The fifth son of Sun Jian. Led a command at Dongkou but accidentally burned his own camp.
Wade-Giles: Sun Lang (Tsao-an)
Simplified Chinese: 孙朗 (早安)
Pronunciation: Sun1 Lang3 (Zao3an1)
Other Names: Sun Ren, Sun Ding
Name Notes: Also known as Sun Ren (孫仁). Had his surname changed to Ding (丁) by Sun Quan while imprisoned after he ignored Lü Fan’s orders defending against Cao Xiu.
Family and Relationships
Sun Jian (Father); Wu Guotai [Lady Wu] ƒ (Mother); Sun Ce, Sun Quan, Sun Yi, Sun Kuang (Half-brothers); Lady Sun [Sun Shangxiang] (Sister)
Fact vs. Fiction
Differences Between Fact and Common Fiction
- It truly was Sun Lang that burned much of allied commander Lü Fan’s fleet while defending against Cao Xiu, not Sun Kuang as some sources state.
Romance of the Three Kingdoms:
Sun Lang, styled Zhaoan, was son of Sun Jian and a concubine. Sun Lang was young when Sun Jian and Sun Ce passed away, and under Sun Quan did not serve in the military for some time, instead working as a palace guard in Wu commandery.
In AD 222 Wei invaded Wu on multiple fronts. One of which was commanded by Cao Xiu who attacked Dongkou with his fleet. Lü Fan, Grand Administrator of Danyang at the time, prepared his own navy to oppose him. Weather was not suitable for a fire attack, so he ordered that none be conducted. Sun Lang, one of his subordinates, disobeyed this order, and as a result much of Lü Fan’s fleet was destroyed, though the battle was salvaged. Outraged over this action Sun Quan imprisoned Sun Lang for life and denied him familial relations. He even changed his surname to Ding (丁), a great disgrace. (1)
(1): Primary Source for mini-biography: Steven Trinki’s Comprehensive Officer Biography.