Encyclopedia: Qiao Xuan

Qiao Xuan (Gongzu); Ch‘iao Hsüan (Kung-tsu); 橋玄 (公祖)

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You are viewing the profile of Qiao Xuan (橋玄), styled Gongzu (公祖), born in Liang. “Recognised Cao Cao’s talent and predicted Han would collapse. Noble offical.” Qiao Xuan was affiliated with the Han Dynasty and the Wu Kingdom. Return to the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia to learn more or explore our Encyclopedia Directory to browse by kingdom or category.


Qiao Xuan (Gongzu) 橋玄 (公祖)

Lived: AD 110–184

None Available

Served: Han, Wu

Recognised Cao Cao’s talent and predicted Han would collapse. Noble offical.

Officer Details

Wade-Giles: Ch‘iao Hsüan (Kung-tsu)
Simplified Chinese: 桥玄 (公祖)
Pronunciation: Qiao2 Xuan2
Cantonese (Yale): Kiu Yun
Cantonese (Jyutpin): Kiu Jyun

Birthplace: Liang

Other Names: State Patriarch Qiao, State Elder Qiao

Name Notes: ‘State Patriarch Qiao’ in the Brewitt-Taylor translation. ‘State Elder Qiao’ in the Moss Roberts translation.

Rank and Titles

Officer of Merit; Assistant Officer of State of Chen; Assistant Head of Police; Officer of Censorate; Inspector of Liang; Chancellor of Qi; Administrator of Shanggu; Administrator of Hanyang; Chief Clerk; Administrator of Julu; Court Architect; Consultant; General on the Liao; Intendant of Henan; Minister Steward; Grand Herald; Minister of Works; Minister over the Masses; Minister of Justice; Director of the Secretariat; Imperial Household Grandee; Grand Commandant; Grand Palace Grandee

Family and Relationships

Qiao Su (Father); Qiao Qing (Brother); Qiao Yu, Qiao Zai (Sons); Da Qiao ƒ, Xiao Qiao ƒ (Daughters); Sun Ce ƒ, Zhou Yu ƒ (Sons-in-law); Sun Shao ƒ, Zhou Xun ƒ, Zhou Yin ƒ (Grandsons)

Fact vs. Fiction

Differences Between Fact and Common Fiction

  • Never noted to have met Liu Bei.
  • Historically, was not the father to Da Qiao and Xiao Qiao. [SGZ]

Literary Appearances

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 1, 44, 48, 54

Sanguozhi: Wei 1, Wei 2

Hou Han shu: 8, 51, 56, 58, 60, 65, 74

Zizhi tongjian: 56-57



Novel and History

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Literature and Language


May 13, 2014