Encyclopedia: Zhang Hong

Zhang Hong (Zigang); Chang Hung (Tzŭ-kang); 張紘 (子綱)

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You are viewing the profile of Zhang Hong (張紘), styled Zigang (子綱). “Minister who served Wu. Suggested changing the capital to Sun Quan.” Zhang Hong was affiliated with the Wu Kingdom and the Wei Kingdom. Return to the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia to learn more or explore our Encyclopedia Directory to browse by kingdom or category.


Zhang Hong (Zigang) 張紘 (子綱)

Lived: AD 153–229

None Available

Served: Wu, Wei

Minister who served Wu. Suggested changing the capital to Sun Quan.

Officer Details

Wade-Giles: Chang Hung (Tzŭ-kang)
Simplified Chinese: 张紘 (子纲)
Pronunciation: Zhang1 Hong2 (Zi3gang1)
Cantonese (Yale): Jeung Wang (Ji-gong)
Cantonese (Jyutpin): Zoeng Wang (Zi-gong)

Family and Relationships

Zhang Jing, Zhang Xuan (Son)

Fact vs. Fiction

Differences Between Fact and Common Fiction

  • Zhang Hong and Zhang Zhao are not mentioned to be brothers in historic sources. They aren’t even specifically called brothers in the novel. [SGZ, ZZTJ, GoS]
  • Died in 229 rather than 212 as described by the novel. [ZZTJ]

Literary Appearances

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 15, 29, 38, 44, 53, 61

Zizhi tongjian: 61-63, 65-66



Novel and History

Officers and Kingdoms

Literature and Language


May 13, 2014