Three Kingdoms XI: Biographies

Romance of the Three Kingdoms XI: In-Game Biographies

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Presenting a collection of in-game officer biographies from Koei’s Romance of the Three Kingdoms XI. We felt it would be fun to put this project together as these biographies, which usually lean toward historical accuracy, can be very helpful when you are trying to remember who an officer is, or when you just need basic information about them. This is a public development project featured at Scholars of Shen Zhou.

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Bao Sanniang; Lived Unknown–
Daughter to Bao Yuanwai. Known for her beauty and skill in battle, she was well sought after for marriage. However, she refused all. When her home was surrounded and attacked by Lian Kang, master of Mt. Nan, she personally took up arms and drove him off. A few days later, she was challenged again to battle, but this time was defeated. Her opponent was Guan Suo. They subsequently fell in love and married.
Cai Yan (Wenji); Lived AD 177–250
A female poet and daughter of Cai Yong. She was dragged away by foreign barbarians and composed poems depicting the loneliness of her situation. When Cao Cao pressed north with the intent of ransoming her for 1000 gold pieces, her captor sent her back out of fear of invasion.
Cao Cao (Mengde); Lived AD 155–220
King of Wei. Proved his ability as a commander of cavalry in the suppression of the Yellow Turbans. After Dong Zhou’s [Zhuo’s] death, wandered the land to help build the foundation of the Wei kingdom. Posthumously named Emperor Wei Wu.
Cao Pi (Zihuan); Lived AD 187–226
First emperor of Wei and second son of Cao Cao. Stole the title of emperor by forcing Xian into abdication. Attacked both Shu and Wu, but conquered neither. Renamed Emperor Wei Wen.
Cao Ren (Zixiao); Lived AD 168–223
Officer of Wei and Cao Cao’s cousin. Well practiced in the arts of war, especially archery and horsemanship. Defended Jing after the battle of Chi Bi. Acted as grand marshal during the reign of Cao Pi.
Da Qiao; Lifespan Unknown
Daughter of Qiao Xuan, wife of Sun Ce of the Wu Kingdom. Together with her younger sister, Xiao Qiao, they were known as two of the land’s greatest beauties and were referred to as the “Two Qiaos.” It is said that their beauty shone brighter than any moon or star and put the most beautiful flower to shame.
Deng Ai (Shizai); Lived AD C. 197–264
Officer of Wei. Participated in the battle against Shu after his talents were recognized by Sima Yi. Allied with Zhong Hui to defeat Shu, only to fall into conflict with Zhong Hui and be captured. Was sent to Luo Yang as prisoner and assassinated on the way.
Dian Wei; Lived AD 160–197
Officer under Cao Cao. A giant of a man known for his heroic deeds. During Zhang Xiu’s night attack on Wan Castle, met the enemy unarmed, giving his life so Cao Cao could escape.
Diaochan [Sable Cicada]; Lived AD C. 173/6–?
A young songstress unequaled in beauty as well as song and dance. Having been raised by Wang Yun as his own daughter, she agreed to participate in his plan to divide Dong Zhuo and Lü Bu. She managed to get close to both of them, and succeeded in tearing their relationship apart, with Lü Bu later killing Dong Zhuo.
Ding Feng (Chengyuan); Lived AD ?–271
Officer of Wu. Participated in many battles and defeated Wei’s famous general Zhang Liao. Killed Sun Chen and became Grand General. Marched to aid Shu before it collapsed but arrived too late.
Dong Zhuo (Zhongying); Lived AD ?–192
Protector of Bing in late Han. Entered the capital in answer to a plea for help from He Jin, only to take advantage of the situation and seize power. A cruel ruler who replaced the Emperor and moved the capital, he was eventually killed by Wang Yun and Lü Bu.
Empress Zhen [Zhen Ji]; Lived AD 183–221
Daughter of Zhen Yi. A woman of peerless beauty. She was married to Yuan Shao’s second son, Yuan Xi. However, when Cao Cao captured Ji, his son, Cao Pi, fell in love with her and immediately made her his wife.
Gan Ning (Xingba); Lived AD 175–C. 219
Officer of Wu. Originally a member of the Bright Sails pirates. Discontent when serving under Huang Zu, was recruited to Sun Quan’s forces by Su Fei. Earned Sun Quan’s trust for his service against Huang Zu and against Cao Cao at Chi Bi.
Guan Ping; Lived AD 178–219
Officer under Liu Bei. Second son of Guan Ding, adopted by Guan Yu. Defended Jing with his father after Liu Bei conquered Shu. Captured and executed by the Wu army at Mai Castle. No record of his adoption exists in authorized history.
Guan Xing (Anguo); Lived AD 193–2?
Officer of Shu and second son of Guan Yu. Avenged his father’s death as part of the army raised by Liu Bei to subdue Wu. Swore brotherhood with Zhang Fei’s son Zhang Bao, fighting alongside him in the northern campaign.
Guan Yu (Yunchang); Lived AD 160–219
Head of the Five Tiger Generals of Shu. Swore brotherhood with Liu Bei and Zhang Fei. Exceptionally strong, he was said to be the equal of 10,000 men. He protected Jing after Liu Bei conquered Shu, but was caught and killed by the Wu forces.
Guo Huai (Boji); Lived AD 187–255
Officer of Wei. Led armies under Cao Zhen and Sima Yi. Later appointed protector of Yong. Pursued Xiahou Ba, who revolted against Wei. Rescued Sima Shao [Zhao] at Mt. Tie Long.
Guo Jia (Fengxiao); Lived AD 170–207
Minister under Cao Cao. Gained trust for his ingenuity and wisdom. Overcome with illness during the suppression of Nei Bei and died at age 38. Afterwards, Cao Cao often exclaimed, “If only Guo Jia were alive!”
Huang Gai (Gongfu); Lived AD C. 145–C. 208
Officer of Wu. A veteran of Sun Jian’s forces since their inception. Master of the iron whip. Brutally beaten by Zhou Yu as part of a scheme to feign defection to Cao Cao, after which he lit the fires that led to Wu’s victory at Chi Bi.
Huang Yueying; Lived AD ?–C. 234
The daughter of Huang Chengyan and wife to Zhuge Liang. Mother of Zhuge Zhan. Though she was said to have had an unpleasant appearance, her intelligence more than made up for her looks. She aided Zhuge Liang in his studies. She fell ill and died soon after Zhuge Liang’s death.
Huang Zhong (Hansheng); Lived AD ?–220
Officer of Shu. Served Liu Biao and Han Zuan [Xuan]. Under Han Zuan [Xuan], led a fierce battle against Guan Yu. Submitted to Liu Bei and acted as leader of an army. Following the establishment of Shu, became one of the Five Tiger Generals.
Jia Xu (Wenhe); Lived AD 147–223
Minister of Wei. Served Li Jue but felt neglected and joined Zhang Xiu. Brilliant strategist who defeated Cao Cao’s army numerous times, but later submitted to Cao Cao along with Zhang Xiu. Grand Commander of Wei.
Jiang Wei (Boyue); Lived AD 202–264
Officer of Shu. Originally served Wei but surrendered to Shu during the first northern campaign. Entrusted with the strategies of the dying Zhuge Liang. Attacked the north nine times until Shu’s strength was completely used up.
King Meng Huo; Lifespan Unknown
King of the southern barbarians. Led a rebellion against Shu following the death of Liu Bei. Resisted Zhuge Liang’s southern campaign, during which he was caught and released seven times. Finally submitted after his seventh release.
Lady Sun [Sun Shangxiang]; Lived AD C. 189–?
The daughter of Sun Jian, she was also the younger sister of both Sun Ce and Sun Quan. A tomboy, she took interest in the martial arts from a young age. When she later became Liu Bei’s wife, it is said that her ladies-in-waiting were constantly outside her room, dressed in full armor.
Lady Zhurong; Lifespan Unknown
Wife of Nanman King Meng Huo. Said to be descended from the god of fire. A strong warrior who excelled at using the flying swords. Captured both Zhang Yi and Ma Zhong alive, but was later captured herself by Wei Yan and Ma Dai.
Li Dian (Mancheng); Lived AD C. 181–C. 217
Officer under Cao Cao. A brave veteran who served Cao Cao since he first raised his army. An intellectual with a calm but cautious personality. Occasionally suppressed his colleagues when they acted out. Protected He Fei with Jiang Liao [sic] and Yue Jin. Note-Jiang Liao is supposed to be Zhang Liao, but they spelled his name wrong in Li Dian’s bio.
Ling Tong (Gongji); Lived AD 189–217
Officer of Wu and son of Ling Cao. Despised Gan Ning, who had killed his father in an early battle only to later switch sides and join Wu. However, the two reconciled and formed a strong friendship after Gang [Gan] Ning saved Ling Tong’s life in a battle against Wei general Yue Jin.
Liu Bei (Xuande); Lived AD 161–223
First emperor of Shu. Said to be a descendent of Liu Sheng, prince of Zhong Shan in early Han. First raised an army to help surprises [suppress] the Yellow Turbans and eventually settled one of the three kingdoms of the period. Renamed Emperor Xiao Lie.
Lü Bu (Fengxian); Lived AD ?–198
Officer in the late Han. Remembered in the phrase, “Among men, Lü Bu; among horses, Red Hare.” His acts of betrayal agitated the land, but he met a pitiful end when he, too, was betrayed.
Lü Meng (Ziming); Lived AD 178–220
Officer of Wu. A courageous general who matured into greatness after Sun Quan persuaded him to master academics as well. As viceroy of Wu, he led an army to reclaim Jing and captured Guan Yu.
Lu Su (Zijing); Lived AD 172–217
Minister of Wu. Entered the service of Sun Quan under recommendation from Zhou Yu. Insisted on an alliance with Lu [sic] Bei in the battle of Chi Bi. Inherited the title of commander after Zhou Yu’s death. Excelled in land-based battles.
Lu Xun (Boyan); Lived AD 183–245
Officer of Wu and Sun Ce’s son-in-law. Schemed with Lü Meng to slay Guan Yu. Annihilated the army of Shu as grand viceroy at the battle of Yi Ling. Appointed to defend Jing and later became prime minister of Wu.
Ma Chao (Mengqi); Lived AD 176–222
Oldest son of Ma Teng. Led the army of Li Xiang [Xi Liang] in a surprise attack on Cao Cao to avenge his father’s murder but failed. He later submitted to Liu Bei and became one of the Five Tiger Generals.
Ma Dai; Lifespan Unknown
Officer of Shu. Submitted to Liu Bei with his cousin Ma Chao. Led an army in campaigns to the north and south. Following Zhuge Liang’s death, quelled the rebellion of Wei Yan, Shu’s subduer of the north.
Pang De (Lingming); Lived AD ?–219
Officer of Wei. Served under Ma Chao, but severed ties when he became ill while Ma Chao was under Zhang Lu. Later served Cao Cao and fought a fierce battle with Guan Yu.
Pang Tong (Shiyuan); Lived AD 179–213
Advisor under Liu Bei. A colleague of Zhuge Liang also known as “Phoenix Fledgling.” Appointed supreme commander of tactics, but suffered an unfortunate death when shot by an arrow during battle.
Sima Shi (Ziyuan); Lived AD ?–255
Minister of Wei and Sima Hui’s [sic] first son. Became grand general after his father’s death, often flaunting his authority. Banished Cao Fang, provoking a revolt by Guanqiu Jian. Died from complications of a swollen eye. Posthumously named Emperor Jing Di. Note-His ROTK XI bio says he was the son of Sima Hui, but it’s supposed to say that he was the son of Sima Yi.
Sima Yi (Zhongda); Lived AD 179–251
Minister of Wei. Served the fourth generation of the Cao clan and founded the Jin dynasty. Passed through Shu’s defenses and claimed victory over the kingdom. Fought with Cao Shuang and took control of Wei. Posthumously named Emperor Xuan.
Sima Zhao (Zishang); Lived AD 211–265
Minister of Wei and Sima Hui’s [sic] second son. Flaunted his authority along with his older brother Sima Shi. Succeeded to the position of grand general following his brother’s death. Conquered Shu in the year 263 to become king of Jin but died of illness. Posthumously named Emperor Wen. Note-In his ROTK XI bio it says he was the son of Sima Hui, but it’s supposed to say that he’s the son of Sima Yi.
Sun Ce (Bofu); Lived AD 175–200
Oldest son of Sun Jian. Raised an army by borrowing 3,000 men from Yuan Shu. Quickly subdued China’s eastern region, earning him the name “Little Dictator.” Died young of a wound he received while hunting when he was ambushed by an enemy. --- Korean Translation: Sun Jian’s first son, Sun Quan’s brother, husband of Da Qiao, King of Chang Sa. Fought Liu Biao with his father, but lost and joined Yuan Shu. He gives the Imperial Seal to Yuan Shu in exchange for an army. Attacks Jiang Dong, and defeats, Yan Baihu, Wang Lang, and Liu Yao, and is nicknamed the “Little Conqueror” meaning the “General who Glorifies the Han”. Breaks away from Yuan Shu and creates a new nation. But, when a rebellion by Xu Gong was put down, Xu Gong’s followers ambushed and Sun Ce is wounded. Leaves the Kingdom to his brother Sun Quan and his sworn brother Zhou Yu.
Sun Jian (Wentai); Lived AD 155–192
Said to be a descendant of Sun Tzu. Participated in the suppression of the Yellow Turbans and became the prefect of Chang Sha. Led the vanguard in the coalition against Dong Zhou [Zhuo]. Died in battle at Xiang Yang fighting Yuan Shu and Liu Biao. Posthumously named Emperor Wu Lie. --- Korean Translation: Grand Administrator of Chang Sa after the Yellow Scarves Rebellion. Father to Sun Ce and Sun Quan. Martially Glorious Emperor of Wu. Was named the “Tiger of Jiang Dong” after the accomplishments during the Yellow Scarves Rebellion. When Cao Cao called upon the heroes of the land, Sun Jian came and fights Hua Xiong; but loses due to lack of supplies not received by Yuan Shu. Found the Imperial Seal at Luo Yang, and fought against Yuan Shao/Liu Biao and is ambushed. Sun Jian allies with Yuan Shu and fights, but eventually dies in a plot thought out by Kuai Liang. During the battle with Dong Zhou, no man was brave enough to fight against Dong Zhou, but Sun Jian stands up and eventually defeats Hua Xiong’s army. Was loyal to the Emperor of Han to the end.
Sun Quan (Zhongmou); Lived AD 182–252
First emperor of Wu and second son of Sun Jian. Ascended to the throne after his older brother’s untimely death. Defeated a large army of Cao Cao’s at the battle of Chi Bi. Declared himself emperor in the year 229 and established the kingdom of Wu. Renamed Emperor Wu Da. --- Korean Translation: Sun Jian’s Second Son, son of Lady Wu, brother of Sun Ce, Great Emperor of Wu. Was put in to ruler of Jiang Dong at an early age due his his brother’s death. In 208, defeats Huang Zu, who killed his father and joins forces with Liu Bei at the battle of Chi Bi and defeats Cao Cao. Tries to take over He Fei but the rouse with Liu Bei at Jing Zhou; and joins forces with Cao Cao and kills Guan Yu. Liu Bei’s charge for revenge stops at a extraordinary success in Yi Ling by Lu Xun. Takes over Jing Zhou. After Liu Bei’s death, joins forces with Zhuge Liang of Shu, dies in 229, creates the Kingdom of Wu. It is said that Sun Quan was a better ruler than Sun Ce at his youth, especially in political problems, but laters kills a lot of talented officers such as Lu Xun.
Taishi Ci (Ziyi); Lived AD 166–206
Officer of Wu. At his mother’s request, rescued Kong Rong, prefect of Bei Hai. Later served under Liu Yao, but submitted to Sun Ce’s forces when Sun Ce defeated Liu Yao. Died in battle during Sun Ce’s [Quan’s] attack on He Fei.
Wei Yan (Wenchang); Lived AD ?–234
Officer of Shu. Joined Liu Bei after serving Liu Biao, where his skills were second only to the Five Tiger Generals. Following Zhuge Liang’s death, came into conflict with Yang Yi, and was cut down by Ma Dai according to Zhuge Liang’s posthumous orders.
Xiahou Ba (Zhongquan); Lived AD C. 185–C. 258
Officer who served Wei and Shu. First son of Xiahou Yuan. Fled to Shu in fear of his own life when Cao Shuang was executed by Sima Yi. Later served the army during Jiang Wei’s Northern Campaign.
Xiahou Dun (Yuanrang); Lived AD ?–220
Officer of Wei and relative of Cao Cao. Lost his left eye to one of Cao Xing’s arrows in the battle with Lü Bu, but afterward went on to lead armies throughout the land. As though to follow his lord and relative, died of illness shortly after Cao Cao’s death.
Xiahou Yuan (Miaocai); Lived AD ?–219
Officer of Wei and Xiahou Dun’s cousin. A commander of Cao Cao’s army from its inception. Though especially skilled at surprise attacks, he was tricked by Fa Zheng of Shu at Mt. Ding Jun and slain by Huang Zhong.
Xiao Qiao; Lifespan Unknown
The daughter of Qiao Xuan. She was later married [to] Zhou Yu of Wu. Together with her older sister, Da Qiao, they were referred to as the “Two Qiaos.” Upon hearing a rumor spread by Zhuge Liang that Cao Cao was after the Qiao sisters, Zhou Yu persuaded Sun Quan to declare war, ultimately leading Wu into the Battle of Chi Bi.
Xu Chu (Zhongkang); Lived AD 170–2?
Officer of Wei. Was hired as a bodyguard by Cao Cao, who was impressed by his ability in a fight with Dian Wei and Hu Jiao. Though careless in everyday life, was a courageous warrior in battle, thus earning the nickname “Foolish Tiger.”
Xu Huang (Gongming); Lived AD 169–227
Officer of Wei. Served under Yang Feng but was convinced by Man Chong to submit to Cao Cao. His intelligence gave him a pivotal role in many battles. Wei’s subduer of the South.
Yuan Shao (Benchu); Lived AD C. 142–202
Son of the prestigious Yuan family who led the coalition against Dong Zhou. Afterwards fought for domination of the Central Plains with Cao Cao, but was ultimately ruined by his indecisiveness. Suffered a great loss in the Battle of Guan Du.
Yue Jin (Wenqian); Lived AD ?–218
Distinguished officer under Cao Cao. Followed Cao Cao since he first raised his army, and participated in numerous battles. Praised as an equal of the famed warriors Zhang Liao, Yu Jin, Xu Huang, and Zhang He.
Zhang Bao; Lifespan Unlisted
Officer of Shu and oldest son of Zhang Fei. Taking up his father’s sword, the Serpent Blade, he rushed to join the army for the first time in the battle of Yi Ling. Along with Guan Xing, helped to rally the army after the loss of Guan Yu and Zhang Fei.
Zhang Fei (Yide); Lived AD C. 167–221
One of the Five Tiger Generals of Shu. Swore brotherhood with Liu Bei and Guan Yu. Held off Cao Cao’s entire army all by himself at a bridge during the battle of Chang Ban Po.
Zhang He (Junyi); Lived AD ?–231
Officer of Wei. Served under Yuan Shao, but a plot of Guo Tu’s force[s] him and Gao Lan to submit to Cao Cao. Acted modestly in the campaign against Shu, and surrounded and eliminated Ma Su at the Battle of Jie Ting.
Zhang Jue; Lived AD 140–184
Forefather of the Way of Peace. He spread his teachings among the people and gathered enormous support. He formed the Yellow Turbans party and opposed the Han court, causing a revolt.
Zhang Liao (Wenyuan); Lived AD 165–222
Officer of Wei. Fought throughout the land under Lü Bu, and served Cao Cao after Lü Bu’s death. In defense of He Fei, held off a Wu army of 100,000 with only 800 men of his own.
Zhao Yun (Zilong); Lived AD C. 168–229
Officer of Shu. Submitted to Liu Bei after serving Yuan Shao and Gongsun Zan. At Chang Ban, cut his way into an enormous army to find and rescue Liu Bei’s son, Liu Chan [Shan]. One of the Five Tiger Generals of Shu.
Zhong Hui (Shiji); Lived AD 225–264
Officer of Wei. Youngest son of Zhong Yao. A confidant of Sima Shi and Sima Zhao who attacked and conquered Shu with Deng Ai. Plotted with Jiang Wei to declare independence but failed and was slain by Wei soldiers.
Zhou Tai (Youping); Lived AD 163–225
Officer of Wu. Submitted to Sun Ce with his fellow pirate Jiang Qin. Rescued Sun Quan when Xuan Castle was attacked by bandits despite being badly injured. Slayed barbarian chief Sha Moke at the Battle of Yi Ling.
Zhou Yu (Gongjin); Lived AD 175–210
Officer of Wu and sworn brother of Sun Ce. Accepted Sun Ce’s dying request to assist Sun Quan. Commanded the navy as viceroy [vanguard] at the battle of Chi Bi, defeating Cao Cao’s army. Called “Handsome Young Zhou” for his good looks.
Zhuge Dan (Gongxiu); Lived AD ?–258
Guardian of the east of Wei and cousin of Zhuge Liang. Opposed Sima Zhao’s dominance and caused a revolt with help from Wu, but failed and was killed along with hundreds of his followers.
Zhuge Liang (Kongming); Lived AD 181–234
Prime Minister of Shu, also known as Sleeping Dragon. Agreed to serve Liu Bei after Liu Bei visited him three times. Showed brilliance in diplomacy and domestic policy. Campaigned north five times, ultimately falling at the Wu Zhang Plains.

Romance of the Three Kingdoms XI is a trademark of KOEI Corporation and KOEI Co., Ltd. © 2005 KOEI Co., Ltd.
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March 7, 2014