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Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia: Five Tigers

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Five Tiger Generals of Shu (五虎將): Shu’s Five Tiger Generals included Guan Yu, Zhang Fei, Ma Chao, Huang Zhong and Zhao Yun. In the novel, Romance of the Three Kingdoms, Liu Bei appointed these honorary titles in recognition of the achievements of these men. In history, Liu Bei never assigned his ‘Five Tiger Generals’, but in the Sanguozhi Chen Shou did group them together in a chapter of Shu’s finest officers. The Three Kingdoms’ most famous group.

 

Five Tiger Generals of Shu: Information

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Group Detail Information
Group Name Five Tiger Generals of Shu
Other Names Five Tigers of Shu
Traditional Chinese 五虎將
Group Kingdoms Shu
Status Fictional
Sources Romance of the Three Kingdoms
Source Explanation Historically, Liu Bei never recognized the ‘Five Tiger Generals’, though they may have been named posthumously by Liu Shan (we’re investigating this). They play a prominent role in Luo Guanzhong’s Romance of the Three Kingdoms.

Five Tiger Generals of Shu: Members

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Officer Name Wade-Giles 正體字
Guan Yu (Yunchang) Kuan Yü (Yün-ch‘ang) 關羽 (雲長)
Zhang Fei (Yide) Chang Fei (I-tê) 張飛 (益德)
Ma Chao (Mengqi) Ma Ch‘ao (Mêng-ch‘i) 馬超 (孟起)
Huang Zhong (Hansheng) Huang Chung (Han-shêng) 黃忠 (漢升)
Zhao Yun (Zilong) Chao Yün (Tzŭ-lung) 趙雲 (子龍)

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May 13, 2014