Encyclopedia: Tao Qian

Tao Qian (Gongzu); T‘ao Ch‘ien (Kung-tsu); 陶謙 (恭祖)

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You are viewing the profile of Tao Qian (陶謙), styled Gongzu (恭祖), born in Danyang. “Inspector of Xuzhou. Fought violently with Cao Cao. Died of illness.” Tao Qian was affiliated with and Zhang Wen. Return to the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia to learn more or explore our Encyclopedia Directory to browse by kingdom or category.


Tao Qian (Gongzu) 陶謙 (恭祖)

Lived: AD 132–194

None Available

Served: Zhang Wen, Tao Qian

Inspector of Xuzhou. Fought violently with Cao Cao. Died of illness.

Officer Details

Wade-Giles: T‘ao Ch‘ien (Kung-tsu)
Simplified Chinese: 陶谦 (恭祖)
Min-Nan: To Kiam (Bun-couw)

Birthplace: Danyang

Rank and Titles

Imperial Secretariat; County Magistrate in Lujiang; Magistrate in Jibei; Inspector of Yu; Inspector of Xuzhou; Imperial Protector of Xuzhou; General of the East; Marquis of Liyang

Family and Relationships

Tao Shang, Tao Ying (Sons); Gan Gong (Father-in-law)

Fact vs. Fiction

Differences Between Fact and Common Fiction

  • Threatened historically to put a later adviser of Sun Ce’s, Lü Fan, to torture. Was probably not the benevolent ruler as he appears to be in Romance of the Three Kingdoms.
  • Tao Qian did not offer Xuzhou to Liu Bei, let alone three times. He did, however, explain to his subordinates that only Liu Bei could restore order to Xuzhou. Kong Rong and Chen Deng asked him to govern.

Literary Appearances

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 5, 10, 11, 12, 15, 120

Search Results

Information on Tao Qian and Later Han Xu Province
Date: 04/17     Replies: 22
Cao Cao’s Revenge Against Tao Qian
Date: 01/06     Replies: 37
Tao Qian.
Date: 12/05     Replies: 16

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May 13, 2014