Encyclopedia: Zhang Song

Zhang Song (Yongnian); Chang Sung (Yung-nien); 張松 (永年)

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You are viewing the profile of Zhang Song (張松), styled Yongnian (永年). “Officer of Liu Zhang and Shu. Aided Liu Bei in Ba-Shu. Angered Cao Cao in Sanguo Yanyi.” Zhang Song was affiliated with Liu Zhang and the Shu Kingdom. Return to the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia to learn more or explore our Encyclopedia Directory to browse by kingdom or category.


Zhang Song (Yongnian) 張松 (永年)

Lived: AD ?–212


Served: Liu Zhang, Shu

Officer of Liu Zhang and Shu. Aided Liu Bei in Ba-Shu. Angered Cao Cao in Sanguo Yanyi.

Officer Details

Wade-Giles: Chang Sung (Yung-nien)
Simplified Chinese: 张松 (永年)
Pronunciation: Zhang1 Song1 (Yong3nian2Pronunciation
Cantonese (Yale): Jeung Chung (Wing-nin)
Cantonese (Jyutpin): Zoeng Cung (Wing-nin)
Min-Nan: Thio Siong (Eng-lian)

Rank and Titles

Aide-de-Camp of Liu Zhang

Family and Relationships

Zhang Su (Brother)

Literary Appearances

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 60, 62, 63


Sanguo Yanyi

Sent as envoy to persuade Cao Cao to attack Zhang Lu but Yongnian’s arrogance, ugly appearance and blunt speech offended Cao Cao, only the pleas of Yang Xiu and Xun Yu prevented Yongnian from being executed. On his way home Yongnian met with Liu Bei and was won over by Liu Bei’s modest attitude and offered his services.

Working on the inside, Yongnian was able to persuade Liu Zhang to ask for Liu Bei’s help against Zhang Lu, despite the protests of other officers. When Liu Bei informed Liu Zhang he was going back to Jingzhou, Yongnian wrote a letter to stop Liu Bei but was interrupted by his brother Zhang Su and his treason discovered. Yongnian was executed in the market place and would never see Liu Bei conquer Shu.



Novel and History

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Literature and Language


May 13, 2014