Leader of the Black Mountain Bandits. Tried but failed to aid Gongsun Zan.
Wade-Giles: Chang Yen
Simplified Chinese: 张燕
Pronunciation: Zhang1 Yan3 (Zi3jie2)
Cantonese (Yale): Jeung Yim (Ji-jit)
Cantonese (Jyutpin): Zoeng Jim (Zi-zit)
Other Names: Chu Yan, Flying Swallow Yan, Zhang Feiyan
Name Notes: His surname at birth was Chu (褚). Many Black Mountain Bandits had nicknames. Zhang Yan‘s was ’Flying Swallow Yan.’ In the past we have noted his style name as Zijie (子節), but have removed the name due to a lack of historic confirmation.
Rank and Titles
General of the Gentlemen of the Household Who Pacifies Disorder; General Who Pacifies the North
Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 11, 21, 33
Sanguozhi: Wei 1, Wei 6, Wei 7, Wei 8
Hou Han shu: 9, 58, 71, 73-74
Zizhi tongjian: 58, 60, 63-64