Encyclopedia: Zhang Yan

Zhang Yan; Chang Yen; 張燕

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You are viewing the profile of Zhang Yan (張燕) born in Changshan. “Leader of the Black Mountain Bandits. Tried but failed to aid Gongsun Zan.” Zhang Yan was affiliated with the Han Dynasty and the Wei Kingdom. Return to the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia to learn more or explore our Encyclopedia Directory to browse by kingdom or category.


Zhang Yan 張燕

Lived: Unknown


Served: Black Mountain Bandits, Han, Wei

Leader of the Black Mountain Bandits. Tried but failed to aid Gongsun Zan.

Officer Details

Wade-Giles: Chang Yen
Simplified Chinese: 张燕
Pronunciation: Zhang1 Yan3 (Zi3jie2)
Cantonese (Yale): Jeung Yim (Ji-jit)
Cantonese (Jyutpin): Zoeng Jim (Zi-zit)

Birthplace: Changshan

Other Names: Chu Yan, Flying Swallow Yan, Zhang Feiyan

Name Notes: His surname at birth was Chu (). Many Black Mountain Bandits had nicknames. Zhang Yan‘s was ’Flying Swallow Yan.’ In the past we have noted his style name as Zijie (子節), but have removed the name due to a lack of historic confirmation.

Rank and Titles

General of the Gentlemen of the Household Who Pacifies Disorder; General Who Pacifies the North

Literary Appearances

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 11, 21, 33

Sanguozhi: Wei 1, Wei 6, Wei 7, Wei 8

Hou Han shu: 9, 58, 71, 73-74

Zizhi tongjian: 58, 60, 63-64

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May 13, 2014