Encyclopedia: Cao Song

Cao Song (Jugao); Ts‘ao Sung (Chü-kao); 曹嵩 (巨高)

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You are viewing the profile of Cao Song (曹嵩), styled Jugao (巨高), born in Pei. “Adopted son of Cao Teng and father of Cao Cao. Also called Xiahou Song.” Cao Song was affiliated with the Han Dynasty and the Wei Kingdom. Return to the Three Kingdoms Encyclopedia to learn more or explore our Encyclopedia Directory to browse by kingdom or category.


Cao Song (Jugao) 曹嵩 (巨高)

Lived: AD ?–193

None Available

Served: Han, Wei

Adopted son of Cao Teng and father of Cao Cao. Also called Xiahou Song.

Officer Details

Wade-Giles: Ts‘ao Sung (Chü-kao)
Simplified Chinese: 曹嵩 (巨高)
Pronunciation: Cao2 Song1  Pronunciation
Cantonese (Yale): Chou Sung (Geui-gou)
Cantonese (Jyutpin): Cou Sung (Geoi-gou)

Birthplace: Pei

Other Names: Xiahou Song

Name Notes: Occasionally listed as, and once named, Xiahou Song (夏侯嵩).

Rank and Titles

Colonel Director of Retainers; Grand Minister of Agriculture; Grand Herald; Grand Commandant.

Family and Relationships

Cao Teng (Adoptive Father); Cao Cao, Cao De (Sons); Lü Boshe ƒ (Sworn Brother)

Literary Appearances

Romance of the Three Kingdoms: 1, 5, 10, 11, 22

Sanguozhi: Wei 1

Hou Han shu: 9, 48, 58, 60, 78

Zizhi tongjian: 60


Historic (Confirmed)

Cao Song was styled Jugao. He was by nature calm and kind, and everywhere was known for his loyalty and filial piety. He was first given the title Colonel Director of Retainers; then Emperor Ling promoted him to Grand Minister of Agriculture and Grand Herald and he replaced Cui Lie as Grand Commandant. In the first year of Huangchu, Song was posthumously titled as Great Emperor.



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May 13, 2014