle three; and water five.  If you

rest a turn (by not using any command at all) you will gain one mobility

point.  When attacking, moving a unit on the defending castle means

instant victory.

   1b. Move Enemy - attempts to move an enemy to the square you are going

to vacate as you move elsewhere.  The enemy must be adjacent to you in 

order to do it.  It is useful if your unit is in a square that is on 

fire, otherwise it's pretty pointless unless you are being especially

clever in a battle.  Officers with a high intel are the best to do it, 

and it works most effectively against officers with low intels.

2. Attack

   2a. Simult. - Begin an attack where every other unit also adjacent to

the target will join in.  Casualties are generally very low on the 

attacking side, unless the unit you are attacking is especially powerful.

This is the most efficient and best way to eliminate a strong opponent.

   2b. Normal - Engage the enemy unit with your unit only.  Generally

one normal attack is more powerful than any single attack from a simult.

attack, but the attacker's casualties will be noticeably higher. This is

really only good when you can't do a simult. attack because no other unit

is nearby or on the map at all.

   2c. Fire - attempt to set the ground or an adjacent unit on fire.  

Units that become trapped in the fire (ie have no available move out of

it) will take heavy casualties that are surprisingly random.  If the unit

has about 20 soldiers left it will usually opt to retreat.  If a unit

has less than 1 soldier (ie 0 and change) and can't retreat or move out

of the fire, the leader of that unit will perish in the flames.  Fire 

can be very effective if used properly.  The castle is very hard to

set on fire.  The higher your unit's leader's intel, the higher the 

chances of him successfully setting the unit on fire. (i have a hunch

that war ability may also play a role, but again, i can't be sure).

   2d. Charge - charge at the enemy unit.  Both units will take heavy 

casualties, but if your unit is overpowering, it is definitely worth it.

Most of the time you will break through to the other side of the enemy

unit.  The times you don't you'll probably wish you didn't charge, 

because you will very likely take a lot of casualties.  Charging is good

for eliminating a weak unit and capturing its leader.  Occasionally, 

however, eliminating a unit by charging will cause the leader to perish.

I'm not even sure if the leader dies randomly, because it seems to be

the same people who perish all the time, but this could be my 


3. Flee - withdraws your unit from the battlefield.  If this is your 

commanding unit you must also withdraw your entire army; you can't change

your commander mid battle.  The only exception is when you send your

ruler as reinforcements after a month has already passed in combat.  In

this case your ruler will become the new commander of your forces.  This

is a useful trick for extending conflict while attacking a very powerful

enemy province. Units that flee have a chance of being captured, 

especially if they are close to many other enemy units.

4. View - very useful, very cheap.  Costs 10 gold and you will get info 

on one enemy unit - loyalty, skill, arm level, war ability, and intel.

Make sure you bring some money along to do this.

5. Tactics

    5a. Bribe - Attempt to bribe an enemy unit to join your side.  You

can bribe with up to 99 gold per attempt, and i'd advise you to use the

max, because even then the chances of success are quite low.  The officer

you are attempting to bribe keeps the money if you fail, so if you intend

on bribing a lot bring several thousand dollars.  Try to bribe generals 

that are either low in loyalty or naturally jerks as you'll have the

most success. If you are bribing someone you have a pact with, you can

bribe with 0 gold and they will still switch sides.  As with recruiting,

compatibility plays a role, both in your chances of success, as well as

in the loyalty the follower will have to you after he switches sides.

Attempting to bribe someone with a loyalty higher than 90 is almost 

always a waste of time, with very few exceptions.  Lu Bu and Wei Yan

can (and will) be bribed even if their loyalty is 100.  Other times you

can get someone with a loyalty in the 90s to switch sides if they have

very high compatibilty with your ruler and very poor compatibility with

your opponent (for example: Guan Yu is serving Dong Zhuo and Liu Bei 

attacks him, given enough effort Guan Yu might be successfully bribed).

    5b. Reinforce - This is only available if you are defending.  You

can leave extra units inside the castle and bring them out later with

this command.  Generally, you don't have to leave any units inside unless

you already have 10 that you want to deploy.

B. Progression of the Battle

      Battles are fought for 30 days, at the end of which either side

can send additional reinforcements.  The first day of the battle both 

sides will have the option of sending an officer out for personal combat.

Occasionally a powerful officer will volunteer and challenge the enemy

without you doing anything.  Regardless if the enemy accepts the 

challenge the two officers will fight until one falls or the match is

called a draw.  If you refuse personal combat a small amount of soldiers

will desert from your forces (about 8% +/- 1%).  The same thing will

happen to the computer if they refuse your challenge.  If neither side

proposes personal combat the battle continues without it.  The loser of

personal combat (and his unit) are immediately captured and removed from

the field of battle.

***A quick note about personal combat

     If a general with a lower war ability defeats a general with a 

higher war ability, his ability will raise to the average of the two

numbers, rounded down.  This is a somewhat risky maneouver, but it can

raise a general's ability if you decide it's worth it.  The biggest 

upset I've ever seen is Jin Xuan (war 43) defeating Yang Huai (war 77).

     So how exactly do you win a battle?  The attakcers win if they

eliminate the enemies commander, move a unit on the castle, or if the 

defenders run out of rice.  The defenders win only if the defenders run

out or rice or their commander is captured.  Once a battle is decided the

victor can either recruit, release, or behead any officers he has 

captured.  Officers that were captured by the losing side automatically

are released back to the victors.  There is absolutely no point in 

releasing any officers, so never do it.  If you don't want to recruit an 

officer for some reason (maybe he's ugly, maybe you just don't like him)

you can behead him, and that will eliminate him from the game immediately.

If you capture the enemy ruler your choices are a little more restricted.

You can never recruit a ruler after besting him in battle.  As long as 

there is a province he can flee to, you can release him; otherwise you're

gonna have to give him the axe.  If you are the attacker you will gain the

province you were attempting to conquer, and you will have a chance of 

getting war spoils in the form of an item that will raise an officer's

abilities and max out his loyalty. Province 10 will always give you some

spoil of war.


V. Misc tricks and tips

1.  All of the Spy commands, and all of the diplomacy commands besides

'gift' can only be used in your home province, so make sure to keep some

officers there.  Because of this limitation, even if your leader is lousy

you're going to have to use him a lot.  Of course you could always try to

get him beheaded by attacking an enemy province with 0 troops until they

have him killed, but you'll suffer from horrible loyalties when you 

replace him.

2. While I'm thinking about it, if your ruler dies the most important 

thing to do is pick a good successor.  Charm is the single most 

important stat to watch out for, but often overlooked is compatibility.

Suppose that you're playing as Sun Ce, and he dies.  Let's also say that

somehow you have Simi Yi in your service.  Now Simi Yi would make a good

successor, but his compatibility is probably quite poor with most of 

your good officers.  When you replace a ruler with his successor, all of

the loyalties throughout your empire get replaced with loyalties as if

you had recruited all of your followers that turn.  This means that all

of your former generals, all strongly Wu, would have loyalties that 

reflect them being recruited by a ruler strongly Wei.  They'd have very

poor loyalty.  Now, sometimes you won't have a choice as to who will

succeed, because there will be only one clear choice, but if there is

a decision to make, try to keep compatibility in mind.  Either way, 

replacing your ruler makes you loyalties plummet and, depending on how

large your empire is, it may take years to recover them.

3. Take advantage of the fact that you can cancel alliances and attack

in the same turn.

4. A good way to get your trust up without actually getting the 

hereditary seal is to ally with a weak province and continually help it

repel invasions.  I played as Liu Bei once and defended Hain Fu

from Cao Cao several times and got my trust up into the 70s.  Having

very high trust early in the game makes a huge difference, trust me.

5. If you are playing as a weak ruler with fairly neutral compatibility

(like Li Jue, for example) you are going to have a hard time recruiting

generals.  A good method is to watch who nearby rulers recruit and then

try and get these officers before the computer has a chance to reward 

them.  This works especially well if the ruler and the officer have a 

poor compatibility.

6. If possible try to eliminate Cao Cao and Liu Biao early, especially

in scenarios one and two.  Cao Cao becomes very powerful very quickly

and Liu Biao almost never leaves province 20. If you leave Liu Biao alone

all game by the time you get to attacking him he'll have more than 1000

soldiers, and it will be a pain to take the castle.

7.  When giving an item to an officer, there are a few things that you

should consider before selecting him.  The first of these is whether or

not giving him the item is going to actually make him better.  Obviously

do not waste your time trying to turn Cao Bao into the ultimate fighting

machine, you'll just end up wasting all of your items (and he'll still

stink).  Also, keep in mind that most of the items raise a specific

ability by a random number between 7 and 14.  This means you probably

shouldn't give someone an item if the ability in question is already

in the high 90s (he's already good enough and no ability can raise past

100).  Ideally, you want to use an item to make a good general great.  

Officers with their war ablity in the high 80s, then, become excellent

people to give swords to, as it can raise their war to 100, making them

really valuable.  If you raise an advisor's intel to 100 they *will* get

Zhuge Liang's special ability of never giving incorrect advice. (thanks

to Mark Liu for correcting me on this point).

8. For creating a new ruler:

8a. As far as abilities go, intel is more or less pointless for a ruler,

so you should concentrate on war ability and charm.  Usually I max out

charm rather than war ability, but this is just a matter of personal

preference.  Definitely max out war ability if you are choosing a 

province that will be difficult to defend.

8b. Your follower will always be average.  I generally just assign all

the points to war ability, as if you are only going to have one follower,

it makes more sense to have him good at war.  Again, I wouldn't bother

assigning the points to intel, as the highest you can get it will be 80,

barely enough to become an advisor (and a really crummy one at that).

8c. If you are going to be a new ruler, it is obviously better to choose

one of the earlier scenarios as they provide more of an even playing

field for a less powerful ruler.  If you choose scenario 1, pick province

17, even though it is right next to Dong Zhuo and Cao Cao's capitals; it

is literally full of officers you can recruit easily by searching. Just 

make sure to build your army up quickly so you don't get smashed.

9.  In scenario 1 Lu Bu starts with 50 troops assigned to him, and a low

loyalty to Dong Zhuo.  Recruit him the first turn of the game and you'll

gain these soldiers (reassign them to someone else).  Incidentally, Lu

Bu's compatibility alignment is fairly strongly Shu, although this

doesn't matter much as he will still betray anyone quite willingly.

10. Use the plague to your advantage.  When a province is hit by the

plague, many of their officers will become injured and unable to take the

field in battle.  This gives you a good opportunity to attack and fight

about half of the province's army, capturing the other half.  Definitely

worth it.

11. I've said this before, but the most important thing to do is keep

your loyalties high.  Don't trust delegated provinces to do this for you,

because very often they will not (of course, if your trust is high enough

it won't matter because your loyalties won't go down).  Generally, always

reward if you have followers in your province whose loyalty is not 100.

12. Province 29 really stinks.  Locusts hit it almost every year in some

scenarios.  This makes it very hard to play as Zhang Lu.

13. You'll probably catch on to this fairly quickly, but surnames in this

game precede the name.  Thus Cao Cao and Cao Ang are related. Not all the

officers in the game who have the same surname are related, however; Cao

Cao and Cao Bao, for example, have no relation.  Officers that are related

to their ruler almost always have 100 loyalty, and it usually won't go 

down (unless their ruler has _very_ low trust).


VI. Credits

Thanks to bgardn7, DragonAtma, and tcs5384@aol.com for the information

on trust.  I had never known that not reading a letter would raise trust.

Thanks to Mark Liu for correcting me about increasing intelligence.

Thanks to Nicole Xhilone (pronounced X-ill-on) for being the only person 

i know who will read this without making fun of me in some way. 

(she's cute too).

And, finally, thanks to the people who have sent me emails and im's about

this guide. I have been very pleasantly surprised with the amount of 

feedback I've been given for this guide, especially considering the age

of the game.  


This guide is Copyright 2003, 2004 by Greg Hartman

The game is copyrighted by Koei

The only sites that are allowed to post this guide are



If you are interested in posting this guide on your website, just contact

me and I can almost assure you that I will let you.  It is illegal to post

this guide without permission and only a jerk would do so.