Encyclopedia: Sima Hui

Sima Hui (Decao); Ssŭma Hui (Tê-ts‘ao); 司馬徽 (德操)

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You are viewing the profile of Sima Hui (司馬徽), styled Decao (德操), born in Sima Hui is described as both a man from Yingchuan and of Xiangyang in Nan Commandery. He probably migrated south to avoid the civil war. [Rafe]. “Named ‘Water Mirror’ by Pang Degong. Former teacher of Zhuge Liang and Pang Tong.” Return to the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia to learn more or explore our Encyclopedia Directory to browse by kingdom or category.

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Sima Hui (Decao) 司馬徽 (德操)

Lived: AD c.173–208

Biographies:
None Available

Served: Miscellaneous

Named ‘Water Mirror’ by Pang Degong. Former teacher of Zhuge Liang and Pang Tong.

Officer Details

Wade-Giles: Ssŭma Hui (Tê-ts‘ao)
Simplified Chinese: 司马徽 (德操)
Pronunciation: Si1ma3 Hui1 (De2cao1)
Cantonese (Yale): Sima Fai (Dak-chou)
Cantonese (Jyutpin): Simaa Fai (Dak-cou)
Min-Nan: Suma Hui (Tek-coh)

Birthplace: Sima Hui is described as both a man from Yingchuan and of Xiangyang in Nan Commandery. He probably migrated south to avoid the civil war. [Rafe]

Other Names: Water Mirror

Rank and Titles

“Water Mirror” Or “Mirror of Water” (Pang Degong)

Family and Relationships

Xiang Lang, Xu Shu, Yin Mo, Li Ren (Students)

Fact vs. Fiction

Differences Between Fact and Common Fiction

  • It was originally Pang Degong who described Zhuge Liang as ‘Sleeping Dragon’, Pang Tong as ‘Fledgling Phoenix’, and Sima Hui as ‘Water Mirror’. Sima Hui, however, did repeat this to Liu Bei. [ZZTJ 65]

Literary Appearances

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 3538

Sanguozhi: Shu 7

Hou Han shu: 83

Zizhi tongjian: 65

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May 13, 2014