Encyclopedia: Emperor Xian

Emperor Xian [Liu Xie] (Bohe); Emperor Hsien (Po-ho); 獻帝[劉協] (伯和)

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You are viewing the profile of Emperor Xian [Liu Xie] (獻帝[劉協]), styled Bohe (伯和). “Son of Emperor Ling. Reigned AD 189–220. Forced to abdicate by Cao Pi.” Emperor Xian was affiliated with and the Han Dynasty. Return to the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia to learn more or explore our Encyclopedia Directory to browse by kingdom or category.


Emperor Xian [Liu Xie] (Bohe) 獻帝[劉協] (伯和)

Lived: AD 181–234


Served: Han

Son of Emperor Ling. Reigned AD 189–220. Forced to abdicate by Cao Pi.

Officer Details

Wade-Giles: Emperor Hsien [Liu Hsieh] (Po-ho)
Simplified Chinese: 献帝[刘协] (伯和)
Pronunciation: Xian4 Di4 [Liu2 Xie2] (Bo2he2Pronunciation
Min-Nan: Hiantee [Lauwhi] (Pek-hoo)

Other Names: Liu Xie, Liu Xian, Prince Xian, Liu Bohe, Bohe, Prince of Chenliu

Name Notes: Called by the name ‘Prince of Chenliu’ frequently in novel translations. In Chinese the name of the emperor comes before the use of the word emperor hence Xian (the name) Di (emperor). In this case, Emperor Xian also has a style name attached to his normal name, therefore if you were addressing him as emperor you would say Xian Di, if you knew his name and were close you may use Liu Xie, or if you wanted his style name you’d call him Liu Bohe.

Rank and Titles

Emperor of the Han (189–220)

Family and Relationships

Emperor Ling [Liu Hong] (Father); Lady Wang (Mother); Emperor Shao [Liu Bian] (Half-Brother); Lady Dong (Consort)

Literary Appearances

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 14, 6, 9, 10, 13, 14, 17, 2026, 31, 33, 34, 38, 54, 56, 57, 59, 66, 68, 69, 73, 79, 80, 115

Zizhi tongjian: 59, 60-63, 65, 67

Search Results

The Skill of Emperor Xian?
Date: 12/04     Replies: 15
How Important Was Emperor Xian to Cao Cao?
Date: 05/04     Replies: 16
What Would You Do to Xian Di??
Date: 07/02     Replies: 36



Novel and History

Officers and Kingdoms

Literature and Language


May 13, 2014